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Ha paax pyoc HPAEB AMP MPAEB OBEHE HAEHOCT AOPOBOOB CEPOBOOPOCOEPAEO AA OM B EPO AAE O EBOOPOHOO CP Ceaoc 25.00.19 - Cpoeco cyaa eeaopooo, a xpa ABTOPEEPAT ccepa a cocae yeo cee aaa execx ay a 2002 Paoa oea OOO Opeypapo Opeypco ocyapceo yepcee Haye pyooe: oop execx ay, poeccop yapeo B.M.

oop execx ay aapo H.A.

Oae ooe: oop execx ay, poeccop Ay ..

aa execx ay ay C.M.

Beya opaa: BOOPAHA, . Opeyp aa cococ 27 2002 . 10 . a acea ccepaooo coea 212.289.04 p co ocyapceo eo execo yepcee o apecy: 450062, . a, y. ocoao, 1.

C coepae ccepa oo oaoc oee yepcea.

Aopeepa paoca _ _ 2002 .

e cepeap ccepaooo coea oop execx ay, poeccop Maee ..

OA XAPATEPCTA PAOT Ayaoc poe. Oo pyex Pocc Opeypcoe aooecaoe ecopoee (OM) acoee pe axoc epoe aae o yeoopooo cp. Ocoeoc ecopoe ec o, o cocae poy coepac ae apecce ooe, a cepooopo yec a. epo aae o aa oecaa copooaec ae oco c poye ca acoo epaoao o, o cococye oe oppooo aoc cpe.

a oee e 20-e epo epepo pao a OM aoe ae o o pa acea cyaa ecopoe. P poe, oax a pax cax ocoe cyaa OM, ocoo yceo papeac. Te e eee, eoope x e oo pooa ocaac aya, o popea ocp poe xapaep. , acoc, oocc poea oe execoo coco, oecee aeoc eoaco cyaa aopooo oopyoa a ca aae o aa. oceee oe cee oocc coee aopooa aepo 720 -, pacoppy eoe cepooopocoepa a.

acoey pee coeee pyopoo ye paoa opa cpo cyaa, o ae oaoeoc x oppoo cocoe. poe oo, aee acooo ae po yxye pocoo ooo aa, pooo eoo oeepaypo ceapa (HTC) a ce pocce-ea. o, co oepe, copooaec oee aocoepa pacoppyeoo aa, o o 100 %-o aoc , a cece, aae oppoox poecco aopooax.

opeo eo poa aopooo c cooae ooo paeeoo op, poaaeo epe coo cao oeppoa pacop opa, e ooe oece aeceoo poa ce oepxoc aopooa. o ao e, o c yeee oeo pacoppyeoo aa yec copoc ooo aopooax e 5 /c, p oopx oeceaoc eoxooe aeco poa.

B x ycox e cocoo poa oe apoo, oop peoaae coae ao e a ypee oepxoc aopooo ye ocae ceppoax ac opa peyae pace opoo pacopa c oo ceax opcyo.

poea aee eaapo cyaa coeex pyopooo - peye cceoa x oppoooo coco paoococooc c cooae aocecx eoo, o epcex apae oopx ec yppya aoca capaeeocoa, a ae papaoa eoo oe eoc opo a aopooo.

B c c oe peee yaax poe oe aeoc cyaa aopooo epo aae o aa pecae oco ay paec epec ec eca ayao aae.

Paoa oea cooec c pope apaee pa ay ex Texoo oecee eoacoc poy, pooca oeo (2728 - 8 o 21.07.96) ocaoee paeca P o 16.11.96 1369 o poee 1997-2000 . yppyo aoc pyopooo peeax eppop pacoo peoa Teco oac.

e pao: Papaoa eoo poee oe peyao yppyo aoc exoo apoooo poa, oax aeoc coeex aooecaopooo ycox 100 %o aoc.

aa cceoa:

1. Opee execoe oppoooe cocoe coeex aooecaopooo oce 20-eeo epoa cyaa poec aa p papye oao pyopooo.

2. Papaoa acca eeo pyopooo o a yppyo eeoco opee peee pooce xapaepc eex py.

3. Papaoa eoy execoo aocpoa pyopooo c oeo oeao oacoc eeo pyopooo.

4. cceoa e exooecx aopo a oppoae opo e p apooo poa aopooo papaoa exoo apoooo poa coeex aopooo.

Ocoe eo cceoa. B paoe cooa eo oepoo aaa opao ax, oppooo-exaece, aopaope ceoe ca, eaopaece ece eo cceoa, eopeece cceoa c peee eoo aeaecoo oepoa.

Haya oa:

1. Bepe ycaoe pep o cyaaox eeo o exooecx: eaypecx yoe o oppooo oep eaa, eaypecx paccoe e o oopox paccoe, ocex xapaepo ae a ypee apyo cee pyopooa eo oppo eaa.

2. Papaoaa eoa poocx paceo epeooox oepxocx ypex eeo a ocoe opoax ypae ae.

3. peoea acca eeo pyopooo, yaa oe eaypecx eeo o cyaaox pooce xapaepc eaa eex py p oee oeao oacoc eex yaco pyopooo.

4. ocpoea aeaeca oe poecca apoooo aece opo e a ype oepxoc aopooa oye acoc exooecx aopo a copoc opaoa opo e o e aopooa.

Ha ay occ: eopeecoe ooee ecx oyex aopo peyao cceoa execoo coco pyopooo oe oeao oacoc eeo pyopooo, peya cepeax cceoa paece peoea o aocpoa oe aeoc aopooo cepooopocoepaeo aa.

paeca aoc. Papaoaa exoo poee yppyo eeoco ye poyca capaeeocoa oco poe, oopa aa peee e oo Pocc, o a pyeo.

