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1 BEEHE EHOA MEHOOB AETOEHOHOBO PA EHOHO CMO POBOCTBA EHOA-AETOHA apo .., ae A. ., Xec P. H., Mao P. .

B Pocc ceec eo pooc yo cocoo, oop copooaec opaoae pa oox poyo:

aeoeoa, -ecpoa eo epo, oepo yeoa pyx coee[1]. ooe poy pooca oc cce e a aaeo eoo co, oopo, -a ecoo eoc cce paee, oe coepac o 25% eoa [1], a eo oep p o oy oca 3% o eo cepoaoo oeca. oeco eoo co a ecyx poex ycaoax cocae o 100 o 250 a 1 oy oapoo eoa [3], a ee oepoccce pecypc a ceo e oeac pepo 15 c. o o.

B acoee pe Pocc a poocax eoa-aeoa oya pacpocpaee exoo epepao eoo co eoo cpao pea, ooa ea ee ooo 2% o cepoaoo eoa (pc 1). eoa coa oce peapeoo oeccoa (oo apo oecao cpae opoo po) oepaec paopoa ccee peaox oo. B aece poyo paopoa opayc aeoeooa, yeoa pa, e ocao eoa pa, cocae oopo eoo co eaec ooo 75% coepaeoc e eoa. Te ocao, coco peyeceo coooeypx coee caec aece oeoo oa. yeoa pa, ac oepao yeoo, cy cpa aeo ee eoo pa, a ee aacoa ac oece o 16 a 1 oy oapoo eoa oc cce oe cooac aece ocepao peec [4], cp cea aaoo eooopaex co[5,6], aepa oae poca cyaoccaaax aep [7]. Aeoeooa pa, oece o 60 a 1 oy oapoo eoa, coepaa coe cocae o 18-25% yeoo, 8-15 % eoa, 35-40 % aeoeoa, 2326 % epo -ecpoa pye coee, -a ocyc ca oepaec epecoy oepea, peyae eo eeoo epec ecoo c o eoo xeco poeoc cp eoa yeoo.

B ao paoe aopa peaaec coco ee eoa yeoo aeoeooo pa eoo co.

_ Heeaooe eo, 2003 http://www.ogbus.ru Pc. 1. o- cxea ycao epepao eoo co c yo epepao aeoeooo pa Beee eoa yeoo eoo co ocoeo opaoae aeopoo x coee c aeoeoo[8]. ooy, paeoo ee eoa yeoo aeoeooo pa, eoxoo peapeo e ee oepa eox coee, coepa aoe oeco aeoeoa pecyeo ee eoa yeoo eoo pea. Bee aeoeooo pa oepa eox coee oo oepa epepaoe o ecye exoo paopoa eoo co, o oo a ce eex aeoeooo pa yeoo eoa ye xo yeoo eoo pa ( a cece ye oeco eoa-cpa). B o cyae, acao oycoe coepae aeoeoa o ooe eo coee oepae ye opeec acco coooee eox coee aeoeoy eoo coe oaaeo a ye paopoa. eee accooo coooe eox coee aeoeoy eoo coe pee yee oea eyaax aeopoo, o co oepe oee aeoe cee xoo yeoo eoo pa.

_ Heeaooe eo, 2003 http://www.ogbus.ru ece eo ee eoo cox cece opaecx coee e x eoo eox eao [3,9]. Moo o oa, o o eo poe ee eoa yeoo aeoeooo pa eoo co e oepaa eox coee. ycaoe oooc pee eoa eoo cpa ee eoo aeoeooo pa opeoaoc poeee cceoa o ye pacopoc eoa -yeoa ap oe ocox ooeax aeoeooo pa aeoeoe epax -ecpoa.

ae pacopoc eoo ap opeeoc a ycaoe, cocoe epeec apoo caaa, caeoo coooopoo poeepo eao, opaooo epoepa ycpoca oopa o po. Caa oeac a, epe oopy poaaac oa ypoepocaa. poa opaac aceoo pacopa epe ce p, ca oooc oaa epacopex ac eoo poy. Bpe ace, opeeeoe peape oa cocao 2 aca.

Pacopoc eoo yaac aaoe eepayp o 20 o 80 C.

