The causes of such a negative attitude expressed by the military leadership with regard to increasing the attractiveness of voluntary military service under contracts deserve to be analyzed separately. The results of this research will be published in due course.
The issue of attractiveness of military service. To conclude this brief publication, let us dwell on some attempts at distorting the essence of the problem under consideration. The most vivid example of efforts in this direction is the affirmation that the financial support provided to a soldier serving under a contract “is much larger than the [salary of] 35 thousand rubles received by the driver of an electric locomotive”. These words were said by V. V. Smirnov, the head of the General Staffs’ Main Administration for the Organization of Mobilization, in one of his interviews 27.
In order to substantiate this comparison, we directly addressed the leadership of the Moscow Metro. The results of the comparison are presented below, in Table 2.
Our analysis of the total incomes of the said persons, recalculated on a monthly basis, reveals that:
• the difference between the minimum (!) wage of an engine – driver and the money allowance of a soldier serving under a contract, expressed in thousand of rubles per mont, 35 – 11 = 24 for the first months of work (or service) amounts to 864 thousand rubles, or almost 35 thousand USD, which represents quite a good starting sum of money for the engine – driver, enabling him to solve many of his capital problems, including the housing issue;
Iuzbashev, V. Intellekt staviat pod ruzhio (Intellect under arms). NVO, 21- 27.12.08, ¹ 45.
• and that later on as well, this difference, calculated with taking into account the monthly allocation of 7.5 thousand rubles to the serviceman for the purpose of his purchasing a dwelling by means of the Funded Mortgage System and amounting to 35 – 18 = 17 thousand rubles per month, will remain significant.
Even more so, this conclusion holds true with respect to the wage of not a rooky but an experienced engine-driver which can amount to 55 thousand rubles per month. The Ministry of Defense can promise nothing like this to a professional soldier even by the end of his service. This level is unattainable even for many senior officers. And junior officers can only dream about receiving the wage of an assistant engine driver (between 21 and 24 thousand rubles per month).
Table The attractiveness of a contractee’s service and an engine-driver’s work Soldier serving under a contract Parameters compared Engine driver 8 thousand rubles + northern, re- 1. Payments charged: wage, money (21 thousand rubles – assistant engine gional, etc bonuse allowance (MA), rubles / month driver) between 35 and 55 thousand (e.g., up to 15 thousand rubles in rubles – engine driver Chechnya) Additional payments at the moment 2. Additional payments and bonuses Receives the “13th wage” and the of conclusion of a second contract long-service bonus; double payment and of further contracts, long-service of labor on holidays.
bonuses, bonuses for qualification- Regular indexation related bonuses 600+300 per year for treatment at 3. For medical services A health – improving complex in the sanatoria and health resorts = 75 Moscow region rubles / month Uniform 4. Working clothes Uniform Catering = 2 thousand rubles / month 5. Food --- A place in a hostel. 6. Housing Employment is given to persons with On the conclusion of a second con- a dwelling or to those who will solve tract, the State allocates (or saves) the their housing problem at the expense money for the subsequent acquisition of their wages of a dwelling: 90 thousand rubles per year, or 7.5 thousand rubles / month.
The free-of charge annual travel to 7.Free – of charge travel Only by the Metro the place of use of leave and return;
On average, 200 rubles / month.
8+2+7,5 (after 3 years of service) + Total incomes recalculated on a (between 35 and 55) + … … = 17 + …= 18 monthly basis The right to free-of-charge education 8. Right to free-of-charge education After three years of faultless work at after the completion of the first 3-year at a higher educational establishment the Metro, it is possible to obtain contract (on condition of successfully secondary or higher professional passing the examinations) education at the expense of the enterprise 30 calendar days 9.Leaves 48 calendar days After comparing the level of financial support for a contractee and an engine driver, V. V. Smirnov arrives at the following conclusion: “Thus, it is not clear who gains more – the Metro worker or the contractee”.
Generally speaking, it is not without reason to correlate these two categories of citizens. In rendering their services to society, both the contractee and the engine driver are acting in the interests of security, and it does not matter whether it is transport security or military security. For both of them, their service (or work) is fraught with danger and inconveniences. The only problem is how to take into account the well – known hardships and deprivations of military service, such as the prospects of being severed from home, including the dispatches to the “hot spots”. And who will be, after all, better off In our opinion, the results of this correlation are clearly not in favor of the serviceman.
Similar conclusions were made in the Ombudsman’s report submitted to RF President in February 200828.
V. P. Lukin described the existing situation in the army as follows: “The State continues to be incapable of Rossiiskaia gazeta (The Russian Gazette), ¹ 55, of 14.03.2008.
providing the servicemen with decent money allowance and housing, of shielding them from the arbitrary behavior of their commanders, and humiliations at the hands of the “veterans”. Then he added a few words directly concerning the NCOs and other ranks serving under contracts: “At the same time, it should be acknowledged that service under contracts is gradually losing whatever attractiveness it has ever had: apparently, neither the wage nor the social status of a serviceman is a sufficient impetus for concluding a contract”..
Thus, yet another stage of the switchover to voluntary military service under contracts has ended in yet another fiasco.
Meetings of the Government of the Russian Federation M. Goldin Among the most important issues the following were considered at the meetings of the Government of the Russian Federation: the course of federal target programs fulfillment and realization of the federal targeted investment program in 2007, bill “On technology transfer”.
At the meeting of the Government of the Russian Federation on 13 March the report of the Ministry for Economic Development and Trade was heard devoted to the course of federal target programs (FTP) fulfillment and the federal targeted investment program execution in 2007.
According to the report, the total volume of financing of 46 FTP and 36 subprograms, included in the open part of the federal budget for 2007, taking into account changes made during the year, was equal to RUR 586.95 bln, of which expenses for government investments were RUR 360.6 bln.
