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Ha paax pyoc Maa Bap Aecapo APOCTO AOETOH HA OCHOBE AMOOPOCATHOO CBEO BCOOHOEMCTX OTXOOB HETEXM Ceaoc 05.23.05 "Cpoee aepa e" Aopeepa ccepa a cocae yeo cee aaa execx ay a - 2002 Paoa oea co ocyapceo eo execo yepcee apco ae AO Teooa.

Hay pyooe: oop execx ay, poeccop yee caep Pyceo.

Hay ocya: acye opeae PCCP aa execx ay cap ay copy Ao Aecap Hoae.

Oae ooe: oop execx ay, oe Heoceo op Bao.

aa execx ay ao Oe Aecapo.

Beya opaa ec a AO Coeocpo aa cococ 20 eap 2002 oa a acea ccepaooo coea 212.289.02 p co ocyapceo eo execo yepcee o apecy: 450062, Pecya aopoca, . a, y.ocoao, 1 C ccepae oo oaoc oee coo ocyapceoo eoo execoo yepcea.

Aopeepa paoca _ 2002 oa.

e cepeap ccepaooo coea eco O..

OA XAPATEPCTA PAOT Ayaoc pao. B oac pooca oeyopx apocox aepao oceee pe aeac ee oe peoa aecy peex apocox aepao, ce oep ea pacxoa oa. o ee aaec a Pocc, e oo ycyyec o co ooee poeoc, a a pyeo. Haoee epce y pee ao poe cac: o-epx aea opoocox yx oox oeyopo apoco eoo, p pooce oopoo e peyec o, ooo ooee e pyx paepo poo oeayp, a ae copaac cpo cpoeca; oopx peee eooox aepao, ao peya o cooa oopx ocaec p cox eepaypax. B c c oey ayaoc popea opoc papao ox apocox aepao eo cooeepaypo eoo o.

peee ecoo apocooo eoa ooe c oep ea opyay cpey e ca pacxo oa. B oe o ex eoo eo ooe e peyc ee ee oeyope aoe peee oo eoo aepaa acoee pe opaeo yo cpeo ao , a cece, coo cooc. Cyecye ecoo eo o (a pax yx). Haoy eepaypy pee ee aoeo a ocoe ocax cyx, cooae oopx oceee pe pacpec. Maepa a x ocoe oaa coo pooc, e cae coca poo epae eepayp, a paoa eepaypa oe oca 1800oC. pooe peee apocooo ocaoo aoeoa cepaec ocyce ocyx cooaecex cyx.

ae ceo coyc aoxpoocaoe (AXC) aoocaoe (AC) cyee. O oac coo cooc ( pooca AXC eoxo ee xpo). oee eea aocaa ca (MC) eee exooa e oe eoy xpae, a a coa cape (pcaa). poe oo, poy ee oepe oee eoa.

Ta opao, opoc pacpe cpeo a apocooo ocaoo aoeoa a ce cooa eex ocyx poex oxoo ox ocax co c eca aya. Oo oox apae ce ceecooc aea peex acoee pe pooce aoeoa co cpaeo eopoo, aeceo , o eaoao, ycaec poeoc aoopocao co (AC). Ooceo opoe cepce oeyope aoe oo e aeoo ce coc ae a poee oxo aeaeo cocaa.

e acoe pao ec papaoa a ocoe aoopocaoo cyeo coooecx poex oxoo apocooo aoeoa, epeeo e pee epoopao, co cpee ooc 500...800 /3 eepaypo pee 1400...1600C.

oce ocaeo e peac ceye aa:

cceoae ocox oaaee pea aoec cepcoo eaecoo a c AC;

cceoae aox pepae o-xecx poecco, poeax p apea opoax oo a ocoe AC cepcoo eaecoo a;

papaoa cocao aoeoa co cpee ooc 400800 /3 a ocoe AC, aoa opyox oxoo c oao coooecx oxoo pooca ceecoo ayya;

cceoae o-exaecx apocox coc aoeoa;

epee papaoaoo aoeoa opeeee eo exoooecx oaaee.

Haya oa pao:

ye ao coca pepae, poeae p apea opoax oo a ocoe AC cepcoo a;

cceoa o-exaece apocoe coca aoeoa a ocoe AC, aoa, opyox oxoo oxoo pooca ceecoo ayya;

ycaoe ocoe aooepoc ee o-exaecx coc aoeoa o coepa ocaoo cyeo cepcoo a;

a ocoe oyex aeaecx oee papaoa oae coca apocooo aoeoa, e ycyae ec aaoa o o-exaec apoco coca.

paecoe aee pao coco o, o papaoa apoco aoeo a ocoe aoopocaoo cyeo c ao opyo aoe co cpee ooc 400...800 /3 eepaypo pee 1400...1600C. aoeo ee coe o-exaece apocoe coca, cocoe ae yepoax eox apeao opoocoe aoe eoece oeyop apocoe eo a ocoe ex execx aepao. Oeo ocoeoc ocaoo aoeoa ec eo cocooc epe opoe cpo ececex ycox, e epoopao. oye aepa oaec o cooc o cpae c aoeoo a ocoe aoocaoo aoxpoocaoo cyx.

Papaoae coca aoeoa epea OOO AO (. ea), e ocyecec pooco e apocooo ocaoo aoeoa o ceoapex ee. Pace ooec e a epo 20002001 . coca 124587 py. e apocooo aoeoa a aoopocao cye cooa o ceoapex ee Pocacoo ceooo aoa OAO CTA˻ ( Coec ceoapa), ceooo aoa CMBO˻ (. yc-Xpyca) AO Apocpocepc (. epc).

