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, 2011 I P P R PFI F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F R PFP E F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F R Q S R T S V SFI F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F V SFP F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F V T F F IH TFI F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F IH TFP iEP F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F IP TFQ iETQ FFFFFFFFFFFFFF IS TFR iETQ F F F F F F F F F F F F IT TFS iERH FFFFFFFFFFFFFF IV U IW V PH PI I @PhA E @ E E A F D D D E PhF E D F D D D D E F D D E F Ph m D = gs gv, 2 gs ! D PD gv ! D P D F F E h/e2 = 1/25812 1 D D ns nv e D = ne2 /m = ne = kF l, 2 n ! D ! @ AD m ! E D ! D ns nv ! @ns = 2A @nv 2AD kF ! D l ! F D @ D E AF @E D D D FAD F @IWWR A @IWWU A E E F D E QD RF ID E P F E F E D D D ED D D D SF E D eEe F D ISF E D E F D eEe E E F @kF l 1A D P F F F @kF l 1AD E F Q 2.1 Ph E T EF F E TF E F 2.2 D E D F E @nS 0.8 1011 cm2 AF iEP @ 30000 cm2 /V /sAF ! n = 1..10 1011 cm2 D EF = 7..70 KF PD VD E T T 1D T ! D ! E F @ 30000cm2 /V /sA  F  E F F D D I u IHEPH uF @ A E D D F Ez = g B BF T D D X EF > g B B.

D F kB T > g B B.

E D E R D F E HFR u reEQ F F E F E D F E tnford eserh VQHF nED D pE F D D VG D F D F (a) (b) F IX E nE @AF E PhE E @AF D D D E F D D E S F D SiO2 E @ 107 V /cmAD D F D " E F D D D D D F Vg > (Ec EF )/eD ! D FF D F D E D D D D E F F 4 E X = D +.

T X e2 2F0 T EZ EZ = (H, T ) (0, T ) = Kb,F + Kd, F0 + m(EZ, T ;

F0 ) 2T 1 + F0 2T @IA ! D F 1 0D EZ = gB H ! F Kb ! E D Kd ! F m !

D F VD F Kd Kb F TX x 1 + F0, F0 ) Kb (x f (F0 ), z 1 1 2 2 ln 2(1 + z) f (z) = 1 + + 2 (1 + 2z) 1 + z 2 1 + 2z (1 + 2z) T x D D X g 2 2 f (F0 ) H H gB H B 2.

Kb ( 1+ F0 ) = T 2T 12 T X 3F0 (3) h2, Kd (h 1+ F0 ) 2(1 + F0 ) (x) ! E D (3) 1.202F X 3F0 (3) g 2 2 H H gB H B 2, Kd ( 1 + F0 ) = 2(1 + F0 )2 4 2 T 2T T F ID X H2 H2 A B H = (H, T ) (0, T ) = A +B 2 = + T T T T F D ! D F a X A B a = +.

T2 T E F A D B ! F D F D @ A a T 2 D T F D T EF ! D F D @ QD ISAF D D E F U 5. E E FF FF F IWVHE F 1011 cm2 /V F Ph 0.5 nF D @ A E D ! E D D F @ A F F D D F @ E AF D F D E E E F 30mD F D E F E F E F 5. PEPH F E D ueithley PQH VQH okogwF D W D F D D E F V E F E VQHF IH QHH F ! E D  D D D F VQH @tnford eserhAF D ! F E D D D F PFQ u reEQD PFQ HFR u D reEQF E ! PH uF @RuOx A F E vkehore @ eERUA F xi F RH mmD 1 T l/10 AF 7 T lF D F E D E  D D F E 15 OeF D 0.1 T l = 1000 OeF F E ueithleyEPHHHF ISH e @ D E D UH eA I e @ueithleyEPRHHA F IFQ u reER E F HFR u reEQ F W F PX F I ! F EVQHF P ! D F Q ! ESUHF 6..

6. E @ SET D PEQ AF IH F Ph F ! F @ 5k E 20k A D F n(Vg ) = a(Vg + Vt ) @F UAF a Vg E D S D xx Vg F E xx n = As cos s Zs, 0 eB s As 2 2 skB T / c kB TD As = 4 exp 2 s, sinh(2 2 skB T / c ) c IH Zs = cos( 2 s (n n )/eB );

c = eB /m D E F ED D E X nh = z, 4eB z ! F Q F E F n(Vg ) = 1.14 (Vg [V olts] 0.52) 1011 cm D !

