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3 OA XAPATEPCTA PAOT Ayaoc poe. B acoee pe aaaec caec opooe oeco pacex oxoo cecoxoceoo pooca, acoc, epxx oeo apoe Solanum tuberosum ey ya Allium cepa L, oopx peyae o-xecx xecx pepae oo e ee eeca: apoo, aoo, xopo, aao.

Beee poy oy cooac a aece coa pacx eo, a ooec ax eec (AB), opo copeo, ooy oc paoax ye ee cooa x ec aya. Ceye oepy, o ecop a a xo opaecx coee paceoo cp ee oeec (1-7%), ooaea poea, c yeo ayoo a opee pacxoa cex aecoax poyo, ooec oa peye coeo pee.

e pao e pao acoeo cceoa ec:

- Beee oepaa opaecx eec paceoo cp.

- Paeee, oca, oyee yax coee oepaa.

- cceoae oee eex poyo pea ppoa.

- yee oooce cooa oyex poyo eoopx opacx xoceo eeoc.

Haya oa - Hayo oocoa papaoa oec oxo oye pee eex opaecx coee oxoo paceoo pocxoe.

- Bepe papaoa poecc ppoa epeex pacex ooeo, ae oae yco ppoa. caoeo, o a Pt/c Ni-Pee coa e cyae pea, a Pd/c oyeo popoooe coaa.

4 - caoeo oaoe coooee ey ooea cpaea, oeceaeo acy ee oepaa AB paceoo cp.

- cceoa poecc cop opaecx pacee a oo copee cp paceoo pocxoe. Oee epoaece xapaepc acop.

paeca aoc pao Papaoa exece yco a oe ap oepaa pacx eec. Papaoa yepe exooec peae pooca execoo oepaa pacx eec paceoo cp co oceeco p apoea. Papaoaa exooeca cxea ee oepaa AB paceoo cp. poy oepaa oy peoeoa pooca ecx pacee. oye peoe ee ocy cope c paepa op 15-200, oop oe cooa oc cox o poecco pae.

Apoa pao Ocoe ooe peya pao oaac:

- a Meyapoo ayo-paeco oepe Cepc ooo opoa, oceo 425-e . , a, 1999 ., . a;

- a II Meyapoo ayo-execo oepe Ayae poe x xeco exoo X-99, a, 1999 ., .

aoo;

- a II Meyapoo oepe o poocy pee xecx peao peaeo Xece pea, peae poecc aooao x Pea-99, cep, 1999 ., a - Moca;

- a pecyaco ayo-paeco oepe oox yex Mooe yee - ooy cee, 2000 ., . a;

- a XIII Meyapoo ayo-execo oepe Xece pea, peae poecc aooao x epcee poecc poy aooao x Pea 2000, 2000 ., .

Tya.

- eoope ee ao papao pecae a Ceapoao cae pepae 2000, op, 2000 ., .

a - a ayo oepe oox yex, acpao: Mooe yee e TC, a, 2001 ., . a.

ya.

o ee ccepa oyoa 5 cae ec 6 oao.

Cpyypa oe pao. ccepaoa paoa oea a cpaax aocoo eca ae eee, oop epayp, ocyee peyao, cepeay ac, cco epayp (aeoa).

Ocooe coepae pao.

B epo ae pee oop epaypoo aepaa o oye cpex poyo ooo opaecoo cea paceoo cp oycoea ayaoc poe.

Ocye aee coco exooece cxe ee oex ooeo oepaa cy ooeo a ppooo paceoo cp, a oxoo cecoxoceoo pooca eo poeoc. Ocooe ae yeeo cpa epo a peeo paceoy cp.

pee eo ye o-xecx coc cpao copeo, oyaex peyae opo epepao oxoo cpa.

Paccope pea ppoa coee c epee c, a ae oex pecaee oo acca: apooo, aooo, xopoo, coaa, peex aaaopo, ceeoc poecca.

C xeco ooeco o pe oocoa peyeca ee yax ooec ax coee, pacee, copeo paceoo cp, a ae ooe peeyp coca a x ocoe.

Oeeo, o oeeceo poeoc ocycy yoe cceaece cceoa oac oeco epepao paceoo cp apae ee eo yax coee c opeee coca, a ae exoo, ooe cooa aece cp oxo cecoxoceoo pooca, c c aoe cceoae oo oco o poe.

aa 1 aepaec ocaoo opex aa cceoa.

