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1 The composition of two contacts S OS 1O S O S 1 is called "information contact" between Infos S and Infos S iff during the contacts any information model from 1 S is reflected in the Infos S true the entity O. The Infos S is called "information donor", the Infos S is called 1 2 1 "information recipient", and the entity O is called "information object".

In this case, when the donor and the recipient are different Infoses the information contacts between them consist of a composition of at least two information operations - I-realization and I-reflection. For the realization of a direct information contact between two different Infoses is necessary the execution of the composition of these two "basic" operations. All the rest information operations are necessary for supporting the basic ones i.e. they are auxiliary (service) operations.

For the realization of one information contact at least one information object is necessary.

This way the elementary communicative action will be provided.

In general, every information process "k", having as a start domain the set S (of information models) and as d a final domain the set S (again of information models), which may be coincidental, we call "information contact":

r k: S S d r S is called "Infos-donor" and S - "Infos-recipient".

d r Information Interaction The set "R" of all information contacts between two Infoses S and S a b R= {k | i=1,2..; k:S S } i i a b is called "information interaction" or simply “inforaction”.

30 Philosophy and Methodology of Informatics When S and S are coincident, we call it Information interaction with itself (in space and time).

a b The set "B" of all information objects, used in the information interaction between given Infoses is called "information base".

Information Society The "Information Group" (IG) is a set of Infoses, with common Information Base of the information interactions between them.

The "Information Society" (IS) is a set of Information Groups, with common Information Base of the information interactions between them.

In the small Information Group the service information operations may be provided by the every Infos when it is necessary.

In the Information Society this is impossible or not optimal. In such case, some Infoses or Information Group became as "information mediators" between the others. They start to provide the service information operations.

They realize "Information Service".

Further Investigation in the Theory of Inforaction For more than twenty years the Theory of Inforaction has traversed the way from the exotic and unusual concepts such as "information contact" and "information object", presented by the authors in 1983, to actual and world-wide investigated area of informatics.

Nevertheless, there exist many problems for future research.

Note that I-realization is not just reflections of information models in material entity. They include both a reflection of the information models of the Infos and a reflection of the state of the Infos in the moment of I-realization.

This means that here we consider the notion of "information objects" as a more general than the notion of "message".

It is possible that the entity of the information object is not able to keep (save) the whole influence of the I-realization. In other hand, the Infos consciously, by proper actions, restricts the I-realization to reflection of information model only by suppressing the reflection of his condition in the moment of I-realization.

In this case, we are near to the notion of "message" as we use it conventionally.

For example, from the point of view of the notion message, the speech of one politician on the meeting and the same speech printed in the paper are the two equal variants of the message. However, the influence and the result from the perceiving of the speech are different in both cases. In the first one (direct contact) the perceiving one can reflect the condition of the speaker (intonation, pauses, etc.) but in the second case (indirect contact) this is almost impossible. From this point of view, there exists a relation between two different information objects.

The Theory of Inforaction closely depends on the results of information operations. After the execution of some of the information operations, a new information object is possible to be created (for example, after the composition or decomposition). In other cases, the operation may not lead to appearance of new information object but to destroying of a certain existing information object.

The Infos is the only one who can determine whether after the execution of one operation (or a consequence of operations) an information object has appeared. Analogously, the Infos is the witness whether a new information object appears, when in the process of I-realization the Infos acts upon entities, which include some reflection of earlier I-realization. That is why, when there is not exact instruction from the Infos, we suppose that all information operations, with the exception of two - "destroying" and "I-reflection" will produce (one or more) information objects. The operation destroying initiates "empty" information object by destroying the starting one. We suppose that the operation "I-reflection" always initiates information model in the memory of the Infos.

Because of the growing of the communicative aspects of the information service now all over the world the everyday concept is the "Information society".

The growth of the global information society shows that the knowledge turns into important and necessary article of trade. The open environment and the market attitudes of the society lead to arising of the knowledge customers and knowledge sellers, which step-by-step form the "Knowledge Markets". As the other markets, XII-th International Conference "Knowledge - Dialogue - Solution" the Knowledge Market is the organized aggregate of participants, which operates in the environment of common rules and principles.

