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Ha pepe cpoeca aopooa cooo ae ceo Hocoe P cocaea aa 12 (poee 5), oopo pee opaa apaa pooeoc aoo ec, a a e cooecye pacxo.

ceeoo paa a pcye opeee:

1. Oa pooeoc poea cocae 34 ee.

2. pec y: ,, , E, , .

Paccop aay copae pooeoc aoo poea, apep o 32 ee.

B ceo ooe a 12 a apa o copae cpoo aoo ec. B ocee ooe oa aa cooc copae pooeoc ec a oy ee, oopa paccaec a peya ee yee cooc a oeco copaaex ee.

oo, o copa oy pooeoc poea, eoxoo copa pooeoc ooo oee pecx ec.

Copaee pooeoc epecx ec e oae a oy pooeoc poea.

B ae 13 (poee 5) pee pece ec o epe yee cooc copae pooeoc. a o, o eee ceo copa pooeoc ec ooy copaae pooeoc ec o 7 ee p ooex pacxoax py. o o a cocae o ceeo pa (c. pc.35, poee 5). paa o, o pooeoc poea copaea o 33 ee, p o pece ec ocac pe. Taa oce copae pooeoc a oy ee ocaec pee ooy ee pa copaae pooeoc o 6 ee, p ooex pacxoo 81 py. Ho ceeo pa o a a pc.36 (poee 5). pooeoc poea copaac o 32 ee p ooex pacxoax 162 py.

poecc copae pooeoc poea o eaeoo ypo oo oca cey opao:

1. Cocaee ceeoo paa ec c axoee pecoo y.

2. Aa cooc copae pooeoc aoo pecx ec.

3. Copaee pooeoc caoo eeoo ec.

4. Cocaee ooo ceeoo paa c axoee pecoo ec.

5. oop yo 3 4 o oye eaeoo ypo pooeoc o ex op, oa copaee ooo.

9. Meo oe epecopa ao (EPT) B peyx paeax paccope eo, peee oopx eecoopao p ecx pooeocx cex ec o poey. Ha pae, ae ceo, pooeoc oo oo cpoopoa cxo pooo oa. cooae EPT [75] ooe poo oee co aa ocaeo aa. o eo aaec opeee pax cpoo aoo ec x aoee epoo pooeoc.

B ae 14 (poee 5) a pooeoc aoo ec, aoee epoa, acao ooa ao ooa. Macaa oea aaec eccco, a aa - oco.

Oaea pooeoc ec oeaec a cpeee oeox oaaee o opye [75]:

Ouaea npooumeocm = Onmuucmueca + 4 Hauoee epoma + eccuucmueca = (3.1.4) Paccae oaey pooeoc aoo ec:

A: (3+4x4+6)/6 = 4,2 ;

: (3+4x4+5)/6 = 4 ;

B: (1+4x2+4)/6 = 2,2 ;

: (3+4x4+7)/6 = 4,3 ;

: (7+4x8+10)/6 = 8,2 ;

E: (3+4x4+5)/6 = 4 ;

: (7+4x8+10)/6 = 8,2 ;

: (5+4x6+9)/6 = 6,3 .

Ceeo pa x ec c x oaeo pooeoc pecae a pc.37 (poee 5), pece ec - ,, , E, , .

Oaea pooeoc ceo poea oyaec ye coea oaex ae cex pecx ec. B ae cyae ec E oaea pooeoc ceo poea, o E=E+E+E+E+E+E E=4+4,3+8,2+4+8,2+6,3=35 ee aee eecoopao oe oaae papoca (cpeeapaoe ooee) c e, o poaapoa oo papoc pooeoc ceo poea.

Meo opaoo pacpeee oo oe cpeeapaoe ooee cxo aaoa: 99,8 % oepee pee pac peo +3, o oaao a pc.38 [75] (poee 5). pcya o, o p cpeeapax ooe y copoy ee copo o cpeeo aec axaae ce ee p ae pacpeee.

