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3 PAPAOTA PTEPEB AHOCTPOBAH HACOCHO-OMPECCOPHX TP BPOACTECM METOAM B POMCOBX COBX (aopeepa ccepa Meoo E..) Ayaoc pao Mepeo epo pao eeoax ca aeo cee opeeec paoococooc oo acoco-opeccopx py (HT), ec aoee eaoe opooco eeo. Ooo 18% oex peoo pooc -a oep epeoc acocx pyax. p o peoa peyc opoocoe apea, poe oo, a pe peoa pepaaec oa e. Oo aex poe o cyae ec coepeeoe aeceoe oapyee eeo HT.

Bee pe pyx o eeo ee py eocpeceo a ece x cyaa, p peoe ca o eeocoec oeca e ox ooex apa pee a poeee opo oe o ye pee o poe, ooy cceoa o papaoe eo eeoco pecac aya.

e pao oee pecypca acocx ycaoo ye e a ee HT eeo e pe, oepc, yee o ce py, acoe apaa p oo papaoax pepe eoa poayceco eeoco pocox ycox p peoe ca.

aa cceoa 1. Oocoae oooc pee poaycecoo eoa aoc py ye aaecoo cceoa cocex aco poox oea py.

2. Coae aopaopoo cea, oepyeo ooee oeca py p poee CO, poeee cepeax cceoa poox oea a oex pyax.

3. Aa aocecx pao, oop pepe opao HT o eoy poaycecoo oceoa, xapaepyx oe ee.

4 4. pocooe cae eo poayceco aoc py, ocoao a paoax pepx oe coco HT.

Haya oa 1. Teopeec, ceo aopaop cceoa oocoaa oooc aocpoa poaycec eoo eeo acocoopeccopx py e aoe apao ypee ooc, e pe oepeoo poooo apae o ey py yo o , e oepc aepo oee 5 , e yeeo o ce py a 0..2 .

2. Teopeec ycaoeo o:

yeee ae cocex aco cooecy yee o co apaa a ypee cee acoco-opeccopo py;

ceee pex cocex aco oy copoy opeee pacooee eea e yeeo o ce: epo coceo aco ee pacooe cepee py, opo a pacco 2 o opo py, pee a pacco 1,5 o opo cepee py.

3. Papaoa pep oe coco acoco-opeccopx py:

S oe ayxa xapaepye ee copoc ayxa oea -a ea cca ep a eeax: yeee copoc ayxa ceecye o a eea a ee py;

S ooce oapec epee ayxa, opaae p pace ca ee ecoc py, oope cooecy a eeo a ee HT;

S oee oaox aco, opaax eoep ace py, paeex ecooc eaa, cooecye a a ee py eea a oepeo pe, pacooeoo o opy cepee py;

S oa cepa, caca ay, oe caapo oppe oea eee pacpeee oeaeo ep o aco oa:

yeee xapaepye ae eeo e poox pe, e yeeo o ce, e oepc, yeee xapaepye ae eea e apaoo po, e oepex pe.

paeca eoc pao 1. Bpaoa pep oe coco acoco-opeccopx py poaycec eoo, opeee cpaoe eeoe (ae a eea: oepce, pea o apae, cpae eaa, apa o ypee ooc py) cocoe py.

2. Papaoa aop aocpoa HT poaycec eoo.

3. Coa aopaop ce, oo poo cpoy poaycecy eppea eeo pao op ecopacooe, epe ye poecc.

Apoa pao Peya cceoa oaac a ayo-paeco ceape O, poe epce epe poaycecx eoo opo aoc a apeao (Opc, O HT, epa 2000); Bopo eyapoo coye Haya exoo yeoopox cepcx cce (a, HT, op 2000); epeoao ooeo ayo oepe Ceepeooex-2001 (xa, T, ap 2001).

Oe cpyypa pao ccepaoa paoa coco ee, a, ocox oo, cca cooax coo 83 aeoa, coep 145 cpa, a 68 pcyo, 25 a, a ae 3 poe. Ocooe coepae pao oeo 12 yax.

