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Teopeec aa xapaepc yoe He pecae peya aaa OHT.

Pc. 2.1. cpea ceoo paoa T Ha pc. 2.2 pecaeo pxepoe pacpeeee ae caoo opoo aope ceo paoe c oo aao oo epeopoo. B opoo aope oo pae ae ocyecec aoap aea yoeo cpe yepo oc aop c oo poaecx aao, aee caoo ocae acaoo a aepe cpax aao.

Ha pc. 2.3 pecaea acoc epaepo coc caoo o o aopa. coc caoo yeaec c yeee o aopa, ooy OHT ye paoae c e aopo p ecoao pee pao.

c Pc. 2.2. Pacpeeee ae ceo paoe OHT Ha pc. 2.4 pecaea acoc ee yepo oc -a opaoo aea o ae yoeo cpe p copoc pae n=3000 o./. Teee yepo oc yeaec c oee ae yoeo cpe oceeo oxo ocooy.

0 0 0 0 0 aee, Ma Pc. 2.3. acoc epaepo coc Pc. 2.4. acoc ee -a opaoo caoo o o aopa aea o ae yoeo cpe Oa ocpy T Paccopeo e ocpyx apaepo opoo oepxoc exooecx apaepo aoo oopyoa a ocoe paoe xapaepc. Bepe opoa ocpye apaep yoe o acao paeco coc p yeo yee OHT acaoy ooe paeco coc yee yoeo cpe T, acoc o cyaaox yco opex peoa yoe. Opeee aooepoc ocpyx exooecx apaepo a cyaaoy epeoc, aoc oooc T.

p xapaepcec apaep yoe ( co cae Teee, / . oc), oop opeeec a 6ro =, (2.6) pohe aeca oc aa; yoa copoc yoe; Ro e payc opoo oepxoc yoeoo oa; poaee aa p R = Ro ; h0oa aooo co opoo aope.

pepe oa T ec acaoe ooee coc aooo co yee yoeo cpe. ocpye apaep opoo oepxoc yoe, a ocoo yy aao h, xoo yo aao ooee p aao pe oa o paaoy apae ( =(Ro-Rg)/(Ro-Ri) (pc. 3.3), aeo cee a xapaepc T.

B paoe pecae opoae peya T, oaae a pc. 2.52.7, c yo oecoo ocpyx apaepo a xapaepc yoe p oopeeo ee cex opyex apaepo.

pc. 2.5 ceye, o oaa ya aao H peo yeopt aec c yeee apaepa o 120 ae capyec. Ha pc. 2.peea ee ee oaoo ooe p aao pe oa o paaoy apae opt c yeee apaepa :

e oe apaep, e ee oaoe ooee opt. Ha pc. 2.aa acoc oaoo xooo ya aao opt o apaepa.

aee opt yeaec c yeee apaepa, o ae oceeo oaec.

C oo pecaex acoce opoax ocpyx apaepo o xapaepcecoo apaepa oo cpoepoa oaoe T opex yco pao.

0,3,0,3,0,3,0,3,0,0,3,0,3,0,0,2,9 0,0,2,0 30 60 90 120 150 180 210 240 270 0 30 60 90 120 150 180 210 240 270 apaep yoe, apaep, Pc. 2.5. acoc oao y Pc.2.6. acoc oaoo ooe aao H o xapaepcecoo p aao pe oa o opt apaepa yoe paycy opt o xapaepcecoo apaepa yoe 0 30 60 90 120150180 210240 p p Pc. 2.7. acoc oaoo xooo ya aao opt o xapaepcecoo apaepa yoe Tpe aa ocea cepeaoy cceoa T. Ha ocoe opoax peyao ocpy opoo oepxoc papaoa cocee ocpy T. C oo ceao ycao cepeao cceoa cyecee xapaepc ox yoe, o ce epeoc, pe pe, oep ooc a pee, oee eepayp a oepxoc p.

Ha pc. 3.1 oaaa oa ycaoa cceoa T. Ha ya aao eaea opeccopo acoco 1 yoea cpea poxo epe eepy oc 2, p 4 xo aepy yoe 9, oo ycaec aocepy opaaec cocy. aee yoeo cpe peypyec epoa aaa 3 16; Copoc pae aa peypyec epoaee 14 peeax 0-22000 o./, ca c cpyeo ee aco pae.

