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Ha paax pyoc MAPAOB APTP ATOB PAPAOTA HAHTOCEETBHX OATAATOPOB APAHOO APOBAH CPTOB Ceaoc 03.00.23 oexoo ABTOPEEPAT ccepa a cocae yeo cee aaa execx ay A 2002 Paoa oea co ocyapceo eo execo yepcee.

Haye pyooe: oop xecx ay, poeccop op Bap Bopo;

aa ooecx ay, oe eyxoa Haea aoa.

Oae ooe: oop ooecx ay, poeccop peea Ha Axoa;

aa ooecx ay aceo op Aaoe.

Beya opaa ocyapceoe yapoe pepe O ao AH P.

aa cococ 18 eap 2002 oa 1000 a acea ccepaooo coea 212.289.06 p co ocyapceo eo execo yepcee o apecy: 450062, . a, y. ocoao, 1.

C ccepae oo oaoc oee coo ocyapceoo eoo yepcea Aopeepa paoca 18 op 2002 oa.

e cepeap ccepaooo coea Caoo H.A.

OA XAPATEPCTA PAOT Ayaoc poe. Coa ox ooeypx opeyopo c pae oec ae cp coe p. Haoee e cocoa oye ax coee caec eecoe paeee x paeecx cece apa apoae c oo peapao a apoccepa, oaax coo cepeoceeoc.

B epaype eec ooe co pao, yeeo oaax epceoc cooa peapao eeox ypeox cepa poopao cea ox aex coo ooeypx opeyopo. B o e pe ocaec aoye opoc pee apao apoa cpo ax eo poopao.

Bece c e, e poopao c ycexo pec o ox poeccax pacopa opaecx coee. cooae x aece oaaaopo apoa oe oaac oee opaa o cpae c peapaa epeo, ya, c oo copo, pyoeoc, coe apa aepao ep a oeppoae eee eeox ypeox epeo, a c pyo copo, ae pacxo epeo o pe pacopa. poe oo, ae peyeco ax eo epe epe peapaa oe c oooc x peeepa oopaoo cooa.

eco, o poeee eoo apoa, aapyeoo epea oo cpee, eooo, ocoy pcyce o ceae paoece oeco pea copoy poyo poa. ooy pea poo opaeco pacopee. B cyae ax eo cepe pece a y aaa ec oaaeca epaa, paea yxay ccey opaec pacope/oa yp e. O oox apao, oeceax ocyoc ypeox epeo cycpay peaey, axoxc, opaeco cpee, oe oeoae oepxoc e aeoo.

B c c ocoeo ayao ec aaa oca ox ex cax oaaaopo apaoo apoa cpo, oaax poo cycpao ceoc ocyecx opacopa cycpaa c co xoo oeco coo.

ccepaoa paoa oea cooec c aae Mcepca opaoa P o eaecoy ay HP coo ocyapceoo eoo execoo yepcea (1998-2002 .): eepao eeo popao ocyapcea oepa epa ceo opaoa yaeao ay (1997-2001 .); ayo-execo popao Haye cceoa Bce o o pope apae ay ex 1998-2002 .

e pao. Papaoa oaaaopo aoceeoo apoa paeecx cpo a ocoe poopao, oaax apoccepao aoc, coae eoo oye oec ax cpo po.

B cooec c ocaeo e paoe peac ceye aa:

cp poopao, oaax coo cepao aoc;

papaoa cpecc-eoa cpa poopao, cepyx epe, cocoe apoa cp opaecx pacopex;

papaoa aoceex oaaaopo apaoo apoa cpo a ocoe eo poopao;

cceoae caoc yco eo pao oaaaopo;

papaoa eoo oye oec ax cpo po c cooae coax oaaaopo apoa;

cceoae ceecx oooce oyex oaaaopo.

