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poopea ocoeoc oepoa cocax eeo peaa pao cpae paaec ecaacpoaoc ee o ycy cy poy c pecypc oooc oepyeoo oea. B ycox poopeoc eopeeeoc cpe ocoa po ooc oaae oe pca ee oo oo oaae. B o cyae eeppoaoc oe epec paccaec aeaecoe oae oaae epe cpeeeeoe aee epooce oox eo ae.

oyee oecex oeo oeoc o o xoceo cpae ec oco peyao poecca p pee. Aa e x oeo oe op ac o poeyp oa opa. C o pe ypae xoce ooa ooo-aeaecoe oepoae ooe coppepoa acoy oeoc pep, yc oco coo p xocex pee eo ycox cpeao oo (o oeeo pax aax). acoa ycooc ocaec ye oa ooo pep. Xoce oo pep a ye o caao, oppyec poyooo acooo ooa. Oo ocoeoce oepoa acooo ooa ec ce px ocex aopo . B aece oceoo aopa cyae, apep, eee yco e poyooo ooa (apa a ycpaee pocoe exooecoo oopyoa aee pap ey peye pacoaae oo pee pao oopyoa ..) pe aop, opeee aco oo oy ceye:

- aec o poa(cf1);

- pe o acca eopco aoeoc (cf2 cf3);

Baoe poyox acox ooo oeceaec a c opae a ecx acox oeo, cpaeoo aaa aaco o oe pooca paoo peeoo epaa (apa, ec p.). Cpae aa ooe ec co ee acooo ooa, .e. o cococye ooy, a o poy cpec.

Moe e acox ooo popeae :

CF = F(cf1,...,cfn, PF(m1,...,mn)) (3.1) oce opeee ocoeoce oepoa ca opoc oeceoo aaa opeex peypyx aopo.

p oaoo pee (a pyooca pep) coyc eo opeee cox ae oyaex pee, o poo oey eoc peoeoc. opae poecco ypee cpyyp pep eo aoec c ee cpeo ooo peee oee oaoo apoa. Oa ee oo acca oee pace exo-ooecx acox oaaee pep o ep a, xapaepy oeee pep o ypae xoce ooa.

B aece eooo pepa oo paccope ce aa o oa pooceo-coo popa c aopa acooo coco c yo cae yxaepcoo aaca, oope eocpeceo opee y cay pooceo-coy popay a apye epo.

eea y ee :

N N wp x - dc x - OC (3.2) i i i i i=1 i=e wp - ooa ea peaa i-o poy;

i dc - pe ep p pooce e i-o poy;

i x - poopye yc i-o poy;

i Caape opae e :

0 x pc -opaee o pooceo ooc i i a x b - pecypcoe opaee.

i, j i j i B oe eoxoo yec peya eeoc pep a peecye epo -a ax p, a aep aee, oep cooc poy -a , peya apepx oepa pyx. Oe, o aee pooc ceo cooco aa, o oece cooece ey pa ca aaca.

aee epc yxaepc aac, .e. eye ae cae aa acca aaca opoo oe ycooc ypaeoc pep (apep, oe eye oc oe oeceeoc coce cpeca). B ycox ooaex oe oe e :

ab = (3.3) T ( pb - pb - pb - pb ) 3 3, 640 3, 650 3, e ab - paep eyx ao aaca;

pb, pb, pb, pb - paep paocpox oaec 3 3, 640 3, 650 3, (3- pae acca aaca) a eo paepo oxoo yyx epoo(c.640), paepo oo opee(c. 650) peepo pecox pacxoo aee(c. 660).

peoo, oe eye oc pae 2, oa oe oc ooe pep oa a:

ab - 2 pb max (3.4) 2 Ta opao, ce oaae acooo coco oo aca e o pepe oa, o pepax opae a c oeo oeceeoc aaco coce cpeca:

pb - ab 1 = 0.1 (3.5) OEC.

ab oce eoopx peopaoa coooee 3.5 popeae pepaoo opae:

0.1 ab + ab - pb 0 (3.6) 2 1 ae o aacy epyc e ca, oope eocpeceo ca c oe pooceo-coo popa, occ pepaoe opaee 3.6 aee oy oe oa c yo yco acoo ycooc. Bo ca 216(oap opyee). o aacy pooo epoa aee o pao 0 ab pooo eee a ab. Teyee aee ao 2, 216 2, ca pao ab. Teyee aee paccapaeo ca ec:

2, N ab = dc x (3.7) 2, 216 216 i i i=0 a eee ec : ab =ab -ab (3.8) 2, 216 2, 216 2, C yo cpaeecx ee aecx aa pep coooee 3.8 oe e epx pee. o coooee yaec pepao opae 3.6, oopoe xo oy oe oa pooceo-coo popa. To ec oo yec ocoeoc acoo ycooc pep oaoo oe.

Ooaeoe peee o oppepo ea oe po, coy cooecye cacece eo.

Oa aa cacecx eoo o e oo opeeee cceoae ce ey ooec a aeeo cooa x ce poecce apoa poopoa eeoc, o peee eoopx x p pee o ypae xoce ooa pep ycox cpeao oo. B oe cpae oee cacece ae oec c o oe, o pee pee o pacpeee pecypco ey eco a pooc ex aaa cpee yopoa.

