WWW.DISSERS.RU


...
    !

Pages:     | 1 ||

cceoa HC AO cpae eo c eappoa ocoae opeee epae ape epeee ao oe ocoa c oo popa "PLAXIS". Peaac ocecepa aaa ypyoaceco ocaoe. paceo peac "poya" oe pya Mopa-yoa. B oe o oo oe Mopa-yoa, e eaac pya eopaea, "poyo" oe eaac ee peey ey. Cpae peyao pacea o M aypx ae pee a pc.4. Aa x pao oaae, o AO cpe opeoc cocae 12,7%, a eappoaoo ocoa 11,4%. Cpaee peyao e epax epeee apo oaao, o cpe opeoc AO cocaa 4,4%, a eappoaoo ocoa 8,2%. poee aa oaae, o popaa "PLAXIS" ooe c ocaoo ooc pacca AO.

yee poocx xapaepc pya (C ) apaepo appoa (ya aoe appyeo aepaa z, ecoc a pacee appyeo aepaa Grf) a paceoe copoee AO c oo popa "PLAXIS" ooe cea o:

1. Paceoe copoee AO opacae p yee Grf paec o ce aaoe poocx xapaepc pyo, o aoee paoa aao ae Grf cocae 1000-2000 H/.

2. Oaoe aee aye appye poco aepao c ecoc a pacee 1000-2000 H/ cocae 0,2-0,25d.

B eepo ae paccapac ooe oxo poea pacea ocpy apopyox ocoa. pee peya ae a eopa oeex ocpy. Ha ocoe poeex cepeao-eopeecx cceoa papaoa eep eo pacea AO. papao eoa pacea poee ce cepe c cooae M, peaoaoo popae "PLAXIS".

aa popaa ooa oy peya c coo ooc, o oepaec cceoa, pee 3 ae, ooy oa cooaac papao eepoo eoa pacea. He pee aop pacea.

1. Opeeee paceoo copoe AO.

Paceoe copoee AO oo peca e (1) Rr = Kd Rrf, e Rrf paceoe copoee AO p ye aoe oo yaea h=0; Kd oe, ya yy aoe yaea.

Ha ocoe peyao poeex cex cepeo a oyea ceya acoc:

Kd = 1+ (A + B) Pzg, (2) e yo ypeeo pe pya, pa; A B oe, yae e cee pya C, a, opeeee o opya:

A = 0,00000945 C - 0,000349, (3) B = -0,000741 C + 0,0258. (4) Pzg aee pya a ypoe oo yaea, a:

Pzg = h ; (5) cpe ye ec pya e oo yaea, H/3;

h ya aoe oo yaea, .

Paceoe copoee appoaoo pya Rrf a p ye aoe oo yaea h=0 oo opee o opye (6) Rrf = 0,0000405CGrf + 0,00000765Grf + +0,00394Grf + 0,1441C + 5,41C 0,0677 +2,8135, e Grf = Er A ecoc a pacee appye poco, H/;

Er oy eopa appye poco, a; A oa oepeoo cee 1 oooo epa appye poco, .

poepa opy (5) oaaa, o p ee ae o 10 o 25 pa., C o 10 o 30 a Grf o 25 o 2000 H/ opeoc pacea e peae 10%.

2. Opeeee ocao yaeo a AO.

Ocoo xapaepco p pacee ocao yaeo ec oy oe eopa pya Eo. ooy eoxoo oeceo oe e appoa a ocay yaea opee oy eopa AO. oe appoa oc oe Kr = Erf /Eo, (7) e Eo oy oe eopa pya.

coy ae ocao, aee peyae poeeoo ceoo cepea, oye ae oea Kr, peee ae.

ae oea Kr Moy eopa ecoc appye poco Grf, H/ pya, a 2000 1000 500 100 1000 1,757 1,736 1,679 1,558 1,5000 1,588 1,521 1,467 1,353 1,10000 1,459 1,366 1,338 1,251 1,15000 1,368 1,298 1,250 1,180 1,Moy eopa appoaoo pya Erf axoc o opye (8) Erf = Kr Eo.

opeee ocao yaeo a AO peaaec ceya cxea pacea:

opeeec oy eopa appoaoo pya Erf o opye (7);

epx co pyooo ocoa a yy d o oo yaea paec c oye eopa Erf ;

paccaec ocaa yaea o eoy ocooo cypoa c yeo Erf.

poeee cceoa oo opee, o pyo c Rrf 100 a opeoc pacea ocae 17% copoy ae oca. ooy eo ocooo cypoa peoeyec pyo, oaax Rrf >100 a. Macaa opeoc pacea aaoe o 100 o 200 a e peae 11%. pyo c Rrf<100 a pace ocao peoeyec poo c cooae M.

3. Bop appyeo aepaa.

AO peoeyec pe eoece ae aepa opa c ecoc a pacee 1000-2000 H/.

4. Opeeee pacax yc appye pocoe.

Pacae yc appye pocoe Nrf ac o oca yaea, ecoc a pacee appye poco Grf pe ey e pyo. B ccepaoo paoe peea eoa, ooa opee pacae yc appye pocoe. Ho poeee ooee cceoa oo cea o, o peopae papa appye poco ocaoo coa ceye peoea: opa cpeee aee o ooe yaea pace copoee AO, opeee o peeoy e eoy; cooa aece appyx pocoe coopoe eoece ae aepa opa ceoooa, ee ecoc a pacee e eee 1000-2000 H/ co oe pe c pyo; aaa appye poco a ye 0,2-0,25d o oo yaea.