Bo opo ae cooec c ocae aaa opeee oe eo cceoa. B aece oeo cceoa cooac epxe oe Solanum tuberosum cee cyxo e ey Allium cepa L.

B pee ae oe peya cceoaecx pao x ocyee.

yeo e ppo pacope a poecc cpa paceoo cp.

Haea acoc ppo pacope a xo cpapyex eec oaaa (a. 1), o xo poyo cpa yeaec p epexoe o eopx op pacope.

Maca xo (a. 1) cpax poyo ey Allium cepa L. ocac oo, a epxx oeo Solanum tuberosum eaoo aoo.

cepeae peya oaa, o xo cpax eec p eepaype e x cpox pacopo e, e p 50C (a.

2). Bo cex cyax aca xo poyo aaec 50%-x ox pacopax opoooo cpa. oee eepayp oo cpa aoopo yeae o xo paceoo eeca (a.

2).

Taa 1.

Oopaa cpa eec paceoo cp pacope pao ppo (ecooe coooee cpe : pacope 1:10, eepaypa 50C) oe- xo apea- / cxooe pacop- pa poy- oe coc- e cpe e paco- a, % oe pe acc.

1 2 3 4 5 6 1 eo 99,9 0,6 coa ee 2,2 opoo eo-ee y aea 99,ey ycyca 100 2,6 opoo eoAllium 3 coa ope cepa L 4 ao 96 4,6 opoo ope 5 opoao 100 2,79 opoo eo-e 6 oa 100 5,69 opoo opeoo eo 99,9 0,8 coa eo7 ope y aea 99,8 0,93 coa opeo8 epxe ee oe ycyca 100 1,3 coa eo-eeoSolanum 9 coa ope tuberosum 10 opoao 100 1,11 ao 96 1,97 opoo eoope 12 eao 100 2, oa 100 3,7 opoo eo13 ope 14 100 2,15 ey o 88 2,Allium pacop opoo eo16 70 3,cepa L opoao- ope 17 50 4, a 18 40 3,19 20 2, Taa Be eepayp a xo poya cpa ey Allium cepa L. p pax eepaypax ppoa pacope oepa, % xo eepaypa, C eeca, % 1 2 3 oa 100 100 7, 20 81,73 4, 40 80,88 4,opoao 50 80,50 6,70 80,12 5,88 80,74 3,100 82,25 3,Meoo oocoo xpoaopa cpox ox cpaax, oyex cooeceo p eepaype 30 100C, oaao, o a xpoaopaax pcycye o ooy ecoy y, o x ae Rf cyeceo oac py o pya.

oce yapa ooo cpaa ey Allium cepa L. ee poy opeoo ea c xoo 9% (acc.) o apyeoo cp.

epepcaae cpa oye poy eoo ea c eepaypo ae 315C. Macc-cepoepec aao ycaoea oeypa acca paa 302.

Cooyoc xo-ecx xecx pepae ycaoea opya aoo coee cooecya peeo cpyype:

OH HO O OH OH OH O cpooo cpaa ey Allium cepa L ee o epea c eepaypo ae 182C.

oee co o cocay ec cpoo cpa epxx oeo Solanum tuberosum. Meoo oocoo xpoaopa ccee ooa aea ao eo cocae oapyeo ocox ooeo.

eae ax ooeo c oo peoaaex yax coee yaoc ycao, o o paea pye xopoo (- -xopo) apooo (apo cao). ooe coa a oocoo xpoaopa poec oo oce opao pacopo pexxopco cyp e ecoo aooo a. coy pay pacopoc pacopex yaoc pae ce ooeo a yae coee. caoeo, o cao e pacopec ee epoeo pe a ocoa oo coca o eo oeceo cpapyec oo-cpooo pacopa ocax ooeo.

Meoo oocoo xpoaopa a pepe cpao epxx oeo Solanum tuberosum o ycaoeo, o coca cpao eec acoc o peeoo cpaea.