Coao ycpoco cceoa aoocx ooo ecyx pyopooax peoeoa pe apoooo poa coeex aopooo, oope o ooee o opo ae oppoooy opo pocooo oopyoa oya ccee caaeʖC - coee aoeeoecaopoo OM.

Peya cceoa oo oc oeoc oe oeao oacoc eeo, cyeceo copa aeee oe peox pao cooa p papaoe ooe o aocpoa exooecoo oopyoa pyopooo pep Opeypapo, oepex oec cepooopocoepax cpe, yepeoo PAO apo ocopexaopo P.

ooo ooec e o epe peyao cceoa OOO Opeypapo coca 1 . 116 c. pye.

Apoa pao. Ocoe ooe peya ccepa ooe ocye:

- a acea eo ce HTC PAO apo o ee Ocoe apae pee poe eoaco cyaa OM p 100 %o aoc aa ccee poce - ǔ (Opeyp, 1994 .);

- a Meyapox eox cpeax: aoca-95 (a, 1995.);

aoca-96; (a, 1996 .); aoca-97 (a, 1997 .); "aoca - 98" (Co, 1998 .);

- a opaceo coea PAO apo o ae o oppo (Moca, 1996 .);

- a ayo-execo oepe oox yex ceaco OOO Opeypapo (Opeyp, 1997 .);

- a Meyapoo ayoexeco ceape poe aocpoa oe ocaooo pecypca oopyoa pyopooo, paoax cepooopocoepax cpeax (Opeyp, 1998 .);

- a Meyapoo ayo-execo oepe "Aa aocecx pao a 1998 . a oeax OOO "Opeypapo" epce x coepecoa 1999 . a pepe OHM" (Opeyp, 1999 .);

- a opaceo coea PAO apo Copeee eo, oeceae ey ay o oppo c cooae oppoooo oopa (Moca, 1999 .).

ya. o aepaa ccepaoo pao oyoao eax pao.

Cpyypa oe pao. ccepa coco ee, epex a, oo, cca epayp poe. Coepae pao oeo a 165 cpaax, a 66 pcyo 17 a. Cco cooao epayp ae 218 aeoa.

COEPAHE PAOT Bo ee oocoaa ayaoc pao, copypoa e aa cceoa, oaaa aya oa paeca aoc peyao poeex cceoa.

B epo ae oocoaa ayaoc e ccepa, copypoa e ocoe aa cceoa, a aa yco pao coeex aooecaopooo OM.

OM, opoe 1966 ., ec eo a o co ec apaepa (cooe acooe aee, cocaee aae cyaa 20,6 Ma, acoa eepaypa o 303-305 ), a o coepa cocae apeccx ooeo, ax, a cepooopo yec a. Coepae cepooopoa ae eec o oa ecopoe: aao epao ac peeax 1,4-1,8 %, ocoo - o 4,7 %; coepae yecoo aa ocae 1,5 %. poeoc aopooo o o O cocae 2850 , oa x poeoc 823 .

aopacopa ccea pecae coo cooe eepoe coopyee, cocoee ooox opopo pyopooo ooo oeca yo pea ayca ope, aox, oox aox epexoo, ooo oeca aopo apayp, epee, aex aapx . aa aopooo o oec apeccx ooeo ocyecec eoo opeoo poa, o acoee pe e ec e. poooppooa aa apyo oepxoc coeex aooecaopooo pooc eoo oe (acca aa) oece c epoxeco (aoo) ao.

B aa epo cyaa ecopoe opo oppoooo coco pyopooo cooa opa-cee, aoe oopoe o, o epocopoe a C-3, epoec ec opo coepa oo eea x cpeax. C 1983 . coaco Bpeeoy peaey opa oe execoo coco pyopooo ocyecec eeoco pyopooo ypax c oo ypayox eeocoo ooepo. poe oo, epoec pooc pe aye c e opeee ee exaecx coc eaa. Oao o peex eoo opo e opaae peaoo oppoooo coco pyopooo.

Hecop a oec poooppoox epop, p cyaa aooecaopooo aac oppooe opee oa pyopooo. Oco pa oao c cepooopooe pacpecae oopooe paccoee eaa. Oa pyopooo coca 11,95 % o oeo ca papye pocox eaoocpy c aoee oac, a a oy pec aapo cya pocy cepooopocoepaeo aa aocepy.

Pae ace aeoc eoacoc pyopooo, pacoppyx cepooopocoepae cpe, opae paoax Ceoa O.., yapeo B.M., Xapoocoo B.B., epyoa .B., Aooa B.., Kiefner J.F., Vieth P.H. p.

Bo opo ae aec paa xapaepca aoee pacpocpaex yppyo aoc ypayox ax capo eeocoo. pee x ococa eoca. poaapoa oooc yco peocae ycy pa pa, c yeo cocex opeoce oooce o oao peoee epaco pe Pipetronix, oopa ec papaoo a ax (a Magnescan), a ypayox (a Ultrascan) capo-eeocoo. C yeo cex aopo, a ae ce poe oppo a OM oocoao peee ypayooo eoa ce.

C e oecee oooc pee ypayox eeocoo Ultrascan aoc coco pyopooo, pacoppyx a eca oeca, papaoaa epe peoea exoo poyca capa o poe. peopae oaa aa a cecopooce popa Ultrascan oye aeceo ac ax p coa oco po cooa e. ce cooe ope co capoeeocoo peoea ooceoa cpyypa aoe oc.

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