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1

4

Karach-Cherkesian Republic

1

1

1

1

1

Republic ofNorth Osetia

1

1

1

1

5

Krasnodar krai

5

5

5

5

5

Stavropol krai

1

5

4

4

4

Rostov oblast

1

3

3

3

2

Republic ofBashkortostan

1

5

5

5

5

Udmurtian Republic

5

5

5

5

1

Table 3.1.6. cont`d

Regions

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

Kurgan oblast

1

1

1

1

1

Orenburg oblast

1

5

5

5

5

Perm oblast

5

3

3

2

2

Sverdlovskoblast

5

5

5

5

5

Chelyabinskoblast

5

5

5

5

5

Republic ofAltai

5

1

1

1

1

Altai krai

1

1

1

1

1

Kemerovo oblast

2

3

3

3

3

Novosibirskoblast

1

1

4

4

1

Omsk oblast

5

5

5

5

5

Tomsk oblast

5

3

3

5

3

Tyumen oblast

2

2

2

2

2

Republic ofBuryatia

1

1

1

1

1

Republic ofTyva

1

1

1

1

1

Republic ofKhakasia

5

5

5

1

4

Krasnoyarsk krai

2

3

3

3

2

Irkutsk oblast

1

5

5

5

2

Chita oblast

1

1

1

1

1

Republic ofSakha (Yakutia)

5

5

5

1

5

Primorsky krai

5

5

5

5

5

Khabarovsk krai

5

5

5

5

5

Amur oblast

4

5

5

5

4

Kamchatka oblast

3

5

5

5

5

Magadan oblast

5

5

5

1

4

Sakhalin oblast

5

1

1

1

5

Kaliningrad oblast

5

5

5

5

5

The analysis of the regions’ movement between the noted fivegroups of clusters witnesses the existence of six >

  1. Regions with a steadily high level of living standards (9):Kemerovo Oblast, Komi, Kransoyarsk Krai, Moscow, Murmansk Oblast, NovgorodOblast, Samara Oblast, Tatarstan, Tyumen Oblast.
  2. Regions with a steadily low level of living standards (21): Adygea,Altai Krai, Astrakhan Oblast, Buryatia, Volgograd Oblast, Altai Republic,Dagestan, Ingoushetia, Kabardino-Balkaria, Republic of Kalmykia, Republic ofKarachaevo-Cherkessia, Kurgan Oblast, Marij-El, Mordovia, Novosibirsk Oblast,Penza Oblast, Pskov Oblast, North Ossetia, Stavropol Krai, Tyva, ChitaOblast.
  3. Regions that demonstrated rise in living standards (5):Bashkortostan, Irkutsk Oblast, Orenburg Oblast, Perm Oblast, RostovOblast
  4. Regions that demonstrated decline in living standards (8):Arkhangelsk Oblast, Bryansk Oblast, Kirov Oblast, Leningrad Oblast, MagadanOblast, St. Petersburg, Khakassia, Republic of Chuvashia
  5. Regions with an unsteady situation, annual fluctuations of livingstandards without a clear trend to either side (28): Amur Oblast, VladimirOblast, Vologda Oblast, Voronezh Oblast, Ivanovo Oblast, Kaliningrad Oblast,Kaluga Oblast, Kamchatka Oblast, Karelia, Kostroma Oblast, Krasnodar Krai,Kursk Oblast, Moscow Oblast, Omsk Oblast, Orel Oblast, Primorsky Krai, RyazanOblast, Saratov Oblast, Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), Sakhalin Oblast,Sverdlovsk Oblast, Smolensk Oblast, Tambov Oblast, Tver Oblast, Tomsk Oblast,Republic of Udmurtia, Khabarovsk Krai, Chelyabinsk Oblast.
  6. Regions with a steady low poverty level, but steadily low level ofpopulation’s incomesand spending (6): Belgorod oblast, Lipetsk oblast, Nizhny Novgorod oblast, Tulaoblast, Ulyanovsk oblast, Yaroslavl oblast.

Table 3.1.7.

The share of the population with their incomebelow subsistence minimum

The ratio of average income per capita tosubsistence minimum

The ratio of average spending per capita tosubsistence minimum

Regions with a steadily high level ofliving standards

19,8%

269,4%

251,2%

Regions with a steadilylow level of living standards

49,6%

124,8%

98,3%

Regions thatdemonstrated rise in living standards

27,4%

188,0%

157,1%

Regions thatdemonstrated decline in living standards

32,7%

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