B ox oo-cpox cpaax e yaoc oapy pcycyx epxx oeax Solanum tuberosum xopoa aaoa coaa. Oao, oce o co e pcycoa cpae 3x %-o ycyco co, oopoo o ee, cpoee eo o oepeo ae eco ooc ooe -cepe -poco py (3420 c ), oo c (1640 c -1) poo ooc aex oea py C-OH (10001150 c -1), xapaepa aaoo.

yoca ea coaa acc-cepoepec eo pooa o coaa. B acc-cepax coaa pcycy oeyp c m/z = 397 aocece aaoo py coaa c m/z 150 (100%) 204, cooecye paea:

N N cao cpyyp eex eoaooo cp coee (cxea 1), oo ocapoa, o x cpyype oaeo pcycye oa ecoo ox ce.

cxo oo yeo x oeee pea ppoa.

ppoae poeao x ycox: e ae oopoa, p ecox eepaypax pcyc oxoeo pacope. B aece aaaopo ca Ni-Pee, Pd Pt a ye. Oao, occaoee xopoa coaa paec a x aaaopax e poxoo, oo oce pee ceao oyeoo aooo aaaopa yaoc poec pea x ppoa.

Aa eecx px occaoe - -xopoo (pc. 1) oaa, o ppoae -xopoa e yxcyeao, a xopoa pexcyeao, pe o pyo cyae pea oceoaee.

PPt, B>C Pc. 1. eece pe occaoe - -xopoo.

P 1 -xopoa; p 2 -xopoa.

Bee ycaoeo cpoee poyo a ao cye pea occaoe - -xopoo (cxea 2).

dw/dt CH3 OH HO O CHOH N CHCHOH II I OH O epe coa HO H3C CH2=CHHC CH H3C CHN N...

Mg N.

.

.

C2HH2C N C CH C20H39OOC CHIII C CHO O xopo OCHH3C CH2=CHHC CH H3C CHO N N...

Mg N.

.

.

C2HH2C N C CH C20H39OOC CHIV C CHO O xopo OCHH3C CHH3C CH(CH=CHC=CH)2 CH=CH (CH=CCH=CH)V CH3 CHH3C CHapo H3C CH(CH=CHC=CH)2 CH= VI CHcao CHHO A Cxea 1. Cpoee eex epxx oeo Solanum tuberosum (A) ey ya Allium cepa L ().

H3C H3C CH2=CH2 CH2 CHHC CH HC CH H3C CHH3C CHN N HN...

Mg N N...

Mg N.

.

.

.

.

.

C2HC2HH2C N H2C N C CH C CH OC CHC20H39OOC CHIIIa C20H39O C CH3 III C CHO O O O xopo OCHOCHH3C CH2 CHHHC CH H3C CHN N...Mg N.

.

C2HN H2C CH C20H39OOC CHIIIb HC CHH3C CH2 CHO OH H3C CH2=CHHC CH H3C CHO N HC CH N Mg N H3C CHO N...

H2. C2HN...

Mg N H2C.

.

.N.

C CH.

OC CHC2HH2C N C CH C20H39O C CHOC CHIVa O O IV C20H39 C O OCHCHHO O xopo OCHH3C CH2 CHH3C CH2 CHHC CH HC CH H3C CHOH H3C CHOH N N H2 N...

Mg N N...Mg N.

.

.

..

C2H5 C2HN H2C H2C N CH C CH OC CHOC CHIVc IVb C20H39 HC O C20H39O CHC CHO O O OH OCHCxea 2. Pea occaoe - -xopoo.

o cpae c xopoo occaoee coaa poeao eo ooao c opaoae ooc ppoao cpyyp:

H3C H3C HC H3C N N CHCHCHCHHI Ia HO HO coa oeco ooeoo oopoa axooc oo cooec c eopeec paca. Coee I Ia ye aece aepo po cyaoccaaax aep. Oaaoc, o ee pocxoe cpyype coaa o opao e oaa aoo-o o cyeceoo a aepy aoc oox peaeo.

cooae occaoe epea a aa a ye e ae aoo ea, ae a oee eepayp. Oao, p 50C yaec c o pyo a Ni-Pee occao C=O pyy o CH c opaoae aa:

OH OH HO O HO O OH 2H2 OH OH OH IIa OH O II OH epe Bxo poya p o eae oeec o 5 o 15% acoc o yco poee pea.

Haoee eo o cpae c oca eepece coee a aaaopax pao ppo, o eooao pocxo occaoee apooo caoa.

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