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1970

39.8

60.2

1984

39.1

60.9


1971

38.7

61.3

1985

38.6

61.4


1972

39.1

60.9

1986

37.8

62.2


1973

38.0

62.0

1987

37.8

62.2


Note: State governments are considered to bethe sum or Länder(state) governments, local (gemeinden) governments and special-purposeassociations (Zweckverbande).

Source: Author's calculations using datafrom Statistishes Bundesamt (Federal Statistical Office). Fachserie 14. R 3.1.1997

Table B.2: Federal and State GovernmentsShares (Percentages) of Total Revenues after the Distribution of Shared Taxesand Including Transfers (Federal Supplementary Grants)

Year

Federal

State

Year

Federal

State

Year

Federal

State

1950

40.2

59.8

1974

36.7

63.3

1988

35.2

64.8


1955

45.3

54.7

1975

36.1

63.9

1989

36.8

63.2


1962

41.8

58.2

1976

36.4

63.6

1990

36.8

63.2


1963

41.5

58.5

1977

36.4

63.6

1991

39.3

60.7


1964

41.9

58.1

1978

36.6

63.4

1992

35.3

64.7


1965

42.7

57.3

1979

36.8

63.2

1993

34.5

65.5


1966

42.0

58.0

1980

36.4

63.6

1994

35.8

64.2


1967

41.4

58.6

1981

36.7

63.3

1995

35.9

64.1


1968

40.8

59.2

1982

37.2

62.8

1996

34.4

65.6


1969

41.7

58.3

1983

37.4

62.6

1997

34.6

65.4


1970

41.5

58.5

1984

37.3

62.7


1971

40.7

59.3

1985

37.4

62.6


1972

39.0

61.0

1986

36.7

63.3


1973

38.3

61.7

1987

36.2

63.8


Note: State governments are considered to bethe sum of Länder(state) governments. local (gemeinden) governments and special-purposeassociations (Zweckverbande)

Source: Author's calculations using datafrom Statistishes Bundesamt (Federal Statistical Office), Fachserie 14. R3.1,1997

Transfer Payments fromthe Federal to State Governments

Table B.3 shows transfers from the federalgovernment as a percentage of revenues by state. The message is clear: thestates rely on the federal government for only a small percentage of theirrevenues; for the former east German states, however, these transfers are ofconsiderable significance. Indeed, the data also show a marked increase in the significance of the federalgovernment since reunification and the dramatic impact of federal supplementarygrants on some states revenues.

Table B.3(b) shows state-state transfers as apercentage of revenues by state.

What is notable from the table is therelatively small percentages of revenues involved in explicit state-statetransfers.

Table B.3(a) Share of Federal TransferPayments in State Total Revenues (Percentages)

Year

Baden-
Wurttemberg

Bayern

Brandenburg

Hessen

Mecklenburg-Vorpommern

Niedersachsen

Nordrhein-
Westfalen

Rheinland-
Pfalz

1975

0

0.54

0

1.42

0

1.52

1980

0

0.61

0

1.58

0

1.79

1985

0

0.56

0

1.45

0

1.72

1990

0

0

0

2.78

0.00

2.50

1992

0

0

0

2.70

0.01

2.77

1993

0

0

0

2.90

0.01

3.16

1994

0

0

0

3.09

0

3.42

1995

0

0

11.81

0

12.10

2.07

0

3.69

1996

0

0

11.55

0

11.75

2.19

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