Haya oa. Hae epoa oe a Pseudomonas sp. 77-33, Pseudomonas sp. 77-47 Pseudomonas sp. 59-3, a ocoe oopx coa cepeoceee oaaaop, eo aapye apaoe apoae paeecx cpo. Papaoa ayo oocoae eo cea oec ax cpo po c cooae coax oaaaopo. Opeee oae apaep paa oacc, ae yco, oopx oaaaop po acy aoc. Bepe peoe eo cooa ypeox epeo ocyece eoo aaa pea apaoo apoa cpo eox cpeax ye oeoa eo aeoo. oaaa oea caoc oooc oopaoo cooa papaoax oaaaopo.

paeca aoc. Papaoa coocepeoceee oaaaop a ocoe ao Bacillus sp. 77-1, Pseudomonas sp. 77-33, Pseudomonas sp. 77-47 Pseudomonas sp. 59-3, eo aapye apoae cpo. Coa peapae eo oye (S)-(+)eaoa-2, (R)-(-)-eaoa-2, (S)-(+)-eaoa-2, (R)-(-)-eaoa-2, (R)(-)-2,3-xoppoaoa coo oeco co (97 100 %ee), oope c oec a coa p oye pax ooeypx opeyopo (epooo aceox, apeepeo, epepoo, opoo).

Meoa paee paeecx cpo eaoa-2 eaoa-coyec yeo poecce HT p oooe ceaco o ceaoc 07.01.00 oexoo.

Apoa pao. Peya cceoa oaac a opo Meyapoo oepe Ayae ee opaeco cee a opoe oo p (Ca-eepyp, 1999.); V Meyapoo oepe o eca eexecx poecco Heex-99 (Heac, cep 1999.); XXXVII Meyapoo ayo cyeeco oepe (Hoocpc, ape 1999 .); oepe oox yex (a, ape 1999); Meyapoo ayo-paeco oepe Cepc ooo opoa (a, a 1999 .); XII Meyapoo oepe o poocy pee xecx peao peaeo Pea-99, (a-Moca, cep 1999 .); pecyaco ayo oepe .. ao copeee poe oo e (a, op 1999 .); aoo ayo-paeco oepe "oexoo "epa" (Ca eepyp, 1999 .);

XXXVIII Meyapoo ayo cyeeco oepe (Hoocpc, 2000 .); XIII Meyapoo oepe o poocy pee xecx peao peaeo Pea-2000 (a-Moca, 2000); XXXXIX Meyapoo ayo cyeeco oepe (Hoocpc, 2001 .); XIX Meyapoo oepe o poocy pee xecx peao peaeo Pea-2001 (a-Moca, 2001 .); Bcepoccco aoo oepe aa oexoo, x xecx exoox (Tep, 2002 .).

ya. o aepaa ccepa oyoao 2 ca ec 16 oao.

Cpyypa oe pao. ccepa ae eee, oop epayp (1 aa), oce poea oaaa opaeco cpee, ocae oeo eoo cceoa (2 aa), ocyee peyao (3 aa), o cco pyeo epayp, coepae 159 cco. Paoa oea a 122 cpaax aocoo eca coep 17 pcyo 36 a.

oeceoo opeee oepa opaecx cycpao poyo pea, x ea oe oecx coc pe eo aooco xpoaopa, xpoaoaccepoep, MP-cepoco opep.

PETAT OCEHE 1. oc poopao oeax poyeo aoceex apyx epeo oc poopao oeax oaaaopo ocyec cpe oecx ao ye aep ox exoo poooecx pooc HT, a ae eex oex opao, x c pax yaco ecoapoo o .

, eeepepaaax pooc Pecy aopoca eepoco Cp.

1.1. Cp poopao c cepao aoc Beee poopao, oaax cepao aoc, ocyec cooec co cxeo, pecaeo a pc. 1.

Ha epo ae aoex yyp poopao, accpyx aea, aea yaea, ee 53 aepax aa a ceeo cpee CP1, coepae aece ecex coo yepoa ep yaae p.

opa no oyee aoex yyp poopao a ceeo cpee CP 15 aonumex ymyp, pacmyux a muaemame, ymuaemame uu uuaemame Beee cx yyp poopao a ceeo cpee CP 67 yex mao, eex a ouoo ace 53 maa cpecc ecpoae poopao a poay aoc 86 mao, 34 maa, upouyux cycmpam e upouyux cycmpam oecea oea poao aoc poopao oop aoee ax ao 50 mao Pc. 1. Cxea cpa poopao c cepao aoc:

CP1 epaa cpea, coepaa ae, ae yaea, eepaypa 30 0C, oepa cycpaa 5 /, pe pea 5 .

ocoy, a cepa poopao acoc o coax yco coco aapoa pooooe pea poa apoa, epoo, o a, poe coy poay aoc, oy ae po coy apyy aoc. B c c a opo ae peyae cpecc-ecpoa eex oex opao x ye poopao o eo 86 ao, cocox ca pH cpe peyae poa aeaa, yaeaa aeaa.

