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Oco aaa a 1999 . co aeee pae pooca, pacpee accopea ycaeo poy cee ee ceecooc, copaee oopaaeoc oopox cpec, oeceee ycooo acooo coco oeca, pacpee pa ca c yeo coepeex aee o opeee oyee aacoo p a cyy . py. Accope ax eapcex peapao, poox OAO "aBTA" eeoo ooc 1999 . oc oee 60 aeoa C e pae, aeo, ay pacopo o aoax.

B 1996-1999 . pacpe accope eox peapao, ocoo a ce ocoe pooca ao py "B", "epoa", "aoa" p. Bae peapa o-peey aa popeoe eco cpyype pooca, a x pxooc 62% o oeo oea yca C. B eo a C pxooc ooo 95% o oeo oea pooca. Bycac ae eoope cyca - "aaa a", "oapoca poxop", "Meo", "ocopoc a", "ocopoc a". pepe, paee ee oepco apo, e aepeaoc opaac ceo eapce cpeca. Bo apae 1999 . apoao aa yc ooo eeo-aeoo peapaa "eppoeaoe".

C oe ac poy pep ocyecc Pecye aopoca, e poaaoc ooo 34 % poy, op py peoo ca c Ca-eepyp. Oco oyae c oepece p, oao aea o poa pxoac a ae.

2000 . oeaypa poy aoepoo oeca aa oee 70 aeoa peapao pax apaeecx py. popeoc yce ax peapao a coxpaea, 2000 . o coca oee 75 % o oeo yca C, o pe a C, co oepe, coca ooo 95 % o oea ce pooo poy.

Ha aoe ooe ae yeoc coepecoa yao ycaex eapcex cpec. C 1996 . ae pae yaoac o ao oepx aepao copeeoo aa c p caoec ea, o ooeo caaoc a yye oapoo a poy p ee ce. Paoa o ycoepecoa yao C pooaac ocoo. Tae ycac a e op, a ope eoo paepoa a ocoe caxapx oooe. aoa aeo pae pooac oepe a ecoc 30 60 , apoay oeo yay yaoy a "cep" aeo o e BX.

a 1996-2000 . pacpc accope eox peapao ayax, apoaoc eo aeee pacpee, . . a poy oyaac peyae aooxooo pooca, o eca ayao pep, axoeoc epe opoa. B 2000 . a B aoceppoax pooc e o, apyeoc ocox pooc cocaa 73,6 %.

p epepaoe opacyx oo oa, paco p, apo epooo pyx o ao paaa cpo, coepae ppoe ooec-ae eeca. pepe cao xoo co pyex pooee xo-apaeeco poeoc Pocc, cao aa pee 15-16 eco cpe 95 pep opac. o oa eeooeco eeoc aoa Coe peopo Meyapooo cya pox cceoa a pcy OAO "aBTA" apay "Meyapoa paoa ea", oopa pyaac pa oa a oee oypeococooc poy, peooee ec ypoee coeo ooe. occ ya opox p Epo, A, Aep, Ap pea ypaa "Mpoo po" paa OAO oeee oypca pcya eyapoy apay "a oepec pec".

OAO "aBTA" yceo copyao e oo c Boeo-Meco aaee (. Ca-eepyp), o co ceaca cya a AMH P, "HBao", pacoo H exoo ecx peapao apcoo ecoo yepcea. Peyao x opecx ce ac papaoa epee pa ox Pocc peapao, aex aea P: aeo "paa" - cpeca p pocyx aoeax, epa, pe, ooo yo o, oaaeo apooa pooocae coca; "eppoeaoea", coepaeo eeo, e, a "C", "B6" "Bc" cococyeo poae eeoeo ae y ee pocx; cpoa "ooo ap", eeo coe cocae 12 ao, poeeo eeo; oo (opoao) op acopoo co e, oopa oaec o paox pacopo ye coxpaoc yee cpoo ooc.

