WWW.DISSERS.RU


...
    !

Pages:     | 1 || 3 |

d Nu =, (2) x e d aep py ya o ocoa pep, ;

x oe eopoooc oyxa p cpee eepaype ye, B/().

Peya cepeo pecae oopaax Nu Rex (Rex co Peoca oyxa). Xapaepe acoc pea pao ABO c e eopa pee a pc. 1 2.

2000 3000 4000 5000 Rex Pc. 1. Teooaa a ABO "Xaco" C-19 o oce ee po:

- cepe o ee po; - cepe oce ee po;

- o eoe B..ya; - o eoe BHeeaa;

- o eoe BHAa; - o eoe A.A.yaycaca Nu 3300 3600 3900 4200 4500 4800 Rex Pc. 2. Teooaa a ABO "peo-yap" C-19a o oce ee po:

- cepe o ee po; - cepe oce ee po;

- o eoe B..ya; - o eoe BHeeaa;

- o eoe BHAa; - o eoe A.A.yaycaca a x pcyax pace ae Nu o ec eoa - a aeo pacxoec ey coo peya ae p ee opa ya ecaopo eooea (peo-yap).

Haoee cepea a aapao c o o (pc. 1 2) pac o eoa BHAa c eee opa ya ecaopo eooea B.. ya.

Be eooaa aapao c aeaeo o (2AB-75) p ex e aex Rex e, e pac o eoa BHeeaa A.A. yaycaca.

poa ee oepxoc ABO peo-yap pea aeoy yxye eooa (pc. 2), o-oy, cece cea yoe ape epyoo pocpaca p poe apo coo eepayp. aapao c ecaopa eooea oa eea exoo po.

Nu B paoe cex cceoax ABO pee ae pa k-Rex, e k-oe eoepea. Ha pcyax pecae oe eoepea, oyee o cepea a paccae o ec eoa c yo epecx copoe o B.. yy.

Aa pao oaa, o poex ycox cyaa e oeo eoepea p pee pao c e eopa e oax (o exec xapaepca) coca cpee o x ABO:

Xaco-ao - 0,45;

peo-yap - 0,42;

Hyoo-oe - 0,86;

2AB-75 0,91.

Ca epocepea ABO ec pe pao c oe eopa.

pecaee eo paoe pa oopaax Nu GrPr (Grco pacoa, Pr co pa) oaa oo papoc cepeax oe ocyce aeo acoc ey ca oo. ooy ce peya cepeo pecae a pae oopaax Nu-Rex, oope oaa opacae ee eooa p yee Rex pee pao ABO c oe eopa.

p poee cepeo aeeo, o a pacxo oyxa epe py yo ABO c ycaoe cepxy eopa pee pao c oe eopa aeoe e oaa apaee copoc epa. Beep cy yeae eooay eoc, eep cepxy yeae. Ha pc. 3 pocppoao e apae epa pacoaaeoo eepaypoo aopa (t1-tx1) (t1 tx1 eepaypa aa oyxa a xoe ABO, 0C) a eoc.

18 21 24 27 t1-tx1, 0C Pc. 3. acoc eoca ABO "Xaco-ao" o pacoaaeoo eepaypoo aopa p pax apaex epa oce ee po:

- eep cy oce po; - eep cepxy oce po;

- eep cy oce po; - eep cepxy oce po Peoeoao p coopye C ycaaa aapa oyoo oxae a ececex cyccex oex (xoax), o yeae eoc p oex eopax pepo 2 paa e apa epoep a po eopo.

poe apoaec pac ABO peoea paca acoc pacxoa oyxa epe ABO p oex eopax:

g z ( - ) + 0,5 x1 x 2 x1 .em G = x, 4,0,5 (3) x.cp x + 2 S S x e g - ycopee coooo ae, 9,81 /c2;

z coa o cepe pyoo ya o epxa oyopa, ;

x1, x2 ooc oyxa a xoe aapa xoe eo, /3;

.e epaa cocaa copoc epa a xoe ABO, /c;

x.cp cpe ooc oyxa pyo ye, /3;

Sx S oa yoo cee pyoo ya oyopo a xoe aapaa, 2.