Aop paae aoapoc copya aopaop poaoc Opcoo aa HT, aep eeaopocooo oopyoa a oepy oo p oe pao.

COEPAHE PAOT Bo ee oocoaa ayaoc pao, copypoa e ocoe aa cceoa, aya oa, eopeeca paeca eoc ccepaoo pao.

B epo ae a ocoa cceoa Capoa A.E., Cyoa M.A., paaoa .P. poee aa o eeo acoco-opeccopx py p x opaoa. oaao, o aoee pacpocpae eea o ey py c ooee apaa coe a ypee ee oepxoc py, oc py o apyo ypee oepxoc, pa ce py c opaoae oepc aepo 5-10 , pap py pooo oepeo apae, cece oppoox ce, , ycaocx pe p.

cceoae pao oea ypx, aox acocoopeccopx oo paoe pe aac Ao A.H., Bpoc A.C., apaxo M.C., aee A.C., yapo C.., ey E.., Pae A.O., Cyao .., Capo A.E., Cyo M.A., paao .P.

Oee ocoe eo copeeo eeoco acocoopeccopx py, oca eo ayceco aoc HT. Papaoe cpec aoc acoco - opeccopx py oce py eeo A.C., eoceo .., oeo A.A., Caopyoa A.A., Aexa C.., Meeo .A., acyoa.C., Pea B.., Mxaeo B.., eo C.M., Capaaoa .M., eo.., eoa A.A., Hocoa M.., oa M.B., Xa T.X.

Cyecye eo eeoco HT e acac oac poaoc, oa a eo poeoc acoee pe eoo oeaec cocoe oopyoa acocx apeao (HA) epea e eepoyo, a ae HA cceax oepa acooo ae (), ox acocx cax (HC); papaoa eo opo coco epopoa epoepoeoo acoca (H), yoacocx a, ycaoo H eoo.

Tae epo ae oca ocoe eo cpeca poayceco aoc, aee pooe peee opo coco pax oeo: oao aoypoo ae, opyca aep copa ae eaeoo aapaa p. Haoee HT o ocpy c yoacoce a, cceoa o poayceco a oce oopx aac Pae A.O. peapee cceoa, oope aac opeee cee a oea HT pa apeaa A50-M-1, poee coeco c A.O. Pae. o peyaa peapex cceoa ycaoeo, o pa apeaa e coae oex aoc yoacocx a acoco-opeccopx py pocox ycox. Bpa apeaa e epeaec a eaop epe aa aeo cce.

o oocoa oooc pee poaycecoo eoa aoc py, eoxoo poec aaece cceoa aycecx coc x aepaa, oope aac opeee cocex aco py, pax eeo pcoeex acc a cep cocex aco oea py. Cocee aco ocac epea ypae oe eop oea, ocoe ooe oopo oe paoax A. apa, .. aoo, . Cpea (Pee), B.H. Ta, .

Mayca, M.. Bopaoa, B.T. peo, P. oa, .H. Hooa pyx.

Oee aocece pa axoe eeo, oope oca paoax B.. epoa B.. Paa, .M. eaa C.B. opa, .

e . a, oap . pyx aopo.

B ae yoe aa cceoa o papaoe eo poayceco aoc acoco-opeccopx py.

Bo opo ae pee peya aaecx cceoa aycecx coc acoco-opeccopx py: opeee cocee aco cpax py, oeeo e a x pcoeeo acc y, eeo e oepc, e oepeo pe, cpa eaa, apaoo po.

Cocee aco oea c ae aycec coca ocpy. B pye oo a pooe, pye oepee oea. eeoco py aoee yo c pooe oea, oyaee exaec yapo.

epeaoe ypaee cceoa poox oea oe (cepe ooo aepa o ce e) pecae coo ecoe oooe ypaee ee cey :

2U 2U (1) = a, t2 xe - copoc pacpocpae poox o cepe, ec a = E / E oy a; - ooc aepaa py.

o ypaee ee oee peee, op oopoo yy yoe acoa p = 2 = :, (2) l e k = 1,2,3 n Pace pooc oeo py aepo d=73 , oo ce py 5,5 , o l=2,5 ae E=21011a, =7800 /3. Cocee aco poox oea oeo py, : 1 = 1013, 2 = 2025, 3 = 3038. aypx HT, a oopx l=8,5 , ocae ae e e, cocee aco, : 1 = 298, 2 = 596, 3 = 894.