Examination of the market demand for various types of courses and training modules is an essential criterion for effectiveness and high efficiency. Market trends, industry requirements, and companies training needs have to be examined on a regular basis in accordance with the Theory of Information Interaction.

Conclusion The development of the General Information Theory should not become by the single creative impulse. For a long period, the constructive activity of the many researchers is needed for establishing the new common paradigm.

We all need free scientific look at things, which will permit us to build the general theory without partiality, and aberrations taking in account all information paradigms already created and adopted.

During the years, the investigation in the area of the GIT has showed that the received theoretical results may be used for building the ontology of informatics. Our opinion is that the GIT may be used as main classification scheme. The first step is to describe the main divisions of informatics. The further investigation needs integration with other scientific areas and paradigms.

We have made a little walk toward the establishing the new paradigm. It is synthesized in the table below.

Basic Structure of the General Information Theory Occurrence Specificity Subject Theory Reflection Information Relationship Evidence Theory of Information Activity Information Expectation Witness Theory of Infos Modeling Information Modeling Infos Interaction Information Interaction Society Theory of Inforaction Acknowledgements This paper is the next step of the process of establishing the GIT as common paradigm. It is based on the ideas considered during very creative discussions at the International Conference "KDS 1997" (September, 1997, Yalta, Ukraine) and at the International Conference "ITA 2000", (September, 2000, Varna, Bulgaria) as well as at the previous scientific meetings organized by the International Workgroup on Data Base Intellectualization (IWDBI). The creative discussion at the KDS 2003 International conference, based on the [Markov et al, 2003a] gives us a great impulse to continue working in this very important scientific area. Authors are very grateful to all participants in the fruitful discussions at KDS and ITA International Conferences and to all members of the International Workgroup on Data Base Intellectualization (IWDBI) and the Association of Developers and Users of Intellectualized Systems (ADUIS) for supporting the advance of the General Information Theory.

This work is partially financed by project ITHEA-XXI of FOI Institute of Information Theories and Applications.

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Authors' Information Krassimir Markov - Institute of Mathematics and Informatics, BAS, Acad.G.Bonthev St., bl.8, Sofia-1113, Bulgaria; Institute of Information Theories and Applications FOI ITHEA, P.O.Box: 775, Sofia-1090, Bulgaria;

e-mail: foi@nlcv.net Krassimira Ivanova - Institute of Mathematics and Informatics, BAS, Acad.G.Bonthev St., bl.8, Sofia-1113, Bulgaria; e-mail: foi@nlcv.net Ilia Mitov - Institute of Information Theories and Applications FOI ITHEA, P.O.Box: 775, Sofia-1090, Bulgaria;

e-mail: foi@nlcv.net Neural and Growing Networks ПРОБЛЕМЫ АТРИБУТИВНОГО АНАЛИЗА ДИНАМИЧЕСКИХ ОБЪЕКТОВ, ПРЕДСТАВЛЕННЫХ ВРЕМЕННЫМИ РЯДАМИ Александр Андреев, Виталий Величко, Виктор Гладун, Юрий Иваськив, Сергей Чеботарь Abstract: Problems of the analysis of the dynamic objects represented by time series on the basis of growing pyramidal networks are investigated. The way of representation of dynamic objects in pyramidal networks is proposed. The problem of recognition of operation modes of the objects, represented by time series is considered.

Keywords: Attributive analysis, dynamic objects, time series, pyramidal networks.

Введение Атрибутивный анализ предусматривает представление объектов и ситуаций признаковыми (атрибутивными) описаниями. Анализ, основанный на использовании признаковых описаний, применяется при решении задач в средах, образованных дискретными объектами. В отличие от непрерывных сред, решение задач в дискретных средах связано с обработкой не количественной, а качественной, смысловой информации и основывается на применении логико-лингвистических моделей [Поспелов,1981], [Закревский, 1988]. При этом процессы решения задач оказываются процессами обработки атрибутивных описаний.

Необходимость в проведении атрибутивного анализа возникает при решении различных классов задач, относящихся к сфере техники, экономики, медицины и связанных с обнаружением закономерностей, классификацией, диагностикой, прогнозированием состояний и поведения различных объектов и процессов, а также с созданием интеллектуальных систем поддержки принятия решений.

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