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Taa Xapaepca co III IV acx pa c III c IV oaae 310-450C 360-425C 340-480C 380-440C epa a, C 140 65 140 Boc, /c 40C 20,93 19,43 60,32 58,50C 14,84 13,63 42,31 40,100C \ \ 7,74 7,oaae peoe, n d50 1,4968 1,4964 1,5052 1,Teepaypa aca, C \ \ 32 Taa Peya oc III aco pa pa 310-450C pa 360-425C oaae N-M yp- eo N-M yp- eo ypo ypo TP, C 90 115 72 89 113 paoc, pacope: c- 2:1 2,5:1 2:1 2:1 2,5:1 2:p o acce Teepaypa cpa, C 60 85 50 60 85 Bxo paaa, % acc. 61,0 58,6 48,6 62,0 58,8 48,oaae peoe, n d50 1,4788 1,4792 1,4790 1,4778 1,4780 1,Boc, /c 40C 20,06 21,02 20,45 17,81 19,77 19,50C 12,69 13,27 12,95 12,10 12,44 12,Taa Peya oc IV aco pa pa 340-480C pa 380-440C oaae N-M yp- eo N-M yp- eo ypo ypo TP, C 95 122 77 95 123 paoc, pacope: c- 2:1 2,5:1 2:1 2:1 2,5:1 2:p o acce Teepaypa cpa, C 60 90 50 60 90 Bxo paaa, % acc. 60,4 58,0 49,8 61,4 58,4 50,oaae peoe, n d50 1,4874 1,4874 1,4874 1,4862 1,4880 1,Teepaypa aca, C 35 36 36 36 37 Boc, /c 40C 40,39 42,63 43,66 40,05 44,69 43,50C 27,66 27,84 28,01 26,68 28,17 29,100C 6,31 6,36 6,47 6,21 6,66 6,B pee cep oo poee peya cceoa ppo ceaoo pacope a oaae poecca ceeo oc.

B Pocc o poeeo aeoe oeco pao, apaex a oee paeo cocooc pacopee (eo, ypypo N-M), y oae pax opaecx pacopee coee. Oao -a eocaoo eoc oao, x coo cooc, ocyc x poeoo pooca pyx p yaae pao e epc poeoe pooco. Ha a , pecae paecoe aee cceoae coca ceaoo pacope ypypo: N-M.

cxooo ca IV aco pa opeee TP cec ypypoa N-M o ce epae oepa. ae p eepaype, paoyao o ae TP, pao coooe pacope:

cp a poeea oopaa oca ca co ce cec pacopee ypypo:N-M. pc.3 o, o p pao coooe pacope: cp (2,5:1) oyac paa c pao yo oc.

% acc. n50d 70 1 1, TP,C 1, 130 65 1, 2 1, 115 1, 1,95 100 % 0 (ypypo) 0 100 % ( N-M ) Pc. 3. acoc peyao cpa ca IV aco pa cea pacopee p pao coooe pacope:

cp:

1- xo paaa; 2 - TP; 3 - oaae peoe B aex cceoax coooee pacope: cp opaoc a opao, o oyc paa pao y oc (n50d = 1,4918). pc. 4 oo e, o a po TP pacope ypypo: N-M oeaec xapaep yaco A-, cooecy coepa N-M o 0 o 40 % (acc.), a oopo eee TP paec e pocxo. Aao yaco aaec a po coooe pacope: cp.

% acc. paoc 70 1 3, TP,C A A 2, 130 A 2 2, 115 1, 1,95 20 100 % 0 (ypypo) 0 100 % ( N-M ) Pc. 4. acoc cpa ca IV aco pa cea pacopee p pao ye oc:

1- xo paaa; 2- TP; 3- coooee pacope: cp o acce Bo ce epae coooe ypypo: N-M aaec oee co xo paaa, e p oce ypypoo N-M. p a yace A- aaec aoee yeee xoa paaa. Ceoaeo, p cee pacopee ypypoa N-M a yace A- pocxo cepeec e yee xoa paaa, a opao a c peoo yee paeo cocooc ceaoo pacope.

B ao cyae p oae ypypoy N-M, oaaeo oee coo pacope cocooc, pacopa cocooc ceaoo pacope ocac paec eeeo. o oo oc oo e, o c oaeoe oeco N-M (o 0 o 40% acc.) cyae o aoece c ypypoo c opaoae accoao a c oopox ce oecx coee a c oopo-aeopx ce.

Opaoaec accoa oece coee oaa coo opoc p eeo eepaype a opa oey apoaecx yeoopoo. B peyae o ece yox c pocxo oee oe eee apoaecx yeoopoo, xo paaa p o oaec.

oyee ae oaa, o peee ceaoo pacope ypypo: N-M eo a a ocoe N-M, a a ocoe ypypoa. p oae ypypoa N-M oaec xo paaa, caec ypoe epoapa a peeepa pacope. p oae N-M ypypoy yyac exo-ooece oaae poecca ceeo oc ooece coca pacope.