In 2007 the volume of federal budget funds used to finance program measures, according to the data of the Federal Treasury, was RUR 495.1 bln (84.4% of budhet allocations).
The Ministry for Economic Development and Trade believes that real use of federal budget funds for program and non-program measures in 2007 was 99.6%.
For reference, in 2006 the volume of the used funds comprised RUR 385.6 bln, which was 95.0% of the volume of financing, envisaged in 2006.
In 2007 35 FTP envisaged attraction of funds of the budgets of the subjects of the Russian Federation and municipal formations, as well as off-budget sources in the total volume of RUR 838.7 bln (RUR 274.5 at the expense of budgets of subjects of the Russian Federation and municipal formations, RUR 564.2 bln at the expense of off-budget sources).
In 2007 RUR 664.3 bln or 79.2% of the allotments envisaged for the year was really attracted, in 2006 the figure being 82.3%, of which at the expense of regional and local budgets – RUR 224.6 bln or 81.8% (99.1% in 2006) and at the expense of off-budget sources – RUR 439.8 bln or 77.9% (75.8% in 2006).
To estinmate efficiency of FTP fulfillment established target indices and indicators of efficiency of their fulfillment were useed.
Execution of all 46 programs in 2007 was estimated by 625 target indices and efficiency indicators. Totallot fulfillment was characteristic for 493 indices (78.9%, 73.6 % in 2006), 104 indices (16.6%) are not fully fulfilled, 28 (4.5) – not fulfilled at all.
As a result of the analysis of program execution by the indices mentioned 46 programs are conventionally classified by the Ministry of the Economic Development and Trade to the following categories:
13 programs, whose realization is recognized as effective;
24 programs, work of state customers on which can be regarded as satisfactory;
5 programs, whose realization is considered by the Ministry for economic Development andf Trade as insufficiently effective. They are the following:
“Increase in road safety in 2006-2012” (responsible for fulfillment is the Ministry for Internal Affaires of Russia).
“Industrial utilization of weapons and military equipment 2005-2010” (Ministry for Power and Industry of Russia) “Electronic Russia 2002-2010” (Ministry for Information and Communication of Russia).
“Economic and social development of the Far East and Transbaikalia in 1996-2005 and up to 2010” (Ministry of Regions of Russia).
“Global navigation system” (Russian Space Agency).
It is interesting that at the meeting of the Government of the Russian Federation in December 2007, when course of FTP and FTIP fulfillment over 9 months of 2007was analyzed, they were “Social support for the disabled in 2006-2010” (Ministry for Health Care and Social Development), “Complex measures to counter act drugs abuse and their illegal trafficking in 2005-2009” (Federal Agency for the Supervision of Drugs Turnover) that were cited by the Ministry for Economic Development and Trade as in effective in addition to the first three programs listed above;
“Development of civil aircraft equipment in Russia in 2002-2010 and in the period up to 2015” (Ministry for Power and Industry of Russia);
Financing of research and development measures planned within framework of 32 FTPs was fulfilled unevenly. 80% of the total resources from all sources of financing was attracted and 44% of the federal budget funds as well as 50% of the off-budget sources was used in the 4th quarter 2007. This is connected with the drawbacks in contests organization. The significant number of contracts was signed only in the 3rd quarter 2007.
Federal Targeted Investment Program (FTIP) for 2007 was formed basing on the volume of the capital investments, directed to FTP realization, as well as to realization of separate most important social and economic issues, according to the decisions by the President and the Government of the Russian Federation (non-program part).
In the opinion of the Ministry for Economic Development and Trade of the Russian Federation, results of FTP and FTIP analysis demonstrate that the reasons for insufficient efficiency of these programs realization were the following:
• Long period of procedures for order placement for goods (works, services) supply for federal government needs;
• Non-observance or improper fulfillment of contract liabilities by customer-builders and contractors;
• Insufficient level of interaction of federal executive bodies of subjects of the Russian Federation with organizations and enterprises and connected with it non-observance of liabilities of program cofinancing;
• Late start of financing due to procrastinating of deadlines for project documentation preparation, its revision, including in connection with calculated cost of construction becoming more expensive and change in technical conditions, as well as preparation of registration forms.
At the meeting of the Government of the Russian Federation on 27 March the bill “On technology transfer” was discussed. The bill is aimed to fulfill paragraph 5 clause 1546, paragraph 2 clause 1547, clause 1549 and 1551 chapter 77 part 4 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation, which, it should be reminded, came into effect on 1 January 2008. Thus, according to paragraph 2 clause1547 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation the procedure for contest or auction conduction on alienation of rights for technology by subjects of the Russian Federation or (and) by the Russian Federation, as well as cases and procedure for rights for technology transfer to the Russian Federation and (or) subjects of the Russian Federation without conduction of a contest or auction should be regulated by the law on technology transfer.
Taking this into account the bill was prepared, that regulated the procedure for transfer of created technologies to the private sector at the expense or with attraction of funds of the federal and regional budgets, allocated to pay for works on government contracts.
According to the bill rights for the technology will be alienated on the contest basis, in which connection procedure for contests and auctions conduction is established. Since the bill states significant conditions of the agreement son technology transfer (contracts for rights for technology alienation and licensed agreements), among which there is the obligation to put the technology into practice, as well as the cases and procedure for rights transfer without auctions or contests conduction are defined.
It should be noted that development of the legislation mentioned reflects the all-world trend for development of the normative basis for innovations commercialization by making amendments and adoption of normative legal acts to supplement existing legal acts.
Earlier the bill of the federal law “On innovation activity and government innovetion policy” (further referred to as the bill “On innovations”), which, as it had been expected, was to become the main legislative act in the field of innovations, despite being developed since 1995, was not adopted.