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-a pao ooc poaex aepao eoc peyao epe peea pooc a pacee p e poec o-paoy, oao cex poax e oa e, e y epoax opao. Cee eoc ocec ee eeoc cpyyp aepao oce po, pe aeee o poec y poa.

Peya cepeo oaa, o p poe cepo opayc oee poe ycoepecoae o cpyype oooe aepa c yoeo eeo co opocapoa, ypoe aoe. Hao ooce ppoc pooc a pacee p e y poa C ooe a, o e e a ocoe peeco-eeoo ooa ao opao oxo oa pacao cep.

C (16 ) C (12 ) po (50 ) po (30 ) Acecoee (12 ) Acecoee (8 ) 0 5 10 15 20 25 ooee cep o oey, % Pc. 1. eee ooceo pooc a pacee p e acoc o o opaa oeca ooeo p poe cep C (16 ) C (12 ) po (50 ) 40 po (30 ) Acecoee (12 ) Acecoee (8 ) 0 5 10 15 20 ooee cep o oey, % Pc. 2. Ooceoe yeee oy ypyoc C, acecoeea, poa e, % Ooce ppoc pooc a pacee p Ooce ppoc oy ypyoc, % pcyce cep cpyype aepao a eeo ocoe opaoy e a x oy ypyoc (pc.2). cepe oaa, o oe o poocx xapaepc poax cepo aepao oy ypyoc e ac o o poaex e.

p poe cepo oy ypyoc oocex x e a eeo ocoe oaec cooec c aoo aoc ooox aepao, o ooe oya aepa c aao ecoc. p o o oy ypyoc opeeec o opye E = E1Q1 + E2Q2, (1) e E1 E2 oy ypyoc ooeo, a Q1 Q2 - x oee o.

Be po cepo a ooooee poepeo a opaax C cepeao eoo aeaecoo oepoa poecca po c yeo o e pee eo ep ope (155C) xooo (120C) aax. oyeo ypaee W = 20,83 -10,326t1 -57,06t2 -0,429d + 5,672t1t2 +0,263t1d+0,3t2d+ +1,174t12 +60,656t22, (2) e t1 t2 - cooeceo pe ope xooo po, ;

d oa C, ;W- ooooee o acce a 24 aca, %.

C o-exaece xapaepc aa aeo cac p yee aoc oee 15%. eopoax cepo C oce 1 aca ep oe oocea aoc a ce ooooe yeaec c 10 o 17%, a oce 24 aco ye o 24%. ooy C e peoeyc pee ocpyx, oepex aocepoy oec, e a opo ace cea opaco cocaa. poax cepo C oocea aoc oce ep oe ae eee 14 cyo opacae ceo o 14%. peya oo peoeoa poae cepo C ocpyx, oepex aocep oec, e ooeo ao opao.

cepeae peya acoc ooooe C o cee po cepo o acce pee a pc. 3.

C (12 ) C (16 ) C (20 ) 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 ooee cep o acce, % Pc. 3. acoc ooooe o cee po C cepo.

Booooee acecoeea caec o poopoao cee po cepo. p acao coepa cep 20% o acce acecoee paec e ooae oy. Oao ceye ca 1517%-y poy cepo, p oopo ooooee acecoeex co ecyeceo. ce ooooe poox paa ocaoo 10%-o po cepo o acce p o poac oo apye co a yy 3-4 , yp po e epe oeo opcoc.

ea poa a oocee e, oeaea o oey y o oy e, p poe cepo oe cee caec y acecoeex C ee y eeoo poa (a. 1), y oopx cpyype peoaae peec ooe (o 80%).

Booooee o acce a 24 , % Taa Ocoe coca oocex e a eeo ocoe, poax pacao cep B e C Acecoee po Coca epo- epo- epopo- po- poa- a- aae ae ae e e e 1 Cpe ooc, 1350 1960 1800 2160 500 /2 pee pooc a 13,4 38,0 23 34,5 1,3 1,pacee p e, Ma 3 Moy ypy3900 7100 15000 18000 500 oc, Ma:

4 Booooe12,3 1 18 1,5 45 e a 24 , % 5 oe y o- 121,4 15,5 98,2 32,4 104,6 28,, 10-7 c2/c ca a opoee p oocopoe yae oaa aeoe ( 7-8 pa) cee acax eopa opoe cooo oepo C. ooe peya occ ae cee ooooe oce oa cepo opacae x oy ypyoc. Oeo, o ypee ape poao cepo e, oae p ceceo opoe, yy aeo e, e y e opoax C.

eee coc poax cepo oocex e a eeo ocoe acoo pae pee a. 1. Cee po cepo o acce p o cocaa C 45%, acecoeea 17%, poa 15%.

eepa aa coep cpyyp aa oocex e a eeo ocoe peya x ca a ycopeoe capee. e exaa ec cep p poe oocex e a eeo ocoe cceoaa x opca cpyypa o oce po.

Oa opcoc epeeo eeoo a, eoc ape yaex ooo, opeeec ceye acoc:

= [w / c - ( - 1) ]/( w / c + 1), (3) e e w- ooeeoe ooee; c - ooee ooc o eea; - cee paa eea; - oe yee oea epo a p paa eea.

opcoc peecx aoee C poe:

an = 0 / ep, (4) e 0 ooc peec c yeo ee oa p peccoa /3 ; ep - ooc peeco a ( cex opo ep 1500 /3 ).

B acecoeee ap ooo xpo-aceca e ocy po cepo.

Oe apoop-yco a pae ey aoee ee nop ae: Vapo = 1-Ve -Van, (5) e V - oe eeo ap; V - oe aoe.

e an O oe op ae op eea, aoe yco:

nop nop nop nop V = Van + Ve +Vapo. (6) Haoy opcoc cxoo coco e pooe 76%, aee C 49%, aey - acecoeee c 37%.

oce oo po aepaa cepo opcoc cocaa poa 12%, acecoeea 20%, C 19%.

