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Maepa eo cceoa. B cepeao ac ao pao cooaac 70%-a epeca opoocopa coa o OCT 10678-76. eecoopaoc cooa co eo ao oepa paee oox co a paee oaaa paoax o cceoa aoeoa a ocoe AXC pyx cax. Cyee oooc ceae AC c coo pax coooex c e oye co pao aoc. B aece AC pec aoopoca oepa pooca AO ʻ (. y) o T 113-08-606-87 (c . 2 o .). oepa pecae coo y oc, ooc p 20C 1,/c3 (coaco peoa execx yco, ooc oe axoc peeax 1,51,7 /c3). B aece cepcoo a cooaac ypa ap A-2 o OCT 5494-95.

p papaoe opoao oo oope cocao aoeoa aece cepcx aoee pec ao opoo oooo ao pooca ecoo eaypecoo oaa coooece poee oxo oxo pooca opaoo epoopya AO "ec apa ao" (cyee opyoe a opoo c paepo epa 00,2 ), yoeope peoa OCT 20910, opaoa aoxpoo aaaop M-2201 OAO "ayy" (.

Cepaa) o T 38.103544-89. Xec coca coca aoee pee a. 1,2. Bop ax aoee oycoe a x coca cocao, a op ooe oo cooa aoeoe a pyx ocax cax.

Taa Xec coca aoee Tooooa Coepae, % oaa Al2O3 SiO2 Cr2O3 TiO2 CaO MgO Fe2O3 Co K2O Na2O .. ao 39,12 54,82 0,98 0,70 0,38 4,00 a op- aoo e- 89,16 1,96 0,60 3,29 1,68 0,80 2,51 poopya Opaoa aaaop 71,60 12,03 12,10 0,70 1,3 0,76 0,32 1,M- Taa o-exaece coca cxox aepao Haca o- ea o- OeyopMaepa oc, /3 epxoc, c2/ oc, C 1460 ao opoo p. 05 ao oooo 1300 2500...3000 a opaoo 1500 1100 epoopya Opaoa aaaop 1145 2145 M-p poee o-xecx cceoa oe eepaypx epao aox pepae pec epeao-epec aa, a aeeo yoe aooo cocaa peeoao aa -cepoco. o-exaece apocoe coca (ooc, pee pooc p ca, ycaa, ocaoa pooc epocooc) opeec caap eoa.

oecee e ypcepoo oea apa (e oe pea 5%) oeco opao oo cep o ycaoeo a ypoe 6 . Bce cepe pooc c cooae eoo aeaecoo apoa cepea, a aeaoc oyex a BM oee oeaac aee o ee pep epa.

Ocoe peya cceoa. oye cyeo cooecye aoc ca peapeo paoac o ooc 1,5 /c3 ceaac pax coooex c O. B aee poecce papao opoao aoopocao oo cceoac ocoe oaae pea aoec cepcoo a cyeo. o ycaoeo, o acaa eepaypa caopaopea cec cocae ce 130oC (o ocaoo opaoa epo oo), aoe pe aaa ecoo aoec - 3 . C yeee coepa cec co (o ec, aec, c yeee cee aee oopoa opo ae oeye co) oaec eepaypa yeaec pe aaa ecoo aoec cyeo c ae. p ee 3...5% aeo yp ye opayec epa opca acca. Haoee exoo ec cyee c coooee O :

AC = 50 : 50, oopoe cooaoc aee. o oe coacyec c a, oye paee paoax, ocex cceoa aoeoa a ocoe AXC aoaocaoo cyeo.

e coooee cxox ooeo cyeo oeco aeo yp, oo eo peypoa pe aaa aoec cyeo c ypo, eepaypy caopaopea ecoc cya. B peyae oo ypa coca oo ooc pooc.

o-xec eoa cceoa aepee aoopocao oo ycaoeo, o oce epe ee coca pecae aop poocaa opa a, a ae o oeco e popeapoax ac a. B poecce aeeo apea pocxo epaa opaoae poocaa a (e 270oC), ae epaeaocaa op A. oe poya epecx pepae p apea o 1300oC c oeyope coee, peyeceo AlPO4 pcoaooo a eoe oeca opya. caoeo, o pcyce coee opa pecye opaoa pcaecx a (poy pea oe ocac aop), o oae pooc oo.

p oope cocao apocooo ocaoo aoeoa cceoaoc e cee aee cyeo, o-epoo (/T) ooe oeca cepcoo a. pa yco p:

cyae oceyee epee eee 1030 e epoopao, a ce caopaopea cec;

eepaypa pee aoeoa ce 1300oC p cpee ooc 500800 /3;

ooe cpeo cec o ocy ee, oecea oyee aepaa c aao cpee ooc p acax aex pooc p ca oce epe apea o 1000C.

