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Ha paax pyoc MCMOBA PHA MAPATOBHA PAPAOTA MEPOPT O CHEH APHEH OPAE CPE OXOPPOBAHHM EHO--OCHAM EHOPAHAM, COEPAMC B CTOHX BOAX XMECX PEPT Ceaoc 03.00.16 oo ABTOPEEPAT ccepa a cocae yeo cee aaa execx ay a - 2002 Paoa oea ocyapceo yapo pep Hayocceoaec cy eoacoc eeeoc Pecy aopoca Haye pyooe: oop xecx ay, poeccop Macpeo Baep Hoae aa xecx ay, cap ay copy Xy a apao Oae ooe: oop execx ay, cap ay copy Mao Ha Cyao aa xecx ay, cap ay copy pyo yap Aecapo Beya opaa - cy oo Bocoo accea PAH aa cococ 30 eap 2002 oa 1200 a acea ccepaooo coea 212.289.06 p co ocyapceo eo execo yepcee o apecy: 450062, Pecya aopoca, . a, y.

ocoao, 1.

C ccepae oo oaoc oee coo ocyapceoo eoo execoo yepcea.

Aopeepa paoca 29 op 2002 oa e cepeap ccepaooo coea, oop execx ay, poeccop H.A. Caoo 2 OA XAPATEPCTA PAOT Ayaoc. poea ape opyae cpe oxoppoa eo--oca eoypaa (X/), coepac cox oax poex pep, papao paecx epop o eo yee ec eca ayao. C o pe ooaooo a opoe eoea, pcyce oe X/ eoyco, a a -a coo ococ, ooeco aoc ycooc oeax opyae cpe o oece pye opoooox cyepoocao. B acoee pe ycaoeo, o o ocox coo ape ppox oeo X/ c coe o pep xopopaecoo cea. Oao p eapa coo cc X/ peyeceoe ae yeec aooy poca, a a caec, o oco coa oco c epece poecc. Mey e cceoa oaa, o o 90% cc oco o pooc xopopaecoo cea, a e ca ocx oxoo, pocxo co co oa, oope ocya a ooece oce coopye (OC) aee ppoe ooe. Ta opao, ccea OC ec paec ece apepo ey coo ape opyae cpeo. Oao acoee pe poea pacpeee oco ccee OC ocaec paec e yeo.

B oceee pe ccee epop o copae cc oco a ep a aec oa ooo-aaec oop coo ape. a eepao popae aa opyae ppoo cpe acee o oco ocooox ocao (ocaoee paeca P o 5 op 1995 . 1102), a Pecyaco popae oc oepaec, o p oope oxoppoax eo--oco eoypao e opaac oo oeco ocaae ao ape, eoxoo poo ccee aaece cceoa c papaoo paecx peoea o yee ocye X/ o coo ape opyay cpey.

Coae cce oopa oco cox oax eoxoo oa cceoa copae y o aaecx cceoa o papao peax epop o peopae ape opyae cpe X/. Cceaece cceoa eoxo ycaoe oocoax opao peeo-oycoo coepa X/ cox oax aax, oope a ceo e ocycy.

ccepaoa paoa oea paax Pecyaco popa oc, yepeo ocaoee peya Bepxooo Coea Pecy aopoca o 14 a 1993 .

e pao ee aooepoce pacpeee X/ ccee ocx coopye pep xopopaecoo cea paoa paecx peoea a ocye X/ ppoe oe oe co co oa.

oce ocaeo e peac ceye aa:

ycaoee coo ape oca cox o pep xopopaecoo cea;

ycaoee xapaepa pacpeee oepo X/ ey oo ao ee eeca cox o;

yee pacpeee X/ aoaoex cceoae poecco, pocxox p xpae occoepax ao;

opeeee opx coo ape cox o;

papaoa cce oopa X/ cox oax pep xopopaecoo cea;

paoa paecx peoea o yee cc X/ oepxoce o co co oa.