CH3COOR CH3COOH ROH Ha ceye ae cpa a poeea oecea oea poao aoc poopao. B peyae oo oopa aoee ae 50 ao, cocoe pooa yaae p co copoc 1,0 2,0 /( ) oepce cycpaa e eee 40 %.

1.2. cpecc-eo cceoa apye aoc y poopao e poopao, cocox aapoa apoae cpo, papaoa cpecc-eo ecpoa, ocoa a pee aapox oo c poc a x yypa poopao oo ocaoo eo e ocox apa a peapey opaoy ecpoa poopa, ee epe, oecee a apoae cpa, eaco o x oaa e yp e.

Aapoe o oppoa cepx ycox aapoao aeo cpe (1 ) cax (10 ). Ha oepxoc aapa cea cyce eo ecpyeoo poopaa ypoa eee 1-3 cyo acoc o copoc poca aa. ae c oc caapy peaoy cec o ypoa p o e eepaype eee 24 aco. o ooa pea oea oepc cycpaa xo poya.

B peyae ecpoa 50 ao, pox coy poay aoc, e poopa, cocoe aapoa apoae eaoa-2 aeao opaeco pacopee c oepce e 10 % c opaoae op-eaeaa eee 24 aco (a. 1).

OH OAc OAc CH3CHO cooae aece oopo ao py po, a oopx poee cp poopao, oaao, o a, eee a aeae yaeae, po cay aoc p apoa eaoa-2 e pa. B co oepe, a, eee a aeae, oece poopa, eee Taa Apoae eaoa-2 ecae Teepaypa 30 0C, pe pea 24 aca, oepa cycpao 10/.

a Apy oepc, a Apy oepc, ae % ae % 1 2 3 4 5 57-1 yaea 23,5 59-3 aea 49,57-11 - // - 77,0 59-5 - // - 40,57-17 - // - 14,2 59-7 - // - 30,57-4 - // - 12,5 59-8 - // - 49,57-8 - // - 11,6 59-9 - // - 10,57-15 - // - 16,3 59-11 - // - 15,57-17 - // - 14,2 77-33 - // - 43,57-18 - // - 29 77-47 - // - 49,58-3 aea 12,3 77-39 - // - 58-8 - // - 20,7 79-10 - // - 17,58-13 - // - 13,2 Bacillus - // - 49,sp. 77-1* 58-15 - // - 14,1 79-14 - // - 10,59-1 aea 49,8 79-50 - // - 59-2 - // - peae: * - ye a HT a ooo ace, ye ceo aapoa apoae cpa aeao (c. a. 1).

1.3 cceoae apoa eaoa-2 ycox cpecc-eca C e e poopao - oeax poyeo cepeoceex epeo, apyx ope cp, a cceoao aepoae eaoa-2 aoee ax ao, oope apy cp e eee e a 40 %. o ycaoeo, o oo a 77-33, 77-47, Bacillus sp. 77-1, 77-39, 59-1, 59-2, 59-3 59-8 po ey y coocepeoceeoo poecca paee paeecx coee. poopa oeppoa ooy paeecoo cycpaa 28 - 52 , oce eo ya pepae coxpaac a ocyo ypoe.

cceoae acoc y pepae eaoa-2 o eo aao oepa oaao, o eo oepc e ac o oeca ocoo peaoy cec cycpaa (a. 2), o ceecye oy a cepeoceex epeo y x poopao.

Taa oepc eaoa-2 p pax aax oepax cycpaa (S0) Teepaypa 30 0C, pe pea 60 aco oepc eaoa-2, % a S0=5 / S0=10 / 30 . 60 . 30 . 60 .

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