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B eepo ae peaaec papaoa ycao oc o X/ epaa cox o e ca AO ayc Ta a o ycaoeo, o oco coo cc oco a AO ayc c coe (ce eoe) o e ca x xopopaecx oxoo, oope, e oepac ao-o oce, ocya a OC AO ayc, o ocoo aae cceoa caa papaoa ycao oao oc o X/ cox o e ca.

B poax co (cpyepo) eoo o ocoo pcycy epe eee ac epoo ea, pecae coo ooeppoae ac ca, acoppoae poy copa xopopaecx oxoo ( aee cpyepa caa). o oaao, o coepae X/ a acax ca cocae o 98 % oeo apeo ooa o ycao ca (a. 2).

o X/ o cxo ooa e ca Taa po Texooece 1 2 oo apee, paeoe T / % / % / % oe a 0,33 0,18 0,26 0,03 1,72 0,Cpyepa oa 0,54 0,29 0,35 0,04 0,29 0,Cpyepa caa 180,0 98,36 739,69 97,0 645,83 88,eoa oa 0,97 0,53 0,03 0,01 12,12 1,eoa caa 1,19 0,65 22,5 2,92 69,67 9,ce cpyepe o peca coo pacop coo co 2022 % c aca cpyepo ca, axoc o eeo coco, oepa 3-10 /. eoe o peca coo cec oxopa ap NaOH c coepae ca 1- 4 /. Ha oy oy caex xopopaecx oxoo opayec 1,3 3 eoo o 4 3 pacopa coo co, apeo aca cpyepo ca. B cy co o opayec 120 3, eoo 40 3.

epaa cox o e ca oc x o eex ac ca X/ a peoea exooeca cxea ycaoa oc cox o (pc. 6), oopa peoaae ay epaa cx eox cox o e ca, epaa ocaoo cooc eco ooo Ca(OH)2, ocaae pa. epe ao epaae peaaec poo ocaae co cpyepo o. B peyae poeeoo cepea o ycaoeo oaoe pe ocaa cpyepo ca co oe, oopoe cocao 1 ac, , cxo oo, paccac apaep eoce coopye.

Texooeca cxea papaoao ycao oao oc cox o e ca (pc. 6).

5 12 Pc. 6. Cxea oao ycao oc cox o e ca:

1 - oo co cpyepo o; 2 - oo eoo o; 3 - aoe co cpyepo o; 4 - oco co cpyepo o; 5 aoe eox o; 6 - cece ao epaa oco ca; 7 - o yaa oc ao epaa; 8 - oco epaoax coo; 9 - o pooe opo ecooo ooa; 10 - cece oa peepyap epaa eco ooo; 11 - p-pecc; 12 - a; 13 - oea coa oa. 14 - o ypapa HCl;

ca cpyepa oa ocyae aoe 3 eoc 32 3, e pocxo aoee coo o, ycpeee ee cocaa oxaee, a a oce xoa cpyepa oa ee eepaypy o 90oC. oce oo, a ycpeee aoc 30 3 co o, oa caec oco 4, e eee 1 aca pocxo oco eex ac cpyepo ca. Oco pecae coo pecy eoc oeo 33,4 3 c oec e. oce ocaa cpyepo o caa aaaec oeco ac ocoa c ac oea (8 3) cpyepo o oc epaaop 6. oce oa ocoa co o c cae epe apyo ooo ac ocoa coa coa oeo 22 3 oaec a ypa pa o 14. X/X coo coe oce ypapa e oapyac.

Coa eoa oa o e ca apaec aoe 5 eoc 12 3, e pocxo ee ycpeee aoee o oea 10 3. aee eoa oa ocyae cece epaa. Baa epaa epaaope 6 peco op eoc 22 3 pocxo ye pae co o eoy oy eo op co copoc 67 3/ eee 120 . Hepaa pooc o ae pH = 5,5, eec p o a ocya o yaa epaa ao. aco epaoae coe o aee ocya oco 8 peco op c oec e eoc 22 3, e pocxo ocaae eex ac cpyepo ca eee 90 .