B 2000 . opya poy ocyecac o ce peoa Pocc.

oeo oea oo a epo c ap o cep 2000 . o opyeo poy: . Mocy 22,3 %, Pecyy aopoca 16,5 %, ay Pecyy 11,5 %, Ca-eepyp 11,5 % p. Oco ocaa cp aepao c: o ocae cyca ao - T eac (A), pa aepxa (epa); caxapa - OOO "p" . a;

ay aoo 100 200 - Tyac ao ecea; oepx ao - "poee" . a. B oe 2000 . a ao apoaac ocaa oeo o aypoa eox peapao p "Bausch&Strobel" (P) cooc oee 2 . eex apo. o oopyoae cooecoao po peoa apaeeco poeoc ooo ye yc eox pacopo p yye x aeca ce yppooceoo paa. paee a B a poeea oooa oee, pooc pao o aae cce oc ooo oyxa, oopoy pec ece peoa.

B CA 2000 . o ayeo copoao oopyoae (co x), a aae "oyep", eooo op aeo. B oe op 2000 . pya paoo aoepoo oeca exaa cyey oapoy a opao exoo eocpeceo co ceaca p-ooe oopyoa. Bepee o oo aoa exoo ooo pea opoc ce pyoeoc poy exapoa py papo, oop c 1940-x . o 2000 . ce ee ocaac py peoa oopa eo ooo pao (o 3-e).

B cooec c "popao pa eco poeoc Pecy aopoca a 2000-2003 .", a B o aapoao pooco aeo: "Mepoao" (pxoo), "poaepa poxop" (Hoa), "Hpoco" (5-HO), "ap" eox pacopo ayax: "oa poxop", "eaa cya", "ypoce", "paea" AT.

B cooec c coec pao M P Moo Pocc o 03.12.99 . 432/512 a pep oao oc ece caap opac "paa opaa pooca opo eapcex cpec". o oye ec poccco epce epoecx aepacx pa GMP (--). Coee pa GMP a apaeecx pepx oeceae yc eapcex cpec a copeeo poo ypoe apapye aeco poy a cex aax pooca. B oo oee epee pa a B apyec aep o 31 apa 2005 . Te pep, oope e ep op, e ye poea e a pooco peaa eapcex cpec.

oe ocaex aa aoepo oece o pao eoxooc poec papaoy epee epoeco cce aeca; oay peocpy cex cyecyx pooc; oyee eeoy oooy epcoaa; epee caoce aa pooca ceapoa opaa. B co oepe, peocpy pooca peye ae cyecyeo oopyoa a 80-90%, cpoeca "cx" oee o, coae cce oc oopoa oyxa poocex oeex aopaopx, ocaee aopaop copee popa, oy pooe pae.

ocoy Pocc ocycye pooco oopyoa apaeeco poeoc, a o eo coa a oepcox pepx e e ooex pepo, aya oopyoa oa poeea poeo-pax cpaax aaa, a o apyec apa oee 25 . oapo CA. Bepee ce cce GMP oeaec cyo a paa oe. ocoy y pep e pyx coo oxoa, apa yy e cooc poy.

3. ee cpyype, cayce ypae AO aBTA Baa poeoc Pecye aopoca, a o ox pyx peoax, oa a ae ex ex pep, oope o 1917 . peca coo eoe ycape ape o poocy y, a, aca pyx oapo. B ce ax pep 1916 . a opaoaa ape o paoe oepcx e e oyycapo acepco acopepaecoo oeca . . Apoa . M. oocoo, oopy oa ye .. Aecee (a. 10). epoaao accope ycaeo poy e cpoo opeee a ecoo copo oe, oa-pe, oepce e, aco cyccey oy. C pxoo Coeco ac 1917 . yepe ca ape, oop opee eeoc pep a coece aepaoy yxooy coco cox eo ye coooo pya.

Taa Pyooco coo aoo aoa epo pae . . O. peopa 1941-1942 . Aceo M.