E F D E @ 1%A E F F (a) (b) F QX F @A Ph F @A D E F a Vg F Ph F (n) F X ne (n) = = ne(n) m II D (n) = (n) (ne)1 F R F RX iETQF F E U ! E Si SiO2 SiF ! F D E F 6.2 Si-2 X iEP @ 32000 cm2 /V /s T = 1.26 KAF @ A F D H TX (H) = a H 2, (H) = a H 2, |a | = |a |/2 (0)F a E F SF IP F SX H 2 iEPD n = 2.5 1011 cm2 F E = a H 2 D F F (a) (b) F TX @A D  F a F @AF a T @ TAF T F 1.5D E a T 1.5 F a T 2.5 F E a T 2 F D  D Ph D T EF D F E D F U IQ F UX a @ 1011 cm2 F (T )D D D @ E AF IHF SF F (a) (b) F VX (T )F D D @ AF @slient pointsA ln a (ln T ) @)ex pointsA (T ) F V F V D (T )F IR 6.3 Si-63 X iETQ @ 30000 cm2 /V /s T = 1.3 KAF F E F F WX a iETQ E 1.755 2.5 1011 cm2 F D iEPF W a D D  F IH iEP iETQF a F D D E F D D D D F F IHX iEP iETQ n = 1.755 1011 cm2 @A n = 2.5 1011 cm2 @AF IS F ED EIFS EPFS E D D E EP EI F D F E D D D EP EI @ E AF !

EIFS EPFS @ AF @ A E @ AD F F IPD T D 1..2F D D F / F E WF 6.4 Si-63 X iETQ @ 30000 cm2 /V /s T = 1.3 KAF F E F E D E @ AF II !

D EE WX e b HLN b, = 0.5 + + ln, 2 b b = B/Btr = 2(l/lB )2 D l ! D lB = /(eB) ! E D ! D ! D ! E D D X D I P / F IIX IT F IIX (H) n = 3.25 1011 cm2 F HFSV u @A HFSQ u @AF / D ED E E IID ED F @E D D IHEPH yeAD F E E @ E AF D F F IPX E EF T = 1.3 K @A T = 0.58 K @AF E n = 3.25e11 cm2 F IU / @ IPAD E D D / = 1 @F IQAF F IQX  E ! D / = 1F D / @ AF n = 5.25 1011 cm2 F E F IR D ln a (ln T ) F F IRX E D iETQ E IPF 6.5 Si-40 X iERH @ 2000 cm2 /V /s T = 1.3 KAF F E a D IV F E F E E D @nS 10 1011 cm2 A E @D IH nS 0.8 1011 cm2 AF 10 1011 cm 27 1011 cm2 F D E TF E a D D F a E D E F F ISX iERHF 10, 15, 20 1011 cm2 !

F k 1.8 0. D E F ee /D D VF E F D D D EPF 1.8 0.3D F Ph i E HFSEPH uD HFFU l IW 1 10 1011 cm2 F V X E D D a H 2 F F D E a (T )D F (T ) E F ! E D a F F E D D D E @ E AF E D E D E E E F D @ E A D E ! D F a (T ) (T ) F @ 10000 cm2 /V /sAD F D F D E D F F E E D EF PH I wgneti pield uppression of the gonduting hse in wo himensionsF hF imoninD F F urvhenkoD wF F rhikD nd F wF udlovF hysF evF vettF UWD PQHR!PQHU @IWWUAF P fF vF eltshuler nd eF qF eronovD in iletronEiletron sntertions in hisordered ystemsD edited y eFvF ifros nd wF ollkD xorthErollndD emsterdmD @IWVSAF Q e metlEinsultor trnsition in PhX istlished fts nd open questionsD F F urvhenkoD wF F rhikF rivXIHHQFPWTVvP ondEmtFstrEel @PHIHA R F F  E E D IUT PIQ @PHHTA S wetlEsnsultor rnsition in wo himensionsX ixperimentl est of the woErmeter lingD hF eF unyzevD yF iF ymel9ynovskiiD F wF udlovD nd sF F furmistrovD hysF evF vettF IHHD HRTRHS @PHHVAF T sntertion orretions t intermedite temperturesX wgnetoresistne in prllel (eldD lD qor nd xrozhnyD fF xF nd eleinerD sF vFD hysF evF f TSD HPHPHI @PHHIA U F D F D F  D F D @IWVSAF V sntertion orretions t intermedite temperturesX vongitudinl ondutivity nd kineti equtionD lD qor nd xrozhnyD fF xF nd eleinerD sF vFD hysF evF f TRD PIRPHR @PHHIA W F rikmiD eF vrkinD nd F xgokD rogrF heorF hysF TQD UHU @IWVHAF IH xonmonotoni mgnetoresistne of twoEdimensionl eletron systems in the llisti regimeD eF uF uuntsevihD qF wF winkovD eF eF herstoitovD nd F wF udlovD hysF evF f UWD PHSQIW @PHHWAF II sntervlley sttering nd wek loliztion in iEsed twoEdimensionl struturesD eF uF uuntsevihD xF xF ulimovD F eF rsenkoD xF F everkievD F wF udlovD rF uojimD nd wF iF qershensonD hysF evF f USD IWSQQH @PHHUAF IP ixlusion of untum goherene s the yrigin of the Ph wetlli tte in righEwoility ilion snversion vyersD qF frunthlerD eF rinzD qF fuerD nd F wF udlovD hysF evF vettF VUD HWTVHP @PHHIAF PI









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