Haya oa.

oye ooe oe ae, ooe ycao aooepoc opaoa pacpeee X/ ccee ocx coopye pep xopopaecoo cea. caoeo, o ccee cox o, e oy aac coe oepa xopopaecx coee, eepoyo opaecx pacopee, coppoao coco oe axoc o 48 % X/, a pacopeo, e oox pacopo - o 52%.

cepeao oepeo ooopaoae 2,3,7,8-TX ccee cox o pep xopopaecoo cea.

ye pacpeeee pacopa X/ aoaoex pep xopopaecoo cea. oaao, o p oopeeo xpae occoepax ao pocxo yeee coepa oco o 70,9 T/ a ce oxecoo opaoa ea- oaxoppoax oepo c ocey exoppoae o cooocx 2,3,7,8-TX/TX.

Teopeec oocoaa exoo oao oc o oco cox o e ca xopopaecx oxoo.

paeca aoc pao.

Papaoaa ccea oopa X/ cox oax pep xopopaecoo cea, a ae epop o a ape oca cox o ao. Papaoaa exooeca cxea oa o oc cox o e ca xopopaecx oxoo AO ayc. oyee peya cooa p poepoa oopoeo ycao oao oc cox o e ca. Peya cceoa epe a AO ayc OAO axpo.

ooe, oce a ay:

ee aooepoc pacpeee X/ cox oax pep xopopaecoo cea;

ycaoea oooc ooopaoa 2,3,7,8-TX ccee ocx coopye;

peya cceoa aoaoee a opx coo ape opyae cpe oca;

peoea cxea ooo-aaecoo oopa X/;

papaoaa exoo exooeca cxea ycao oc o oco cox o e ca.

Apoa pao. Peya cceoa o ee ccepa pecae a III Bcepoccco oepe oaaa-98 (pacoap, 1998); XI Poccco oepe o cpa (Moca, 1998); 18 Meyapoo coye o aoepoa opaec ape opyae cpe oc-98 (Coo, e); III Meyapoo coye o popoy oecee aaeco x oep exoo InCom (cceop, epa, 1998); 19 Meyapoo coye o aoepoa opaec ape opyae cpe oc-99 (Bee, a, 1999); Bcepoccco oepe oc pocee coee: ooece poe, eo opo (a, 2001); 2- Meyapoo opecce o ypae oxoa WasteTech2001 (Moca, 2001); 21 Meyapoo coye o aoepoa opaec ape opyae cpe oc-2001 (ey, ope);

Bcepoccco oepe Ayae poe aaeco x (Moca, 2002); 22 Meyapoo coye o aoepoa opaec ape opyae cpe oc-2002 (apceoa, ca).

ya. o aepaa ccepa oyoaa 21 paoa.

Cpyypa oe pao. Paoa coco ee, 5 a, oo, cca pyex epaypx coo poe. ccepa oea a 157 cpaax aocoo eca, coep 23 pcya, ay, 145 opaecx cco.

OCHOBHOE COEPAHE PAOT B epo ae pee oop aa epaypx ax o poee ape X/ opyae cpe co oa x ocaa. Pac cope o-xece, ocece coca X/, ocoe co ocye opyay cpey, ocoeoc pacpeee oeax opyae cpe pacopa ppox cpeax, opoc oppoa X/.

Paccope pep xopopaecoo cea a co opaoa X/ copeee coco oc cox o poex pep o oco.

pecaeo copeeoe cocoe poe ooo-aaecoo oopa X/ a pepx xopopaecoo cea.

Bo opo ae pecae oe eo cceoa, exa yco poee cepeo.

Oea cceoa c: cce ocx coopye pep xopopaecoo cea OAO axpo AO ayc, coe o, oe ae , a, aoaoe.