B epo ae pee peya cceoa poecca eapaa paao. Xapaepca oyex oex paao pecaea a. 8.

Taa Xapaepca oex paao pa III paaa pa IV paaa oaae 340-490C 390-450C 350-500C 410-470C epa a, C 150 60 150 ooc p 20C, / 850,3 856,6 879,2 879,oaae peoe, n d50 1,4640 1,4632 1,4778 1,Teepaypa aca, C 32 32 36 Boc, /c 40C 21,14 20,55 \ \ 50C 14,70 14,58 26,42 26,100C 4,40 4,39 6,31 6, H 330 380 275 pao 5% 352 388 360 coca, C 50% 406 410 456 95% 458 438 498 468 452 512 epa cep oo a poeea c cooae paooo pacope M-oyo paao pooo yoo paooo cocaa III IV acx pa p pax peax. Pacope oaac o epoopao. Coooee pacope: cp oepaoc a ypoe 3:1(o.). Pacxo pacope a poy e aa - 100% o oy. Bayy oepac a ypoe 50 a. oyee ae pecae a. 9.

Taa Peya eapaa paao III IV acx pa M- oyoo III pa IV pa Haeoa 340-490C 390-450C 350-500C 410-470C Bayy, a 50 50 50 Teepaypa pa, C -18,0 -18,0 -18,0 -18,Coooee pacope: cp o 3,0:1 3,0:1 3,0:1 3,0:oy Teepayp pae eapa- 4,0 3,0 3,5 2,a, C eaca:

Teepaypa aca, C -14,0 -15,0 -14,5 -15,Bxo, % acc. 77,6 82,6 83,2 87,Boc, /c p 40C 24,03 25,17 45,40 48,p 50C 16,01 16,78 29,44 30, p 100C 4,69 4,75 6,89 7,ec oc 120 111 107 oaae peoe p 50C 1,4678 1,4676 1,4810 1,a:

Bxo, % acc. 20,6 16,4 15,6 11,Teepaypa ae, C 47,0 51,0 53,0 55,Toa e, . 6,5 5,0 6,0 4,Copoc pa, /. ac 1,358 3,934 2,202 5, ax a. 9 o, o p pax ycox eapaa epexo o paaa pooo paooo cocaa yoy ooe ye copoc pa 2 paa, xo eaca - a 3%. Teepayp pae eapaa (T) yeaec a 1-2 C.

a ocee o Pocc pyx cpaax oc epec aaec pa a pacope poecca eapaa. C e yye exo-ooecx ooecx oaaee poecca eapaa o peoeo cooae po: epeyo p (MT) opoo p (). B c c o opo cep oo cceoa a pa: aea (TA) . ax a.10 pc.5 oo e, o eepaypa e cceyex po aeo e, e y oyoa. o ooe cyae pee po ae oyoa c epeece apa a peeepa pacopee yy ooecoe coco pacope.

Taa Ocoe oaae aeca pacopee Haeoa M Aeo Toyo MT TA ooc p 20C, / 805,0 791,0 867,0 740,5 725,0 901,Teepaypa e, C 79,6 56,2 110,6 55,2 67,5 77,Teepaypa ae, C -85,9 -95,5 -94,9 -108,6 -85,9 -83,Boc aeca p 20C, 0,417 0,325 0,59 0,36 0,37 0,a. c aee acex apo p 9,93 24,64 2,91 44,63 21,06 9,20C, a (30C) o oe, D 2,76 2,72 0,37 1,36 1,64 1,Pacopoc p 20C, %acc.

- pacope oe 22,6 0,037 4,8 0,94 7,- o pacopee 9,9 0,034 1,5 0,87 2,Coca aeopoo cec, %acc. e o- e o- - pacope 89,0 paye- 80,4 pay- 95,53 91,- o 11,0 c 19,6 ec 4,47 8,peeo oyca oe- 200 200 50 100 1050 pa, / Tococ, acc IV IV III IV IV IV /100 8 1 2 4 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 Teepaypa, C Pc. 5. Pacopoc apaa (t = 52C) pax pacopex:

.

1 - oyo; 2-; 3- TA; 4-M aea a ocae o pae coca e ycyae paooy pacope M oee opaeo pacopec oe, ee oee aop coca aeopoo cec, o aeo ye cee ocy aoo pacope. aea ec oooa poyo, paaaec o OCT 8981-78 poo peec aece pacope pax opacx ex, cooc oopoo aeo e cooc M. ooy aea pecae paec epec c o pe ce cooc pooca, oe pec p eapaa paao.

opeee oaoo cocaa pacope aea: pooac eapaa paao III aco pa p coooe aea: epae cex oepa. oyee peya pecae a pc. 6.

% acc., /. ac 100 t ., C t ., C -25 1 50 -20 -15 -10 4 -5 10 0 100 % () 100 % 0 (TA) Pc. 6. acoc oaaee poecca eapaa o coooe TA: :

1 -xo eaca; 2 -eepaypa ae aa; 3 -eepaypa aca eaca; 4- copoc pa ax pc.6 o, o peaae pacope TA: = 60:40 (o.) o pacope paeo cocooc paec paooy pacope M: oyo (60:40 o.) oe peoeoa paecoy pee.

