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v1, v2, v3 epa, opa pe cocee aco ee e apaoo po o ce e py po cee cocex aco cpee a 11%. o oe e acoe apaa epae 0..31 (py e apaa o ooo aoe ypee ooc py), ocpoe acoc cocex aco py o o co apaa t a ypee oepxoc (pc.4.). Aa paa oaae, o p yee o co apaa ae cocex aco aa.

B pee ae oca aopaop ce cceoa poox oea acoco-opeccopx py, copoa O HT. Cxea cea pecaea a pc.5. cceoa cooa oce py apo 735-E, o e oee 2,5. Ha pyax coepoa ee (a.1.), ec o cace oco a ee py:

oepc, pooe oepee pe (pc.6), oc eaa o pe py o a, ae yp py apaoo po.

ap aocc o ey opy py apae ee oc oye poox oea. a H-5, ycaaae a eaope a ye py, ocpPc.5. Cxea aopaopoo cea:

1- eaop TA-50; 2- HT; 3- yap ae ca. aee ca epe yce epeaec aaoo-pooy peopaoae, caeoy oep. popaa Spectr7 ooe oya opaoa xpaee peex cao pa.

Aaoo-poo peopaoae ee aao pea ax 10 . oeceoo oca pocao coyec poycopee.

Tae pee ae ocac eoa epe, a cepeo o cceoa poox oea HT, eo opeee aocecx pepe.

Taa Texecoe cocoe eeo cceyex oex py cpae eee eeee Haype ee cyccee ee 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 .y. oa .y. .y. .y. .y. .y. .y.

apa oa oepe poo c oepce, poo - - oepce poa po po ea po, e pe )ee py6:poo po a)ee py3:oepce )ee py5:oepe po )ee py8:poo po, oepce, e pe Pc.6. B eeo a cceyex oex pyax B eepo ae oca cceoa aocecx pao oea ayxa, ooceoo oapecoo epeea ayxa, oee oaox aco, oa cepa, cac ay, caapoo oea oppe, oea ayxa cocex aco eex cpax py.

a eco, ocoo eo, xapaepye poecc ayxa oea exaeco cce, ec oe ayxa. Bpeee ca pa epyc aece ax cceoa (pc.7), cpoc oaa pocaa popae Spectr 7. Oaa caa apocppyec coeao po a f (x) = A0 e t, (7) e A0 - aaa aya caa; - oe ayxa; t -pe, c.

Aa oeo ayxa eex cpax py oaa, o cpee ae cpax py 17-19 c-1, eex 20-37 c-1 (a.2).

ayxae oea py, ee ecoo eeo, ecee paa ayxa oea py cpao. Hae aoo-o eea: y-o apaoa poa, pae apye cooc eaa - po ayxa oea py cee a 15-30 % ayxa cpao py.

A,/cA,/c700 A = 239,8e-18,213t A = 650,18e-37,094t 500 500 300 100 t,c t,c 0 0,02 0,04 0,06 0,08 0,1 0,12 0,----a) ) Pc.7. Ca (1), oaa caa (2) ee apocpya pa (3):

a) eeo py c 4- eea 8; ) cpao py (.y.) Taa oe ayxa cceyex py, c- cpae eee 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 17,08 19,4 25,054 24,674 22,419 24,997 20,573 37,Bopo aocec pep ooce oapec epee ayxa (O) ao oaae pay ayxa oea e y ee cpa oea, pae ooe py c eeo (l*) eeeo py (0):

(l) =. (8) (0) oapec epee ayxa 1 R(t) = ln, (9) n R(t + nT ) e R(t) paax ay a poeye pee t (pc.8); n oeco epoo T.