Oca paa ey aca a aee o pacpeee cocae peo 6 cpeeapax ooe.

ooy paya oea cpeeapaoo ooe opeeec cey opao:

= uanao/6, m.e.

= (Macuaoe aeue - Muuaoe aeue) / 6.

o ec opeeee cpeeapaoo ooe o opye [75]:

= (eccuucmuecoe aeue - Onmuucmuecoe aeue) / 6 (3.1.5) B ae cyae o oaae, o cpeeapaoe ooee pecx ec pao:

: (5-3)/6=0,33;

: (7-3)/6=0,66;

: (10-7)/6=0,5;

E: (5-3)/6=0,33;

: (10-7)/6=0,5;

: (9-5)/6=0,66.

Cpeeapaoe ooee pooeoc ceo poea opeeec [75]:

2 2 2 2 2 npoema= + + + + +. (3.1.6) E B ae pepe:

npoema= 0,332 + 0,662 + 0,52 + 0,332 + 0,52 + 0,662 = 1,26.

EPT coye oe eopeeeoo p oee cpoo epooce p opeee oaeo pooeoc ec paax poea.

aee oaeo pooeoc poea cpee apaoo ooe coyc p aee aae poea.

Hapep, opee epooc oo, o pooeoc cpoeca aopooa cooo ae cee Hocoe P pec 38 ee.

Pacpeeee ce pooeoc poea oaao a pc. (poee 5). Bepooc oo, o pooeoc coca oee ee ee yaco.

opeee eeoo yaca eoxoo c oppoay cyay ey:

= (38 - 35) / 1,26 = 2,C oo a 15 [75] (poee 5) opaoo pacpeee opeee ee yaco 0,00866. o aee yaae, o eec 0,86%-a epooc oo, o pooeoc poea pec 38 ee.

a eo ypae poea p paeapo opaaoo cpyype ypae ceeo aa cpae c pee cceo ypae cpoeco ooe opee oeoy pooeoc oex ec p ocyece poea poaapoa cee ooc aoo ec, o ao p apoa pecypco. C oo ceeoo aaa aapyc oooc copae cpoo ocyece poea, opeeec epooc oo, o poe poc cepx ycaoeoo cpoa, a o eoxoo pyooe apoa pooceo eeoc pep.

Ceeo aa, c ooceo poc cpyeo, ooe ypa e oo co poea, o o a exoo, o eca ao p opaa peoeyeoo eoa HOP.

3.2. Moepoae cce oe opaaoo cpyyp pep a oaa aa cyecyx eoo ayx papaoo [20, 29, 39, 63, 64], opoca oe ax oaaee a oecea oea oypeococooc, oea opaaoo-execx pee, xapaepyx eeoc cpoex pep, yeec oo a.

Be o ca oypeococo copeex ycox, pep eoxoo cpec y coe opac, a pe xo o ooy peex oaaee pooceo eeoc.

Hecop a ayaoc opoca oe opaaoo cpyyp pep pox ycox paec ocycy eoece papao, acaec oeceo oe aeoc opaaoo cpyyp ypae cpoe pep.

epee oea eoc opaaox cpyyp eoxo cex xocyx cyeo, a a oo ao oecoa a x eyee cocoe ee pa, ycaaa paep apae ee pooceo eeoc, aoee ae aop poca, ocea oppepoa eypaee poecc, pa pee o eex poopoa x oece a ee apaep, a ae apoa aeee coepecoae pao pep eo opaee.

aaa eoc aeca opaaoo cpyyp pep aoe oooc peocae cce oxo oca opaa [50, 76]. B paax aoo oxoa opaa pecaec e coo epapxeco cce, eco aoecye c opyee. aa e cceoo oxoa aaec pa aoce aoacoce eeo, occe ce cce eo c ee cpeo. B cooec c eopeec ooe opaa paccapac a cocae ac pa, peopeeeo x cpyypy cce ypae. ee aop ycexa, eeoc opaa axoc yx cepax: o ee ( oopo o oya ce pecypco, a opa, .e. a) o ypee (ce cae copo oopo coa e e peoc peopaoa pecypco poy ycy).

