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Ba coco oax cpyyp ec oppoae yp aoo oee coceoo yoaoo aapaa ypae, axoeoc oee eee eco aoec c epa a yoa aapaa (c. pc.3). Bxoe coca occe e e coy poocey ooepa, ec po opaca cooc ocpoe ooe ce o ypae pooceo-xoceo eeoc opaa.

ooy oae opeoc coa oee ex op oopa eyoao eeoc, o cy po ee aece caocoex oeo ypae oecx eex eyoax popa (poeo) eopacex oeco, opepoax a oe e. B c c e ee o o pa acca opaaox cpyyp o oey ypae, coaco oopoy opeec [47]:

a) cpyyp ypae opaaoo-oocoe pooceo-xoce ccea (opac, oee, pep, ypee opaa);

) cpyyp ypae ee eyoa popaa eopace oeca.

cpyyp cocyecy, aooo py pya, o p o opaaox cpyypax popao-eeoo ypae ec opeeee op. pao opa ypae eyoa eopace aoec oocc epaoaoe oopaooe popaoe ypaee [47].

epaoae cce ypae ee popaa eopace oeca xapaepyc o oee cex ocox yaco popa eoy opay eoo pooca, peyae eo eea ccea ypae popao cocae oeoe eo oe pooceo-xoceo ccee ypae. oa epeaa coee popa ooeo eopaceoo oeca eoe oee ooy opay aaec eo-popao cpyypo.

p coa ao cce e oeo pooceoxoceo opaa, ooc ocyece eey popay, coyc ce apa opaaox op ypae o cpoo ex o oee cox o eo-yoax cpyyp.

popao-eee cpyyp epaoaoo a [47] xapaepyc co ypoe opaoaoc e pacpeeee oeceoc, coo eoc ypaeecoo exaa. Heocao x cpyyp ec eoooc p oo oece eex popa, cece ypoa yoax ocyax occe, ocyce exaa popeoc oe popa o cpae c oeceoc a oee pepe ox ao [78].

ooy peee ax opaaox op opaao oe cox, opoocox oopeex popa (aoa epea, ocoee ococa).

popao-eee cpyyp oopaooo a xapaepyc aaee (coae) ecye eo-yoao cpyype oox opaa (opaee) pyx ceax oopaox opao, oope coacoa eyoae (eopacee) aoec coee popa o opoa a ocoe opaoo-peypye eeoc, opaa coecoo p pee o popae, opo a oee yepex ao ee ocyece .. ooo ax opao o oec a coee popa opayc peyae x eepoa co copo cx ex pyooee cce (cpa, eepaoo peopa pooceoo oee p.). Ho paa eocpeceoo pacopeca oopaoe opa ypae popao p o e aec. Tao oopa e coae ooo acca cpyyp ypae popaa, a ecoo epepacpeee y ypae ey coc e aapaa ypae. aoap pocoe opaaooo exaa coo aaoc oopaoe op popaoo ypae a pooe peee. Ho e e eee o e c c opaaoo-ypaeec cpyeo, a a eaeo papyae cx pyooee o oepaoo ypae popaa c pyo oy a peopaee apye xoe x oe, ax epaoa cooae opaex pecypco, eex a popay. Coae cpyyp oopaooo a aoee eecoopao ex popa, oopx caa pooceoexooeca ooepa coee e ocaoo ooppoa x a pacpeeee pecypco ey .

aeceo oo opo oopa eyoao eopaceo eeoc c ape cpyyp [17, 43, 47], oope pec ycox coo cee ooepa. O ocoa a coa ocooo exaa aoec eo-yoaoo popao-eex occe aapaa ypae, opaxc a caacpoaoe paeee oeceoc, pa y ey eea oex cce.

aa ocoeoc cpyyp apoo a coco oaeo ee opeoo a pyooe popa opaa, aeeoo ce ooo oeceoc a ocee e popa ae paa pacopeca, oope eepyc ey eco opao (c. pc.6 [47], poee 1).

poe oo, pyooe oee oo ypo ccee popaoeeoo ypae oya cayc oecex coee epop o popae. coe eo oc x eocpece pyooe cpyype ypae opaae, a yoao pyooe popa.

p oopeeo oe ccee ecox eex popa cpyypy oc aoo-opaao opa, ao aae oopoo ec aacpoae pecypco, opeex a ce popa, oeceee oopa cpeecpox, a ae eyx ee ao.

p oo oee pao o yoaoy ypae p ee pyooee oy oppoac ceapoae yoae opaee. oocc poeo-cceoaece, opooaaece opaoe cy. Tae opa coac cceax ypae py opace eopace popaa. B x co xo ayo-exec, opao ep, aoo- oopao oe.

Mape cpyyp popao-eeoo ypae c aoee yepca . p x epe e peyec cyecea epecpoa eo-yoaoo aapaa. O oy poo pec ypae apooxoce, opace yppooce popaa.

