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Ha paax pyoc Ba BHE PAOHHOO COCTABA MACHX CTTOB HA OAATE POECCOB POBOCTBA HETHX MACE Ceaoc 05.17.07 X exoo o ceax poyo ABTOPEEPAT ccepa a cocae yeo cee aaa execx ay a 2002 Paoa oea co ocyapceo eo execo yepcee.

Hay pyooe oop execx ay, poeccop Oo ae eoe.

Oae ooe: oop execx ay Hay Pa ao;

aa execx ay aapea Ceaa Bacea.

Beya opaa ocyapceoe yapoe pepe cy eexepepao.

aa cococ 06 eap 2002 oa 15 00 aco a acea ccepaooo coea 212.289.03 p co ocyapceo eo execo yepcee o apecy:

450062, Pecya aopoca, . a, y. ocoao, I.

C ccepae oo oaoc oee coo ocyapceoo eoo execoo yepcea (HT).

Aopeepa paoca 05 op 2002 oa.

e cepeap ccepaooo coea Aye ..

OA XAPATEPCTA PAOT Ayaoc e. B acoee pe a oce pocccx H oo-acoo po aepac pao o oepa ycaoo ABTM, oaeo ac oopx ec oopyoae ayyx oo peyp acaa. B c c oac oooc oya ace c yoo paooo cocaa c peea a 50-70C ae co pooo paooo cocaa c peea a 120-160C. B Pocc oeo aeoe oeco pao o cceoa paooo cocaa acx co a eoc poecco x oc (Boececa.B., epoyo H.., ao.., Apao C.., oec .O., oo C.B., Coeo T.., Hay P.., ooape.A. p.). Oao e ppo pacopee a oaae poecco ceeo oc eapaa eoo cp yoo paooo cocaa cceoao eocaoo.

Oopeeo c oepae ycaoo ABTM pocxo cyecee ee poeccax ceeo oc. O ax ee ec aea eoa a N-eppoo (N-M), oaa y pae ooec coca.

p pooce ex ace poecc cpa eoo cp e ypa coeo ae. cceoae papaoa ox oee ex pacopee poecco ceeo oc eapaa ocac eca ao poeo.

Cyee paooo cocaa acx co oaae ooe e a aeco aox ace. aoe aca, pooee c cooae acx co yoo paooo cocaa, xapaepyc yye cyaao ooec coca. cceoae paooo cocaa acx pa a aeco aox ace ec ayao aae pecae oo paec epec.

Paoa oea paax eoo aaa-apa o eaecoy ay HP HT a 2000-2001 . Mcepca opaoa P; eyoco ayo-execo popa oecoe peee poe papao, pacopa yoo epepao e aa (1998-1999 .).

e pao. cceoae paooo cocaa acx co ppo paex pacopee a oaae poecco pooca aeco aox ace.

Haya oa. 1. Papaoaa eoa coocaeoo aaa ceeo oc co pooo yoo paooo cocaa y cocae oex co c pa ypoe oc, oopa ooe oee oeo oe eoc poecca oc co yoo paooo cocaa.

2. caoeo, o p pao ypoe oc oee c pooo yoo paooo cocaa oaa pao peco eepaypo pacope (TP) pa oaaee peoe.

3. caoe cepeec e yee xoa paaa p cooa ceaoo pacope ypypo: N-M. Bo ce epae coooe yaax pacopee aaec oee co xo paaa, e p oce ypypoo N-M. Maca cepeec e aaec p cocae pacope ypypo: N-M = 60:(acc.). Bxo paaa p o yeaec a 4-6% acc.

4. caoe e epecc eepayp aca eace yoo paooo cocaa, oyex p paoe eace pooo paooo cocaa, aac o, o eepaypa aca oyex eace e eepayp aca cxooo eaca (coeco c Maao M.T.).

paeca eoc. cceoao e paooo cocaa acx co ppo pacopee a oaae poecca ceeo oc. oaao, o xo paaa yoo paooo cocaa yeaec py pacopee eo ypypo N-M.

cceoa peoe cea pacope ypypo: N-M, peee oopoo ooe yya exo-ooece ooece oaae poecca ceeo oc.

cceoao e paooo cocaa paao ppo pacopee a oaae poecca eapaa. oaao, o c cooae peex pacopee copoc pa p eapaa paao yoo paooo cocaa yeaec 2-2,5 paa, a xo eaca - a 2-5 % acc.

peoea exoo oye x aox ace yoo paooo cocaa y pao eace pooo paooo cocaa.

peaaea exoo ooe oya e aoe aca a 3 (5W) 4 (10W), oeae peoa OCT 17479.1 85 SAE J300 DEC 99 o oco-eepayp coca.