Ha pc. 3.2 aa cxea cceyex T. pe oe oaoe yoe oo, o acao ycpa ecyy a o ocey apyy. p ca paoo yoe eepaypa a opoo oepxoc yoe epec ao 3; oa aooo co opoo aope - ao 4.

a Pc. 3.1. Cxea oo ycao yoe:

1opeccop (acoc); 2eepa aa; 3,16epoa aa;

4p; 5,7a ae; 6,8a eepayp; 9aepa yoe;

10aepa oo;11epea exa; 12a ooc pe copoc; 13epea exa; 14oop; 15 epe ye co cepea T ceye: yoea cpea - oyx, eepaypa oyxa t=27 C, paoee aee Pl= 0-2,0 Ma, aep aa d=55, copoc pae aa n=0-12000o./.

ocpye apaep cax yoe, oaae a pc.

3.3, oye peyae oa (aa 2) o acaoy ooe coc aooo co yee paoe cpe pecae a. 3.1.

B aece eooo oa pe oo ooeoo yepaa, poaoo eoopaeo coo (apa M106), a aece paaeoc oa oo apa opaa (apa YG6).

Aa cepeax peyao Pc. 3.2. Cxea yoe:

1paaeec oo c aaa; 2eooe oo;

3a eepayp; 4a o co Taa 3.ocpye apaep cceyeoo yoe Bype payc, Ri=32,Be payc, Ro=47,Payc aao, Rg=oe papye,=0,co aao Ng=Cpea oa aao H =Bxoo yo aao, pa. =Ooee =b1/(b1+b2) =0,Ha pc. 3.4 oaaa acoc ye yoe o copoc pae aa p ae oyxa pl =1,6 Ma. C yeee copoc pae yea oyxa epe yoe oaec.

Pc. 3.3. Topoa ocpy cepeaoo yoe 0 2000 4000 6000 8000 10000 0 0,2 0,4 0,6 0,8 1 1,2 1,4 1,Copoc pae, o./ aee oyxa, Ma Pc. 3.4. acoc ye oyxa Pc. 3.5. acoc ye oyxa o copoc pae aa o ae oyxa Ha pc. 3.4 3.9: N- cepeae ae; - eopeece ae.

Ha pc. 3.5 oaaa acoc ye oyxa o ae p copoc pae aa n = 10000o./. C yeee ae oyxa yea oaec.

Ha pc. 3.6 pecae o aooo co opoo aope o copoc pae aa p ae oyxa pl =1,6Ma. Toa aooo co oaec c yeee copoc pae aa.

ea oyxa, /c ea oyxa, /c Ha pc. 3.7 oaaa acoc o aooo co opoo aope o ae oyxa p copoc pae aa n = 10000 o./. Toa aooo co yeaec c yeee ae oyxa.

5 4 0 2000 4000 6000 8000 0 0,2 0,4 0,6 0,8 1 1,2 1,4 1,copoc, o./ a e e, M a Pc.3.6. acoc o aooo Pc. 3.7. acoc o co o copoc pae aa aooo co o ae oyxa 1,1,1,0,9 0,6 0,3 0 2000 4000 6000 8000 0 2000 4000 6000 8000 Copoc, o./ Copoc, o./ Pc. 3.8. acoc oep ooc Pc. 3.9. acoc oe eepayp a pee o copoc pae aa a oepxoc o copoc pae aa Ha pc. 3.8 pee acoc oep ooc a pee ey y oepxoc o copoc pae aa p ae oyxa pl =1,6Ma. oep ooc a pee yeaec c yeee copoc pae aa.

Ha pc. 3.9 oaao oee eepayp a oepxoc acoc o copoc pae aa p ae oyxa pl =1,6Ma. oee oa, Toa, oep ooc, B Toee eepayp, C eepayp peo yeaec c yeee copoc pae aa.

oo ceye, o cepeae peya opoaoo yoe ocoo oppepy c peyaa eopeecoo aaa pao o oa T po oecee opeex y cpoepoaoo yoe.

eepa aa ocea papaoe po poepoa T ee poeoo cooa.

p poepoa T:

1. Oeceee paoococooc, epeoc yoe.

2. Ocyecee ecoaoo pea ap pe.

3. Ocyecee apaeoc yoex oepxoce.

4. Oeceee aoc yoe.

5. Oeceee caoo pea pao.

6. Oeceee cox aecx coc T.

7. Ocyecee oooc yoeo cce.

a p ocyecec c cooae epop, pecaex ccepa.

