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OTAPA CPEHEHE OCEHE OEABAOEABAETX BEECTB COCTABA pH = 3,0-4,0 HE pH = 10,0-12,HE pH = 10,0-12,HETPAA OCBETEHE COP OEHpH = 6,0-7,0 BO HO BO CTOHE BO TPA Pc. 3. paa cxea oc cox o o pece ex ex eao Ta opao, cyecya a AO ayc ycaoa oc cox o pooca xopa o pece ex ex eao oe cy oe oao oc cox o o oco.

Xoppoae cox o a op co opaoa X/ cceoae poecca xoppoa cox o poooc c e ce p epoecoo yee oeca 2,3,7,8-TX ccee ocx coopye AO ayc.

Ha o yo peooee, o opaoae 2,3,7,8-TX oe pocxo p ecaopoao cpoce oxopa ap ccey cox o, a a oxop ap ec exec poyo pooca ayceco co opayec o ox exooecx cxeax AO ayc aece oooo poya p yaa aoopaoo xopa pacopo ayceco co. oepee aa ecaopoaoo cpoca cyo oeoe coepae aoo xopa ccee ocx coopye, oopoe ocao 85 /.

C e e oooc opaoa 2,3,7,8-TX cox oax o poeeo xoppoae po oeo coo o aopaopx ycox. B aece xoppyeo aea cooa pacop oxopa ap pooca AO ayc. B poax o oxopa ap peapeo opee oooe coepae X/. B eopaoax poax o coepae 2,3,7,8-TX o opeeeo a e oapyeo p peee eepoa 0,01 /. B opaoax poax o coepae cocao 2,09; 0,54 0,88 /. oyee ae ceecy o o, o ooopaoae 2,3,7,8-TX p xoppoa coo o oeo oo oxopa pocxo (pc. 4). Opaoae 2,3,7,8-TX oeeo ye p oepa aoo xopa 25 / aee ao ac o yee oa oxopa.

Pc. 4. Macc-xpoaopaa cpaa o, opaoao oxopo ap, c ype caapo C12-2,3,7,8- TX Ha ocoa oyex ax ycaoeo ooopaoae 2,3,7,8TX ccee ocx coopye, oycoeoe o coepae oxopa ap pcyce coo oe aoo xopa.

Pacpeeee pacopa X/ aoaoex pep xopopaecoo cea poecce oopeeoo xpae aa poea ec ecceoao ae epec c o pe peopae opoo ape opyae cpe oca poecce eoo xpae occoepax ao. axopoee oxoo, coepax X/, peye ceao oopyoax xpa, o peao cya c o ao o, coepax X/ cocpeooeo a eppopx pep xopopaecoo cea, e o xpac opo e eca e. B xoe ye ao poe peac ceye aa:

- opeeee oepoo cocaa ocooo aea po aa a pax yax aoaoee paoo cpoa xpae;

- yee poecco, pocxox p eo xpae ao;

- oea pca apae oec cceyex aoaoee a opyay cpey.

B aece oeo pa aoaoe OAO axpo, oope pec copa xpae oxoo pooca 2,4-xopeocycyco co: 4 - aoe 1979 . ecoa eee 5 e; 5 - aoe 1986 ., ecoa eee 5 e; 6 - aoe 1989 . e ecy. po 4-o 5-o aoaoee oopa 5 oax o cxee, o oopa po o c 3-x pax y, poa 6-o aoaoe c y 25 c. po cceoa a coepae X/ (a. 1).

oep coca po 6-o aoaoe pecae ce oepa X/, coepae oopx cocae 15,3 T/, pe ocoo a oco ae po oc eX (o 50 %). Coepae X/ aax aoaoee 5 4 acao x cox cocae 51,9 70,9 T/ cooeceo.

Cpaa oep po aoaoee, oo oe copaee oeca oepo oee capx aoaoex, pe 4-, cao capo, ocoy oepa coca epa- oaoep oxoppoax eooco ypao. Paccapa oep coca 5o aoaoe, oo oe, o oepxoc co ee oee coepae X/ o cpae co cpe, ocoo a ce 2,3,7,8-TX 2,3,7,8-TX, o oe ceecoa o poecce pa oco oepxoce co aoaoee, a ce x eee poox coc o cpae c oca X/. ocoy ooa pacopoc oco eoopx ycox oe aeo pea cy pacopoc o 3 opo [e H.A., 1999 .], o pa TX/TX oepxoce co ooa cocae oox pacopo o e poecca cape.