ac cpyepo ca ocea oyco ac ocoa oc o pa 11. Ceya ca coeae epaa ocaoo cooc ocaae. Oaea oa ocoa 8 oaec oco 10 peco op c oec o eoc 17 3, oop oopeeo oaec 50 3 ecooo ooa (10% ec.) epaa ocaoo cooc. ecooe ooo ooc oe 9. Hepaa e o ae pH = 6,5. ec aece epayeo aea a paa o pe o cooc opaoa epacopoo, xopoo pyeoc ocaa, ece c oop yy opoa ocaoe eocepce ac ca. Ocaae eex ac pocxo eee 90 . a ocyae a pecc-p 11 aee a axopoee. Oea coa oa, oopo ocycy X/, ocyae o oo cox o AO ayc.

B peyae ooo a oc opayec 22 3 execo coo co, e coepae X/, 18 3 oeo coo o, 225 aa, p pooeoc 160 3/cy.

B peyae ec ycao oc cox o ocaec:

oca cox o e ca o oco e eee e a 99 %;

oyee execo coo co, cooo o ca X/;

epaa coo o pH = 6,5;

oca cox o o ac ca;

peopae ooec yep peyae epe ycao oc cox o e ca AO ayc . Cepaaa coca: o = 256,6 c. pye. Pace pooc cooec c Meoo opeee peopaeoo ooecoo yepa, yepeo 30.11.99 . ocoeo P o oxpae opyae cpe.

B o ae peaaec papaoa cce oooaaecoo oopa oco pep xopopaecoo cea.

aa papaoa peaaec c e oa oopox cceoa copae y o aaecx epe o papao peax epop o peopae ape X/ opyae cpe.

e cceaec aaec opo pep xopopaecoo cea yee aooepoce pacpeee X/ ccee ocx coopye oo papaoa ccey oooaaecoo oopa a apee X/, oopa ae ceye a:

1. peape. Ha o ae ocyecec cop aa exc aepao o pep xopopaecoo cea, cca peaeo pooc, oox coo opaoa X/.

2. Aaec. Ha o ae ycaaaec aecoe coepae X/ cox oax ocox pooc, ocyax a OC, coepae X/ oeo coe OC, cpacaeo ppoe oe oe. o coepa oepoy cocay X/ ox ax aax opeeec ocoo co ape cce OC. Bope co ape ycaaac ae o oepoy cocay, cpae oepx poe X/ coa ape poe o ocao cox o.

3. Texooec. Ha o ae e paoa c oco coo ape cox o, aa exoo oc ca, a oopx e opaoae X/. oo pooc oop po execx poyo c ocox ca pooca. Ha ocoe peyao aaecoo aaa opeec ca opaoa X/. caaac p opaoa X/ ycox exooecoo poecca.

4. Peoeae. o a peoaae paoy paecx epop o a ape cox o X/. Ha ocoa poeex cceoa paaac peoea o oa yco pooca c e yee opaoa X/ peopae ape cox o. p eoooc a p opaoa, papaaac epc cce oao oc cox o, apex X/.

Ta opao, cceaece ooo-aaece cceoa, aoepo pooe a pep eee pooeoo epoa pee, a e oec, oo ocoe co ape, opee o opo papaoa paece peoea o a ape X/ opyae cpe.

BBO 1. Bepe poeeo eaoe oceoae cce ocx coopye pep xopopaecoo cea a pepe AO ayc (.

Cepaa) OAO axpo, o ooo aooepoc pacpeee X/ ao ccee. caoeo, o ccee cox o, e oy aac coe oepa xopopaecx coee, eepoyo opaecx pacopee, coppoao coco oe axoc o 48 % X/, a pacopeo, e oox pacopo - o 52%.

2. caoeo, o oco coa ape X/ oeoo coa c coe o e ca ocx oxoo AO ayc coe o pooca ao co 2,4- co a OAO axpo. oaao, o cyecya ccea OC e oeceae ocy cox o o X/, ooy coe o, coepae X/, epe cpoco ccey OC eoxoo oepa oao oce ecax x opaoa.