1942 . - 24.10.46 y Hoa Aecee 24.10.46 . - 30.12.48 . Axeo Ta Hao 30.12.48 . - 21.05.52 . epeo Maco 21.05.52 . - 26.08.55 . a Ee Aecapo 26.08.55 . - 24.03.78 . Coo p oe 24.03.78 . - 23.12.99 . aep Mxa Ceeo 23.12.99 . - o . p. pea Bap Aoo B 1920 . a ocoa ooe o 2 apa 1917 . "O ooepax oapecax" o oeco o peopaoao ape oyo aae co pyoo ape "Eee".

o pepe pocyecoao o 1924 ., a ae o peopaoao oepcy apy, oopa ye 17 op 1924 . yca epy poy - oace. Ha y apy epe paoa ceac-oep poao ape Eee.

B apee 1926 . c c ee cae apa oeca x oaopa ccx oceee a epeaa Topoo-poeoe aeoe oapeco aoep oya ooeoe aae.

epexo py py, oepca apa 1930 . oaa eee Tpeca ABHPOM, oop p peee o peocpy aoceppoaoo oapeoo aoa o apaey apy ye 1931 . aa peocpy, oopy aoa ye caa apa "aoep" 1933.

a epo 1926-1933 . apa ecoo pa yea oapooopo a a pee eco o ooc o cpae. B 1938 . apa ea coe cocae eoooy ay poy opo c o aao, e oca ce oa, oope epea eco oaco oope "POCABOHTEP". B 1940 . ee accope a 112 aeoa pax oepcx e, oe, apeaa, ycx e.

B aae Beo Oeeceo o oa ocpa eoxooc oecee coecx coa aa. C o e o pee paeca oepca apa aoep a pa coca ecyx pep ao poeoc.

B cepe 1941 . apa aoep a epeaa Bcecooy ocyapceoy pecy ao poeoc H CCCP "COBTAMHPOM" oya aae c a ao. C 1950 . B epea eee aoy ypae ao poeoc - "ABBTAMHPOM", c 1957 o 1963 . - Coey Hapooo Xoca apcoo ooecoo acpaoo paoa, pae eo poeoc, epo c 1963-1965 . - Coey Hapooo Xoca Cpee-Bocoo ooecoo acpaoo paoa, a c 1965 o 1967 . B o epea aoy ypae ao poeoc "ABBTAMHPOM" o aao Mcepca paooxpae CCCP.

B c c coae Bcecooo poeoo oee o poocy ao "Coa", 1976 . c a ao epea ey oee. B 1986 . ex oepa ceaa pooca o coao apcoe pooceoe oapaeecoe oeee (O "AOAPM"), ya e c a ao.

B 1991 . apcoe pooceoe oeee "aoap" o poao, a pep poaoo oee - apc oxec oa, Tyac ao ecoo cea . 50e CCCP c a ao epea eocpeceoe oee Mcepcy eo poeoc. Ha B ooe paa oaoc paopeea O "AOAPM".

B cooec c ocaoee aea Mcpo CCCP, ae 1991 .

a opaoaa ocyapcea opopa o poocy eapcex cpec e ecoo aae "APMHCTP", B epea e oee.

ocyapce oe o ypae yeco Pecy aopoca peopaoa ocyapceoe pepe c a ao aoepoe oeco opoo a "c a ao" AO aBTA c yca aao 413759 c. py. B 1993 . AOOT "c a ao" AO "aBTA" o peopaoao OAO "aBTA" co ceao opo coceoc (opac xoapaeeco poeoc) c oco o eeoc - yco oox eapcex cpec.

ABA III. y ycoepecoa exooecx poecco a B 1. a oepa peocpy poecca oye aeocopo a B.

C 1976 . a co ao aoe (B) pocxo poecc apaa pooca ceeco acopoo co a poo copoe. o oy Epeacoo aoo aoa, oop coeco c cyo poaoaa (. po) papaoa ep epep poecc oye aeocopo (AC), (aoap ey oe pooca AC a o aoe opoc 2 paa), copy B epee pooco a o oee coepe exooec poecc.

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