B aece ocox apaepo, x a yaae coca, pa ceye:

pacxo c e /T ooe;

pacxo aoopaoae cepcoo a;

coooee oooox aoee.

pee ee yaax apaepo p o peyaa paee poeex a pao c yeo ax, ye ecx pyx co aaoo aoc. ae c cooae eoo aeaecoo apoa cepea pacca pepeccoe acoc, oeceo ocae (ooo opo cee) e /T ooe coepa cepcoo a a cpe ooc pooc p ca aoeoa. B aece pepa oo pec o peea pooc p ca ooc, ocpoee o pepeccoo acoc (pc. 1). Coocaee oyex acoce pa oae coca, xapaepyec aoe pooc p ca p aax ypox ooc. B peyae poeex cceoa papaoa coca aoopocaoo aoeoa co cpee ooc 600, 700 800 /3 (o cooecye apa D600...D800 o OCT 20910) a ocoe opyox oxoo c oao 20 % opaoaoo aaaopa M-2201. p cooa aece aoee aoa c oao opaoaoo aaaopa oye aoeo c ooc 500700 /3 (ap D500 D700).

B aee papaoax cocao aoeoa cceoa o-exaece apocoe coca. yee e pooc p ca poecce apea apocooo aoeoa a opyoo aoee (p cpee ooc 600 800 /3) oaao, o oce cy pooc opacae.

o a) ) Pc. 1. Be oeca c cepcoo a a cpe ooc pee pooc p ca apocooo ocaoo aoeoa a aoe: a) - o cpee ooc (/3); ) - o pooc p ca (Ma).

o 2,03,1 Ma. p oceye apee epae eepayp 2001400oC oa eec eaeo, oac o 1,5...2,5 Ma oo p 1600oC.

Ocyce ppoca pooc oo oc e, o ceae aaec p oee cox eepaypax. B eo aa ocaoo pooc pepo cooecye ocaoy aoeoy a aaox aoex AC AXC. Tepocooc oaec o epe yee cpee ooc eoa acoc o e ocee cocae 1025 oyx eoce (a. 3). Haoa epocooc (p ooc 800 /3) 30 eoce ae peae acay apy o epocooc (T225), ycaoey ecx eoo o OCT 20910.

yoe poecco, poeax opyoo aoeoe p apea, poee ooee o-xece cceoa. cxoa oo coco aoe aopx ocao.

Taa Coca aoeoa a opyoo aoee Hoep cocaa Xapaepca 1 2 1 ooc oce cy, /3 600 700 2 Mapa o ooc ( OCT 20910) D600 D700 Dpee pooc p ca epe 4 aca 3 1,9 2,3 2,oce ooe, Ma pee pooc p ca 4 2,0 2,5 3,oce cy, Ma pee pooc oce apea o pee1,7 2,0 2,5 o eepayp pee, Ma Teepaypa ycaa p peeo ee6 0,90 0,81 0,paype pee, % 7 Ocaoa pooc p 800C, % 100 100 Tepocooc p 800C, oye 10 23 eoce / apa o epocooc T210 T220 T9 Oeyopoc, C 1700 1740 oe eoo epecoo pac- 10 pe epae o 20 o 1000C, 7,21 7,52 7,pa-1 10-oe eopoooc p 20C, 11 0,22 0,24 0,B/ 12 peea eepaypa pee, C 1600 1600 acc eoa o peeo oyco e13 16 16 epaype pee o OCT poecc, poeae p apea, oo oe oca ceye cxeo:

Al + -Al2O3 + aope pooca a opa 200C Al + -Al2O3 + aope poy epaa + Al(PO3)3 (op A) 560C Al + -Al2O3 + Al(PO3)3 (op A) + AlPO 700C -Al2O3 + Al(PO3)3 (op A) + AlPO 1000C -Al2O3 + AlPO4.

oca opa coepac oe eox oecax e oac ea, x opae a peeopaax paec e a oe opae aoe ecx opae coee a.