A,/cR(t) n 1 16 31 46 61 76 91 106 121 ---Pc. 8. Macae ae ay caa py Taa Ooce oapec epee ayxa cceyex py cpae eee 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1,021 1 1,3815 2,9083 1,6285 1,836 0,6714 2,B a.3 pecae cpee ae O cceyex py. Cpeee aee oo apaepa eex py oaec o oo e ae cpax py a 30-200 %.

coy eo ceeo cepaoo aaa, aocec paa oopoo c eee cepax cocax caa, oee oaox aco, oope opaa eoep eeo ao c ey , aapye cepae ap cpax eex py.

p cpaeo aae cepo eeo py c oepe poo cpax py ec cyecea paa apax. Cep cpao py pecae a pc.9,a, eeo py a pc.9,.

ee oepe po pacooe a pacco 0,29 o epxeo opa py. p paccope pc.9, o, o poe apo cocex aco (925, 1840, 2914 ) poox oea py aaec opo p apo co ae 890, 1790, 2755 , pacooe ooo epoo pa (e oee aco oepex oea).

A,/cA,/c, ;, ;

0 0 600 1200 1800 2400 3000 0 600 1200 1800 2400 a) ) Pc.9. acoe cep oea: a)cpao oo py 2;

) eeo py c oepe poo Ta opao, p a eea a oepeo pe cepe pocaa oc oaoe aco, opaae eoep eeo py, o oop oo cy o pae cocex acoax oexc ace cep, paeex eeo. Ta a cocea acoa ooao ac o cep, o p eco ope apo pa ey oo cy o ecoaxoe eea a oepeo pe a ee py.

Cey pep, coyc p cpae cepo, oa cepa. acooo cepa ec apo poox oea (pc.10). Oea oa cepa pooc o eoy Ccoa:

h S = (a0 + 4a1 + 2a2 + 4a3 +... + 2an-2 + 4an-1 + an ), (10) e a aya oea a i-acoe; h a cpea aco.

acoc oe oa cepa o oeca aepo pecaea a pc.11. Cpeee aee oa cepa eex py e 1,3-3,7 paa cpax (a.4), o aee py 4 5 pa e cpax, ceoaeo, oa oa cepa ec pepe aocpoa py c eea, ca oepee pe (pya 5). oepee pe oo aocpoa o oa opo apo, .. cpeee aee py e ax e ae cpax py cpee 2 paa (a.4). ee e oepc oo aocpoa o oa pee apo, a a py 3 8 e cpeee aee e ax e ae cpax py cpee 1,5-2 paa.

A,/cS,*/c80 0 ;, N 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Pc.11. pa acoc oe Pc.10. Cep poox oea oa cepa cceyex py o oeca aepo:

- 1; -3; -4; -5; -6;

- oepe. epa.-7; -8;

Taa oa cepa cceyex py, /ccpa e ee e o a 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Oa 3278,4 3307,8 5542,8 662,94 3456,4 4487,7 4341 epo apo 2277 2487,7 4465 662,94 2974,4 3651,5 3761,2 B opo apo 569,93 731,01 601,11 - 262,49 504,55 661,55 604,Tp e e apo 232 300,83 485,4 - 221,84 353,6 260,45 453,Cey aocec pa, coyc aaa coco HT eoo cpae cepo, - o caca ay:

a1 a2 a, (11) A = lg + lg + lg a1 a2 ae a1, a2, a3 acae ay epo, opo pee apo poox oea cepa eeo py; a1, a2, a3 o e aooo cepa (oye ocpeee 10 cepo cpao oo py).

o oy pep ecoeo oo aocpoa pyy c eco a eeo, ae cac ay oopo peocxo ae cpao py cpee a 60%, py c apaoo poo oepeo peo, ae cac ay oopx e ax e ae cpax py cpee a 12%. Tpy c py eea e ae cac ay, peae cpee a 10 % ae cpax py.

oppe ey poepe ao cepa oeaec caapo oeo: (12) M (AAi)-MAMAi, r = A Ai e MA, MAi - a. oae ay aooo cceyeoo cepo;

, - cpeeapaece ooe ay aooo cceyeoA Ai o cepo.

o oy pep opaoac py c eco eea (8), ae caapoo oea oppe (C) oopx e cpee a 35% C cpao py; py c eeo e oepeo pe (5), caap oe oppe oopx e cpee a 30% C cpao py.

o oe ayxae o pee cocex aco, opoa oapec epee ayxa. Mopoa :

Ai (ti,v). (13) i (v) = ln = ln(e-ti +t1 ) = - (ti - t1) = -tiA1(t1,v) p oo M ae oe ayxa pex cocex aco cceyex py. Ha pc.12 pecae apoca o px ee M p ayxa epo coceo aco a pex pati,x poeyax pee.