3. caoeo, o a ca oc cox o pooca xopa o pece oo ex eao pocxo cee (o 95 %) coepa X/ coo oe. oc oeppyc ae oce pa poco eao Fe (OH)3, Al (OH)3, Cu (OH)2 pe oee oepa X/ ae xapaepye ooee o caoo pea pao pooca xopa.

4. Beo, o cceax cox o xopopaecx pep pocxo poecc opoo opaoa X/: ccee OC AO ayc pocxo ooopaoae 2,3,7,8-TX peyae ecaopoaoo cpoca execoo oxopa ap. Bop coo opaoa X/ a OAO axpo c cape aoaoe. caoeo, o p oopeeo xpae occoepax ao pocxo yeee x aeo ococ a ce oxecoo ooopaoa cooxoppoax oepo X/ c ocey x exoppoae o cooocx epa- oepo.

5. Opeee ocoe co opaoa X/ pooce 2,4- co peoe paece epop o yee coepa oco a oeo poye pooca, a cox oax.

6. Papaoaa ccea ooo-aaecoo oopa X/ cox oax pep xopopaecoo cea.

7. Papaoaa exoo exooeca cxea ycao oc cox o e ca x xopopaecx oxoo AO ayc o X/. caoa pa epe.

Cco pao, oyoax o ee ccepa 1. Mycoa .M., Xy .., epoa .H. poe opeee X/ ox poax // Te. III Bcepoccco o. oaaa-98.

pacoap. 1998. C. 344-345.

2. Mycoa .M., Xy .., epoa .H., Acaxoa T.M. Opeeee X/ oe eoo oyepepo cpa // Te. XI Poccco o. o cpa. Moca. 1998. C. 294.

3. Khizbullin F., Muslymova I., Khasanova I., Chernova L., Abdrachitov J. Evaluation of polychlorinated dibenzodioxins and dibenzofuruns emission from vinylchloridemonomer production // Organohalogen Compounds. 1998. V. 36. P.225-228.

4. Khizbullin F., Maystrenko V., Chernova L., Muslymova I. Determination of dioxin in waste waters of chlororganic industry // III Intern. Symp. Chromatography and spectroscopy in environmental analysis Instrumentaized Analitical Chemistry and Computer Technology. Tagungsbund. 1998. P.320.

5. Khizbullin F., Chernova L., Muslymova I. Removal of ultratraces PCDD/PCDF from vinylchloride production waste waters // Organohalogen Compounds. 1999.

- V.43 P.199-202.

6. Khizbullin F., Muslymova I., Chernova L. Secondary dioxin pollution of water in the process of chlorination // Organohalogen Compounds. 1999. V.43 P. 203206.

7. Khizbullin F., Maystrenko V., Chernova L., Khasanova I., Muslymova I. Dioxin emission by installation for chlororganic compounds production in the republic of Bashkortostan, Russia // Organohalogen Compounds. 1999. V. 43 P.207-210.

8. Mycoa .M., Xy .., epoa .H. poea ape pocep oxoppoa eo--oca eoypaa // oo poeoo pooca. 1999. 3-4. C. 16-32.

9. Mycoa .M., Xy .., epoa .H. Oca cox o o pooec oxoppoax eo--oco eoypao // X exoo o. 1999. 4. C. 407-413.

10. Mycoa .M., Xy .., epoa .H. co cc y ocye X/ opyay cpey. Cooee 3. apee oca cox o AO ayc, . Cepaa // apc ooec ec. 1999. 2 (5). C. 38-48.

11. Mycoa .M., Xy .., epoa .H. epxoppoae o a co opaoa oxoppoax eoypao // X exoo o. 2000. 2. C.198-206.

12. Mycoa .M., Xy .., epoa .H. poea ape ocao cox o oxoppoa eo--oca eoypaa // ooeca x. 2000. 4 C.275-281.

13. Mycoa .M., Xy .., Acaxoa T.M. Papaoa cce ooo-aaecoo oopa cox o a pepe AO ayc // e. o. cep. o. oc pocee coee: ooece poe, eo opo. a. 2001. C. 88-91.

14. Xy .., Mycoa .M., Xacaoa .P. eapa coo cc X/ Pecye aopoca // e. o. cep. o.

oc pocee coee: ooece poe, eo opo. a. 2001. C.79-83.

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