Coepae eoa -yeoa ap poe opeeoc oeoepec poae 0,1 pacopo coo co.

poee cceoa ycaoeo, o eo yeo ap paec epacop epax -ecpoa.

aee pacopoce eoa -yeoa ap aeoeoe oe pecae a 1.

Taa Be eepayp a pacopoc eoo ap aeoeoe oe Pacopoc Pacopoc Teepaypa 100 H2O, . 100 aeoeoa, .

eo -yeo eo -yeo ap ap ap ap C 20 99,6 16,5 23,5 26,40 - 35,5 34,3 65,60 e opa- 56,8 60,0 oee 140,80 eo 86,2 124,oee 159,Bcoe ae pacopoc -yeoa ap eoa ap aeoeoe, oyco ( yee ceeoc poecca cpa) eoxooc pee opaecoo pacope oxo pacopoo oe eopaeo pacopeo aeoeo pye e eoe coee aeoeooo pa. B aece aoo pacope oy cooa ooeype _ Heeaooe eo, 2003 http://www.ogbus.ru apoaece yeoopo - eo, oyo, yo p. B ao cyae, oee eecoopao cooa yo, a a o ec cpe poecca cea eoa ooy oee ocye a poocax eoa-aeoa.

Ha oaae poecca eoo cpa eox coee aoee coe e o oaa eepaypa, oepa pacopa eo oeco ooo ccey pacope - yoa.

Be x apaepo a poecc cceoaoc a aopaopo ycaoe, cocoe ypoepocaa ceoo ceceoocooo cpaopa, caeoo pyao. Aeoeooa pa ceaac aao coooe c yoo apyaac cpaop, ya oaac o pacop poca ap c aao oepae oece eoxoo ooo pepae eoo x eo ap. Coepoe cpaopa paopeaoc o aao eepayp ye oa pyay ope o ypoepocaa. o oce aao eepayp peaoa acca epeeaac eee 1 aca.

aee, epeeaee ycpoco oaoc, cec ocaaac eee 1 aca. Boa aa, pecaa coo cpa pacop eoo ap, oeoc o opaeco paao eaac. aee pao a opaac aeca poya, oop occ coo coo o pH=2 oyeo acc pexpao cpae opoo po cpapoac eoe coee. oyeo cec ooc opoo p. Ocao, oce oae eo eeoo oeca opaoo oaoa (ype caap), oepac xpoaopaecoy aay, o peyaa oopoo paccaoc oeceoe coepae yax eoo ap ooeoo ae.

Peya cep cepeo o ye eyaax aopo a cee ee ooeo aeoeooo pa cpa pacop pecae a pcye 2.

a o ax pcya 2, acaa cee ee eox coee (pa 3) ocaec epae eepayp o 82 o 94 C, oepa pacopa poca ap o 22 o 32 % ac., oece pacope yoa o 40 o 400% o acc cxooo cp.

oc oax yco poecca eoo cpa oeceax acay cee ee eox coee p opaeo coepa aeoeoa cpae ocyecc eoo aeaecoo apoa cepea. B aece opyex oaaee poecca eoo cpa, cooaac cyapa cee ee eox coee (eoa yeoo) (S) accooe coooee x oeca oecy aeoeoa eeo cpae (P). C e oee ooo _ Heeaooe eo, 2003 http://www.ogbus.ru oca poecca pox epaax ee apaepo cooac epao-ooo pooae a pex epeex eepayp poecca, oepa pacopa poca ap oeca yoa.

Bpae ae ypoe epao appoa aopo ooe ae 2.

2 5 D 70,0 82,0 94,10,0 21,0 32,oepa pacopa poca Teepaypa, C (oeco yoa 232%, oepa ap, ac. % (eepaypa 88 C, pacopa poca ap 27 ac.% oeco yoa 232%) Cee ee:

1- eo, 2- yeo, 3- cya eoa yeoo, 4- aeoeo, 5- ep -ecpoa eepoae ooe 4 0 100 200 300 Pc. 2. Be exooecx aopo a cee ee ooeo aeoeooo pa cpa pacop poecca _ eoo cpa.

