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oe opeec cxo ayeo coae peyao paceo o ypae coco c pa cepea a apx cece (PVT-ae ooaoo coco, coca a, axoxc paoec, ..).

B pee paee peac aa, cae c aaae ypae P pacey aooo paoec aoox cece.

B ayo-execo epaype oe apoo aoec (B) ey oo ooea ppox ao peoeyec pa, pa 0,5, pe o aee a e oocoaec, a peya pacea c a aee B oaa ecoy ooc. Oeo, o oe ooc pacea eoxoo ec yae B o c ooea ppooo aa.

opeee ae B aoee aco coy pep ceyx o:

N N 2 p p ; (3) F1 = w1 (i - i ) + w (i - i ) min i =1 i =p p N N i i ; (4) F2 = w1 1- + w 1- min i =1 i i i =N N p p F3 = w1 i - i + w i - i min, (5) i=1 i=e F1, F2, F3 - pep coocae cepeax pacex ap x; w1, w2 ecoe oe; i, i paceoe cepeap oe ae coc apoo a; i, i paceoe cepeaoe ae coc o a; N oeco cepeo.

B paoe opeee B cce "oa ooe ppoop o aa" pepx aece i, i pac cooeceo pacee p yi cepeae yi ae coepa apo o apoo ae, p p a aece i, i - cooeceo pacee xi cepeae xi ae pacopoc aa o ae. Pacee ae cocao opeec o ypae ea-Pocoa p T = const (.e. a N paoc oeco cepeax oe a oepe), ecoe oe pac oao, ocoy a ec a oepoae apoo, a o a.

peee paooo oxoa opeee B o pep (3) (5) oaao, o p ex aex B, p oopx ocaec y yoao, yoeopeo oepyec apoa aa oxo a.

oc o pepo. aae yoa oo aca e F = f1 + f2, e, c yeo paee px ooae, f1 xapaepye opeoc pacea aocoepa aa; f2 - opeoc pacea pacopoc aa oe; F cyapy opeoc pacea. cce "oa a" yoa (3) ee y F 1,17 10-5 p ae oea apoo aoec "a oa"C12 0,4 (ec "1" oocc ay, "2" oe), o e oe ee y f1 4,2110-6, p o aee f2 7,52 10-6, oa a y f2 3,82 10-8ocaec p C12 -0,1. o oaae, o p C12 0,4 pacea pacopoc aa ecoo pa aea o cpae c cepeao. p C12 -0,F 1,16 10-2, f1 1,16 10-2, .e. pacee ae aoc aa co pa pea cepeae. Ta opao, p cooa eoo B eooo oaoo xopoo pacca pacopoc aocoepae, ooy o peoeo o a B ey oeya aa o oeo apoo o a, . e. oo opeec y yoao (3) (5) a cya yo f1 f2.

B a. 2 pee ae paceo oax yo pepe (3) (5) aa, e ooaeo: CV - B aoo ae; CL B o ae. a o a.2, y yoao (3) (5) ocac p pax aex CV CL. Oea ooc cooa B, opeeex o (3) (5), oaaa, o ayee cooece pacex cepeax ax oec p cooa pep ya oocex eo. Hapep, cce "oa a" oy ooceo opeoc pacea aoc cpee cocae: p cooa CV, opeeex o (3), 11,2 %; o (4) 6,52%; o (5) 8,82 %; a pacopoc p cooa CL, opeeex o (3), 6,21%;

(4) 6,19 %; (5) 9,07 %. B c c a ocoe pep (4) c cooae oyoax ax apoocoo paoec p pax eepaypax opeee B apx cce "oa a".

Ha pc. 3 - 9 pee acoc oeo apoo aoec o eepayp, opeeee cceyex apx cce, ypae pepecc, ocae acoc.

Heoxoo oe, o cceyeo aaoe ae eepayp ae B ey oo aa e opaee ae o a (a cee cepooopoa).

pao (pc. 3 9) o, o CL c coo ooc ocaec poeo acoc o eepayp, o ec ya, ocoy pace oaa, o ae eoe ee CL e oo co a ooc paceo, o eoopx cyax oy pec pacxooc epaooo poecca.