B ycox cpeao ooe cacece eo oy pee ocae aopa ( aopo) eopeeeoc. Hapep, pepe peoaae ooe ooece peya eye epcee, o epooc x peyao e oy opeee. B x cyax ec oac oox ae aopo eopeeeoc cooeceo oac x oox ae oy peopaoa pa oex peyao acooxocex oaaee ao cpae. Toa pec cacece eo p pee ycox eopeeeoc.

aa 4. Moeupoaue ynpaeu xocmeu nomoau a npuepe emexuueco ompacu.

aa aa pecae coo pay ac aaa oee eeepepaaax eexecx pep ocpoe oee.

peapeo paccapac xapaepc peaaeo opac a o oy peopee aee oppoae oe oey ocec cooa oe. B oceyx paeax oppepoa poecca oepoa pecaec c yo poe, oax yco cpeao oo.

peaaea oe oa poa eoca copeeoo ypae poyo aco ooa pep. Oea ocec peaa oe, pecaea ocee paee, cy aoo opa cepo pyooee pep poecce oppepo cpae cpeecpoo paocpoo epcee.

pooceo-coa oa pep eexeco opac xapaepyec cooyoc aocax aooycoex ec ooe ceyx xapaepc peaaex poae poyo: cee yoeope poya ypo peoa oyae (exece xapaepc poya); aca pacpocpae poya (oyaeoc cpoc a poy); caoc axoe poya a oppyeo pe (caoc pa cooecye poy).

Ocoeoc, peopee ypaee xoce ooa pep eexeco opac ox ycox, ec:

- ae ooo;

- exooeca ocoeoc oca pooc caa c epepoc pooca;

- c o pe aepa cpae ypae poyo ooa, opac oocc eepepoaoy apey (.e. yc eoopao, caapoao oopoo oeayp poyo, peayex ooo a cex pax) c eea epea poyo (.e. ooe ocoo aoo oeca poyo (o, a a pcye eeepepaaax pep) ox po, o c eoop ee, .. opaa ca).

pcyce aco eopeeeoc cpe eexeco opac poecce ypae poyo ooa pep ao opac pea oe coxacecoo popapoa c opaee aeaecoo oa eeo y cocax oeo. Moe ee :

N G = M cixi max(min) i= (4.1) N N G = M[ci]xi max(min) G = cixi max(min) i=1 i=N aijxi bj j- pecypca i=ximin xi ximax B aaax pacpeee pecypco e aij, bj, ci oy oaac cya ea x cyax oyc xapaepca cyax e aoa x pacpeee (ayaa eoxooc yea coxacecx oye). Ec paec, o cyae e aij, bj, ci oe aoa opaoo pacpeee, o eeppoa apa eyaao oe (4.1) ye e :

N G = cixi max(min) (4.2) i= N ) aijxi bj - hj(xi,tp j,1ij, j i=ximin xi ximax i=1N, j=1M e 1ec cepc ae op pacxoa a ;

ij 2ec cepc pecypco b ;

j tp - aee t opao aoe pacpeee, j cooecyee aaoy ypo epooc coe opae p.

j hj - y opaoo pacpeee, yaa cyae cocae oe.

Ta opao, o cex opaex pacoaae pecypc b j yeaec a ey hj (aec yeaec pacoaae j- pecypc). T.e. a pe pee ycox cpeao oo pxoc a ooee ep. B ao cyae ooe epa ec popeee ooeoo oeca pecypca hj, oop oe oaac ecooa, o o popeaec apa oe aa (hj - coeopaa aa a pc).

eee ypo epooc po pocy tp j yee cepc op pacxoa cepc pecypco, a ceoaeo, yee hj. aee pace aa a pc, e e ao epo oaae tp, e e eopeeeoc j cooeceo e aa a y eopeeeoc. pepe ee op ye pacoaae pecypc a ey hj apa yca, .e. yca o e o poy p oe pecypce p pee oe pecypca oo ee poy. Ta opao, oeaec eoc ee pecypca ( pecypco) ypae poyo ooa.

a poe, oae poecce oepoa eeoc pep eeepepaaae eexeco poeoc ox ycox paaee e poope ey opeoc papaoe cpae X ao aa, cpoc oe oa. Oo ypaee o ao aa peoaae papaoy cox ceape pa pep. B ocoo o p a ceape: ecccec, ocec peacec.

Ceapo-coa eoa ya pee ceo, oo, o ocpo e a oaop oee pep, a opax, a cpeax ycox.

B cooec co caa paee e oa ca poyoy cpae cpeao oo ( ao cyae) c acoo cpyypo pep, p o ao ya eopeeeoc cpe yopoa. paccapaeoo a pep oeooec e oy :

1. aacpoae o pacpeee pooo poy c yo a cpoca peoe a ypee poo pax.

2. Paoaa pacopo-poyox ooo c yo eopaecoo pacooe aaco paoo oye cp.

3. opoee acox ooo, o coeppoa pecypc peaa epcex poeo pa.

4. Heocpecea c c epo e o yeee oa poa a c pecpyypa aao ca pooo poy a c epecopa po ceea pa, .e. eoceeco eopaec opepoa c, a cocpeooee a ceeax pa, oopx pepe oe e opyy o oppyeoo pa.

Moe oa ooo eeepepaaaeo eexecoo pep ec oe oe pecypcopooceoo oeaa. B aece eeo y paccapac oaae peaeoc eoo aoc, acoc, peaeoc poa oea o pa.

Peaeoc poa opeeec a p, eea a pyy:

pri( pi -ci)xim + prj( p -cj )xm j j i j max (4.3) pripixim + prjp xm j j ij e pri, prj - epooc pooa oea poa o poya epo opo epepao;

pi, pj - poo e cooeceo o poya epo opo epepao;

ci,cj - ceecooc o poya epo opo epepao. peec eo ee epe a pe epeee.

xim, xm - co o i-o poeeo poy p j epo epepaoe cp poao a cooecye ceee co o pooca ca j-o a eexeco poy.

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