Meo poecc poepoa T Ha ocoe oecoo poecca poepoa (ypoe eo:

p-V-T-K-h) oo ooc oecea epeoc, aoc, caoc oooc T. opee poecc coepa poepoa T pecae a pc. 4.1.

a aa ocea papaoe cyaa ox T.

Papaoa ox T Ha ocoe eopeecoo aaa cepeax cceoa papaoa oe ocpy T oye 4 ocyapcex aea a opeee, o ce: poe T c oop cpa aaa (pc.5.1) OHT c yxp oocopo cpa aaa (pc. 5.2).

poe T eee yceo ee copoc pae o cpae c apye T co cpa aaa, ee Opeeee yco poepoa opex peoa yoe ooee pao:

pcaa, Teepaypa oepa Boc, ae- Oacoc B a:

epepoc oepa oppoooc epcoc ep. e, eepaypa cpe cee acoc e, apaee paeee y cpe y cpe e yo cpe ape opeccop ocpy yo.

Mep Maepa op pa Bop oxo. Bop T oapoe peypoa ap ece aop. aop. ooe, oocop.

ycopoee eepayp pe yep. cpe yep cpe OHT paec aa Pacpeeee o. pe, eo Pac. ae, aece o eep.

pe, oe ecya coco.

oe oycoc epeoc, a aop aa cce Coa eopa Teoa eopa epeoc Haoc Ooae Caoc Pc. 4.1. Meo P-V-T-K-h poecc poepoa T oooc oee coy coc caoo . poe yoee p pax aopax xapaepyec e yea, o ocoeo ao p ee pea pao.

Hooe OHT ocoeo eo coyec epea exooecx cpe c coo oepae epx e, p oopx pye ece OHT paoe oae opoe yoe oxo yopy.

Pc. 5.1. Hooe poe T Pc. 5.2. ocpy OHT c yxp oocopo cpa aaa cyaa ox T pee poee ca cocex T, peex paoopax acocax opeccopax a eeepepaaax eexecx aoax, o ce o ocyeceo peee ooo T acoce epea caeo oc; acoce p oopao yce-ocaoe a exooeco ycaoe apopa a eexeco aoe "" (HP) ecepao opeccope (pc. 5.3) a ycaoe aoa o poocy ceecoo ayya eexeco oa "y" (HP).

B eee oyopa e (c op 1999 o ape 2001.) ycaoa ocaaaac 5 pa -a peao ye caooo aca oax opox yoe (oee 250 po e). a pa peoaoc 8 e peoa yoe, c c e ooece oep coca oee 500 c oapo CA.

Pc. 5.3. Topoa ocpy OHT opeccopa B apee 2001. ycaoe oe OHT opeccope, cpo cy oopoo oee 17 ece; pe pao yoe coxpaec ca, ecop a peee ocao. ceoe cooae OHT oeceae oocpoy paoy opeccopa, pac exo-ooec e oee 720 c oapo CA.

Oe o 1. B ccepaoo paoe poee aa exooecx apaepo poa a aee cyaaoe coca:

epeoc, aoc oooc T.

2. Bepe ycaoe aooepoc ocpyx apaepo opoo oepxoc yoe a epeoc, caoc aoc.

3. Bepe opoa ocpye apaep opoo oepxoc yoe o acaoy ooe paeco coc yee T acao paeco coc p yeo yee OHT acoc o cyaaox yco opex peoa yoe.

4. Ha ocoe oyex peyao pecae p poepoa T, eo opa oax ocpy yoe popaa poepoa cce yoe oce aax epeoc, aoc, caoc oooc. Bepe pe pee poecc coepae poepoa OHT acoco.

5. Papaoa oe ee T OHT opex poex pee. oye opo exo-ooec e o yceoo pee ox T.

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