WWW.DISSERS.RU


...
    !

Pages:     | 1 || 3 |

pecae peya yppyo ypayoo eeoco coeex aooecaopooo. Oceoao 766,7 aopooo, acpoao ooo 17,5 c. eeo pax o aeop oacoc. caoeo, o 58,9 % peca coo eeaece e, .e. eaypece ee. oppooe opee a ypee oepxoc aopooo coca ceo 1,9 %, oa a a apyo oepxoc 15,4 %. eeo a paccoe acaec 26,9 %. Ha pc. pecaeo opaee ooo oopox paccoe, cpyex capo eeocoo Ultrascan WM. eee y opee eaa ae ooaaec pa eo, o aeo oeae x epoaay oey.

peea ooc pacpeee cyapoo oeca ypex (eaypecx) eeo. Haoa ooc ypex eeo pxoc a aopoo -7 (I .), -3 (I .) -6 (I .), ocpoee, ocoo, py p Pont a Mousson Vallourec (pa).

Maa ooc ax eeo aaec a aopooax py p Kawasaki Steel Corporation Nippon Steel Corporation (o), o oe oceo oee ec peoa aecy py ao oca. Oco eea oecaopooo c oep eaa (55,3 %) eee o ce pyopooo (40,3 %). eeo a a paccoee acpoao e oee 6 %.

Pc. 1. opaee oopooo paccoe, eoo yppyo ypayoo eeocoe Meaopaec aa opao eaa, peax a yacax yoe py oecaopooo, oaa, o yoe c eea poa eaa. B oe o aopooo oecaopooax paec ocycy ae ee, a poee eeaece e eaypece paccoe.

pecae aa ee oppoooo coco coeex aopooo o peyaa x oopo yppyo eeoco, poeeo c epao 3-9 e. Caceca opaoa peyao oopx poyco capo-eeocoo oaaa, o eae aopooo aaec yeee oeca eeo a oep eaa.

Bopacae oeca oppoox eeo pooo a a ypee, a a apyo oepxoc aopooo, a x coooee coxpaoc.

Oao ecoc oppoooo poecca a apyo oepxoc e, e a ypee. eaoe yee ax yppyo eeoco oaao, o 73 % apyx eeo eaa x aopooo pacooe a yacax pacc c opa o. x 50 % eeo e yy oee 2,0 , pe ocoa ac x eeo pacoaaec o e opaye aopooo. Ha pc. 2 oaao yeee oeca eeo, opaoaxc ey pooa eeocoa-capa a ypee oepxoc aopooa -8 - (2 .). Aa pacpeee oeca eeo a ypee oepxoc coeex aopooo o peyaa oopx pooo capoeeocoo oaa, o yeee ca eeo pooo epaoepo o e aopooo, a eo: a ex yacax, e p epo pooe eeocoa acpoao aoee x oeco.

oeco eeo ypee oepxoc T -8- II a ex yppyo 1990 1995 2,1,T 8(II)-T 8(II)-0,oeco eeo, Pc. 2. eee oeca eeo a ypee oepxoc aopooa -8 - o peyaa yppyo eeoco Tpe aa ocea oee oeao oacoc eeo opeee xapaepc aeoc pyopooo. Oeeo, o p oeo popeccoc oxoa paeco eoc a oe epoaao oe execoo coco aopooo cyecya ecaa acca e yae p ooe. Bo-epx, e oocoaoo paee eaypecx eeo eeo, ox poecce cyaa pyopooo. Bo-opx, a oaa peya aypx ca, pooce coca eex yaco pyopooo 5- aeop oecea e eee e ypaoe ooee paoeo ae papyaey. B-pex, epe yaca pyopooo 5- aeop c ype eea, pacooe eae ce py pax ococx, popaoa o pe oee pex e.

caoe oee pa oopox eaypecx paccoe, oope aac o, o y oopox paccoe ooee ee eo pacp cocae 5-60, oa a eaypecx paccoe o ooee ocae 40-300, .e. aeo oe. poe oo, oopox paccoe xapaepo ae eo oppo eaa a ypee apyo oepxocx py.

ya eeo, cceoa eex yaco pyopooo oo a, o oee 80 % eeo, epoax a cyaaoe oopoe paccoe, a cao ee c eaypec paccoe eeaec e.

