WWW.DISSERS.RU


...
    !

Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 3 | 4 || 6 | 7 |   ...   | 9 |

, (.. 7).,. , ,., : ,. -, -.,.,,,.,,.,,,,.,,,.,,. ,.

,, ,,. (Schutz,1967)., :.,. ,,.,,,,.

,,,.

,,..,,.,.

— (1892—1974).,,. 20-, (Moreno,1948). (1976),,,,,,.,.

1925,. (, ),,,,., —,,,.,,.

.,. 6—12 —., —,,. - ( ),. ( ),.,.

, ., (Jennings, 1987)., -.,,,,, (Jennings, 1983).,,., -.

-

- () (1893—1970).,,., -,,,, -.,.,,. -,,.

(,,,, )., ( ). ( ), (Perls et al., 1951) ( ).

- —.,,,., () .

(1972). ,,, , (,,, ).,, ,., , :,. :,, : , . - -,,,,.

-.:.,, -... :,, -., —. :,, (, /).:,,. :,.

-,,., (bullshit — ),.,,,.

,,,.,.,,, -,. (1897—1957),,, (Reich, 1933).,. (1936).,,, . (Rycroft, 1971). ( ) ,.

,.,. ( ),. (Breuer and Freud,1895).,.

,,, (Lowen, 1967),,.,, —.

— (1970),.,,.,. ( ),.,,,.,,,,.

,,,. (1926),,., (1929),,,,,,. (Leboyer, 1977),,,...,..

.,,.,, ,,,. — (Lake, 1978),.

,,., ,,.

, (. 10),.. 10,.

., ­, —.,., (Heap, 1988),. ,,,,,.,,,,,.

,.,.

-., (,,, ) (Bandler and Grinder, 1981),, - (O’Connor and Seymour, 1990)., —,,.,. —,,,..,—,.

. ,, -.., ,. -,. (Fransellaand Thomas, 1988),.,,., (Feldman, 1975;Ryle, 1990).

,. (Beck, 1976),,.,, (Scott etal., 1989).,,. (Ryle, 1990), -.

, :

—,., ; ( ).,., (Gelder,1983).

:,.,,,, ­,. -,.

, ( ),,, .,,,,,,..,,.

,, -,.,,. — ,— (, )., —, ;.,,.,,,.. 10,,..,,,. ,,.

,,.,,,.,,.

,,,,,.,,,.,.,,,,,,.,,,,, -. -.,,.,,.,.

,., , —,...,,.,,,, ( ),.

, —. —.,,,,, ( 1). ( 3),,. ( ), (. 6).

6.

. PDF-

,,,,,.,.,,.,.,,.,,, (Brown, 1991).

,

,.,,, -,,,.,,,,,,...,.,.,.,,, -.

.,.,.,,,.

, (), (-),,,.,.,,., , .. ,., (Malan, 1979).,,.

,, . ,.,, -.,, -. ,,. -,..,-.,,,.

,.,.,,,.,..,, —.

,,, —,. —,,... -,,,,,.,,.,,,.

-.,,,,,,.,,,,,..,, -.,, —.,.,.

., ()..,,., (,, ),.,,,., —,,,—,,, status quoante.,,,.,,,,.

:,.,.,,,,.. :,.,. (Balintand Balint, 1961): ... The Practice of,,,, .,. : ,, .,,,,..,,,.

, :.,,,,,..,.., :,,,,.,,,,., : ,,. ..

, ( ),, (Masters and Johnson, 1970),,,,,.

.,,,, (, ),,,..

,.,. 1) (0—1 ),.,,. 2) (1—3),,.,,,. 3) (3—5 ),,,.,, , -.

,,.,,,.,,,,,,, —,., (Jackson andGro­tjahn,1958).

,.,,.,,.,,,.,,.,.

(, ) (Skynner, 1976) —,,.,, , - ,..,,,., (,.. ).,,..

(Skynner and Brown, 1981),,, (,,, ).,.,, (Howells and Brown,1986).

.,,..,,,.

1979—1982,., 2.

,.,, .,,,.,,.

,,,,,.

. 11,.

,

. 11.

. PDF-

,.., ,,,,,, (Balint and Balint, 1961).

, : . —, (,,, ).,.

,,,.

,. .,, (Balint and Balint,1961).