5. Opeeee appye poco.

Tpeyea oa a appye poco L oa oece aey ee aepoy pye. B oce cyae ocaoo e ey L=3d. p eoxooc y appye poco oo yo o eoe, peeo ccepaoo paoe.

OCHOBHE BBO O PAOTE 1. aoapyex yaeo aoee oa ec cooae oocooo appoa opoa pocoa c x paeee a ye 0,2-0,25d o oo yaea. Paoaa oac pee appoa pyax c IL o 0,4 o 0,6.

2. Appoae pyooo ocoa opoa pocoa ooe oc ecyy cocooc eao-coo pya o 1,2 paa c oca yaeo a AO o 1,6 paa.

3. Boe cceoa HC AO ycaoeo, o eee appyeo eea pacoppye pacpeeee ape peeax epxe ac ao o ocoa a yy o 1,25d. Bepae ape o appye pocoo cac cpee a 3839%.

4. Haoee oa appoa ec peee ceecx ax aepao opoo ooa c ecoc a pacee 1000-2000 H/.

5. cooae aapaa M ypyoaceco ocaoe o "poyo" paceo oe pya Mopa-yoa ooe cpoopoa paoy AO poo aaoe pyox yco ecyx apyo, oy oecee ae apaepo pao cce "yae AO", oope e ocoy peaaeoo eepoo eoa pacea.

6. peaae eep eo pacea, apyc a opeee paceoo copoe AO (Rrf), oy eopa AO (Erf ), eoepecx apaepo AO ( L y aoe appye poco z), a ae ecoc appyx eeo (Grf), ooe opee oca yaeo c ooc o 15-18 %, o oepaec peyp ae a ocaa coopye, ocpoex a ocoe peoeo eo pacea.

7. peee appoax ocoa ooe c cooc oee yaeo o 25% pyoeoc o 30 % o cpae c pao ocpy.

Ocoe ooe ccepa oyoa 12 ayx pyax:

1. eeo B.., ooape A.. cooae eoecx aepao oe ecye cocooc cx pyo//Tp. Poc.

o. o exae pyo yaeocpoe.C: CAC, 1995. T.3.C. 569-572.

2. eeo B.., ooape A.. cooae appoax ocoa cx pyax//Ocoa yae eooecx ycox paa: Mey. c. ay. p./ep. oc. ex. y-. ep, 1995. C. 8690.

3. Bartolomey A., Kleveco V., Ponomaryov A., Ofrikhter V. Use of geosynthetic materials for increase bearing capacity of clayish bedding // Proceedings of the first European geosynthetics conference Eurogeo 1. Maastricht. Netherlands, 1996. P. 459-461.

4. eeo B.., ooape A.. apoae aypx aox ca appoax ocoa cx pyax// Ocoa yae eooecx ycox paa: C. ay. p./ep. oc. ex.

y-. ep, 1997. C. 61-64.

5. eeo B.., ooape A.. cepeae cceoa cx pyo appoax ceec aepaa//Tp. VI Meyap. o. o poea caoo yaeocpoe / ep. oc. ex.

y-. ep, 1998.T.IV. C. 53-57.

6. Bartolomey A.A., Bogomolov A.N., Kleveco V.I., Ponomaryov A.B., Ofrikhter V.G. The use of synthetic materials in the highway engineering in the Urals // Proceedings of the twelfth European conference on soil mechanics and geotechnical engineering. Amsterdam. Netherlands, 1999. Vol.2. P. 11971202.

7. eeo B.., ooape A.. Heoope peya aypx aox ca appoax ocoa cx pyax// Ocoa yae eooecx ycox paa: C. ay. p./ep.

oc. ex. y-. ep. 1999. C. 53-55.

8. oooyo .., co C.M., eeo B.., ooape A.. cceoae pyox ocoa, appoax ceec aepaa- //ec yo. Cpoeco. Hoocpc: HAC, 2001.4 (508).

C. 8-12.

9. Aecee B.., oooyo .., eeo B.., ooape A.. cceoae pao ceecx aepao pyox ocoax// Tp.

Meyap. ce. o exae pyo, yaeocpoe pacop coopye. M., 2000, C. 57-59.

10. eeo B.., ooape A.., Opxep B.. poepoae yaea o cao peepyap a oye appoaoo pya.//poe cpoeoo oeca Pocc: Maep. V Meyap. ay.ex. o. Cpoeco, apxeypa, oyaoe xoco-2001/ o pe. B.. Aaea.a: HT, 2001. C.231.

11. eeo B.. Be apaepo appoa a ecyy cocooc pyox ocoa// poe cpoeoo oeca Pocc: Maep. V Meyap. ay.-ex. o. Cpoeco, apxeypa, oyaoe xoco-2001/o pe. B.. Aaea.a: HT, 2001.

C.231.

12. eeo B.. Be y ae oy eopa appye poco a ecyy cocooc appoax pyox ocoa// Ocoa yae eooecx ycox paa: C. ay.

p./ ep. oc. ex. y-. ep, 2001.C. 71-76.

Pages:     | 1 ||



2011 www.dissers.ru -

, .
, , , , 1-2 .