Coeae cex poax eeapx opaaooypaeecx op (c. pc.7 [47], poee 1) oo oecea eoxooe paoopae, oopoe peyec acaoo cooec poepyeo opaaoo cpyyp ceec ocoeoc e opeo coao-ooeco cce, a ae yco ee aoec c ee cpeo. ope opaaoo cpyyp ac o ox aopo, ae oopx c opacee ocoeoc pooca, po opeee ccey ee ypae. Cpe aoee ax ocoeoce cpoeoo pooca ec [32]:

- eooc poyo pya ooc cpec pooca;

- acoc poecco pooca xapaepa ycaeo poy o eppopao-aecx ocoeoce;

- yaoc aoo oea cpoeca, eo cpaeo oe paep acca, ooeaoc;

- coa cooc cpoeo poy ee ae ye ec oe oee aax oe.

B cpoece, cpoeo-oae pep ypae c eocpece pooce opaee, ocyece pao.

B x pepx, aopa [23, 28, 33, 35] ccee ypae pooco ec e occe: ypay ypaey, cae ey coo ooa opa oa. B opaoo ae y ccey ypae oo peca e cxe, peeo a pc. 8 [59] (poee 1).

cpoeoo pep ypaea ccea (oe ypae) - o cooyoc eo poocex oo, aepao, e, ocox cooaex opaee, oope oecea pooco eo coepecoae. paa ccea (cye ypae) - o cooyoc opao ypae, aapa, ocyec eeapaeoe pyooco oeo ypae. p o oco aaa ypae, ocyecc ypae cceo c:

- ocee aoee eoo yopoa pep;

- eoe ypaee oeo, pya e, a eoeo c yeo x ocoeoce;

- coae eca ec eeapaeoc pao oea pep;

- ocee apooo yopoa pooca o pee;

- oeceee epepoo pa coepecoae pooca.

Haa c 70-x o 90-e . coepecoa ypae cpoeco pocxoo o ao epexoa a yx- pexey ccey ypae. a apaee oco p o o poa e e ypae. Bce eo eeo coxpac, a oa yoac.

epe o ycpa ooe eo - cpoeoe ypaee (cpoeo-oaoe ypaee) pep a ae epaa y ypae pece, oopoy eocpeceo oe ypyee cpoee yac. Oao coae cpyyp e epa ca, cpoee ypae occaoe. Toa peeo o coxpa cpoeoe ypaee e-ao, o poa x epe, cayca ocyapceoo pep. Oco eo ypae oe pec, a cpoeoy ypae oeea po "cpyypo e" "opaeee ocooo ea" [86]. Ta yaoc ye co ypoe ypae, e copa o x. ee cpoeoo ypae xoceo caocoeoc peo ce x ooeco aoc aeco cyece yep cpoecy. Tpec cocpeoo cox pyax pecypc, epaoa o. B ee ox e o o aae o copae ao, a opao, a ce cpoex ypae, o e pe aco epeaa ac coe pao a cpoee ypae, coxpa a coo cpyo-ceoe oae y. Aapa peca aeo epe ca popaeco acpoo, peye opa o cpoeoo ypae epeae ee ae o epapxeco eoe.

Bcece oo, apeoc pya aapae cpoeoo ypae aeo peca pecocy. Cc pooce oece pec pyooee cpoeoo pep. ooee ycyyoc e, o apaoa aa aaa aoo eepa a ycaoea e ypo, cooecyeo cooc x pya e apaoo a aece ypaeoc peca [44]. o oo occ cepee pyoc, caee o opaa p oope apo pyooee cpoex ypae, a cece oo cee apoaoo ypo pyooee.

Ho cayc cpoeoo ypae, o e eo coaee, pa cpoeoe pooco ypo poeoo, e ex, oop ppaa cpoee ypae, xo coca aoa, e c caocoe opaa. o cpae co cpoe ypaee, aoce exa oppyc o exooecoy pay. x poye c oyapa oeye e, e ee, c o pe oeo e pooca, opeeco cooc.

B o cce ao ec oco eo ypae, oecea yc oox e. B cpoece e ooa poy oe ac coaec cpoe ypae. o e oa, ae coao-yypoo aae, cecoxocee ocpo, ae cpee poee pep .. ooy cpoeoe ypaee a opaaoa opa ypae e oe ppaea aocoy exy.

Cpoeoe ypaee oaae ce eoxo paa oe y caocoeo cpoeo opaa. B aapae eo ypae coac oye, opeee ocoe poocee oaae cocae epoocoy ocyapceo cac.

oye opaa oe cooc oex cpoeooax pao, apa pya, apaoo a, aepao p.

B ycox pa pox ooe, c pae oypeo op eeoc cpoex pep oa apaea a oa e cpoeo opaa ee aapaa ypae.

Oao a poe ocex 40-50- e opaaoa cpyypa cpoex pep paec e eac. pepo cy cceyeoe ccepaoo paoe oepee oeco c opaeo oeceoc ca oaa pa 3 OAO "Bocoeeaooa", opaaoa cpyypa oopo cyecye c 1962 .

Ha ceo e, cooec c e yoa pa ypae, cocae aoo ceapoaoo cpoeooaoo pep oo pa ecoo cyee ypae:

pyooco pep, oaoo yaca, yaca pooe pao, acepa, papa. oe oex y ypae cyecy ae ceae opa.

pooceo-xoceo eeoc cpoeo oaoo pep eocpeceo pyoo peop. B peeax peocaex ey ooo o pacopaec cpeca yeco pep, coepae xocee oepa, aae ooopa, cyae o e pep o cex ocyapcex oecex opaax, o oeae a peya pooceo-xoceo eeoc pep.

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