.,, — -. -..,, -,,,,.

,, : —,,.,,,. (Eysenck, 1952; 1965),, -,,.,,,,,.,.,., (Bergin, 1971), 30%,,,.,,. (Frank, 1961),,, ­,.

,,.

,, (Meltzoff and Kornreich, 1970) 101, — —,,.,,, Q- (, ). 81, 20—.

,.,.,,. - (Meltzoff and Kornreich, 1970).

(1967) :,. -, (, ).,,,,., —.

,. (Kernberg, 1972), (Malan, 1963; 1973).. ( ),,,,.,,,,..

, (Candyet al., 1972), 50 -,,...,,,.,,,.,,.

-.,,,,,,,.,,, —.,,,.

,,..,.. (Luborsky et al., 1975) :,,,. (Bloch, 1982),. (Luborsky et al., 1988).

. (Smith et al., 1980), ( ),,, (GwynneJones, 1985). 500,.,,,, 80%.,,,,, (Prioleau et al.,1983). (Aveline, 1984; Bloch andLambert, 1985)., : ., (Gwynne Jones, 1985).

,. (Brown and Bettley, 1971),,,.,,.,,,.

,. (Shepherd, 1979), (Aveline, 1984; Colvin etal., 1988).,,,,.,,,, (Brocher, 1988). ;, —,., 80%,, (Seppala and Jamsen, 1990).

,, (Fonagy and Higgitt, 1989).,,,,,. (Holmes and Lindley, 1989)., :,,.

,,, (Sloane et al., 1975).,. ( )., –, ( )., —,.,.,,,,.,,.,,, :

,, —.,,,,,.. (Frank,1961).

,,,,. – –,.

.,,.,.,,,,.,,,, : –, .,..

Z.,,.. -,,,,,. ,.,,.

,,,,,.

,,., 18 —,,, - .

Z. : ,,,,, –,,,., :,,. —,,,.,, .

1

—,., (,, ) —,.,.,.

,,., —,.,,.,. (),,,-,.

,,,, -,.,,,.,.

—,,.. ­,., -,.

, (Peddler, 1989b).,..,,.

.,,,.

2

1) (Clarkin et al., 1979),,,.,.

2) (Frances et al., 1980)., —.,,, : ) ; ),, ; ). (, ), : ) ; ) ; ) - ).,.

3) (Clarkin and Frances, 1982) : ) ; ) ­ ; ). ),, ; ) —, ; ) —,,, —,,.,,,.

,. 6,,, (Malan, 1963, 1979; Sifneos, 1972;Davanloo, 1978).

: ),, (,, ); ). : ) ; ) ; ), ; ), ; ) ,.

4) (Francis and Clarkin, 1981) : ) ( 3—28%)—,, ; ) ( 30—35%)—, ­,,,, — ; ) (43%— )—,.

( ),,., -,,.

Acharyya, S., Moorhouse, S., Kareem, J.,and Littlwood R. (1989) Nafsiyat: a psychotherapy centre for ethnicminorities, Bulletin of Royal College ofPsychiatrists 13: 358—60.

Ackerman, N.W. (1966) Treating the Troubled Family, New York:Basic Books.

Adler, M.H. (1970) Panel on Psychoanalysisand Psychotherapy, International Journal ofPsychoanalysis 51: 219—31.

Alexander, F. (1957) Psychoanalysis and Psychotherapy, London: George Allen & Unwin.

Ansbacher, H.L. and Ansbacher, R.R. (eds)(1957) The Individual Psychology of Alfred Adler,New York: Harper Torchbooks.

Argyle, M. (1972) The Psychology of Interpersonal Behaviour, Harmondsworth: Penguin Books.

Ashurst, P. and Hall, Z. (1989)Understanding Women in Distress, London: Tavistock/Routledge.

Aveline, M. (1984) What price psychiatrywithout psychotherapy, Lancet 2: 856—9.

Balint, M. (1957) The Doctor, His Patient and the Illness, London: Tavistock Publications.

— (1965)Primary Love and Psychoanalytic Technique,London: Tavistock Publications.

— (1968)The Basic Fault, London:Tavistock Publications.

Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 3 | 4 || 6 | 7 |   ...   | 9 |



2011 www.dissers.ru -

, .
, , , , 1-2 .