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Ha paax pyoc EBEO BAMP BAHOB OEHA HAPEHHO-EOPMPOBAHHOO COCTOH APMPOBAHHX OCHOBAH B EBATO-HCTX PHTAX Ceaoc 05.23.02 Ocoa, yae oee coopye ABTOPEEPAT ccepa a cocae yeo cee aaa execx ay a 2002 2 Paoa oea epco ocyapceo execo yepcee.

Hay pyooe oop execx ay, poeccop ooape Ape ypo Oae ooe oop execx ay, c..c.

oa Ape eoo aa execx ay, c..c.

Hy eo Bopo Beya opaa OOO Tpec "Opexcpo" (. ep) aa cococ 14 op 2002 . 15-00 a acea ccepaooo coea 212.289.02 co ocyapceo eo execo yepcee o apecy: 450062, . a, y. ocoao, 1.

C ccepae oo oaoc oee yepcea.

Aopeepa paoca "" cep 2002 .

e cepeap ccepaooo coea oop execx ay O.. eco 3 OA XAPATEPCTA PAOT Ayaoc pao. apa a oeee yaeo a coopye oy coca o 35% o oe cooc cpoeca.

eee apa a ycpoco yaeo ec eca ayao poeo, ocoeo p cpoece a epeyaex eaocx pyax. yee coc ax pyo ooo aeo c cooc oee yaeo.

O cocoo yye poocx eopax coc ocoa ec peee appoaoo pya, pecaeo coo oa pya apayp. Beee appyx eeo ooe aeo yy pooce eopae xapaepc pyo, a ceoaeo, c apa a oeee yaeo.

oco cepeax eopeecx cceoa appoax pyo poooc ecax, paoa e appoax ocoa (AO) eao-cx pyax yea ee eocaoo. ooy cooa cpoeo pae ocpy ocoa appoaoo pya eoxoo o poec aa x apeoeoppoaoo coco (HC) papaoa eep eo pacea ax ocpy.

e ccepaoo pao ec oea HC papaoa eoa pacea pyox ocoa eao-cx pyax, appoax opoa pocoa ceecx aepao.

oce ocaeo e eoxoo o pe ceye ocoe aa:

1. Opee oac paoaoo pee AO eaocx pyax.

2. Papaoa oae ocpy AO.

3. Bo oece cceoa HC ao o AO.

4. Papaoa eep eo opeee ocao AO.

Haya oa pao coco ceye:

- a ocoa oecx cepeao-eopeecx cceoa peoe oae ocpy AO yaeo ao apyex coopye eao-cx pyax ea paoaa oac pee appoax pyo;

- e ocoe aooepoc HC AO a x ocoe papaoa eep eo pacea AO c ooco appoae.

paecoe aee pao coco papaoe eoa pacea, ooeo opee paceoe copoee AO ocay yaea c yeo poocx eopaox coc pya appyx pocoe. Papaoae ocpy AO oecea cee cooc aepaoeoc cpoeca. Peya cceoa epe a ecox oeax . ep epco oac.

Apoa pao. Ocoe peya ccepaoo pao oaac a Poccco oepe o exae pyo yaeocpoe. Ca-eepyp, 1995 .; VI Meyapoo oepe o poea caoo yaeocpoe. Moca, 1998 .; I European geosynthetics conference Eurogeo 1. Maastricht. Netherlands, 1996; XII European conference on soil mechanics and geotechnical engineering. Amsterdam. Netherlands, 1999; Meyapoo ceape o exae pyo, yaeocpoe pacop coopye. ep, 2000 .; V Meyapoo ayo-execo oepe "Cpoeco, apxeypa, oyaoe xoco 2001". a, 2001 .

a peee poe. pecaea paoa apyec a peyaax ooex cceoa, poeex p eocpeceo yac aopa. Oop aa copeeoo coco cceoa poe AO, cepeae eopeece cceoa, aa oyex peyao papaoa eoa pacea ocyece aopo.

Ha ay occ:

1. Peya oecx cepeao-eopeecx cceoa HC ao o ocoa eao-cx pyax c oop appoae opoao pocoo.

2. Meo pacea ocoa eao-cx pyax c oop appoae opoao pocoo.

ya. o aepaa cceoa oyoao 30 pao.