Taa Coepae oco poax aa aoaoee, / oep 6 5 X/X 0-25 c 0-5 c 50 c 150 c 0-5 c 50 c 150 c 2,3,7,8-TX 3,56 21,9 8,15 17,76 1,01 6,56 56,1,2,3,7,8-eX 16,64 7,28 25,04 20,97 <.o.* <.o. <.o.

1,2,3,4,7,8-X 1,46 <.o. <.o. <.o. <.o. <.o. <.o.

1,2,3,6,7,8-X 9,02 <.o. <.o. <.o. <.o. <.o. <.o.

1,2,3,7,8,9-X 2,58 <.o. <.o. <.o. <.o. <.o. <.o.

1,2,3,4,6,7,8-X 28,6 <.o. <.o. <.o. <.o. <.o. <.o.

OX 58,6 294,8 664,7 567,0 220,5 2234,3 2258,2,3,7,8-TX 1,08 175,46 96,01 181,46 24,14 68,58 100,1,2,3,7,8-eX 1,12 3,59 6,94 11,33 <.o. <.o. <.o.

2,3,4,7,8-eX 1,37 4,62 5,13 9,09 <.o. <.o. <.o.

1,2,3,4,7,8-X 1,62 4,94 1,68 6,57 <.o. <.o. <.o.

1,2,3,6,7,8-X 2,39 3,85 2,46 5,96 <.o. <.o. <.o.

1,2,3,7,8,9-X 1,04 4,78 1,94 6,89 <.o. <.o. <.o.

2,3,4,6,7,8-X 2,28 4,37 1,76 4,43 <.o. <.o. <.o.

1,2,3,4,6,7,8-X 11,9 18,4 39,2 48,7 11,7 16,8 23,1,2,3,4,7,8,9-X 2,4 23,7 34,9 47,4 10,3 26,6 32,OX 29,2 536,1 756,8 637,8 125,6 1247,5 1645,T, / 15,3 45,3 33,8 51,9 3,9 17,3 70, peae. *.o. pee oapye, coca 0,1 / TX/;

10 / X/ OX/.

peoaae 4- aoaoee epa- oaoepo oco ypao oo oc ceec poecca, po aoe opeeex oepo. aopaope cceoa, poeee c pacopa pxopeoo eaxopeoa pcyc epeo epoca poeepoca c ocaa cox o, apex eaxopeoo, oaa [Svenson A., Rappe C., 1989 .], o pocxo oxecoe opaoae X/, ocoeo cooxoppoax oepo ea- oa- xopeox peeceo. Ta opao, aoee OX, X OX 4- 5- aoaoex oe ceecoa o pocxox ycox oopeeoo xpae poeccax oxecoo ooopaoa cooxoppoax X/. C pyo copo, eco, o cooxoppoae X/ oy oepac oxecoy exoppoa c peyece opaoae 2,3,7,8-aeex oepo [Adriaens P., 1995 .]. ooy aoee epaoepo oco ypao oe cy oaaeco pocxox aoaoex poecco oxecoo exoppoa X/.

Cpae aa oepoo cocaa X/ aoaoee 5 pax ee o yee yee oepa oepo ceecye o o, o x aoaoex pocxo pae poecc. B acoc, aoaoee 5 epoo peoaae poecc exoppoa cooxoppoax X/, a a pcycy oc ypa pao cee xoppoa, a aoaoee 4 oee eco y poecc ooopaoa cooxoppoax X/ oepa OX OX oca 2258,3 1645,8 / cooeceo.

C e e aoaoee a pyoe o oopa po aaex ca eocpeceo oc o aoaoee. Coepae X/ poe cocao 10,4 T/.

Ta opao, poaapoa po aa c pax y aoaoee, paaxc o cpoa xpae, oo cea o, o aax p eo xpae oy pocxo ceye poecc:

pa X/ a y aoaoe pyoe o, a a oepxoc aoaoe;

poecc exoppoa cooxoppoax oepo c ocey aoee cooocx 2,3,7,8-TX/TX;

poecc ooopaoa cooxoppoax oepo, ocoo OX, OX.

