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cee, oyex ocyapcex ppoooxpax opaax, oo cea opeeee o peo eoope peoea. Ho o opa oe oaac eocaoo.

B oceee pe oye eaco opa o xocex oeax coy ao oxo a ooecoe aypoae. o oa eac apoa aa, oey, papaoy peoea peoe pee, eaco copoo o aec peyaa o ooec ao eeoc (1). B poecce ooecoo aypoa coaec ooea ocoepa eaca opa o ooecx aceax eeoc pep. B paax ooecoo aypoa coyc eo aepaoo aaca, yaa oea, oo- eoce, aepoae, oope yp o pep.

ooecoe aypoae peypeae cya, oa ooece poe oy pyooco oa, yeoe a co cpax pc cpa eae ocec pooceo eeoc o peea, a oop x cope cae eoo, a ycpaee oee cyee papaeca ca.

ooec ay oe oe ca ocoo caoe pa ooecoo pepaeca, cepe oopoo ceye oec ceye apae xoceo coao eeoc:

papaoy epee pecypcocepeax ooec eoacx exoo; pooco cpeoao ex popo opo oe aeca opyae cpe; pooco ooec aopx opeecx oapo; cooae opx pecypco; cooae pepeaox pecypco; oaae ooecx ycy (ooec oop, aypoae, cpaxoae, ocae, poceee opaoae).

Aa oyeo opa eecoopao poo o cey apae:

1) peaea, .e. ycaoee peoa coepa pex eec opyae cpee ( oe, oe, oyxe, paceo cycpae, poyax a peeax ooo aae);

2) peaea ocye pex eec opyay cpey, .e. ycaoee peoa a cpoc poc poex pep o ope eeca x coa;

3) poopoae epeoca paccea pex eec ppox cpeax, poecco pepae x eec o e aopo ee cpe, . e. poopoae aeca opyae cpe;

4) coee exooecx peaeo pao oopyoa poocex cpy c e oecee peyex apaepo poecco, x a opaoae poco cpoco;

5) opo coepa pex eec opyae cpee, a ae, cpe, oe, aepaax, oyapaax;

6) opo ocye coepa pex eec ppox cpeax p ep cyae pee ycaoex opaa paooxpae opao;

7) oop coco opyae cpe.

Bo pe poee ax epop axoc pee oepaoc eoeecoo opaa ap eeca, coepac pocax, cpocax epx oxoax pep. pee yy ea ocoe opao, oope e o peac opyae cpee (a oyx, oy, oy, paceoc, ee poy). oo, o o eoxoo, a a ooc opoa eoea o pcyc ax eec eooo.

aee pepe oao poo cooecye epop, o ae peoa oece.

B paax apeoo cce oppoae cpoca cypoae ca (OCCTC) ec oooc o pee ax eoo, a ooecoe cypoae oxpa opyae cpe, a ae epoae opaa cce ooopo oac ppooooa.

Heoxoo peycope papaoy eoo o a poy ppoocyapyx ppooxocex opace, ocoeo a ooec cy poy exoo. o a e ao, a ooecoe pepaeco. oee oo, c o ooeco aeope eco caa ccea ooeco cepa. Ee epee oo oca opoc o oppoa pa ooecx pao, oapo ycy (ape, p, , p p.).

eo ooeco o pep eoxoo ocyapceoe peypoae opo. Coaco oe coepecoa ooeco o Poccco eepa o ax ocyapcex epop oo ca peoppoae cce aee a poc (cpoc) paeee apx eec opyae cpee.

ec ceye cocpeooc a ceyx ocox apaex:

oaoe yeee cao a a poc (cpoc) apx eec paeee oxoo, ooee p x ooec oocoaoy ypo, oeceaey opeeey ay ce ape opyae cpe;

papaee ooo ey opaa ac Poccco eepa, e cyeo opaa ecoo caoypae ac ycaoe cao aee o pa pya apx eec a oec;

oa epe apx eec o oec, a oope oa ac aa;

apoa eee eeo opo e a paeee opyae cpee apx eec.

Hapy c peoppoae aoo ppooooa eoxoo cooa ooee oooc cypoa ce ooec eaopx oec a ce coa cooecyx ooecx exao. x cy oocc eee aoo a yc ooec peo poy, o ce a eoope yao, yope, aoox ayyopo, oa pyx oapo. e oe ca cypoae oopoo cooa poy ee opo epepao.

eecoopao eee ycopeo aopa oopyoa ppoooxpaoo aae, o oo ye oooc acpoa ocae pep oee coepe oopyoae.

epce ec pae exao ooecoo cpaxoa, o ac oooc ayypoa y cpaxox p aee acoe cpeca peooe ooecx ocec exoex aap. pa cce ooecoo cpaxoa ao pea ooece o. Booo ae pae exao ooo acpoa ppoooxpax epop eex ex ooecx oo ope cycpoa a ce oo pa ey oo cao cao oepecoo aa. Ocooo a acyae papaoa cce oapo o ooecx oapo (ycy). B ae cpae po ooecx ycy axoc aaoo coco. O acaax pa pooo pa ppoooxpax oapo ycy oo cy o oea aepacx cepo. Ceo cpoc a y poy, coca o 200 o 300 p. o., oe ocy oy ea p. o.

B CA aaa axaa pyx o a poo pe ooec opepoao exoo cep ycy oeea pa ocyapcex popeo. B oao ae peea .oa o ooeco oe CA aoe ocoe apae aepaco cpae o oac, aeee a ypeee oypeococooc axa aepac oa epca a poo pe ppoooxpao exoo ycy.

a o e oeeo, coae ooeoo pa ooecx ycy eooo e ee cce oaeo cepa o ooec peoa, eo eoxoo poeee ceyx pao:

pae opao-eoeco oyea, a cooece peoa oopo ocyecec cepa;

ecee ee ooe ecyee aooaeco papaoa ox aooaex ao, oeceax peaa ooecx peoa p ee xoceo eeoc;

apoa caapo opao a c peoa eyapox cce caapo cep ISO 14000.

O acx ooe aoao ooeco o oo ceyee: peee ooecx poe epexo ycooy pa oo peyae paaoo ee poope, cce oecex eoce, pecae o pa oo a eo.

ocoy op ooeco ypo axoc coa eoea, oopoe pecae coo opaoy cpyypy, o aaa o poope oe peea ocpeco ee coepaec coa opa, a oo eoxoo papaoa ep oe oxo coepa opaa yaapoo ooecoo opaoa paoe cpec accoo opa, e o cooa ee cpye apea ppoooxpax epop.

Ocoo aae apy c aece yyee ooecoo opaoa ec yxooe pae, yxooe ocooee oc, eee poope, cce eoce, o ye copooac oe cpyyp oecex opeoce cpoca. B peyae, yy ec coooe e a pe a pae oap, pee ceo, opace ea ppooex, pecypcopacoex poyo, o pee ee pepe ooeco eoc , ceoaeo, ae ee pacpeee poocex pecypco. ppoe pecypc, opyaa cpea yy ce ee cee oeac pooce poecc, a pacee a ey yoeopex opeoce (oapo ycy yaoo opee), a ocec acoo paepe.

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