Ha pc. 3 pecae ae o oecy eeo, oeax pee cooec c peoeo aopo pexao accae, cpae c peyaa papoa eeo o acca BHHeeaa.

Ha ocoa peyao eaopaecx cceoa, aopaopx aypx ca, oepoo aaa cao yppyo eeoco, a ae ax poeex paceo peoeo ee ee accpoa a ceye p aeop acoc o yco Ppa. > nPa (Ppa. papyaee aee, Ma; Pa. aecoe aee, Ma; n - oe aaca pooc):

1 eoace ee, oope e pey pe, ec n > no.;

2 oeao oace ee, peye aooo peoa, ec 2,2 < n < no.;

3 oace ee, peye cpooo peoa, ec n < 2,2.

Capa acca Capa acca Hoa acca Hoa acca 2(I) 2(II) 2(III) 3(I) 3(II) 6(I) 6(II) 8(I) 8(II) 10 12 14 Tpyopoo Pc. 3. eee oeca eeo, oeax pee, o peaaeo pexao acca B xoe aypx poca py c pa eea ycaoeo, o papyaee aee eex py peae paoee epe paa py 37715 c 25 %- yoe ce, 2,4 paa py 72018 c oopo paccoe, oe a coo yeee o ce py oee, e a 50 %. o ceecye o ocaoo aace ocpyo pooc o pee apya eex py.

Oey pooc eex yaco pyopooo peoeo poo, coy opoae opy cya ae, c yeo oec a ea cepooopocoepaeo aa. p o a IBM PC o popae TEDIP cpo pa acoce, opaax paep eeo, accpy ee pyopooa cxo oac x pacooe (pc. 4):

Pc. 4. acoc, opaae paep eeo pyopooo 1 oac poex yco cyaa pyopooa;

2 oac oycoo coco cyaa pyopooa, coepaeo oyce oopoe ee;

3 oac, peeax oopo yaco pyopooa coep peee ee oe aooy peoy;

4 oac, peeax oopo yaco pyopooa coep pece ee oe eaooy peoy.

peoea eoa oe oeao oacoc eeo ooa cyeceo coppepoa aeee paee oe peox pao pe eeo.

Cacec aa oao pyopooo 1974-1998 . ceecye o o, o o axoc pee opao pao. Ha ocoe poeeoo aaa opeee xapaepc aeoc coeex pyopooo. Cpe ecoc oao cocae 1,3 10-3 a oep o, o axoc peeax, xapaepx e ooa oao aopooo, pacoppyx yeoopoe cpe.

Ha ocoe ax o oppooo coco aeoc pyopooo, peyao yppyo apyo eeoco, aypx ca, a ae c yeo ecyx opao-execx oyeo papaoaa eoa aocpoa coeex pyopooo. aoe oe eo cooa p oooe ooe o aocpoa exooecoo oopyoa pyopooo pep Opeypapo, oepex oec cepooopocoepax cpe.

eepa aa ocea papaoe exoo opo a coeex aopooo a epo aae o. Texoo aaec coa opo e a ypee oepxoc aopooa a ce ocae eax ae opa, pcaeoo e pacopa oo aa c oo opcy.

Papaoaa aeaeca oe poecca apoooo aece opo e a ype oepxoc aopooa. Boe pace apaepo e ooa oc epoeo opcye. Opeee xapaepc cepa ae popcyoo oe. Ca, o pacpeeee paepo ae o aepy cooecye y pacpeee, ocaeo opyo Tpea. p pacee e apoooo ooa o aopooy opaoa e oc a oepxoc py copoc ocae ae opee o opye -ko (qDT + DP) V =, +ko e k0 - oe opae;

q - oe pa;

D - oe ypyeo y;

Dp. - oe poyoco y;

- pe aeco peaca ac, c.