Beepecee poecc y aoaoex c pao ecoc. ecoc poecco, a ae x peoaae, epoo, ac e oo o cpoo xpae ao, o o poooecoo cocaa aoaoee. p eo xpae occoepax ao oepa X/, paea eax aeo ococ, aeo yeaec (o 70,9 T/), , ceoaeo, yeaec pc opoo ape opyae cpe.

cceoae aooepoce pacpeee oco exooeco poecce pooca 2,4-xopeocycyco co (2,4-) papaoa epop o a cpoca X/ co co oa B peyae aaa po coo o c pooca 2,4- co o ycaoeo, o cpacaee ccey ocx coopye e oc coe o e coepae X/ 120,7 T/.

pooco 2,4-xopeocycyco co a OAO axpo ae ceye ca: xoppoae eoa, ocy oyeoo 2,4xopeoa (X) o oox poyo, oyee apeo co X oeca ee c ooxopycyco coo. Ay co 2,4- oya poecce aoec eaa c 2,4-. B aece cpaea pea oo cpe exooeco e pypye epxope (X), oop epoec oepaec peeepa.

oye peao ap opaoa, pacpeee X/ pooce ye oaa x coe o oopa po execx poyo o oce ocox exooecx ca pooca 2,4-.

Oapyeo, o poe oce ca xoppoa eoa pcycy ce oep X/, coepae oopx cocao 9,2 T/, p o peaoo acce oapye pae oep xopeoo p coee, oope epoa a xoppoae opoeoceo, xoppoae eoe p, oce, xoppoae apaeoceo oope, a cae eopo .A. [1992 .], oy c peecea X/. Ta opao, poecc xoppoa eoa ec coo opaoa X/, pe peoaa oepa c 2,3,7,8-TX/TX 1,2,3,7,8-eX; aoe coooee coxpaec o oa exooecoo poecca.

Coaco cxee X oepaec oce o oox oepo. o e coyec X, pypy ayo e. p o y aeo oe pacopoc X/ epxopee, e ox pacopax, o oeppyc X. Ha o ca pocxo ae acee X oo poya xoppoa eoa. Ceya ca - pooee apeo co X, oopa ocyecec eox ycox. a eco, eo eoe yco, ae p ooceo x eepaypax 100-200oC, c aoee aop opaoa X/. Ha o ca coepae X/ cocae 38,1 T /.

Ceye cae ec pea ooxopycyco co c apeo co 2,4-X. B poe oecpoao acc coepae X/ yeaec o 51,3 T /. Coaco exooecoy peaey, pea pocxo eox ycox (pH = 8,5-9,5), eepaypa a o ca oepaec epae 130-160 C c oae apa 2-3 a. eco, o yco aop opaoa X/.

oecpoaa acca c pH 7,0-9,0 oaec ee, ya ocyae HCl, a aece cpaea coy X, oop ee ye ce oep X/ aaoe 20-274 / p cyapo oepa 163,6 T /.

B X, aceo 2,4-, ocyae aaop, X/ coepac ye a ypoe 178,1 T /.

Haoe oepa X/ oapye a ca peeepa X. o oo oc e, o a o ca cyecy aope yco opaoa X - eoa poa, oea eepaypa cooe coepae peeceo X/X, oop X acaec a ca ee X.

Pc. 5. Cxea py epxopea p pooce ao co 2,4- co Coaco exooeco cxee eocoepae coe o c pax ca ocya ooy oc cox o. Oca o pooc peeeppoa X. p aae oceeoo ooo co c aapaa oco oo oc poa coepaa ooe oeco eex eec, ooy epe aao oa a opoaa. Aa ocaa a pe opoao o oaa, o paec oee 85% X/ (322,9 T /) oeppyec a eex eecax, a 17,2 T / coepc pae. Moo peoo, o pa oceex o oce aapaa oco oo cyeceo ye coepae oco coo oe pooca.

Ta opao, peyae oceoa ycaoeo:

X/ opayc paec a cex cax exooecoo poecca. Haoee cyece coa opaoa X/ c ca xoppoa eoa ca peeepa X;

epxope, yacy a cex aax pooca aece cpaea, ec ayyopo oco epeoc eo o ce ca poecca, p o ca peeepa X eoo poo coae aope yco opaoa X/;

cox oax pooca ao co 2,4- co, cpacaex aaa, coepac coe oepa X/ - 120,7 T/.

C e yee X/ cox oax eoxoo poec ceye epop:

- opoa yco xoppoa eoa;

- peeeppoa X epeoo, ca eoo po;

- epecope cxey oa X a ocoe ca poecca, e oyca py apeoo oco X;

- poo ooey ocy o X/ cox o, acoc, ye pa eex ac.

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