Heeaooe eo, 2003 http://www.ogbus.ru Cee ee ooeo, % Cee ee ooeo, % Cee ee ooeo, % Taa aop, x ypo epa appoa aop oepa oeco pacopa NaOH, pacope, % Teepaypa C po ac. %.

Ocoo 88 27 epa appoa 3,57 2,97 H 84,4 24,0 Bepx 91,6 30,0 eoe eo epxee 94 22 eoe eo ee 82 32 oce opao acca cepeax ax o ec opya[10], opeooo aaa aaa a aeaoc a oyea aeaeca oe yaeoo poecca e pepeccox ypae (1) (2).

S=77,8608+3,5315T+1,65946C-3,1425N-2.5608T2-1.6650C2-1.8238N2- -1.7996TN; (1) P=6,2785+0,55607T-1.3105C-2,0836N-0.0818T2-0.2357C2+ +0.15474N2-0.4221CN; (2) e: T, C, N opoae ae eepayp, oepa pacopa poca ap oeca yoa paccaee o opya (3 5).

t - 88 c - 27 n - T=, (3); C=, (4); N= (5);

3,57 2,97 e: t eepaypa poecca, C; c - oepa ooo pacopa poca ap, ac.%; n- yeoe oeco yoa, ac.% o cxooo cp.

oc oax ae aopo, p oopx ocaec acaa cyapa cee ee yeoo eoa aeoeooo pa, p apeeo aece cpaa (accooe coooee oeca eox coee oecy aeeoa) ocyecc pae eoo yx poox o ypae (1). B aece y opae o aecy cpaa cooaoc ypaee (2) p yco, o accooe coooee eox coee aeoeoy oyeo cpae oo e ee e eoo coe, oaec a ye oeccoa ycao epepao eoo co. Maccooe coooee oeca eox coee aeoeoy eoo coe, a ocoe _ Heeaooe eo, 2003 http://www.ogbus.ru epaypx [1-4] poocex ax (OAO aopce) o ee cocae, o po pa 2,74. ppaee paea ypae (1-2) paccaoc o ec opya [10]. B aece cxox ae opyex aopo pac x ae epe aa cepea. Peya paceo oax apaepo pecae ae 3.

Taa Peya pacea oax apaepo poecca eoo cpa ae opoax Pacee ae aa apaepo ypae pepecc T C N S P 1 0 0 0 77,7 6,2 0,70 0,49 -1,20 82,1 3,3 1,11 0,50 -1,44 82,7 3,4 1,19 0,50 -1,45 82,7 3,5 1,20 0,50 -1,45 82,8 3,6 1,20 0,50 -1,45 82,8 3,epeo, oyee a 6 ae paceo, opoae ae epeex aypae e o opya (3-5) oy oae yco poecca eoo cpa:

- eepaypa 92,3C;

- oepa pacopa poca ap 28,5 ac.%;

- oeco yoa 98%.

Hae oa pe poecca apopoa cepeao. p eepaype poecca 920,2 C, oepa pacopa poca ap 28,5% oece yoa 98,1%, cyapa cee ee yeoo eoa cocaa 81,4%. Paa ey paceo cee ee oyeo cepeao e peae opeoc cepea, o oepae ocoepoc poeex cceoa. p cyapo cee ee 81,4%, cee ee eoa cocaa 95,4%, a yeoo 75,6%, accooe coooee eox coee aeoeoy oyeo cpae cocao 3,70.

oye oao pee cpa peca coo o pacop eoo ap c pec aeoeoa (o 12 ac.%), epo -ecpoa (o 5 ac.%) yoa (o 7 ac.%), peeepa oopoo ocyecac ye ooa e ooo aeopoa.

Paa pacop poecca eoo cpa, coepa e e coee (yo, aeoeo, ep -ecpoa, yeo, eo) o peaoa acca poecca oce yoa o eo _ Heeaooe eo, 2003 http://www.ogbus.ru poepec. Peeepa yoa o peaoo acc o ecye a poocax eoa-aeoa exoo ocyecec ayyo peae, ooe oece yooe eee yoa. a exoo opoo ocaa epaype[1] oe cooaa peeepa yoa paaoo pacopa poecca eoo cpa. oce peeepa yoa paa, peca coo oepa aeoeoa, oe oepac epecoy oepea o ecye a poocax eoa-aeoa exoo.

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