Hae cocee aco py, ec a eo oe eec ya, peca ee a pcoeey accy (pc.1,a).

pacea cocex aco c yeo acc y cocaec ypaee - M 2 a (3) tg l - = 0.

a EF Cocee aco oeo py (l = 2,5 ), : 1 = 919, 2 =1850, 3 =2800; aypo py (l=8,5 ), : 1 =289, 2 =578, 3 = 867.

o ypaee caec oco, ooy o ya ec eoeeo ac py.

oepoa eeo e oepc oepeo pe e ee py yaco o l. a eeoo eea, epe oopoo axoc ee (pc.1,). peca ee ee e coea ecoc c y acca, aa oopx paa ooe acc eeoo eea. Be eea a coca cce ye opaa eee ecoc C.

l MM MM l..

l x x m c m x=l x=x=l x=lx=a) ) Pc.1. Pacee cxe opeee cocex aco poox coox oea py: a) c yeo acc y;

) c yeo eea e oepc oepeo pe o o paceo cxee cocaec opeee a EFp, Mmp 2a,0, pl1 pl EFp cos EFp sin a pl1 pl1 a pl1 pl + sin (c - mp2 ),cos (c - mp2 ) -,-c sin,-c cos Det= a a a a a a,.(4) pl1 plEFp cos EFp sin a pl1 a pl c sin pl1,c cos pl1, + sin (mp2 - c),- + cos (mp2 - c) a a a a a a 0,0,cos pl1,-sin pl a a Aa cocex aco oaae, o ee e oepc oepeo pe e a aco cep poox oea paa x aex eaea p ee paepo eca pacooe eeo x o.

Moe py c eeo e oca eaa oo peca a cepe co cyea eee oepeoo cee (pc.3,a).

oy acooe ypaee o o paceo cxee:

pl1 pl1 pl u0 EF1 p sin u0 cos pEF2 sin a pl2 a a cos pl3 M p u0 cos f(p)= M 2 pl1 - cos a a a a a (5) pl u0 EF1 p sin pl1 a a sin plM p u0 cos M a a a pl pEF3 sin pl1 pl2 a.

+ u0 cos cos = pEF2 a a a ee e coo c py eaa e a oaa peyao pacea cocex aco oo p yee pacco o y o pacooe eea, oa cocee aco ceac. epa cocea acoa ocae acya, ec ee pacooe cepee py (pc.2), opa ec ee pacooe a pacco 2 o oo py, pe ec cepee py a pacco 1,5 o oo py.

v v1, vvvl1, Pc.2. acoc cocex aco poox oea pacco l1 o y o pacooe eea cep ea aypo py:

v1, v2, v3 epa, opa pe cocee aco MM l MM l x x x=l1 x=l2 napau x=0 x=l3 x=0 x=l mpya ) a) Pc.3. Pacee cxe opeee cocex aco coox poox oea py c yeo eea: a) cep ea; ) apaoa poa Moe py c apao a cep: o pyo (pc.3,). paee cocex aco c yeo acc y (3) ye cpaeo ec, a a cxe pacea cxo, o oooe ypaee (1) ye peopaoao a:

2U 2U, (6) (mp Fmp + nap Fnap) = (Emp Fmp + Enap Fnap) t2 xe Emp,,Enap, mp, nap, Fmp, Fnap - oy a, ooc, oa oepeoo cee aepaa py apaooo cep cooeceo.

oy cocee aco poox oea: oeo py (l=2,5 ), : 1 = 823, 2 = 1653, 3 = 2492; aypo py (l=8,5 ), : 1 = 257, = 513, 3 = 770.

v3 v2 v1, vvvt, Pc.4. pa acoc cocex aco poox oea o o co apaa t a ypee oepxoc oeo py:

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