Aa po oc a xpoao-acc-cepoepeco ccee p Finnigan MAT, ae ao xpoaopa Varian 3400, acccepoep INCOS 50 c apyo acc-aaaopo ccey ypae pop oeco, opao xpae xpoaopaecx acccepax ax DG 10SP.

Tpe aa ocea ye aooepoce pacpeee X/ ccee ocx coopye pep xopopaecoo cea.

oaao, o a pepx xopopaecoo cea ocoa cc oco opyay cpey pxoc a coe o. Oca cox o o X/ e peycapaec occoepae o apac a OC.

C e opeee apepo po OC o ooe X/ opac po o o ocye a OC po oeoo coa c OC. B peyae cceoa oaao, o OC a pepx xopopaecoo cea e oecea ocy cox o o X/. C oe coo OC AO ayc cpacaec o 41 T (ocec ae) X/ o, OAO axpo - 62 T/o.

Ta a X/X cox oax acoppyc epeocc ocoo a eex acax peeax eax epexoo ee oooecoo oepoo cocaa X/ e pocxo, oeax opyae cpe coxpaec o coooee oepo, oopoe aaec coe opaoa. cxo oo, o paccopeo coooee oepo (oep po) ocao cox o c e opeee ocox coo ocoo apy a OC (pc.1, 2). caoeo, o oco coa ape cce ocx coopye oeoo coa X/ a AO ayc ec e ca x xopopaecx oxoo, a a OAO axpo - pooco ao co 2,4xopeocycyco co.

o coa oa eX X X OX TX X X X OX Pc. 1. Cpaee coooe oepo X/ poax ooo a OC coo o c e ca AO ayc:

TX, eX, eX, X, OX epa-, ea-, eca-, ea-, oa- xoppoae oep eo--oco, TX, eX, eX, X, OX epa-, ea-, eca-, ea-, oa- xoppoae oep eoypao, coepae ao xopa ooex 2,3,7,8.

coa oa a TX X X X OX TX X X X OX Pc. 2. Cpaee coooe oepo X/ poax coo o pooca 2,4- ae ecyeo aoaoe Cpaee coepa X/ a eex eecax ox cocax po coo o ooo ycao xapaep pacpeee X/ ccee cox o pep xopopaecoo cea. caoeo, o ccee cox o pep xopopaecoo cea, e oy aac coe oepa xopopaecx coee, eepoyo opaecx pacopee, coppoao coco oe axoc o 48 % X/, a pacopeo coco e oox pacopo - o 52%, ocoo a ce pcyc 2,3,7,8-TX.

C, % Ta opao, ee aooepoc oaa eoxooc oao oc cox occoepax o eocpeceo ecax x opaoa.

Coocaee X/ a pocax eao p oceoa cox o pooca xopa AO ayc ycaoeo, o oep coca X/ po coo o e ocoe, a aea ococ eec o 0,1 o 7,6 T/.

B cocae pooca xopa eec ycaoa o oce cox o o oo ex ex eao (e, a, eea), oopa ocyecec oceoae oepa oce, oeaa pa opayeoc ocaa poco eao. cxo oo, o oc acoppyc ee aca, a poc a eea c xopo oaya, oo o peoo, o paccapaeo cxee oc pocxo acop X/ a pocax eao.

aaa opa po coo o o oce ycao oc, a ae opa aa oce pa. cceoa pooc c 1997 o 2000 . epoec, a cao pee pao, a epo yca ocao poecca pooca xopa. B peyae ycaoeo, o oca cox o o pece ex ex eao ooe oopeeo c coepae oco coo oe. oaao, o coocaee oco a pocax eao pocxo, pe aax oce pa coepc ocooe oeco X/ ( cpee 60-95%).

oaao, o aoee opaoae X/ aaec p yce ocaoe pooca xopa, o ee oepa X/ ae oo cy o xapaepe pea pao pooca xopa.

Ca pe pao, a caoo pooca, a ycao oc, ooe c oepa oco coo oe a 90-95 %.

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