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pece paep pe opeee pep xpyoo papye KIc:

2 Ic (9) peca a pe = ;

p KIc (10) peca ya = p 1,22, e Ic oe ecoc ape, Ma*1/2;

- ape o acao apy a aapa o ec eeo pa, Ma.

Hape o acao apy a aapa = MAX{,,, }, (11) x1 x2 E1 Ee x1 epoae ape co copo pa (o aao c epoo apyo), a;

x2 epoae ape c pooooo o pa copo oo, a;

E1 aee ape co copo pa, a;

E2 aee ape c pooooo o pa copo, a.

Mepoae ape opeec o opya Pr (D - S) G1 + GM, z- z = - + (12) x4 (S - c) D (S - c) D (S - c) Pr (D - S) G1 + GM, z- z (13) = - x4 (S - c) D (S - c) D (S - c) e Pr paceoe aee aapae, a;

D ype aep aapaa, ;

S oa ce aapaa, ;

c paa oe ce, ;

G1 G2 cooeceo ec epoo opoo yaco oo p paox ycox, H;

M - a oe o coecoo ec epoo z- z yapo apy paceo cee z z (eco pap opyca aapaa oope), H*.

aee ape pa 2 = - +, (14) E1 x1 x1 y y 2 = - +, (15) E2 x2 x2 y y e y aeae ape (oo o ypeeo ae aapae), a, Pr (D - S) (16) =.

y 2 (S - c) Peya paceo pecae paec a pcyax 9 10.

poeex paceo o, o ae ocpyx ae eaex pe cyae oec a x po apy cocoo pec x pocy oeo oe - oepe pooc aapaa.

oe ocoepoc poeax cceoa paccope ecoo pepo oec po a poee oe p peax aapx, oope oaa yoeopey cxooc peyao, oyex pace ye a ocoe cepoo aaa aap.

, p eyaaop 0,016 0,1 oa paccee 0,2 cae papye 0,3 cpee papye 0,4 ce papye 0,0,0,0,0 50000 100000 150000 200000 250000 W, Pcyo 9 pa acoc peco pe o poooo aea eeo pa , p eyaaop 0,0,0,1 oa paccee 0,2 cae papye 0,3 cpee papye 0,4 ce papye 0,0,0,0,0,0 50000 100000 150000 200000 250000 W, Pcyo 10 pa acoc peco y pe o poooo aea eeo pa Oe o 1 poeea oea pooc ycooc aapao oooo a p ec eeo pa c yeo ooex aecx aopo: pacooe epa pa ooceo oo; apoaeco eycooc; oooo a pe. Opeeeo, o apyee poocx coc oep ycooc aapao oooo a pocxo oacx c o ae ooo ae (opa 70 a e), o coacyec c peyaa pacceoa aap, e aac opae aapao oooo a pao cee.

2 peoe eo, oo opee pacey apyy, ecyy a aapa oooo a p ee pe, c yeo co pacooe epa pa ooceo oooo aapaa, oopa peyae aaa ecx eoo o oee oec pa a poee oe. oye oe aecoo yce apy , ecye p pe a aapa oooo a, o apaepo po o (ooo ae a poe yapo o - p, yca i) c yeo co pacooe epa pa h ooceo oo; paccopex oox aapao ea axoc aaoe 1,0422,28. caoea acoc e yapo apy o co pacooe epa pa ooceo oooo aapaa eo, o acae apy a aapa oa p pe, ep oopoo pacooe y ocoa oo, o coacyec c poee aao caceco opa o pooacoc exooecx ycaoo H.

3 peoe apaep b, oop yae eoepece apaep, accy coca aepaa aapaa p pacee a apoaecy eycooc cyae yapo oooo peoaca; peax oo ea b axoc peeax 0,010,9. Bea oac ae yca (i = 10500 a c), oopo aca po o ec pa axoc peoaco oac; pe aoee oac c o pe oep pooc ycooc cyae acye peoaca c ooe aapa c apaepo b = 0,030,3.

4 oye oe R opeee o papye. Payc o papye, paccae o oea, cooecy ae ox ae, p opao oyea.

5 oea eoa opeee peco y pe cya aoec oooo aapaa c po oo, oopa ooe poopoa pae peoopaoo eea cyae oec a aapa eeo pa.

Cco oyoax pao 1 Copoeo .B., Xycpo M.X., ea M.A. Xapaepc pooacoo apoaooo oaa // Meo epe xo - exooecx poecco (XT-V-99): Te. o. V Meyap. ay. o. - a, 1999. T. 2. . II. - C. 49-50.

2 ea M.A., Xycpo M.X. Xapaepc apoaooo oaa p cooo poe eepoyo // Maepa 50- ayo-execo oepe cyeo, acpao oox yex. - a: HT, 1999. C. 66-67.

3 ea M.A., eep A.B. Pace o pooacx oepa eepoyo // Maepa 50- ayo-execo oepe cyeo, acpao oox yex. - a: HT, 1999. C. 68.

4 ea M.A. cooc eeaocoo oopyoa o ece yapo o // Tec oao III pecyacoo oypca ayx pao cyeo yo Pecy aopoca "eoacoc eeeoc". - a, 2000. C. 12-14.

5 ea M.A., yee .P. Opeeee eoacoo pacco o eca pa // Tec oao epeoao ayo-eoeco oepe "poe eeaoo opac". - a, 2000. C. 26-28.

6 ea M.A., yee .P. Apoaeca eycooc oox aapao o ece eeo pa // Maepa 52- ayoexeco oepe cyeo, acpao oox yex. - a:

HT, 2001. C. 46.

7 ea M.A., yee .P. Apoaeca eycooc oox aapao o ece eeo pa a H // Tec oao III opecca eeaopoeo Pocc. - a, 2001. C. 306-308.

8 ea M.A. Pace oox aapao a pooc ycooc o ece yapo apy c yeo co pacooe epa eeo pa // Texooece poe pa aocpoe aopocae: C. ay. p. a: e, 2001. C. 176178 c.

9 ea M.A., yee .P. Opeeee yapo apy a oo aapa c yeo co pacooe epa eeo pa // Heeaooe eo. - 9 http://www.ogbus.net/authors/Ilyaseva/ily1.pdf. - 12 c.

10 ea M.A., yee .P. Apoaeca eycooc oox aapao o ece eeo pa a H // He a. 2002. - 1. C. 65-69.

11 ea M.A. poopoae ocec aeoo pa // Maepa III Bcepoccco ayo paeco oepe "poe poopoa, peypee a ocec peax cya". a, 2002. C. 55-57.

12 ea M.A., yee .P. Oea pooc oox aapao o ece eeo pa c yeo a pe // Maepa III Bcepoccco ayo paeco oepe "poe poopoa, peypee a ocec peax cya". a, 2002. C. 164-166.

Cocae M.A. ea

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