Apoa pao. Ocoe ooe peya pao oaac a II Meyapoo coye Haya exoo yeoopox cepcx cce (. a, 2000 .); III opecce eeaopoeo Pocc Heeepepaoa eex: poe epce (. a, 2001 .); Bcepoccco ayo-execo oepe Hee oa oo (. a, 2002 .).

ya. Peya cceoa oyoa 3 cax 6 ecax oao.

Cpyypa o ccepa. ccepa coco ee, a, ox oo cca cooao epayp, aeo 104 aeoa. Paoa oea a 148 cpaax aocoo eca, coep 17 pcyo, 73 a 3 poe.

Aop paae yoy paeoc opoy aoapoc coey ayoy pyooe poeccopy Ooy ay eoey oey aopaop caox aepao HT a oaay oepy coece paoe.

COEPAHE PAOT B epo ae a aa cyecye exoo pooca caox ace. cxo aaa epaypx coo copypoa ocoe peoa aecy acoo cp.

Paccope peypx acao, oope coyc peocpy ayyx oo ycaoo ABTM. oe ee apaee peocpy ycaoo ABTM. a ocee peya peocpy ayyx oo poex ycaoo ABTM Pocc ae.

oaa y coepecoa poecca ceeo oc yx cx pa. a aa ppo pacopee (eo, ypypo N-M), exoo oopyoa poecca ceeo oc. Paccope oyoae peya cceoa o paooo cocaa acx co a oaae poecca ceeo oc.

aa y coepecoa poecca eapaa paao yoo paooo cocaa. Paccope cyecya exoo eapaa peee pacope. a aa ocox aopo, x a eoc poecca eapaa. Coocae peya poeoo poea ycao eapaa axacoo H aco Hapoo Pecy.

a aa aeeo oe aeca ex ace c cooae aox ace yoo paooo cocaa. oaao e paooo cocaa cx ace a aeco oopx ace.

B cooec c eoe copypoa aa, peaee ccepaoo paoe:

- papaoa ayo oocoao eo oe eoc poecco ceeo oc eapaa eoo cp pooo yoo paooo cocaa;

- ycaoee eoc ceeo oc eapaa eoo cp yoo paooo cocaa acoc o ppo peeoo pacope;

- oc oea eoc ox pacopee ceeo oc acx co eapaa paao;

- oyee aox ace yoo paooo cocaa y pao eace pooo paooo cocaa.

Bo opo ae a oe eo cceoa. O pooc aopaopx ycox c cooae eoo cp, oopaoo c ycaoo OAO Hoo-c Hǻ. Bce cp oopa o peocpy ycao ABTM-9 xapaepyc po paoo cocao (140-190C). Ocoe oaae oyex co, paao eace pecae a. 1.

Taa Xapaepca cceoaoo cp c Paa eaca oaae III IV III IV II III IV 1 ooc p 20C, / 909,7 905,9 921,4 856,0 876,2 853,6 855,0 880,Boc, /c 40C 56,22 38,44 100,5 23,92 86,72 11,72 27,70 55,50C 34,21 24,58 60,99 16,64 32,08 8,55 19,67 36, 100C 7,16 5,85 10,34 4,84 7,29 2,88 5,19 7,oaae peoe, 1,503 1,508 1,507 1,467 1,478 1,467 1,465 1,n d50 2 8 4 0 2 0 2 Teepaypa c 204 197 221 205 217 165 204 opo e, C Teepaypa aca, 31 18 33 34 38 -55 -21 -C H 318 304 340 345 390 298 337 10% 354 344 375 372 412 334 385 pao 30% 388 392 412 395 438 358 405 coca, C 50% 420 412 440 420 470 378 420 70% 449 440 464 435 490 400 439 90% 486 469 502 468 512 420 470 500 498 535 494 530 465 482 p oce co cooa cpaop epoecoo ec. Oca pooac oy cye cpa, a ae p cye o cxee Ha Xaepa. p eapaa paao cooa pop epoecoo ec, cocoe oxaeo a, opo xepa o yea. Aa cp oyex poyo oe cooec c peoa OCTa a eo opeee e eepoyo.