Papaoaa eoa pacea oppoa ao e p pce opa, c oo oopo cceoao e exooecx aopo a copoc opaoa e o e aopooa p cpoao pacxoe pcaeoo pacopa. Pace oaa, o pe opaoa opo e a opeo yace aopooa opacae c yeee copoc apoooo ooa, yeee ae aa pyopooe c poco epeaa ae a opcye. Be oepa opa o pcaeo pacope (pe eao) a o apaep eooao ac o poeoc aopooa, ae copoc ooa.

B coeex aopooax cpee (ooo 25 ) oo (ooo 50 ) poeoc c pao aee 6,2 Ma acaa copoc opaoa e ee eco p oepa opa 40-50 % copoc ooa 7-8 /c oepa peaea ooo 80 % p copoc ooa 3,5 /c cooeceo. eee oepa opa pacope oe cee e a copoc opaoa e p o ae aa a oee opox yacax aopooa (ocoeo poeoc eee 10 ).

Apoooe poae poo c oo, ycao A-1 ye pca 30-50 %-oo pacopa opa -55- eaoe. C oo ycpoca oa opao B-(ae P 2118747) yx oax aopooa a 12,9 21,8 o eca pca o aaa poa pe ooa ycaaa acce c opaacee.

p opeee pooeoc poa ya, o aa oa e oe pyeoo yaca oa coca e eee 1 .

, cy 03 0 6 0 9 paeca acoc ee o pee oPc. 5. eee o pee o e, opaoaeopo e a opaax- c a opaax, pecaea ceex:

1 - aa oa aepa (12,9 o eca pca); a pc. 5.

2 - a oa aepa (21,8 o eca pca) coa oocepcooo apoo oye ooceo paoepo o opo e eoxoo pe epoey opcyy, ey ecoo pacee c coo aepo 0,4 . p epeae ae a opcye peeax 8-Ma aopooo oo poeoc (25-35 ) epea ae eecoopao yea o 12-13 Ma. ocyece apoooo poa peoeoao pe coooeppoae (e eee 50 %) pacop ooceo ex opo eaoe cao oecae, ae, a -55, -36-90 p. peoe ae pe apoooo poa - ex x yco.

BBO 1. B epo aae o yeoopooo cp yeaec oppooa aoc cepooopocoepax aooecax cpe, o oycoeo oee cee ace aa o oe yxyee ooo aa a . p o aocoepae pacoppyeoo aa o e oca 100 %-o aoc. ooy oecee aeo pao coeex pyopooo OM apy c oa eoa opo oppo eoxoo poeee aoo epaoo opo x oppoooo coco, a ec yppya eeoco, a ae oee eoc opo a.

2. caoeo, o oco pa oao coeex pyopooo OM c cepooopooe pacpecae oopooe paccoee eaa. Oa pyopooo coca 11,9 % o oeo ca papye pocox eaoocpy c aoee oac. Opeee xapaepc aeoc coeex pyopooo, coaco oop epooc x eoao pao yae ao, o ec peoo yee oao pyopooo ae e e oaec.

3. Papaoaa exoo poee yppyo ypayoo eeoco coeex pyopooo, aaac coa ooceoo oco po caa aoee oc ceo opopyeoo pyopooa. o ooe c oe pao oc aeco opo coco eaa py.

4. o peyaa yppyo eeoco coeex pyopooo ycaoeo, o oa ac eeo eaa pecae coo eaypece ee. B eae oecaopooo ae ee, a eaypece paccoe eeaece e, paec ocycy. C e oe oeoc oe ee oppoooo coco pyopooo epy yppyy eeoco eecoopao poo cpay oce x yca cyaa.

5. Aa ee oppooo cya a coeex aopooax, poee o peyaa oopo yppyo aoc o cee 3-9 e, oaa opacae ca eeo a oep eaa.

eee oeca cyecyx oee ox eeo pooo a a ypee, a a apyo oepxocx aopooo.

Pages:     | 1 || 3 |



2011 www.dissers.ru -

, .
, , , , 1-2 .