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B c c e, o papaoa xpeo ceapaop oaec o ocpy o caapx pooo, o peeo poec p cceoa a aopaopo ycaoe o ye pax aopo a pooeoc ceapaopa.

Heoxoo o y: e ae a a pooeoc ceapaopa; e aepa oepc apa, paee xoy xoy aep, a pooeoc ceapaopa; e eepayp oc a pooeoc ceapaopa; aooepoc ee ae cpe o paycy xoo aep.

Papaoaa eoa poee cepeo. Cxea aopaopo ycao peea a pc. 2.

o peyaa poex cceoa o yeo e ae a aepa apa a pooeoc ceapaopa. cepeao oye acoc pacxoa oc Gv o ae a p o a xoe aapa c ooepeo ycaoo ey xoo xoo aepa apa pax aepo. Heoope xapaepx acoce pee a pc. 3.

16 5 12 5E ! 21 Pc. 2. Cxea aopaopo ycao o cceoa peo xpeoo ceapaopa:

1- ao ao; 2, 5, 7, 9, 10, 12, 14, 24 pa; 3, 6, 11, 15, 16, 17, 18, 20 aoep, 4 ao ce;

8 eoc; 13 oc ce; 19 ceapaop; 21 a; 22 apao pa (coe);

23 epe cocy; 25 - opoa Gv, / Gv, / 10 20 30 40 50 d, 0 0,05 0,1 0,15 0,p, Pc. 3. acoc pacxoa oc Pc. 4. Be aepa apa epe ceapaop o ae a a pacxo oc epe ceapaop p tB=150C: 1 - d=40 ; 2 - d=50 ; D = 100 , p ae a 3 - d=60 p = 0,1 Ma Bce oyee cepeae acoc o c eepaypo tB = 1415C e cao pae poe xapaep (o ocoeo xapaepo oo, e aee a ocao 0,25 Ma). Ha aao yace x px (o 0,1 - 0,15 Ma) acoc pacxoa o ae paec poea oe ocaa ypaee Gv = np, (1) Gv e n = - oe, xapaepy e ee pacxoa Gv p paoy ee ae p.

oe n eec acoc o aepa oepc apae o 24 (d = 18 ) o 40 (d = 60 ).

acoc pacxoa oc epe ceapaop o aepa apa p oo o e ae a p = 0,1 Ma peea a pc. 4.

Opaoa cepeax ax acoc pacxoa oc Gv (/) o aepa apa d () c cooae eoa aex apao ooa oy eey acoc ceyeo a:

Gv = 0,5+1,566d 0,017d2. (2) a opya oe cooaa pacea pooeoc ceapaopa c D = 100 o ecoy (paoy) aepy apa d.

ooe ae cceoae pa ye pacpeee ae o paycy ooo aapaa.

oye cepeae acoc ee ae o paycy xoo aep ceapaopa aepo D = 100 yx apa c pa aepo oepc d, pa 50 60 . cceoa poee p epex aex a p: 0,05; 0,1; 0,15 0,2 Ma.

pc. 5 o, o xapaep ee ae o paycy aep oao pax d p ee p oaec py o pya yaca. Ha epo yace ( epae payco o 50 o 40 ) aaec peoe aee ae. Oc o oo xoo cpy xooo apya oo oe xoo aep. Bopo yaco ( epae payco o 40 o 19 p d=50 o 40 o 1315 p d=60 ) oaec eae eee ae. oceee oo oc caae e ooa oc ceapaope a opo yace. pe, ec p cox aex a (p=0,15 0,2 Ma) eyee aee yeaec, o p oex p eyee aee aae aae, a ae yeaec.

Ha pee yace ( epae payco, paee opo yaco o peeo, o oc aep, oa R 0) coa aaec peoe aee ae o ae, oo aocepoy.

Haee epe copooe ceo oaao, o ep yaco ooc aoe oc, opo yaco ee pay oc c ao ypo, pe oo aoy (oyy) ay.