Cpyypa oe pao. ccepa coco ee, epex a, ox oo, cca epayp. Oa coep 152 cpa aocoo eca, 44 pcya, 19 a, cco epayp 162 aeoa, o ce 62 a ocpao e.

OCHOBHOE COEPAHE PAOT Bo ee oocoaec ayaoc e, opypyc e, aa aec pa oop coepa ccepa.

B epo ae a oop aa cyecyx oeeceo pae a pyeo o ocpy ocoa appoaoo pya, x cepeao-eopeecx cceoa cyecyx eoo pacea.

cceoa AO oce pao B.. apaoa, A.A. apooe, H.B. paaa, B.. aapocoo, .B. Hya, A.. oyocoo, A.. ooapea, H.H. Pycaa, .M. Toeeo, B.. To, A.A. epaa, D. Adam, D. Alexiev, J. Binquet, H. Brandl, J.P. Giroud, C.J.F.P. Jones, K.L.

Lee, R.M. Koerner, M.R. Madhav, H.B. Poorooshasb, P.R. Rankilor, G.V. Rao, F.Schlosser, S.K. Shukla, J. Sobolewski, H.Vidal, A. Zhao pyx yex.

B paoe poaapoa cepeae eopeece cceoa AO, poeee oeece apye ye. cceoa ocpy appoaoo pya o x pee oaa p peyec x o cpae c pao ocpy:

oooc cooa ecoo pya aece ocooo cpoeoo aepaa; ecoa cooc p cpoe pocoe oee. B acoee pe ye aoe oo o o pee AO, oop coy eoc cooa ax ocpy.

cooae ceecx appyx aepao ooe ye ecyy cocooc ocoa c oca yaeo.

aooepoc aoec appyx pocoe eaocx pyax ye eocaoo, ooy eoxoo o o oece cceoa HC ao o AO.

Bo opo ae peea eoa peya cepeax cceoa AO c eoec pocoa. Ha ocoe x cepeo ea oaa oac pee AO eaocx pyax x HC.

cepeae cceoa pooc a aa. ep a a ce poeee aoacax oex aox ca pax ocpy AO aopaopx ycox. Bopo a peca coo aoe ca AO ececex pyox ycox a oecee oaae pao AO.

Ha epo ae cepeax pao ocyecc ca aoacax oee pax ocpy AO a ece epao apy cye p oaaee eyec IL o 0,2 o 0,8 c pexpao oopeoc. cceoa pooc yx o appoa: oo- yxcooo. B aece apayp pec 2 pax a eoecx aepao: ea ceec aepa (HCM), e pooc a pacee 15,0-16,0 H/, e oy eopa 25-28 H/, ceoa, ea pooc a pacee H/, e oy eopa 2100 H/. B aece oe yaea cooac ec py eaec a aepo . Appy aepa aaac py p oocoo appoa a ye 0,3d (d aep aa), a p yxcoo a ye 0,3 0,5d peca coo py aepo 3d.

Oo aa cepeax cceoa c oe AO oc ycaoee aooepoc pa oca o apy pax ocpy appyx aepao, a ae cpaee x ecye cocooc c eappoa pyo. oe ecye cocooc AO ee oe appoa ap, pa ooe ecye cocooc AO ecye cocooc eappoaoo.

cpa ocpoe pa acoc oea appoa ap o oaae eyec pya, pee a pc.1.

cpae eoc oocooo yxcooo appoa a opeeea xapaepca yeo ecye cocooc AO, paa ooe ecye cocooc appoaoo ocoa oa appye poco. Ha pc.2 oaa pa acoc yeo ecye cocooc o oaae eyec.

2,1,0,2 0,4 0,6 0,oaae eyec IL py appoa 1 pocoo HCM py appoa 1 pocoo ceoa py appoa 2 pocoa HCM py appoa 2 pocoa ceoa Pc. 1. acoc oea ap o oaae eyec pya 0,4 0,5 0,6 0,7 0,oaae eyec IL Oocooe appoae HCM Oocooe appoae ceoa yxcooe appoae HCM yxcooe appoae ceoa Pc. 2. acoc yeo ecye cocooc ocoa o oaae eyec pya Aa peyao, oyex oce poeex cceoa, ooe cea ceye o:

1. Appoae ocoa acoc o occe po ap ea ecya cocooc, a/ oe ecye cocooc 2 paa oee o cpae c ecye cocooc eappoaoo ocoa aaox ycox.