Taa ae pepe (3), (4), (5) oa- p T=60 0C p T=71,1 0C ae o (3) o (4) o (5) o (3) o (4) o (5) f1 2,710.10-6 0,735 2,71.10-3 3,230.10-5 0,792 6,850.10-f2 1,658.10-8 0,152 1,41.10-4 2,375.10-9 0,131 1,153.10-F 2,726.10-6 0,887 2,85.10-3 3,23.10-5 0,923 6,97.10-CL -0,116 -0,116 -0,118 -0,098 -0,098 -0,CV 0,420 0,438 0,436 0,484 0,472 0,0,CV=15,568Tp3-122,22Tp2 +318,67Tp-275,0,0,2 CV -0,CL=0,4276Tp - 1,-0,CL -0,-0,290 300 310 320 330 340 350 360 370 Teepaypa, Pc. 3. acoc oeo apoo aoec ey oo aoo aoo (CV) o (CL) a o eepayp L V C, C 0,CV 0,0,CV=0,2652Tp- 0,0,0,CL=0,4552Tp- 0,CL -0,-0,-0,290 300 310 320 330 340 Teepaypa, Pc. 4. acoc oeo apoo aoec ey oo yec ao aoo (CV) o (CL) a o eepayp 0,0,CL=0,25Tp - 0,0,0,CL 0,-0,05300 310 320 330 340 350 360 370 380 390 400 410 420 430 440 -0,-0,-0,-0,-0,-0,CV -0,-0,-0,CV=3,0552Tp3-18,551Tp2 +30,04Tp-14,-0,-0,-0,Teepaypa, Pc. 5. acoc oeo apoo aoec ey oo cepooopoo aoo (CV) o (CL) a o eepayp V L C, C V L C, C 0,0,CV 0,CV=0,083Tp+0,0,0,CL CL=0,04755Tp-1,-0,-0,-0,300 310 320 330 340 350 360 370 380 390 400 410 420 Teepaypa, Pc. 6. acoc oeo apoo aoec ey oo eao aoo (CV) o (CL) a o eepayp 0,0,CV 0,CV=0,1735Tp + 0,0,0,0,CL CL=0,5435Tp - 0,-0,-0,310 320 330 340 350 360 370 380 390 400 410 Teepaypa, Pc. 7. acoc oeo apoo aoec ey oo ao aoo (CV) o (CL) a o eepayp V L C, C V L C, C 0,0,CV 0,CV= -0,1917Tp + 0,0,0,0,CL=0,6151Tp - 0,CL -0,-0,-0,310 320 330 340 350 360 370 380 390 Teepaypa, Pc. 8. acoc oeo apoo aoec ey oo poao aoo (CV) o (CL) a o eepayp 0,0,0,CV CV=0,0514Tp + 0,0,0,0,0,CL=0,628Tp - 0,-0,1 CL -0,-0,300 310 320 330 340 350 360 370 380 390 400 410 420 430 440 450 Teepaypa, Pc. 9. acoc oeo apoo aoec ey oo opa yao aoo (CV) o (CL) a o eepayp V L C, C V L C, C eoo cooa ypae eoxoo aa aae ae oeo pacpeee (kp) ooeo cec. Peoeoae pa aopa acoc opeee kp pey ooex apaepo, e opaey oac pee o ae eepaypa , poe oo, o oy cooac oo aox cece. Pacee ae aaoo pe kp ooeo aooo cec o peoeye cpaoax opya aeo ae o cpae c kp, peaae A.. Haoo.

Haoee o aa eoo pacea coyex opy poee A..Haoo. oyee peya pecae e a paecx acoce, o ec epaoa p poee paceo aox paoec cece ao o.

Opaoa ax ae oeo pacpeee apx cce "ooe ppooo aa - oa" c cooae eoa aex apao ocyecac o ypae B C D k = A + + +, (6) p P P2 Pe P aee, Ma; A, B, C, D - oe, ec ye peeo eepayp aa.

peaaea acoc (6), a cee oex cyae, ooe c oe pacpeee c ooc e eee 12%, o ec yoeope aa pee kp p poee paceo aox paoec aoox cece c cooae pax ypae coco.

B paoe poeeo cpaee pacex (o ypae P c cooae Cij =0,5 oyex paoe B) oyoax cepeax ax apoocoo paoec p pax epoapecx ycox ceyx aoox cece: H2O CO2 H2S CH4; H2O CO2 N2; H2O CO2 CH4.

Aa peyao cpaex paceo oaae, o cooae ooo ae B p pacee aox paoec po o opeoc (o 100 %) p pacee oepa ao oe. Tae eyoeopeo opeeec coepae apo o: oce cyae opeoc peae 30 %, a eoopx cyax ocae 90 %.

peee yx B ooo cyeceo oc ooc pacea oepa ooeo aoo, o aax. o a o ey cepea pace ae oce cyae e pea 20 %, a aoo a coca eee 10 %. Tae ao oe, o coepae apo o, paccaoe o aey, po ae pacxoe (o 70 %) c cepea a p a cec eyeoopox ooeo.

eep pae oce pee ypae coco P ccee "ppo a oa" p pee ceyx pocox aa:

- pepoceoe occaoee cxooo cocaa acoo cec c yeo cao o o a caapx oecx poaecx aooecax cceoa;

- poopoae aocoepa aa acox aox ycox;

- poopoae aocoepa aa oeo coecpoaec a ccee "co ca aocopa ce" epocox oyax.

aaa occaoe aaoo oeo acooo cocaa aooo cec peaec cey opao. p ecx acox epoapecx ycox cocae acoo apoo a eoxoo opee coepae o acoo apoo ae, coca acoo o a ope o apoo o a acoo cec.

pee o aa, poe ypae aox oepa ope Popa yco paeca eyece ooeo apoo o aax, coyec ee oo coooee: ooee oea o a oey ce cec acox ycox, pecaee coo aceoc opooo pocpaca cao oo S, ea oopo peoaaec eco:

NLzL S =, (7) NVzV + NLzL e NL oeco oe o oo a; zL oe cepxcaeoc o oo a; NV oeco oe apoo a; zV oe cepxcaeoc apoo a.

