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MC OCAPCTBEHH HETHO TEXHEC HBEPCTET Ha paax pyoc MXAMETHOB HP PATOB OCTPOEHE AATBHX CTPTP PABEH CTPOTEHM PEPTMȻ 05.23.08 - Texoo opaa cpoeca 08.00.05 - ooa ypaee apo xoco (poeoc) CCEPTA a cocae yeo cee aaa execx ay Hay pyooe :

..., poeccop Bayxa ..

a - 2002 2 COEPAHE BBEEHE 4 ABA 1. PABTE OPAHAOHHX CTPTP PABEH CTPOTECTBOM 9 1.1. a pa ypaeeco eop 9 1.2. paec o o opaaox cpyyp ypae cpoe pep 16 1.3. apye o epexoa pep o opaao cpyypa 35 ABA 2. METOECE OCHOB OPMPOBAH POPAMM PECTPTPA CTPOTEHX PEPT 45 2.1. Aa opaaoo cpyyp acoo- xoceo eeoc cpoeoo pep 45 2.2. Meoa papao opaaoo cpyyp ypae cpoe pep ycox poo oo 59 ABA 3. PAPAOTA METO OEH OPAHAOHHO CTPTP PABEH CTPOTEHM PEPTEM 83 3.1. Oea peo ceeoo aaa p apoa opaaoo cpyyp ypae cpoe pepe 83 3.2. Moepoae cce oe opaaoo cpyyp pep 95 3 AEHE 107 CCO TEPATP 109 POEH 117 4 BBEEHE B copeex ycox caoe poo oo, ycox ea acox pecypco, execoo epeocae pep c e oe x oypeococooc oae poea cpyypo epecpo poccco oo.

Cc cpyypo epecpo coco o, o apy co cepae ae capx, e ex, e yoeopx peoa poo oo pep, oeco oopx o cx op ocaec ooo o, oceeo yy coa copeee ee oypeococoe pep, poc oeca oopx oe oecpoa ca pooca capx pepx oece e ca poc oo eo.

aaoe cpoeco ec caocoeo cepo oo cpa o oo opeee ee ooecoe coaoe pae.

Cpoea eeoc oeceae oppoae pae ocooo aaa cex opace oo ocyapca. B o aece ooee cpoece aoee oo opaae copeeoe cocoe ee pa oo eo.

Aa pca aao cpoece epexo epo o aoo oo poo oaae, o cyecy a poe ox e opae opaaoo-ooec aopa oac oe, ae ycope, e caacpoa epexoo po ooe. x cy oocc: peoe cee ec aaoe cpoeco, ocaae pa aooaeo a opao-eoecx aepao, poc aoeoc aao op opaa ocaa aepao, aee oaoo aoc cee papoa ooee, ocyce eoxoo ocoepo opa oecee oypeococooc oeecex poeo opaa a oypcax opax, apxaoc eoo opaaox cpyyp ypae.

Coeec ooee e opac peo ae oeo opoo cpoeca p oopo pocxo epca eeoc cpoex pep: yeee oeo peox pao, cpoeco ex oeo paoo aae. o coec cya pep ye aac pooco pao, paee e oc o exoo, oaec o ocoo ce pep.

B c c aya caoc opoc o ee cpae pep o pe ee ex yco peoa opeee. eee cpaeecx ao pep ca epe eo pyooco aay opa opaaoo cpyyp ypae, oopa ye ceo oeae e aaa pep, a ae oecy a eo ype e aopa. Haya opaaoa cpyypa o a, oopa ay opao ooe pep eo aoecoa c ee cpeo, poyo eecoopao pacpee apa yc cox copyo a opao yoeop opeoc eo oca cox ee c coo eoc.

e aa cceoa e pao ec papaoa eoecx ooe ocpoe opaaoo cpyyp ypae cpoe pep, aapoao yco poo oo, c cooae ox oxoo oppoa cpyyp cpoex pep oe x cooec e cpae pep.

B cooec c e ccepa aopo ocae ceye aa:

- ee ocox ee opaaoo pa oeecex apyex pep cpoeoo oeca;

- aa oeoo coepa oaaee opaaoo cpyyp pooceo-oepeco eeoc pep;

- papaoa eo coepecoa cyecye eoyoao cpyyp ypae cpoe pepe;

- papaoa eoa oe opaaoo cpyyp ypae a ocoe eoa cpyypa ee c ycaoee oooaeaeco acoc ee pep o coepa cpyyp;

- cceoae oooc pee oecoo pep aeca opeee oe eoc opaaoo cpyyp pep.

Haya oa - oocoaa eecoopaoc epexoa pep cpoeoo oeca o eo-yoax cpyyp o opaao cpyypa, oope coco aapoac cpoeec opyae cpee opeoc caoo pep ycox poo oo;

- papaoa aop poepoa (pecpyypa) opaaoo cpyyp ypae cpoe pepe o ceye cxee: epapxeca oe cpaeecx ee epapxeca oe y epapxeca oe opaaox ee aa peeoc opaaoo cpyyp oopee a poepoa (pecpyypa);

- papaoaa eoa oe cooec opaaoo cpyyp e cpae pep, opeea acoc ee pep apaepo opaaoo cpyyp ypae;

- peoe oec pep aeca opaaoo cpyyp, oop ooe poec c cooae poeyp eeoo oecoo oa yy oaaee oex peyao eeoc pep (oeo yca poy, p, peaeoc) c apaepa cce ypae.

