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ypoe ce paoe paccapac ooe aapa ocooo o coe cee.

B aece oe pa paccapaec cya ae p eopaeoo apoaooo oaa oyo cpee (aocepe) p opax ycox c oc p poo yapo o.

B peeo e eoe coyc ypoee aaece eo xapaep ee apy o coe ocpy paec paoepo pacpeee.

Pacey pacpeeey apyy, coaaey yapo oo p oea, ecyy a oo aapa eo a eo yaco coo ((H y), ), p ee pe opee pae Py = CD Q D (H - y), (3) e CD oe copoe ea caoapoy oeaey ooy oyxa, apoaec oe; oooo oopyoa, oc cep oopoo epeypa apae ooa, CD = 1,2;

Q aec (copoco) aop yapo o, a, paccae acoc o p;

D apy aep oo, ;

oe aecoo yce;

H coa oo, ;

y coa poooo paceoo cee, .

oe aecoo yce ypyo cce 4,48i E J K =1+, (4) po.

m He po. aee oea, a;

E oy ypyoc aepaa aapaa, a;

J oe ep aapaa ooceo epao oc, 4;

m oa acca aapaa p paox ycox, .

aee o eco opye paccaec a oe o yapo o o oacx cee o caapo eoe pooc poepo pace a pooc ycooc oox aapao.

Tpe aa ocea oee pooc ycooc aapao oooo a p ee pe c yeo ooex aecx oec.

Be oca ypoe eo apya paec paoepo pacpeeeo o coe oooo aapaa, oca ece xapaep ee apy o coe ocpy p ec paopeex ycx apyo. Tao oxo ae pey oey pooc ycooc aapao o ec eeo pa.

peaaec paccapa py apyy a cocpeooey poey opeeeo ece ocpy. Taa cxea oae a pae p paepea oex yo oooo aapaa c poco aocepy aex oec yeoopooo cp eepoyo c ocey opaoae eopaeoo apoaooo oaa eo po oyo cpee aapaa ( aocepe p opax ycox c oc p poo yapo o).

Paccope 10 pax cxe apye oox aapao yapo apyo o eeo pa (pcyo 1).

F F F F F H H 7 H H H H H H H = 6, = 4,62 = 5,39 = 7,59 = 9,F H H H H H F H H F 2 H F 5 H H F = 11,55 = 15,01 = 20,79 = 32,33 = 66,Pcyo 1 Cxea apye oox aapao yapo apyo B oe e opyy opeee apy, coaaeo yapo oo a oo aapa eo p ee pe, oo peca cey opao:

i E J (5) Py = CD F +, po m H e F cocpeooea apya, poea opeeeo ece ocpy, H;

oe, opeee cxeo apye (c. e).

Ha pcye 2 pecaea paeca acoc oea aoc o pacco o epa pa o coe oooo aapaa pax ae ooo ae.

W = 2000 1 - dp = 2 a 2 - dp = 14 a 3 - dp = 28 a 4 - dp = 70 a 5 - dp = 100 a 0 0,2 0,4 0,6 0,8 HHH H H h, Pc. 1 - acoc oea aoc o pacco o Pcyo 2 acoc oea aoc o pacco o eca eca pa o coe oo pax ae pa o coe oo pax ae ox ae ox ae M, H* W = 2000 1 - dp = 2 a 2 - dp = 14 a 3 - dp = 28 a 4 - dp = 70 a 5 - dp = 100 a 0 0,2H 0,4H 0,6H 0,8HH h, Pc. 2 - acoc e aeo oea o pacco Pcyo 3 acoc e aeo oea o pacco o o epa pa o coe oooo aapaa pax o papye epa pa o coe oooo aapaa pax o papye Pace pooc 23 aapao, ex pae apaep ocpy (eoepece xapaepc, acca, aepa). ce cooac popa poy Microsoft Excel for Windows 2000.

Oeac pacee apy, oope ecy a aapa oooo a p ex pax o coa pao acc a pax paccox o eo. Pcyo 3 cppye paecy acoc e acaoo aeo oea, oaeo e oaco cee oooo aapaa, o pacco o epa pa o coe oo pax o papye p aax apaepax pa.

Aapy oyee peya ceoo oepoa aoo oooo aapaa p aax ycox eeo pa, oo peoo, o oe paccee oo aapa o ece pa e oepe pooc ycooc; oe cax papye, ec ep eeo pa ye axoc e ooe (o coe) oo, pooe oep pooc aepx oo. B oe cpex papye pooe oep pooc aepx oo oep ycooc oopo oea; oe cx papye p axoe epa pa e eep co oo, oo oep pooc aepx oo, oep ycooc oopo oea, pooe oep pooc ycooc op aapaa, a oe ox papye p po oec pooe oep pooc aepx oo, oep ycooc oopo oea, oep pooc ycooc op aapaa, a ec p pooe e eep oo, o ycoe pooc capoo a ye apyeo.

Ta opao, oo cea o, o acaa apya a aapa coaec cyae aeoo pa, oa ep pa axoc y ocoa oo.

B pae cyaa cox coopye x ocpy ec cya, oa cce oapya ycox ececeoo epa cooc pacaa oepe ooa. p ec yapo apy o ee oe ycac pec peoacy. ocoy yapa oa e ee epoecoo xapaepa pacpocpaec a e cao yoe, oea, oae oce poxoe yapo o, oo paccapa a cooe ayxae oea. epayp eco, o oe ox ae (p = 228 a) p eaex accax paeoc eeca (W = 210 o) oe e eco ee peoaca (x0 = x0pe).