Xapaep opoo cpyyp peeco- acecoeex ooo o oce po cepo opee eoo apo oeca, oop ooe cpoa op paepo 110 eee. a o apa epeao opcoc (pc. 4, 5) oe ex op (r<20 ) o oce po cepo o cex ex e peepe ax ee.

0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 C Acecoee po Pc. 4. apaa epeao opcoc epoax cepo C, poa acecoeea. Payc op, : 1 r 5; 2 5) ooc aoc cepo.

Ta opao, eopeec cepeao ycaoeo peoe cxoco pacpeee op poyco o paepa oocex ex a eeo ocoe, appoax opc ooa. a o, oo cea o o oooc eecoopaoc pee eo exoo opoa ax e cepo. poe oo, cepeao opeee a paep op oocex ex a eeo ocoe, ocy po pacao cep: cepa o ooc aoe op paepo oee 50 , a oee ee op c ee paec eocy.

ao coca eeoo a oao oe c peec aoee epoax cepo C pecae: ao CaCO3 o (10-10 ); d=3,85; 3,01; 2,46; 2,32; 2,14; 1,927; 1,876; eo oeco Ca(OH)2 d=2,64; 1,927; pa ooopaoa: pocyoaao a 3CaOAl2O33CaSO431H2O, d=9,8; 5,6; 4,8; 2,48, pocao a 2CaOSiO22H2O, d=3,03; 1,821 eo oeco poxopaaa a 3CaOAl2O3CaCl210H20, d=7,9 10-10 . ao coca eeoo a poax cepo C pecae e e ooopaoa, o y epoax opao, a ae coceo cepo. p o poax opaax e ooopaoa c yace cep, .e. oa e cyae xece pea c ooea eeoo a peec, o oo ayo caac a cocax aepao.

epoa poco p yee 100-1000 pa oaae, o cepa yoo poae op, opaye oecee oee oa, oeceae ceee c oepxoc op, oapye x. p o ocac coo eae ap, o oop pocxo opaeoe ooooee. oceee ocoeco ooe poo ycopee ca o ecoy pey yaee-cyae a ocoa peyao x ca ea pooe oe ooeoc (pooopa cooax oax opao pee a pc.

6).

a) ) Pc. 6. epoe poooc poax cepo C: a) - o ca a capee; ) - oce 5 o ycopex ca (yeee 100x) Ta, o peyaa ycopex ca ycaoea acoc ee peea pooc poax cepo C a cae o ca o oepeex oec:

Rc = Rce-0,0262N, (7) Rc e =40,5 Ma - aa pee pooc a cae; N- co o oepeeoo aaa cya.

oyea opya opeee cpoa cyaa M (o), oce oopoo pee pooc a cae ocae paceoo ae:

R(M ) M = - ln, (8) k01 A e 1 eepaypo-aoce apaep a ooo oa cyaa; A k oca, opeeee o peyaa ycopex ca; R(M) aa ypoe pooc oce M e cyaa.

Pace oaa, o y epoax C pee pooc p ca cc a 30% epe 6,5 e cyaa, a y opoax cepo - epe 20,8 e. Ta opao, poa cae copoc cape opoax cepo C oee e 3 paa.

xyee exaecx coc ooo p cape oo oc a opao cee cee cep c oepxoc op cpyype opoaoo aepaa. epoo-pocoece c oepa o aee (pc.6).

a aa ocea papaoe exoo po cepo oocex e a eeo ocoe ocpypoa pooo ycao. Teopeeco ao peo po ocyo cceoae copoc y poa cep aepa c yeo oea poaeoc, oopo opee o ee ooe cep opaa, coy ypaee D = a2 ln[(Q3 - Q1)/(Q3 - Q2)]/[ (t3 - t2 )], (9) e D - oe poaeoc, c2/c; a - oa opao, c; Q1, Q2 Q3 pec opao oce ep pacae cep eee t1=1800 c, t2=3600 c, t3=7200 c.

oyee ae D (10-5c2/c) coca C, poox acecoeex co cooeceo 46,2; 38,3; 11,5. x ax ceye, o cepa ye poae C, o cpae c poo acecoeeo. o ae ae oea poaeoc opeee ceye exooece apaep po:

a) pe po t= (a/2 0)2/(3600D), (10) = 3600Dt + ) ya po, c (11) e a - oa e, c; 0 ya poa cep a pe ep xooo ae, c.

Ha ocoa peyao cceoa cpyyp oocex e a eeo ocoe cocpypoaa pooa ycaoa, paoaa o paccaoy cepeao poepeoy pey (ae P a opeee 2165843). peoeoe ycpoco (pc. 7) peaaeo po cepo e, co, o ce eeocpyex , poa, acecoeea p.

Pc. 7. Baa po aeo-ox o-cox e pacae cep:

1 opyc; 2 eoopoae ce; 3 eoopoaa epeopoa;

4 oa epeopoe; 5 ep; 6 ae e; 7 pooe a;

8 pe e; 9 pa; 10 eoepoapeae.

caoa pecae coo yxaepy ay 1 c eoopoa cea 2. B eoopoao epeopoe 3, paee ay a e aep, ec ye epae oa 4, apaee epa 5. poaee e 6 opya opy aepy c pacao cep, paope o 155-160C, ycaaa a pooe a 7 pa ea 8, ppee y pe 9. e epa ope aepe eee pee, eoxooo po e a pacey yy. ae opa oa epeea e xooy aepy (120-125C), e ca pe. B xooo aepe pocxo ooeoe ayy-cacae pacaa opoy cpyypy e.

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