Oeo cceoa ec: oepee oeco c opaeo oeceoc ca oaa pa 3 OAO "Bocoeeaooa", eec pepe cpoeoo oeca Pecy aopoca.

Meoeco ocoo cceoa c py oeecex apyex ooco.

Cpyypa ccepa B epo ae ccepa paccapac opoc pa opaaox cpyyp ypae cpoeco ae cpae cpaax c pao poo ooo.

Bo opo ae paccapac eoece ace oppoa popa pecpyypa cpoex pep. Beeo ocooe apaee pecpyypa pep, coepecoae opaaoo cpyyp ypae. Opeee oe ep pa poepoa oo opaaoo cpyyp pecpyypa cyecye.

ec e oppyc cxe poee aaa pecpyypa opaaoo cpyyp. Aapyc opaaox cpyyp aoee pcocoee e yco. B c c peoee oaec aa cpyypa, a eo paeapo opaaoo cpyype.

Ha ocoe cyecye eo-yoao cpyyp papaaaec paeapa opaaoa cpyypa ypae cpoe pepe. Opeec ocoe ooe pecypcocepeaeo oooo eoa opaa HOP cpoeoo pep. Aapyc pae cpae, pacpaec cyoc poyoo-poo cpae cpoeoo pep.

B pee ae papaaaec eoa oe opaaoo cpyyp cpoeoo pep. ec ae poc pep oe peo ceeoo aaa coepecoa ypae cpoeco oeo. B papaoao eoe oe cooec opaaoo cpyyp cpae pep oyea aeaeca acoc cpae o cce ee, cy y, ca opaaox ee.

B ccepa opeee ocoe peoa ceaca pooceo-execoo oea paeapo opaaoo cpyyp ypae cpoe pepe. peoea oa ooca cpy ceaco pooceo-execoo oea.

ABA PABTE OPAHAOHHX CTPTP PABEH CTPOTECTBOM 1.1. a pa ypaeeco eop yoe ooece epee, pocxoe ae cpae, cope c opeo oo peeo exaa ypae, aeo eo o po eoa xocoa. Pocc, caa a y peop, caaec co oeco poe, a c epoeccoa cepe ypae, peoaae eapoax pyooee cex ypoe, cpeee eoa, coce acpao-oao ccee. ooy a copeeo ae pa pooca p oe eo cooc, yye xocex ce peyec aeceoe eee op eoo ypae, .. ocooe coepecoae cce opaa ypae ec o aex yco cyecoa copeeoo oeca epeeo peoco eo aeeo ycooo pa.

B poecce caoe pa copeeoo oeca eop ypae caa o aoee oypx eoo pe apae ooeco c. Ee, pepo, ocece cop oeea ooee pae oocex o apae, oaxc py o pya pyo cceyex poe, cxo o eoooe oxoa. Heoxoo oepy, o e cea peocaec oo poec ee pa ey "oa" apae, ocoy x oe o epeo epeeac, a aa x e oe peeoa a paccopee ceo oeca opoco ypae.

Ocoooaa o cx op cac py "acceco o", aoee pecae oopo .Teop, A.ao, M. Beep, oy e c ee .Teopa cao ooee copeeo aepaco eop "ayoo eeea". oy oce ae eo py:

"paee apo" (1903 .), "p ayoo ypae" (1911 .), "oaa epe ceao occe opecca" (1912 .). aeoc aa "acceco o" aaec pooacao pee aaecoo, "ayoo" eoa coepecoa ypae pooco. pecae "acceco o" copypoa p "ceox po", apaex a yopoae cce ypae. oocc p: e; ceaa; oopa ac; cooec ooo oeceoc aoopo; aaoa opo ypae; aaca epea y.

Ba ay oo eeoc "acco" ec opypoa poeccoo oxoa ypae opaae, paax oopoo oceee paccapaoc e a p caocoex ao, a a cep oopxc aocax ec, oceoaeo epepo peayx ce y ypae. B oecee ao epepoc cocoa o c A. ao aa aaa eeea.

Haoee e cceaaop oypaop "acceco" eop opaa ypae . .p, opepyc a ocoe eoooece p "acceco o", cox paoax pax coeax ccey ae ee ypae: apoae, opaa, yoeoae aa, pyooco, oopa, oeoc, cocaee ea.

a "oa" ee copeee ee c yeo ox pecae o xapaepe ypae oepac pe a peoaaee ae opao cpyype, opaeoc, a oppoae "eoeecoo aopa", a o, o x p e opee "exaa yopoa cce" e coo o poope. Oao, ecop a yp poc ca cceoaee, ocaoy ox poe epecop eoopx ycapex ooe, ocoooaae oe "acceco" eop opaa ypae e peepe opex ee, "oa" oaaa ooecoe e a oppoae cex pyx apae aepaco epoeco eopx opaa ypae. aoap "acceco oe" oy pooe paecoe ooee, cyecye oe, opaaox cpyyp, pooo paeee aapaa ypae o yoaoy pay, coppoac ee o o pao ocpoe opaaoo-yoax cxe ypae o exoo ypaeecoo pya. Hecop a c co opaeoc, p "acceco" eop cpa ay po paoaa ypae, oy pooe pae pae opaa ce ypaeeco eeoc pooa oaa aeoe e a pae copeeo cooo opaa ypae.

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