0,p, Ma 0,3 0,0,R, 0 -0,Pc. 5. Pacpeeee ae o paycy xpeo aep ceapaopa D=100 p d= 50 ae a:

1 0,2 Ma; 2 0,15 Ma; 3 0,1 Ma; 4 0,05 Ma Aopo eopeec yeo pacpeeee ae o paycy aep oe o a, p o oyea ceya acoc:

2 Rx p = pn + x1- (3) 2 R2, e p, x cooeceo aee, ooc copoc oc a xoe ceapaop.

ypae (3) o, o p R = Rx caecoe aee pao Px.

p yee R o Rx o R- (pa oc c aoo ao (ao ypo)) caecoe aee yeaec, o oepaec cepea a. p pe ac oc oepc apa a acoc apyaec, a a ee oc o cpyaec cpa aeec a ee oc oceo apae c paee ac a R=const a cpee apa (p epexoe ac xoo aep xoy).

oyeo ae ypaee pacpeee caecoo ae o paycy aep aoo ae 1 1 1 R- Rx - =C1- ln, (4) cC2 px pc R R e px aee a xoe aoo a epaoo aaa oopa c payco Rx.

ocoe C1 C2 axoc pae C1=B-1/k; C2=(1/k)-1, e ea B = const ycaaae acoc ey ooc aee aoo xpe o payca pae ac peeax o R- o y (a oc pae); k oaae aaa.

Ec oc e coep pacopeoo aa, o ypaee (3) cpaeo oca poecca epeee ac oc c payca opyca xpeo aep o payca aooo xp RB.

Ec e oc coep pacope a (ap), a aee ace pac oc ao (apo) a eye payce paoeo oea xpeo aep ee ae a xoe aepy, o p ee pae o cpyaec cpa acy oe, oa eyee aee p cc o pac (o cooecye oce ace oc ooe a payce ooe ypo aa R). aeee pee oc oc pae ye copooac eee oc ypo aa. oeco ypo x paep ye yeac p epeee oc pae. Ha pae paea oc - ao (apoo) yp opayec co eoo o. o epoee c e a aea oc aeo yac o pa paea. ooc oc o oe ye yeac -a ee ao p epeee c payca R o RB, .e. ooc oc pae (3) cae epeeo eo.

Ha yace payco c RC o RB paaa cocaa copoc oo ooa ae yeac (a payce RB oa cae pao y), ocea cocaa ooa w yeaec o 0 (a payce RC) o acya (a payce RB).

o ece paea ae eepayp oc, coepaa ooe c pao eepaypo e, aae capc, cyeao e pocey oy (aoy ay) pa c pa eepaypa aaa e. B epoeo oe xpeo aep aec cpaa aooo ooa, o pee ooco eoopooc aooo ooa o paycy aep. oceee cyeceo e apy ee ooa aoo ype , ceoaeo, pacpeeee ae o eo cee.

Ta opao, ypaee (4) ocae pacpeeee ae aoo xpe c yeo ooco cpaa ooa.

Teopeeca acoc pacpeee caecoo ae o paycy xoo aep, ocpoea o opye (3), o a (=const) aoo a (aee a ooc aa =const) aeceo opaae cepeay acoc, a oeceo ecoo oaec o ee.

yee eepayp oc a pooeoc ceapaopa oaao, o oee eepayp oc c 5,5 o 15,0C yeae pooeoc ceapaopa c 78 o 60 /, .e. pepo a 23% (pc.

6).

paccapaeo acoc eae a o, o p poepoa aapaa ooo a eoxoo pa cxoe ae o ec xapaepca oc p o eepaype, p oopo ye paoa aapa.

epa aa ocea oo-poe ca xpeoo ceapaopa.

Ha ocoe aaa ocoeoce pao aopaopoo opaa a papaoaa ocpy oo-poeoo opaa xpeoo ceapaopa c ype aepo opyca D = 250 (pc. 8).

Gv, Gv, ;

/ / 0 0 0,05 0,1 0,15 0,2 0,25 0,3 0,p, Ma Pc. 6. acoc pacxoa oc Pc. 7. Be aepa apa epe ceapaop D=100 o ae a pacxo coo o epe ceapaa p d=60 eepaype op D = 250 p eepaype 76C oc: 1 5,5C; 2 15C opeee eoc papaoaoo xpeoo ceapaopa poee poee ca exax OAO "ayy" a HCH "Apae". opo apaepo pao xpeo ceapaoo ycao a pax peax a papaoaa cxea o xpeoo ceapaopa, oopa cooaac a ece poee ca.

o peyaa cepeax cceoa ocpoea acoc aepa apa a pacxo coo o (pc. 7).

Bo, o pacxo o epe ceapaop aae yeaec, a ae, ocy acya p d = 70100 , yeaec. Ta opao, oe oe, o ceapaopo aepo D = 250 D = 100 (c. peya aopaopx cceoa) yaae acoc e.

Heoope peyao ca exax OAO "ayy" pee a. 1.

B acoee pe xpeo ceapaop axoc a ycoo acoco ca HC-12 eeaooaeo ypae H Apae. Ceapaop copoa a xoo coo o HC c e ooc o e coo o epe aao ocee ac.