Q, B Coocaee paco o acoc (3) c cepea a oaao cpeee ooee 12%.

o cepea a opeeea eoa eoc poex ABO:

W (t1 - t2 ) Q = =, (4) Qmax Wmin (t1 - tx1) e ooee ooae W Wmin eooc accooo pacxoa (oo ae) aa e ox aeo ooo, B/;

t2 eepaypa aa a xoe ABO, 0C.

oaao, o poex ycox cyaa eoa eoc e oao cocae o e ABO:

Xaco-ao - 0,78;

peo-yap - 0,78;

Hyoo-oe - 0,82;

2AB-75 0,87.

Tpem aa ocea coepecoa eo eooo paca ABO y cooa apaepa eoc peoex pepax acoce ee eooa copeex poex ABO.

acoc (4) ceye, o eee eepayp t oea eepaypa aa ABO p eco aao pa:

Wmin t = (t1 - tx1) ;

(5) W Wmin t2 = t1 - (t1 - tx1).

(6) W p ecx pacxoax cpe x eepaypax a xoe ABO paca o (5) (6) yo a eoc. Oa ac o ooe Wmin, cxe e ooo eoocee, epeeaeoc ooa Wmax oyxa ca e epeoca eo (NTU):

k F NTU =, (7) Wmin e Wmax o ox aeo ooo, B/.

Cxea e eoocee poex ABO, oxaax a: epepc o oae axaoo ya py oepe ooo oyxa. o opocy epeeaeoc cyecye a poooox e: o cceoae oaa, o oo oyxa p poxoe epe epyoe pocpaco epeeaec (epa oe), pye oyx ec paec eepeeac cpy (opa oe).

oo aa ABO e epeeaec, o oy opocy paoac e. B paoe ycaoeo, o eoa BHAa p opao pacxoe oyxa cooecye epo oe.

opaa a epooooc cpeeoapecoy eepaypoy aopy t, ae a eoc, opeeec acoc o oo, epeeaec oo oyxa eooee. Ta a o a oaae aeoe e a peya paca opaoy ox ax, ey o yeeo ooe ae.

B paoe pecae pa coocae pacx ae eepayp aa a xoe ABO (t2) epo opo oee c cepea (t2c). oe eoepea opye (7) o peyaa cepeo. Xapaep pep pe a pc. 4.

Caceca opaoa ax oaaa, o cpeeapaoe ooee pacx ax o opo oe o cepeax ecoo pa ee, e o epo, o ec opa oe oe cooecye peaoy e eoocee poex ABO.

Ta opao, poee ABO C M ceye pacca a epepcooe eooee aapa c eepeeac eooce.

.. Ha ocoe opao cepeax ax peoe pepae acoc paca ee eooa copeex poex ABO c oepe ppa poyooo po c oeo opepe 2023 pee pao c e eopa, yae cee apooe epyoo pocpaca, ae ecaopo eooea ABO c o aeaeo o epae ee Rex o 3000 o 7000. O acoc:

Nu=CCRexm, (8) e C oe, ya ae ecaopo eooea; C oe, ya eee yco oea pyoo ya ooo oyxa -a ape epyoo pocpaca; m oaae p Rex.

ae C, C m pee a. 1 2.