Tpe cep oo ocea cceoa ppo pacopee paooo cocaa paao a poecc eapaa. oyee peya pecae a. 11, 12.

Taa Peya eapaa paao III aco pa pa pacope pa 340-490C pa 390-450C Haeoa Aeo Aeo M TA Aeo Aeo M TA : : : : : : : :

MT oyo oyo MT oyo oyo Coca pacopee o o- 40:60 40:60 60:40 60:40 40:60 40:60 60:40 60:y Teepaypa poa, C -18,0 -18,0 -18,0 -18,0 -18,0 -18,0 -18,0 -18,Teepayp pae ea- 3,0 3,0 4,0 2,5 2,5 3,0 3,0 2,paa, C eaca:

Teepaypa aca, C -15,0 -15,0 -14,0 -15,5 -15,5 -15,0 -15,0 -16,Bxo, % acc. 79,6 76,4 77,6 75,6 82,2 82,4 82,6 80,Boc, /c p 40C 23,60 26,09 24,03 24,03 23,97 24,41 25,17 25,p 50C 15,67 16,41 16,10 16,41 16,59 16,53 16,78 17,p 100C 4,56 4,66 4,69 4,56 4,61 4,71 4,75 4,ec oc 106 98 120 107 108 116 111 oaae peoe, n d50 1,4686 1,4680 1,4678 1,4678 1,4678 1,4676 1,4676 1,a:

Bxo, % acc. 19,0 21,2 20,6 21,0 16,6 15,0 16,4 19,Teepaypa ae, C 48,0 46,0 47,0 45,0 51,0 51,0 51,0 50,Toa e, . 7,0 7,0 6,5 6,0 6,0 5,0 5,0 6,1,567 1,304 1,358 1,449 3,457 3,565 3,934 3,Copoc pa, /.ac Taa Peya eapaa paao IV aco pa pa pacope pa 350-500C pa 410-470C Haeoa Aeo Aeo M TA Aeo Aeo M TA : : : : : : : :

MT oyo oyo MT oyo oyo Coca pacopee o o- 40:60 40:60 60:40 60:40 40:60 40:60 60:40 60:y Teepaypa poa, C -18,0 -18,0 -18,0 -18,0 -18,0 -18,0 -18,0 -18,Teepayp pae ea- 3,0 4,5 3,5 2,0 2,0 2,0 2,5 1,paa, C eaca:

Teepaypa aca, C -15,0 -13,5 -14,5 -16,0 -16,0 -16,0 -15,5 -17,Bxo, % acc. 76,8 83,8 83,2 81,6 85,0 88,0 87,6 86,Boc, /c p 40C 47,57 47,29 45,40 48,79 49,59 49,59 48,19 50,p 50C 30,12 30,17 29,44 30,76 31,03 30,71 30,40 31,p 100C 7,18 6,81 6,89 6,95 7,16 6,84 7,04 7,ec oc 112 98 107 99 100 90 102 oaae peoe, n d50 1,4800 1,4814 1,4810 1,4815 1,4798 1,4812 1,4812 1,a:

Bxo, % acc. 21,6 13,6 15,6 17,8 14,4 11,4 11,4 13,Teepaypa ae, C 49,0 52,5 53,0 51,0 52,5 54,0 55,5 53,Toa e, . 9,0 6,0 6,0 8,0 7,0 4,0 4,0 5,1,754 2,328 2,202 1,567 4,794 4,075 5,033 3,Copoc pa, /.ac ax a. 11 o, o c cooae paao III aco pa p pax ycox eapaa paaa pooo paooo cocaa ao xo eaca aoa copoc pa aaec p cooa pacope aeo - MT.

p eapaa paaa yoo paooo cocaa xo eaca c pao eepaypo aca (-15C) cex epx pacopee paec oao. Oao aoa copoc pa aaec cyae pee pacope M- oyo.

p eapaa paaa yoo paooo cocaa cex epx pacopee, o cpae c paao pooo paooo cocaa, aaec peoe ( 2 oee paa) yeee copoc pa. Bxo eaca p o yeaec a 2-5%, aaec eoopoe yeee T.

ax a. 12 o, o p pee paao IV aco pa oyee peya peyaa eapaa paao III aco pa.

Opaae a cee ae o a, o pcyc po pacope opayc pca px yeoopoo, oppyec a poao a oee pxe oca. Toa e p o aeo oe, a xo eaca cooeceo e, e cyae pee eo - apoaecx pacopee.

B o ae a papaoaa peoea exoo oye aox x ace yoo paooo cocaa peea oea exoooecoo ea ceeo oc eapaa eoo cp yoo paooo cocaa.

Ha aapae APH-2 o oyeo a aopaopx opaa x aox ace yoo paooo cocaa c peea a 50-70C. Opae 1 oye p paoe aca MC-8, opae 2 oye p paoe eaca III aco pa, ocoe oaae aeca oopx pecae a. 13.

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