Cce oxo peoaae, o ccea coaec c opeeeo e [41]. ooy aae e peopeee ocpoee opaaoo cpyyp pep.

B paoe oa opaaoo cpyyp paccapaec a peee cpyyp pep, eo aoec c po ypex aoec cocoe, cococyee acao eoy oce ee pep paax px cpae. pee ao aa paoe peaaec cooae eoa cpyypa ee, ocoao a ccee ee pep oceye coee e co cpyypo ypae. Meoa apyec a ee cce ee, oopa peopeee ocey a papao- eee coepa cocaa y ypae, eoxox peaa ocaex ee. B co oepe, oe y oppyc cooecye opaee, pe yaec oe pao exoo x oe [2, 69].

B ccepaoo paoe cac aaa papao paecx eoo oe cooec opaaoo cpyyp e cpae opaa, o oopo oopc paoe [74]. By cooc ycaoe cooec ey cpae opaa apaepa e opaaoo cpyyp ocoy eo coca eoope ooe eop eex oec [37, 38] coe cep: eo epea ee [8], eo aaa epapx [77] eo peax ap [50].

Memoua oeu opauauoo cmpymyp npenpumu Papaoa eo oe cooec opaaoo cpyyp e cpae pep coco ceyx ao [53]:

man 1. Ha epo ae pooc aa ee cpae pep. cxo yo aaa ec oa opypoa e yopoa pa - cc pep. aee cxoa opypoa peopaoaec cooyoc opeeex oeceo aeceo aceax oaaee, paax ocoe ep yyeo pep. Peya oopc e epea ee (c. pc39 [77], poee 5).

C oo eoa aaa epapx [77] pooc oea aoc ee eo ypo oce cooecye e pep oee cooo ypo ceye oceoaeoc:

1. Cpoc oeco ap oapx cpae aoo x ypoe - o oo ape aoo eea paeo cepxy ypo (c. pc. 39). o ee aa apae o ooe eey, axoeyc a e ypoe, a a ee eo ypo e a pacooe e ee. ee oo ypo cpaac py c pyo ooceo x oec a apae ee. Peya aoo cpae opaac apao ape cye (c.

pc. 40 [77], poee 5). oape cpae pooc epax opoa ooo eeo a py. cye ae paac ex cax (c. ay 16 [77], poee 5). Hapep, ec ee 1, ooaae oy ee eo ypo, aeo peocxo o aoc ee n, oa x eea oecy a o o e apae ee (ecoc ooceo aoc 7 o ae 16), o ea, cooecya cpoe 1 coy n (c. pc. 40) aoec e co, a ea, cooecya cpoe n coy 1, aoec opa ey co (po). Ec caec, o 1 n oao, oe o cac ea. aa poeypa oec cex ypoe epapxeco ccee.

2. coy epapxec ce ea cocex eopo ap eca pepe, cec cya o ce cooecy ee ooea cocex eopo ap ee ypo epapx, eaeo e.

3. Opeeec coacoaoc epapx. p eyoeopeo peyae epecapaec epapx, oee oo cpyyppyc e.

B peyae oyaec eop c ooea j (j=1,2,,n) epee ee eo ypo, xapaepy oocey aoc x n ee oce oe e pep, pe = 1.

j j=man 2. Ha o ae cceyec c cya y pep.

y paaac a oy oec aa, oope, co oepe, coco aa ypae, eye ooe epapxecoo epe y. yaoo pecae epapxecoo epe y ccepaoo paoe cooa cpyypx cxe. epapxec epee y eo yaa aaec yoao oe pep [34].

Cee cooec y e, co epe pepe c o pe aoee oo x peaa ccepaoo paoe ycaaaec o peoeo aopo oa eoa peax ap [50]. Cy eoa peax ap coco o, o c eo oo oo oceoaeo ycao cooece ey ecooca apaepa, ao cyae acoc cpae pep o opaaox ee eo cpyyp. p o coyc ap aoc ox apaepo yceoo oce coocaex apaepo.

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