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RF

KomiRepublic

52

9

24

29

1

10

2

6

VoronezhOblast

19

1

14

4

1

1

1

1

VolgogradOblast

27

1

19

15

1

1

2

1

Subsidies on transportation are the mostwidespread. Each fifth or sixth household reported that in 1997-1998 itstransportation costs had been subsidized. In Komi Republic rent costs are alsohighly subsidized. The same practice exists but to lesser extent in VolgogradOblast. Subsidies to cover other costs are notably rare. With high financialcapacity of enterprise of Komi Republic there grows the number of subsidiesrecipients on food and medical care. Approximately each tenth household hasreported on that. Voronezh Oblast is characteristic of the lowest number ofrecipients of all types of assistance.

Together with the assistance coverage thesizes of subsidies received characterize the policy in that sphere. Thefollowing table demonstrates the sizes of subsidies and privileges across alltypes of social aid.

Vacation subsidies have been reported onvery few occasions however, the benefits received for these purposes were moresubstantial. Families with kids going to kindergartens have received sizeablesubsidies. Reported subsidies on food, transportation and housing are very low.

Table3.9

Subsidies and benefits, amount paid perrecipient, rubles/month

Food

Transportation

Rent

Vacations

Medicalcare

Kindergartens

Gifts fromenterprises

1997

RF

75

44

34

387

69

157

40

KomiRepublic

69

121

61

908

49

41

31

VoronezhOblast

60

15

37

2061

20

116

14

VolgogradOblast

71

22

25

258

29

259

51

1998

RF

77

42

37

431

67

209

35

KomiRepublic

108

105

64

1254

28

75

44

VoronezhOblast

74

17

38

338

31

157

17

VolgogradOblast

75

22

28

236

55

220

16

Together with interregional differentiationin rendering benefits exceptionally high are their differences between thegroups falling into different material well-being categories.

The following table demonstrates data onthe share of households whose members received subsidies and privileges, in percent to all surveyed households in the third quarter of the correspondingyear.

Table3.10

Data on households recipients ofbenefits

KomiRepublic

VoronezhOblast

VolgogradOblast

On food

Ontransportation

On rent

On food

Ontransportation

On rent

On food

Ontransportation

On rent

1997

Allhouseholds

3.1

9.9

8.5

0.0

7.8

1.7

0.2

7.8

3.4

Of which on decilegroups

First

5.6

9.1

6.1

0.0

4.6

2.9

0.0

5.3

3.4

Second

0.6

2.9

5.5

0.0

5.9

2.7

0.0

2.5

1.9

Ninth

5.8

14.0

15.9

0.0

19.1

2.0

0.0

2.2

1.6

Tenth

8.6

12.1

10.6

0.0

5.7

2.0

0.0

9.5

3.0

With disposableincome below the subsistence minimum

3.3

5.4

5.5

00

3.9

2.5

0.0

3.4

2.1

1998

Allhouseholds

3.1

9.8

9.5

0.0

7.6

1.8

0.4

10.9

5.0

Of which

On decile groups

First

1.7

2.3

8.7

0.0

3.2

0.3

0.0

4.9

3.2

Second

1.2

4.8

6.8

0.0

4.3

0.5

0.0

5.9

2.1

Ninth

0.7

11.8

5.4

0.0

14.2

1.8

0.0

18.5

4.1

Tenth

10.5

17.5

10.1

0.0

5.9

0.7

0.0

13.9

9.2

With disposableincome below the subsistence minimum

1.4

3.9

9.5

0.0

3.3

0.6

0.1

4.9

2.6

1999

Allhouseholds

1.9

11.4

12.1

0.0

5.4

2.3

0.3

9.6

11.7

Of which

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