B pee ae poc peya cceoa poecca ceeo oc acx co pae pacope.

Oea cceoa oee c III IV acx pa, oyee o ceye eoe.

cxo c a aapae APH-2 paeec a 5-payce 10-payce pa. ax pa aacoo coooe cocac oe c pooo paooo cocaa c peea a 140-160C oe c yoo paooo cocaa c peea a 50-70C a opao, o x oc p caapo eepaype (50 100C) a pao. p cocae oeoo ca pooo paooo cocaa e coyec epa (ooa) pa ocao, ocac ye aapaa. Ha pc. 1 2 pecae epae epeae pe pao oyex oex co.

C 470 450 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 % acc.

Pc. 1. epae pe pao oex co:

1 pa 320-470C; 2- pa 360- 450C; 3- pa 380-430C pecaex ax o, o cpee eepayp e oex co aeo oac. o ocec pa coepae 5-paycx 10-paycx pa, o, a o epeax px pao.

% acc.

20 310 330 350 370 390 410 430 450 470 480 C Pc. 2. epeae pe pao oex co:

1 pa 320-470C; 2- pa 360- 450C; 3- pa 380-430C oye ocoe oaae aeca oex co (a. 2). Bo, o oee c pooo yoo paooo cocaa oaa pa aee TP pa ( eca ) oaaee peoe. o yaae a o, o o oaa pyo yeoopo cocao.

Taa Xapaepca co III IV acx pa c III c IV oaae 310-430C 360-425C 340-480C 380-440C epa a, C 120 65 140 Boc, /c 40C 26,74 27,15 58,83 62,50C 17,79 18,16 36,21 41,100C \ \ 7,41 7,oaae peoe, n d50 1,4972 1,4968 1,5060 1,Teepaypa aca, C \ \ 34 cxo oyex ax oca oex co N-M pooac pax ycox, ae pooac pxcyeaa oca o cxee Ha Xaepa (a. 3 4). oyex ax o, o p epexoe o ca pooo paooo cocaa c peea a 140-160C cy yoo paooo cocaa c peea a 50-70C xo paaa pao y oc yeaec a 5-7% p oocyeao oce a 2-3% p pxcyeao oce.

Taa Peya oc co III aco pa Paa III aco pa oaae 310-430C 360-425C paoc, N- M: cp 2:1 2:TP, C 86 Teepaypa cpa, C 60 50 60/55/50 60 50 60/55/Bxo paaa, % acc. 58,4 61,8 56,0 64,0 67,9 58,Boc, /c 40C 20,25 21,43 18,64 20,27 22,02 18,50C 14,35 15,27 13,39 14,35 15,45 13,oaae peoe, nd50 1,4784 1,4794 1,4720 1,4786 1,4792 1,Taa Peya oc co IV aco pa Paa IV aco pa oaae 340-480C 380-440C paoc, N- M: cp 2:1 2:TP, C 89 Teepaypa cpa, C 65 60 70/65/60 65 60 70/65/Bxo paaa, % acc. 52,4 57,8 56,8 57,8 61,8 59,Teepaypa aca, C 37 37 38 37 37 Boc, /c 40C 39,16 42,79 37,72 39,90 41,31 34,50C 26,65 28,74 25,89 27,10 27,31 23, 100C 6,32 6,75 6,36 6,39 6,41 5,oaae peoe, n d50 1,4836 1,4840 1,4776 1,4830 1,4838 1,Bopa cep oo pooac c cooae px paox pacopee (eo, ypypo N-M). oyee ae pecae a. 5, 6 7. oyex ax o, o p oce co yoo paooo cocaa ao xo paaa oyaec cyae pee N-M. p o paa oyaec c oe yo oc.

p epexoe o pooo paooo cocaa yoy, cyae pee oo pacope (eo, ypypo N-M), xo paaa oaec, ae yyaec aeco oyeoo paaa. Haoee e ec N-M.

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