Paoa eepaypa pee, aaea o ee 2%-o yca, cocae 1600oC.

cceoae e ee pooc aooo aoeoa oaao poc pooc oce cy o 2,0...5,0 Ma. p oceye apee o 400, 600 800oC pooc eec eaeo, ape o 1000 1200oC oaa eoopoe ee cee. p 1400oC opacae ycaa, aeo oaec pooc, o oco aao cea. Poc pooc p apea ocec ae oe aoc aoe (aoa), e opyoo aoeoe. Tepocooc aeo e, e y opyooo eoa 13oyx eoce y aoeoa (o ec ap T210... T230, c. a. 4). oyee peya cooecy coca aoeoa a ocoe AC. caoeo, o eepaypa pee aoeoa cocae 1400oC apo D500, D600 1500oC - p ooc 700 /3.

Papaoa aoeo peocxo aao aepa a ocoe MC cooecye o ce oaae aoeoy a AC.

Ha ocoe AC ooe e apocooo ocaoo aoeoa o ceoapex ee Pocacoo ceooo aoa Taa Coca aoeoa a aoo aoee Hoep cocaa Xapaepca 1 2 1 ooc oce cy, /3 500 600 2 Mapa o ooc (OCT 20910) D500 D600 Dpee pooc p ca 3 1,9 3,0 4,epe 4 aca oce ooe, Ma pee pooc p ca 4 2,0 3,1 5,oce cy, Ma pee pooc p ca oce apea o 5 2,5 3,7 6,peeo eepayp pee, Ma Teepaypa ycaa p peeo 6 0,7 0,5 0,eepaype pee, % 7 Ocaoa pooc p 800C, % 118 109 Tepocooc p 800C, oye 13 17 eoce / apa o epocooc T210 T215 T9 Oeyopoc, C 1620 1680 oe eoo epecoo pac10 6,8 7,1 7,pe epae o 20 o1000 C, pa-1 10-oe eopoooc 11 0,11 0,14 0,p 20 C, B/ 12 peea eepaypa pee, C 1400 1400 acc eoa o peeo oyco ee13 14 14 paype pee o OCT OAO CTA˻ ( Coec-ceoapa), ceooo aoa CMBO˻ (. yc-Xpyca) AO Apocpocepc (. epc).

e e oo pec opyeo oepxoc ye pea a ocay cy c oceye oo. oyee xoe pao ae cooa p cocae peoea o cocaa exoo pooe apocooo ocaoo aoeoa execx yco T 5713-046-00290038-2002.

Pace ooec e o ae AXC a aoopocay cy a epo 20002001 . coca 124587 py.

OE BBO 1. B peyae poeex cceoa a ocoe aoopocaoo cyeo, aoa opya c oao oxoo eex papaoa coca apocooo aoeoa co cpee ooc 500...800 /3 eepaypo pee 1400...1600C.

2. Papaoa opoae aoopocae oo, cyaec aepeae e epoopao a ce ao- eoee p poxoe pea ey cy aeo ypo.

3. caoeo, o pe aaa ecoo aoec aoopocaoo cyeo c cepc ae eepaypy cec oo peypoa coooee ooeo cee aee cyeo.

4. o-xec cceoa ycaoeo, o poecce apea papaoax opoax oo ax-o ecpyx e e aaec. oe poya oce apea o 1400C c cae oeyope coee -Al2O3 AlPO4 pcoaooo a.

5. caoeo, o eee cyee opo co cococye oe coepa e aoocao pecye opaoa pcaecx a.

6. caoeo, o ocoe o-exaece coca aoeoa oo peypoa /T ooee oeco cepcoo a.

Pacca pepeccoe acoc, oeceo ocae e /T ooe oeca cepcoo a a cpe ooc pooc p ca aoeoa. caoee aooepoc oo o ya apoco aoeo c aa coca.

7. C cooae oyex acoce a ocoe AC, aoa aa opaoo opya c oao aoxpoox oxoo eex papaoa coca apocooo aoeoa co cpee ooc 500.../3 (ap D500D800).

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