Papaoa peoea o cocaa ocaoo aoeoa a ocoe aoopocaoo cyeo, aoa, oxoo pooca epoopya ceecoo ayya. oyee xoe pao ae cooa p cocae peoea o cocaa exoo pooe apocooo ocaoo aoeoa execx yco T 5713-046-002900382002.

Apoa pao. Ocoe ooe ccepa oaac:

a py coo a IV Meyapoo ceapoao cae o epocepee a poex pepx (ec, 1999);

a peoao ayo-paeco oepe Copeeoe cocoe epce cooa cpeo a eco oac (ec, 2000);

a peoao ayo-paeco oepe Cocoe pae cpeo a cpoycp eco oac (ec, 2001);

a eyapoo ayo-paeco oepe oooe cpoee aepa. Teop paa (ea, 2001);

a eyapoo ayo-paeco oepe oooe cpoee aepa. Teop paa (ea, 2002).

Papaoae aepa pecae a :

paco epeoao cae Te o. epocepeee ae (ec, 1998);

IV Meyapoo ceapoao cae epocepeee a poex pepx (ec, 1999);

Cpoeo cae eeoceoo coea occpo Pocc. (Eaepyp, 1999);

paco epeoao cae Te o. epocepeee ae (ec, 2002).

Aop aae:

coca peya cceoa coc opoax apocox ocax oo a ocoe AC cepcoo eaecoo a, epex e epoopao;

coca apocooo aoeoa a ocoe AC, aoa, opyox oxoo oxoo pooca ceecoo ayya;

peya cceoa o-exaecx apocox coc aoeoa a ocoe AC, aoa, opyox oxoo oxoo pooca ceecoo ayya;

peya ca eoo poex ycox exoooece oaae.

ya. Ocooe coepae pao oyoao 7 ayx paoax.

Oe pao. ccepaoa paoa coco ee, 5 a, ocox oo, coep 134 cpa aocoo eca, 18 pcyo, ay cco epayp 222 aeoa.

COEPAHE PAOT Cocoe opoca. B ocee o poo pae pooca apocox oeyopx aepao aeac ee oe o eoox aepao (peyeceo apocox eoo) cooeceo ce o eoyx oeyopx e.

cceoa apocox eoo ae cpae aa 1940-x . HCe c c aaec o oe ocpo exao oeyopo.

oo a pae eop pa pee apocox eoo CCCP Pocc ec .. Hepaco eo oa He, py cceoaee HCe, BHeopoee, BocO, T, MXT, OHXe, paHcpopoee, MC, C eoopx pyx opaax. Pao o oac eyc a pyeo.

B acoee pe poeo ycac poo pec apocoe eo a ocoe opaeea, oo cea, oecoo coooecoo eea. Paoa oeecex apyex cceoaee oaao, o ay apoco pooc coca oaa apocoe eo a ocoe ocax cyx.

epce apaee exoo apocooo eoa ec papaoa eo eooox paooce eoo eoa, ocoeo aoo eo a, a ec. o ooe cyeceo oo aepa, ca paep accy opaax ocpy , aoe, yea pacxo oa eox apeaax oep ea opyay cpey. oceee ocoeo ayao -a ocooo poca e a epooce. Haoee eo paooc eoo apocooo eoa ec ec. eo e peyc ee opoe paopoae oeyope opce aoe, ao aepae e eepaypx ape, oo oax a pae aoe eeoo a..

B HCe a ocoe o-yoca, aeo yp opoocopo co (O) papaoa aoooeo c ooc 500 /3 eepaypo pee 800oC. ocey paoa HCa o oaao, o a ocoe O, aoxpoocaoo cyeo execoo oea oo oy ec eo co cpee ooc 8001200 /3 eepaypo pee 1500C. Cepe eocaa, apy pacpocpaee oo aepaa, c ocoeoc exoo peee yxcao epoopao..

B 1970...80-x . paHcpopoee oye apoco oca aoeo co cpee ooc 4001000 /3 eepaypo pee 14001600oC. Eo oeo ocoeoc ec epee e epoopao, o ooe eo aa yc e paec o op paepo. Bcyae aepeae eoa ocyecec a ce ao- eoee o pe pea ey aeo ypo O ocao co (apep, AC, AXC MC).

Maca pooca aoo aepaa ee -a ocyc ocyx, eex cooaecex cyx (a ye oeaoc e, oo coyec AC AXC opo, a eea MC eexooa, poy ee oepe cpaeo eoa).

a oaae aa epaypx ax, ay coca oac cye a ocoe ox cox ocao (aoxpoocae, aoopocae pye). B aoe cee oae x caoc cooeceo cooc p xpae acao ooy cee aee, a aacy oeyopoc, eee pexaex aoo, ocoeoc Al3+ Cr3+. Tpexaee ao ocax aepaax cococy opaoa oee yopoeo cpyyp, o oae x pooc. peee coee xpoa eeaeo -a coo cooc o ooec coopae. poe oo, exoo pooe xpocoepax ocax cyx coa. ycaex poeoc co epec pecae aoopocaa. eco, o oe oo a ee ocoe oaa co o-exaec apoco coca. Boooc oye apocooo aoeoa a ocoe AC eoo caopacpocpaeoc oepecoo cea paee e paccapaac.

Ha ocoe aaa epaypx ax oo peoo, o ooa aea apocoo ocao aoeoe peex acoee pe co a ocyy eopoy AC c coxpaee cox apocox o-exaecx coc aepaa.

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