B a. 3 pee peya paceo occaoe cxooo cocaa aooo cec ceoacx aee peocoo Meeeo ecopoe. B aece cxox ax peocoo ecopoe pac: aae acoe eepaypa aee (T=31 C, P=11,86 Ma), S 0,3; coca yeoopoo ac apoo a ( o.

ox): N2 0,0124, CO2 0,0031, CH4 0,9826, C2H6 0,0015, C3H8 0,0004;

ecopoe Meee: T=35 0C, P=11,1 Ma, S 0,28; coca yeoopoo ac apoo a ( o. ox): N2 0,0129, CO2 0,0036, CH4 0,9815, C2H6 0,0017, C3H8 0,0001, C4H10 0,0002.

Taa Peya paceo o occaoe cxooo cocaa aooo cec o- peocoe ecopoee Meee ecopoee oe Coca, oe o aa oc o aa oc o H2O 5,898.10-4 0,9981 0,7787 7,48.10-4 0,9983 0,N2 1,239.10-2 1,457.10-5 2,737.10-3 1,29.10-2 1,37.10-5 2,44.10-CO2 3,098.10-3 7,319.10-5 7,399.10-4 3,60.10-3 7,39.10-5 7,39.10-CH4 0,982 1,749.10-3 0,217 0,9808 1,62.10-3 0,C2H6 1,499.10-3 6,0.10-7 3,312.10-4 1,70.10-3 2,15.10-6 3,22.10-C3H8 3,998.10-4 1,971.10-6 8,807.10-5 9,99.10-5 5,37.10-8 1,89.10-- - - C4H10 1,10.10-04 9,18.10-8 3,78.10-coy occaoe coca acoo aooo cec aax epoapecx acox yco, oo o x yco poca acoe poecc epeao oeca, o ce aocoepae aa x aox yco. oye coca apoo a cooecye cocay poy, ocyae cay. Ha pc. 10 oaao eee aocoepa ceoacoo aa peocoo HM aox ycox.

3,2,1,0,0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Pa., Ma Pc.10. Baocoepae aa aox ycox (Ta. =30 C) a coca aa, ocyaeo cay, oo pacca poecc oao oeca, oepye poecc aox epexoo aooo cec ccee "co ca aocope ce". Peya pacea aocoepa ceoacoo aa peocoo HM ycox ceapa pee a. 4.

Taa Baocoepae ceoacoo aa peocoo M ycox ceapa Pce, Baocoepae aa, /3, p Tce., 0C Ma 20 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 0,2919 0,2269 0,1994 0,1749 0,1530 0,1337 0,1161 0,1012 0,0,3354 0,2672 0,2404 0,2107 0,1870 0,1655 0,1465 0,1293 0,0,3159 0,2452 0,2154 0,1887 0,1650 0,1439 0,1232 0,1088 0,0,3673 0,2921 0,2655 0,2298 0,2037 0,1801 0,1592 0,1404 0,0,349 0,2705 0,2371 0,2079 0,1816 0,1583 0,1377 0,1195 0,0,410 0,3253 0,2920 0,2554 0,2261 0,1997 0,1763 0,1525 0,0,3967 0,3070 0,2692 0,2356 0,2057 0,1791 0,1557 0,1350 0,0,4694 0,3718 0,3333 0,2911 0,2574 0,2270 0,2001 0,1760 0,0,4698 0,3631 0,3181 0,2782 0,2427 0,2112 0,1835 0,1589 0,0,5588 0,4415 0,3952 0,3447 0,3044 0,2680 0,2558 0,2071 0,0,5936 0,4582 0,4012 0,3506 0,3056 0,2657 0,2307 0,1998 0,0,7077 0,5577 0,4985 0,4340 0,3826 0,3363 0,2954 0,2590 0,peae: cee aocoepae o ypae P; aeaee o acoc aea.

Baocoepae, / a.4 o, o aocoepae, paccaoe o aey, cea e, e paccaoe o ypae P. o oo oc cey:

acoc aea e yae coepae N2, a ae e, o ceoac a ee oocey ooc 0,56, oa a acoc aea peec ao c ooceo ooc 0,6.

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