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Preparedness activities in theeconomy

450

500

835

500

+11,1 / -7,6

+85,5 / +54,3

+11,1 / -17,5

Note: for calculation purposes, theinflation rate in 2000 to 1999 was 20.2%; in 2001 to 2000 it stood at12%.

* 20000– federal budgetearly in the year; 20002 end of the year, after two adjustments.

The 2001 federal budget was adjusted fivetimes in the course of the year, but only one adjustment made in accordancewith Federal Law No 161-FZ of 14.12.2001 impacted military spending. With theactual execution of the 2001 federal budget, military spending increasedconsiderably.

Execution of the 2001federal budget

We shall start by noting that federalbudget administration is not easy to analyze because of the non-performance ofArticle 272 of the Budget Code whereby the budget execution report must bedrafted under the same structure and budgetary>

The structure of quarterly reports fails tomatch the structure of the approved 2001 budget. Moreover, quarterly andsemiannual reports have different structures. The former report listsexpenditures mostly by sections and subsections of the functionalclassification and only to a very insignificant degree (less than 2 percent),by target items and types of spending. The first semiannual report showscomplete breakdown to sections, subsections, target items and types ofspending, except those that the Russian Government >

For instance, expenditure for themaintenance of the armed forces is fully disclosed in the non-classified appendix, while in thefirst semiannual performance report the expenses are fully >

Performance figures on aggregatedexpenditure of the federal budget and expenditures relating to the militaryorganization of the Russian Federation are shown in tables 48, 49, and 50. Asthe tables suggest, expenditures relating to the military organization wereexecuted in full and evenly.

The exception is funding under titleMilitary Reform (section code 2500) and two subsections Internal securitytroops of the Ministry of Interior (0502) and Training and participation incollective security and peacekeeping (0404).

Under section 2500, in the first six monthsof 2001 actual expenses stood at 62% (budgeted 75,02%), and under section 0502,59% actual expenses (69% budgeted).

Accelerated funding under section 2500might have been due to the intent to reduce expenditures to support retiredmilitary and more rational use of current expenses. The increased financingunder 0504 must have been caused by additional costs of the military operationin the Republic of Chechnya.

The suspended financing under subsection0404 was caused by the delayed legal status (no RF Government resolutionallowing the payment).

All of the above transgressions from therequirements of Article 272 of the Budget Code, including imposing secrecy onthe expenditure data whose level has been made public in the federal budgetlaw, affect the State Duma’s ability to fulfill its supervisory functions over the budgetperformance, thus reducing the efficiency of expenditures in general, andmilitary spending in particular.

Table 48

Military and related spending in Russia in2001 (mln. rubles)

No

Title of expenditures

Code

Approved 2001 Federal Budget

January

February

March

April

May

June

0

Total expenditures under FB-01

1193483

60615

170415

268772

365169

465029

578789

1268006

1

Nationaldefense, of which

0400

214688

7551

23400

41470

65318

87566

106729

234582

1.1

Development and maintenance of armedforces in Russia

0401

203061

39571

102106

- development of the armed forces

0401

Table 48 (cont’d)

No

Title of expenditures

Code

Approved 2001 Federal Budget

January

February

March

April

May

June

- maintenance of the armedforces

0401

132691

1.2

Preparedness activities and militarytraining for civilians

0403

2278

300

879

1.3

Preparation for and participation incollective security and peacekeeping

0404

2716

116

540

2

Aggregated expenditures for lawenforcement and state security, of which:

0500

131621

145832

3983

13365

24700

35092

45572

57062

2.1

Border services and border guardstroops

0506

11943

1820

4632

2.2

Internal security troops of the RFMinistry of Interior

0502

10157

2249

6037

2.3

State security services

0505

21191

4150

9236

3

Other outlays for the militaryorganization

3.1

Maintenance and equipment for Emercomtroops

1302

12455

3.2

Federal service of railroad troops,code 029

0403

1851

673

3.3

Federal service of special construction, code279

0707

483

186

Table 48(cont’d)

No

Title of expenditure

Code

July

August

September

October

November

December

0

Total expenditures underFB-01

679087

804844

929650

1035836

1135938

1325688

1

Nationaldefense, of which

0400

127278

147524

169302

193823

209917

246712

1.1

Development and maintenance of armedforces in Russia

0401

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