2. Haoee eoe peee appoa ocaec pyax yoaco oaco occe (IL o 0,4 o 0,6).

3. ea ecya cocooc oocox AO e cpee 1,6 paa o cpae c yxco, ooy oee eo cooae oocooo appoa.

4. B cceoao aaoe aoce pya oee eo cooae appyx aepao c co pooc eopa xapaepca.

poep peyao oex cceoa opeee HC AO poee aype aoe cceoa. p poee ca cooac ec py a aepo 600 . B aece appyeo aepaa peac ceoa paepo 3d, pacoaaac a ye 0,25d (d aep aa). ca pooc appoaoo eappoaoo ocoa e oaco occe.

ye HC ao o AO aepc opae ape c oo ao ae (ecco) epae epeee c oo pyox apo. o peyaa ca oye pa acoc oca aa o apy ae epax ape epeee.

Ha pc.3 pee pa acoc oca aa o apy appoaoo eappoaoo ocoa. pao "ocaaapya" o, o pacxoe cepeax pacex epeeex oox o ocoa eae.

p aepe e opax epax ape ao oe ocoa cceoaac oac a pe, pao d, o oc aa o opoa a ye o 1,75d. Aa oyex p ape oaae aeoe pae oee appoax eappoax ocoa. Ha pc. 4 pee ae epax ape p apye 125 a. Ha ye 0,25d eocpeceo o Hapya, a 0 25 50 75 100 125 Appoaoe ocoae - cepe Appoaoe ocoae - pace M Heappoaoe ocoae - cepe Heappoaoe ocoae - pace M Pc.3. Cpaee peyao aypoo ceoo cepeo appye pocoo (pc.4,a) pa epax ape ee ceoopa ea ape AO aeo ee, e eappoao. Pacee ae epax ape eocpeceo a appye pocoo aeo oe, e o e. Ha ye 0,75d e p epax ape pacoppyc yy opy (pc.4,), a ecoc ape AO ocaec ecoo ee, e eappoao. Ha ye 1,25d (pc.4,) ecoc xapaep pacpeee ape appoaoo eappoaoo ocoa paec coaa. Aa xapaepa e pacpeee ape eopa a ye 1,75d oaa, o x ae appoaoo eappoaoo ocoa paec coaa ooy e pee.

Ocaa, Appoaoe ocoae Heappoaoe ocoae x/d -1 -0,75 -0,5 -0,25 0 0,25 0,5 0,75 -----ape a appye pocoo a x/d -1 -0,75 -0,5 -0,25 0 0,25 0,5 0,75 ---- x/d -1 -0,75 -0,5 -0,25 0 0,25 0,5 0,75 ---Pace cepe Pc. 4. Cpaee ae epax ape p apye 125 a:

a a ye 0,25d (o appye pocoo); a ye 0,75d;

a ye 1,25d Aa eoppoaoo coco oaae, o xapaep pacpeee epeee ocoo aaoe pacpeee ape.

Ha yax 0,25 0,75d epae epeee AO ee, e eappoaoo, a a ye 1,25d ae epeee appoaoo eappoaoo ocoa paec coaa.

Hape, a Hape, a Hape, a Aa peyao aypx aox cceoa cx pyax ooe cea ceye o:

1. Appoae ocoa pyax oaco occe po oe x ecye cocooc y 1,2 paa p ce ocao o 1,6 paa.

2. HC AO aeo oaec o HC eappoaoo. Beee appyeo eea pacoppye pacpeeee ape epxe ac ao o ocoa a ye o 1,25d. Bepae ape o appye pocoo cac cpee a 38-39%.

B pee ae a ocoe cex cceoa eoo M o popae "PLAXIS" a aa HC appoax pyox ocoa eao-cx pyax. Boeo cpaee eopeecx cepeax peyao cceoa.

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