5 Pc. 8. Bxpeo ceapaop oc cox o o yeoopoo:

1 xoa aepa; 2 xoa aepa; 3 xoo apyo; 4, 6, 10, 11, 12 xoe apy; 5 aepa oa ex yeoopoo; 7 apaa; 8, 9 aep oa ex yeoopoo Taa Peya cepeo a OAO "ayy" Coepae ooea cec, % acc.

Cea xoe eooe d, G, e pax aao cec a xo- a - 3/ oca, % e xoe oce- cpepyo Aeo 1,21 1,20 1,78 1,25 1,Aeop 2,40 2,26 4,08 2,55 2,24 130 20 Boa 96,35 96,54 94,14 96,20 96,Aeo 2,62 1,48 17,50 2,04 1,Aeop 2,49 2,21 12,46 2,73 2,25 130 25 Boa 94,89 96,31 64,45 95,23 96,Aeo 1,98 0,27 6,00 1,98 0,Aeop 3,07 0,60 3,55 2,53 1,12 100 27,5 Boa 94,95 99,13 84,13 95,49 97,Aeo 0,63 0,17 3,58 1,25 0,Aeop 2,03 1,61 6,12 2,55 1,34 100 21 Boa 97,34 98,22 90,30 96,20 98,Aeo 1,57 1,07 67,75 28,73 1,Aeop 2,92 2,69 32,25 10,46 3,56 70 28 Boa 95,44 96,24 ce 60,81 94,Aeo 1,34 0,86 37,82 6,24 1,Aeop 2,83 2,4 14,41 4,76 2,75 70 27 Boa 95,83 96,74 47,77 89,00 96, p cax cepe 2001 oa eepaypa coo o cocaa 1416C, coepae e oe o 318 o 458 /. p x ycox xpeo ceapaop oaa coy eoc pao p poxoe epe eo oeo oepa e oe. Peya aao coepa e coo oe pee a. 2.

aaa peyao cepeo a OAO "ayy" oo cea ceye o.

1. Ceo aepa apa d peypoo pacxoa oc oo e poeoe coepae ooeo cec, opaeo aoo aaa (oceoo, cpeeo apyoo).

Taa Peya cepeo a HC 12 H "Apae" Peya aao, aep ae- poo- Cee Hoep / apa- e, eoc, oc, oa xo xo ep , Ma 3/ % 1 0,08 11,1 342 91 140 2 0,1 12 381 144 965 3 50 0,12 13,5 353 108 580 4 0,15 15 458 221 1408 5 0,2 16,8 362 125 416 6 0,08 11,1 318 89 164 7 60 0,1 12 406 172 212 8 0,15 15 347 105 203 2. Peo yeaec coepae aeoa poax, oopax epaoo oceoo aaa. To ec ca e, o ooe cec oeppyec a oc pae aooo (apooo) ypa. Paee a eopeec oocoaa oooc pacpeee ao pao ooc o paycy aep.

o peyaa cceoa a HC 12 H "Apae" oo cea ceye o peoea.

1. Bxpeo ceapaop ooe aeo oc o eepoyo coe o, copa coepae eepoyo a 73%. Ocaooe oeco eepoyo cox oax oaae ac co ceppoao coco, o ycpae aayae poyx aco yyae x oeopce coca.

2. Ha ocoa peyao oex pao oo peoeoa poepoae poeoo xpeoo ceapaopa.

OCHOBHE BBO 1. peoea eoa pacea eoepecx paepo oex eeo ceapaopa paopyeo ycpoca oopa epao ac aapaa ex yeoopoo e aoo a.

2. ye acoc pooeoc ceapaopa o xox apaepo ooa, aepa apa ocoeoc pacpeee ae o paycy xoo aep. oee eepayp oc a xoe ceapaop a 1C po ce pooeoc ceapaopa a 3% aaoe eepayp 6076C.

3. peoea eopeeca acoc pacpeee caecoo ae o paycy xoo aep c yeo caa (ee) ooc cpe a pae o aoo a (oopa aeceo oepaec peyaa aopaopx cceoa).

4. Bepe peoeo ya cepea (eoopooc) cpe aoo xpe o paycy ooa o xoo aepe ceapaopa. Oocoaa cooecya eopeeca acoc.

5. Papaoa ooe xpeo ceapaop aepo D = 250 pooeoc 30 3/ oopa coo o pacopx (aeo, aeop, yao) epacopx (yeoopoe a, ope, e) yeoopoo.

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