= ti+1,1 - ti, pc.12 o, o oe ayxa 1- coceo aco eex py c pea paoo apae 5,6,8 apaoo poo 4 e cpee 2-3 paa, a py c eea e cpa eaa 7 oepc 3 e cpee 1,5-2 paa cpax py, a e ee aaec c oeo ayxa 3- coceo aco: y py 5,6,8 o e cpee a 30 %, a py 7 3 e cpee a 50 % cpax py; oe ayxa 2- coceo aco eex py 3,5,8 e cpee a 25-45 % cpax py.

Ai ln 0,A-0,--1,--2,--3,Pc.12. Apocpye pe o px ee epaepo ay epo coceo aco: 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8 oep cceyeo py.

a o oaao e, e o ce pep eo aocpyc oe ee. o oece ocoepoc eeoco HT poayc ec eoo, peaaec cooa papaoae pep oece (pc.13.), oepa ao o aoy x.

Ocaa papaoaa eoa poayceco eeoco HT. o eoe epe pooc poecce cyco - oex oepa c ooo HT p peoe ca:

1.Ha epx ope py p oo aa ycaaaec epao a pa.

2.ooa py oaec pooc oopo epxe py o oo.

3.o ey opy oepyo cooo eeo py pooc yap cea exao oye oea, p o aoaec apyec pe ac caa pa epcoa oep. Bpe ac ax cocae oa ya.

4.oce oo, a pya yoea a oc, a caec, ycaaaec a ceyy pyy, poecc oopec.

><*>2,38 *0,0,85<*2,cep ea 1,6<*2, 1,1<*1,0,85<*1, S>830 < S A-0,oepce SA-0, -0,66 < A 1,08 A > 1, >1,0,647< r < r > po. pea apa S > > 0,0,271< 0,o. pea 0,ecoo eeo cpaa Pc.13. Aop oe coco HT B epcoao oepe pocxo opaoa acaoo caa:

1.Bcc ae pepe oe coco HT.

2.o aopy (pc.13) opeeec cocoe HT: ae a ee py eea opeeeoo a.

3.Baec ao: cpaa eea pya, ec oceee, o eea, eo ecoaxoee paep.

Coaco epo opo eopea oo ae, oyee p cceoa aoo-y e, oy epeece oo a e, ooe ey, o ec a ae, oope ocac o e e ypae epaepe pep oopx e oo aee. Oco ypaee, oca pooe oea oex aypx py, ec ypaee coox oea:

x = A(t) cos( pt + ). (14) eco, o ce a apoecx poex oea eaec oo, o ec Ao(t)= Aam(t)=const. (15) epaep apaep oo pac ak ak. (16) = pto = t = t = ptam l l am o Cocee aco oea oeo aypo py yy oo p eex E,, t, ec ey k e a ey ooe lam/lo.

Ceoaeo, epa cocea acoa oex py ooa pee coceo acoe aypx py.

B o ae oca epe, poeee pocox ycox.

cceoa pooc a ceoo cae exa PC H Tyaae p CO oo HT.

cceoa cooac e acoco-opeccopx py o o 8,5 o 8,9 , a oopx oceye pea ee:

oepee po c pa o cepee, pooe po c pa ocepee, oepce.

epe poox oea HT pooc coaco papaoao eoe. B eo, pocox ycox eoa aocpoa py poaycec eoo opaaa ce py c eea aocpoa a paoae, o eea e cea opeec pao, ooy poeeo cpaee papaoax aopaopx ycox pepe opao HT c a, oye a cae. Hapep, oe ayxa oea aypo py c oepe poo 1,7 paa peae y e ey oeo py c e e eeo.

Ocoe o peya 1.Ha ocoe aaecoo cceoa poaycecx coc acocoopeccopx py oaao, o cocee aco cpao py py c apaoo poo oac cpee a 11 %, ycaoe acoc cocex aco py o pacooe eea cpae eaa. Beo, o ee e oepc oepeo pe e cyeceo a oaa cocex aco.

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