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86 EPCETB PABT OTEHOO PETOBAH B POCC .B. Hocoa, acpa (ucu ocyapcme emo mexuecu yuepcumem) Ha copeeo ae pa oo cpae cyecye oea eoxooc coa eo cce oo acpoa. 85% acee Pocc, eax yy co e yco, oo 8% coco ocyec popeee eopeeo. B ycox ocooo poca e a eoc peoaa opee cpyype pacxoo ce caocoeoe peee oo opoca paaa pecaec aoepo, ooy aya ec opoc coa ocyx acoo-pex exao popee . Opaa cce oeoo peoa ec e apao pee o aee coao poe, oo pe pee o poe e oo ee cpeca, o ae aoc eco aa.

B aceco o coeco cce oo acpoa, ocoao a epaoao pacpeee ex pecypco cpoeca ocyapceoo eo eca pacpeee cpe paa, a ocaoc ooe ocyce exao caocoeoo yac acee pee x poe. Ocyce ax-o opaoax op caapo opoo paoopae oax apao acpoa popee eoc paaa.

Haoee pacpocpaeo cxeo ec oeoe yace cpoece , ae oy pacpocpaee popa cpocepee e cepeaee popa. acpoa oox poeo a peoao ypoe coac ceae eee o, ycac yae e oa, peac cpeca pep. O eocao cex yaax oxoo a cee aocx poeo o oeoy peoa ec x aao opae oa xapaep.

ooy o e oy a ocoy cpaeecoo pa cce oo acpoa.

aoce poe oeoo peoa oc c oa epoaao opepoa oo eaaec o aepaa ooecoo eca HT* peocae peo copyo. oceeo cxe opaaac, coepecoac, ye 96-97 oy oe a e opee cox ax oepa "o oee popa" - apey c pao ya. B o e epo oc accece oee popa, oa a aae pe ooop ooop oe , oecea oaeca ea o pey.

yx accecx cce oeoo peoa aepaco eeo a eepao ypoe op cea oy aepacoo apaa pa oeoo pa, cyea oopoo c ae, epye pe aax, pee opaa, oppye oex peo y poae x aeca, aeca, ycae a ocoe popeex yo oex peo/aax ee ya oa, ace cyoae ecop, aae co cpeca oocpoe opcoe ya.

Caoc aepaco oo oycaae ae cpoca a oa oex aec, ecop a o, o oxo o ooo o. B copeex pocccx ycox po cpoc a ae coco oe cpec e oe cyecoa a oo ypoe, a a ooo a eoa o epoaaoo aea o oeoo ecopa oae ay ac oxoa, oop a eco, ooy o ca o oe pea e oy co, ae epec cc coa cao cce oeoo peoa oece ocyoc popee oo ac acee cpa. Bcece oo a ao ae pa oo Pocc coae eceo yopye cce oeoo peoa e oe ocyeceo e yac ocyapcex cpec. eepaoe peoae aeca oeoo peoa coy ya peo y ao ee cpeca, a ae cpeca eyapox oo. B epcee ooo peee cpec x cyoax ecopo cpaxox oa, eocyapcex ecox oo.

Ec oepaop opoo pa cce oeoo peoa o oe ac (a ceo e) oecee pecypca a ce ea, o oepece a, peocae oee pe o ca cpeca caocoeo, p o eaeo, o coyee pecypc eaaec o aepaa ooecoo eca HT* "", a a oe pe aec a cpo o 10 15 e, a co oocpoe oe opaeo caac a opaax oc. C e pee cpec pee opaa, coy o eex cepeaex acc, opa aoee popa oeax aeo, ooe ae oce oy oe pe epooepeo ope.

Ba oe pe, a e oe epa eo coceo opee eee eoo pee, ooy cyap oe aaex peo co ac o oo, yy yac pe aeca e, a o, co oepe, opeeec cee cooec apaepo aoo pea (cpo, poea caa, cee oeceeoc, peo- aeecocooc aea, e yco). ooy ae ycoe pa epoo oeoo pa ec caapa poeyp a oeoo pea, pa a opae aax.