Taa aee C opye (8) Hae ecaopo B C m eooea - 0,0044 1,Ba + 0,0160 0,Haeaea - 0,0060 1,Taa aee C opye (8) Xapaep apooe epyoo pocpaca C ce ABO (opo p pyo xopoo pocapaec cy epx) ape ABO (opo p pyo ap pace 0,7-0,yxo, eoopx ecax yx yo a e ppa) ape ABO c yo ooe (co py 0,5-0,yo e o cea, coo yo co yxa paec e e opo p pyo) p pee pao c oe eopa epae Rex o 100 o 1000:

Nu=0,00035CRex1,2161. (9) Taa aee C opye (9) B Hae ecaopo eooea C - Ba + 1,Haeaea - 0,peoea eoa c pepa acoc ee eooa poex ABO ooe pacca eepayp oxae aa ABO. Coocaee paco c cepea a oaao yoeopey cxooc: cpeee apaoe ooee pacx ae eepayp aa a xoe ABO o cepeax cocae o 0,03 o 0,90 C pax cep oo pee pao c e eopa.

peoee acoc pea c e eopa poepe o cepea a .M. aeoa ABO peoyap, oxaax cpo a ecopoe Meee. Macaoe cpeeapaoe ooee pacx ae eepayp aa oce ABO o cepeax cocao 0,44 0C.

Meoa paca c oye acoc ee eooa pacxoa oyxa p oex eopax ooe opee eoc ABO p x ycox x pao.

empma aa coep paece peoea o epocepee a C M. peea eoa opeee oaoo eooo pea epea aa, oop oeceae y pex apa a epeay oxaee aa a C. Moe cceoae aea, o epepacxo ooc a epeay p ce y oxae peae oo ooc a ABO 5-65 pa. yepe cooecy eceoc C c epopo aeae. B ex epocepee eoxoo opee oay eepaypy oxae aa a M c aoyp poo aeaee c yo coooe cooc 1 B epoep o ABO exaeco ep a ay T. p pox pax ax a oay eepaypy oxae aa ooe yco apoc eoepeax oepxoce ABO. peoea popaa paca oax apaepo epea c yo epecex aopo.

popaa ooe pa oa ypoe oxae apx cx ABO p o ce C a M o ce ABO a ao ca. apee ABO yaec eee acoc aecoo eoca o pacoaaeoo eepaypoo aopa.

oeco ex eopo oxae aa o oaoo ypo apx ABO e cooecye pey p cx aapaax.

Too ae apaepo eooea aapaax oyoo oxae p x ycox cyaa ooe ocyec epeay p ax apaax.

Oaoe oxaee ooe c apa a epeay pepo a 5-10%, o ec a 0,5% pacoppyeoo aa p pacxoe aa o 0,8 o oaoo 2% p epeae oaoo pacxoa aa.

Oep cocoo oca eooea ey cpea eooeax ayo epaype ec ee acoc oea eoepea oeoo ca Hyccea o pep Peoca. pep oye e. paoo cy, opeex pe epea, c o pe yoca pecae opao ax peoee oyee acoce aecoo acopoo eox ooo, epeax ABO, o pacoaaeoo eepaypoo aopa p pax pacxoax aa peo pao c e oe eopa.

aae aece acoc pea cooo yeo oe oye aapao oyoo oxae cex exo C M OAO apo a eppop Pecy aopoca. cx aapao xapaepc epyc acopo ABO.

acoc oo oca aec eoc p o pacoaaeo eepaypo aope, o a oooc pa oa eepayp pe acpaoo aopooa.

paece acoc acopoo aecoo eoco o pacoaaeoo eepaypoo aopa oo cy o oepx, ax apee eoepeax oepxoce ABO. Cpaee xapaepc p cooo yeo oe ooe opee, aa oepxoc oe yaec poe: ec ooee aecoo eoca acopoy p ex oex eopax pepo oaooe, ype, ec o ooee p cooo oe aeo e, e p yeo, e.

aoe ococo oo a opao o, o ce ae eo aocc pao ypa ceepca cya oe oya oepay opa o coco apa ABO pao pa oa eoo pe aopooa, eoxooc poee ee ypee po.

Ocoe o peoea 1. caoeo, o oaae pao poex ABO aa a M ee poex: eoa eoc pax ABO poecce cyaa cocae 0,780,87 o oao, a oe eoepea - 0,420,91 o oaoo ae.

Pages:     | 1 || 3 |



2011 www.dissers.ru -

, .
, , , , 1-2 .