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As of

1 Jan 1998

units

%

units

%

units

%

units

%

Light industry

230

2.0

288

2.7

334

3.1

189

2.4

Food industry

400

3.5

582

5.4

522

4.8

326

4.1

Construction enterprises

1929

16.7

2387

22.2

2294

21.0

1148

14.6

Construction materials industry

247

2.1

329

3.1

302

2.8

203

2.6

Agricultural enterprises and equipment maintenance servicing for agriculture

1665

14.4

2396

22.3

2235

20.5

2306

29.3

Motor vehicle transport and motor vehicle repair enterprises

551

4.8

671

6.2

588

5.4

386

4.9

Retail trade

1689

14.6

212

2.0

401

3.7

196

2.5

Wholesale trade

140

1.2

196

1.8

132

1.2

70

0.9

Public eating facilities

1427

12.3

94

0.9

15

0.1

24

0.3

Consumer services

372

3.2

186

1.7

241

2.2

347

4.4

Incomplete construction sites

786

6.8

1053

9.8

662

6.1

577

7.3

Others

2136

18.5

2371

22.0

3202

29.3

2100

26.7

Total

11572

100.0

10765

100.0

10928

100.0

7872

100.0

Source: data base of the State Committee on Property of the Russian Federation, calculations by the authors.

In the structure of republican state enterprises by branch of industry the share of other branches grew by less than one and a half times: from 18.5 percent at the beginning of 1993 to 26.7 percent at the beginning of 1998. But with that there took place a noticeable growth in the share of enterprises of other branches of the goods production sphere: agricultural enterprises by more than two times (from 14.4 percent to 29.3 percent), three branches of industry (light, good, and construction materials) – from 7.6 percent do 9.1 percent (in the aggregate), and also of consumer services (from 3.2 percent to 4.4 percent) and of incomplete construction sites (from 6.8 percent to 7.3 percent). The share of the motor vehicle business remained almost without change (slightly less than five percent). Only construction, retail and wholesale trade, and public eating facilities decreased their proportions in the overall structure by branches of industry.

In summary, by the beginning of 1998 the greatest proportion in the by-branch structure of republican state enterprises was occupied namely by agricultural enterprises and enterprises of other branches (56 percent in the aggregate). Aside from them only construction had a share exceeding one tenth (14.6 percent); at the beginning of 1993 along with construction (16.7 percent) this was characteristic of retail trade (14.6 percent) and public eating facilities (12.3 percent). It is especially necessary to note that over the years 1993-1997 the absolute number of republican agricultural enterprises grew by almost forty percent, and it practically did not lessen for the block of other branches.

We will now analyze changes in the branch structure of state enterprises of krai and oblast property ownership (Table 7).

Table 7

Structure of state enterprises in Russia in 1993-1998 on independent balance sheets of krai and oblast property ownership by branches of industry

Branches

As of 1 Feb

1993

As of

1 Jan 1994

As of

1 Jan 1995

As of

1 Jan 1998

units

%

units

%

units

%

units

%

Light industry

552

4.1

451

2.9

327

2.8

111

1.5

Food industry

1322

9.7

1313

8.4

923

7.8

232

3.1

Construction enterprises

2736

20.2

2992

19.1

2224

18.8

852

11.5

Construction materials industry

782

5.8

753

4.8

389

3.3

141

1.9

Agricultural enterprises and equipment maintenance servicing for agriculture

2778

20.5

3082

19.7

1786

15.1

917

12.4

Motor vehicle transport and motor vehicle repair enterprises

662

4.9

856

5.5

706

6.0

447

6.0

Retail trade

602

4.4

303

1.9

422

3.6

462

6.2

Wholesale trade

383

2.8

304

1.9

219

1.9

75

1.0

Public eating facilities

177

1.3

80

0.5

59

0.5

52

0.7

Consumer services

497

3.7

422

2.7

242

2.0

61

0.8

Incomplete construction sites

281

2.1

315

2.0

263

2.2

150

2.0

Others

2801

20.6

4762

30.5

4269

36.1

3893

52.7

Total

13573

100.0

15633

100.0

11829

100.0

7393

100.0

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