Caapa poeyp a opayeae cyecoae ex peoa, peex aa oea aea: o cyap oxo ce, o oxoo, oope oy oeac eyeo opee a ay poeo o pey oae cy ocooo oa, cee oeceeoc ccy, .e. acao oyca o pex cpec cooc popeaeoo . B a ax peoa, a ae oe ceoc aeo, aaec oe o poeyp peoa pecx , paa peoa oopx a papaaa caocoeo (ececeo, c coee yaa epaoo aa).

Boae opoc o ece oex peo aax aa.

Cpe cex apae oe oee pe oac oe oeceeoc, pco, o oxooc. a pao, ca o oe pea a ycaaa e coce caocoeo, a, opepyc a peoa yax/peoa acpa, a a o ox oacx popa peoa popee oc oe coa, ee oepec xapaep, ooy poea caa o aoo a pea cocae 8-10%. Ececeo, o ao ypoe oxoa e ec peae aa, oop, ecop a coay aoc popa, oe oecea poc cex cox oepa. oee eaaec o aepaa ooecoo eca HT* poeo ca ae e ye oxo pex opaa -a copae eax oy ccyy.

Bxoo ao cya ec opaa pao c aeca oeoo peoa. Cooeceo xo a ep a peoa x aec pea, o e oopoc e. Bya paa peoa o oe pe ooopa, aeca peoca cpeca aa oceyx peo, oo e epa peo opee oocpoe oe oe. pe coeca eeoc ooe aa oya oe pee oxo.

p ycaoeo "coao" poeo cae 8% oox acao eoc ey aee peoo ooopa ooopa ycy oa o ec, oxooc oex peo oe oca ypo 19%, o p o pce ocaoo oeceeoc ccy ec o oee cpec. oooe coeae pca oxooc ooe oeoy peoa coca peay oype accec apae oe cpec ao.

Ho oe ax oe oa cepac opaeoc coo peacpoa oex oepa. oee aeca acpyc ea, cooeceo, oe peocaex cpec ee.

ooee cpeca oy pee o cpaxox oa ecox oo, a ae o pep. B eo poea pa coo acpoa co oe ocpo, a a ecya ceac cxea ya a ee e oo cyecoa e oe.

Cyecy pae cxe oae oa: ocoa pea (paoee ae eee ceo cpoa c epeeo cpyypo), epeea pea (pae cy oae ocooo oa yeaec poee ae), ecaapa opacaa pea (opacae cooec c aa oeo cy oae ocooo oa poeo).

Aa pax cxe oae oa cay ocyy x ecaapa opacaa pea c yeac aea oxa 92% acee (p cye pea 200 c. py., cpoo a 15 e) 65% - a 10 e. peea ceac cxea epeeo pe oeceae ocyoc eee 35% acee.

poeypa a oex peo oa eo pao opaoaa. oo oe peapeo, eaaec o aepaa ooecoo eca HT* ocyao pao peoaae pae cya ocyao, oope oaa ce eoxo opaoe ycy oecea oeax aeo ce opae. Ccea pacpeee pao yp oea oe a yoao, a opoecco.

Haoee eo p oo oece eo oe ca coae paox py, opyee oa oxoa pacpeee oaoce yp oea.

B eo, oeoe peoae o cax poepex poo pae aex cocoo pee eex ec y cepy. eo oea ooe coacoa epec acee yye x yco, oepecx ao eo po paoe, cpoeoo oeca po apye pooca, , oeo e, ocyapca, aepecoaoo oe ooeco poce, oopoy ye cococoa pooe pacpocpaee oeoo peoa acee.

* ooec ec HT /o pe. ... Poooo .H. //C. pyo HT, 2001. c. 86-91.

eaaec o aepaa ooecoo eca HT*




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