B oe eox ox ae apaepo yapo o ec yc (pe acaecoo apye). ye oacoc peoacx e eoxoo pae ae yca, p oopx ooe peoac, a ae e xapaepc caoo aapaa (eoepecx apaepo, acc, aepaa).

peaaec pe apaep b, oop ocae eoepece xapaepc aapaa, a ae yae accy coca aepaa oo:

1 m H (6) b =.

D2 E J peax oox aapao ea apaepa b axoc peeax 0,010,9.

oe oacoc peoacx e p ec po o a aapa oooo a poee cceoa, oope aac cpae x0 x0 pe oacx pax yco p pax apo pax acc. B peyae paceo ea oac ae yco (i = 10500 a c), p oopx aca po o ec pa axoc peoaco oac, ocpoea peoaca pa (pcyo 4), ooa opee aee yca, p oopo aoee epoo ooee peoaca opeoo oooo aapaa.

i, a*c Ha pcyax 5 6 pee pa, xapaepye acoc ay oea o acc apa apaepo aapaa p pax apaepax pa.

b 0 0,2 0,4 0,6 0,8 Aapy ae Pcyo 4 Peoaca pa x0 = x0 pe pax oox aapao a 1, oo cea aee, o ox0/x0pe r = 1000 b = 0,8 ox aapao c apaepa b = 0,010,02 ab = 0,3 cyee peoaca aoepoo; aapao b = 0,b = 0,50,9 acyee b = 0,peoaca, c o pe b = 0,pooc ycooc 0 2000 4000 6000 8000 10000 12000W, Pc. 4 - acoc ay oea o acc apa Pcyo 5 acoc ay oea o pax oox aapao aapaa, ec eoacc apa pax oox aapao ac, .. ao cyx0/x0pe W = 5000 ae a aapa ecye dp = 28 a eaea yapa dp = 14 a apya. ooy aoee oac c o pe oep pooc dp = 2 a ycooc cyae acye peoaca c aapa c apaeb 0 0,2 0,4 0,6 0,8 po b = 0,030,3.

Pc. 5 - acoc ay oea o apaepo oox aapao Pcyo 6 acoc ay oea o apaepo oox aapao Taa 1 - Xapaepc oooo aapaa oooc e yapo oooo peoaca yc, apaep b Boooc e peoaca a c 0,010,02 400500 ee peoaca aoepoo ee peoaca oe poo p pe 0,030,04 200apa acco o 10000 a pacco o 195 p oo ae o 28 a ee peoaca oe poo p pe 0,050,09 100apa acco o 6000 a pacco o 300 p oo ae o 14 a ee peoaca oe poo p pe 0,10,2 40apa acco o 6000 a pacco o 1000 p oo ae o 14 a ee peoaca oe poo p pe apa acco o 1000 o 10000 a pacco 0,30,4 20o 540 o 2245 p oo ae o 2 a ee peoaca oe poo p pe 0,50,9 10apa acco o 5000 a pacco o 1785 p oo ae o 2 a a oaa poeee aopo cceoa, cee ae payca o papye o opya (7) (8) p ecx oeax R e cooecy p oa papye, opeee o ae.

R = R W p m > 5000 , (7) W p m 5000 , R = KR (8) 1+ W e R paccoe o peoaaeoo epa pa o oea, ;

R oe, cooecy ypo oec pa a oe, /1/3;

W poo ae pa, ;

m peea acca apoaoo cpe, yacye o pe, .

ycpae ecooec poee pace, oope oo c ae oeo R (aa 2), cooecye payca papye p ecx aex pax ox ae p m > 5000 .

Taa 2 - ae ox ae cooecye ae oea R o oa papye o papye apaep pacceee caoe cpeee coe ooe p, a 2 14 28 70 R, /1/54,2 10,8 6,9 4,1 3,R oe R 1 dp = 2 a 2 dp = 14 a p m 5000 3 dp = 28 a 4 - dp = 70 a e coy a5 - dp = 100 a 60 coc o ooo ae a poe yapo o pecae paec a pcye 7.

1000 2000 3000 4000 5000W, Pcyo 8 ooPc. 6 - acoc oeo o poooo aea Pcyo 7 acoc oeo R e ocaoo oo poooo aea o pacca par, yc o papye opee cee papye 1 dp = 2 a 2 dp = 14 a oopyoa co3 dp = 28 a 4 - dp = 70 a opye ac5 - dp = 100 a oc o acc 2 3 4 paeoc eeca. poepW, 0 50000 100000 150000 ao eo Pc. 7 - acoc payco papye o poooo aea Pcyo 8 acoc payco papye poooc cpao poooo aea ee peyao pacea c a o pea aap.

Paccopea eoa ooe papaoa peoea o pacooe oacx exooecx oeo.

p oee pooc oox aapao eoxoo yec eec ocpy pe oe x e a pooc.

o aepa, ao peapeo exooeco opaoe o oepac, cea oaae a-o ecoepeca. ooe aapa oaac copee pax oooe epeco capo. p o aa pao aapao ooe peyecee eca ooe eeo: 1) cape yac, peae eca cap; 2) pae eca oepa ape, oycoee opo eea; 3) pae ece opee (pe, apa, , ope ..), oec p ooe oex eeo p eopoaeceo opaoe. ee c oaa, oopx aac papye.

B poecce cyaa oox aapao ycox caecx aoox apyo pocxo o coaoo cpyyp: opayc papoee coaoe coe, ycoe ooc coe, eca paepoaa (pca pa a pooac, paopepoae a y opa ecox payco) cpyyp. p o ec o-exaece coca: pee eyec, pooc, acoc, oe ypyoc, pe, ae, epece eoe coca, a ae copoc pacpocpae ypyx o. Oapyeo, o opaoae paepoao cpyyp c "oe" paa epe po oe xpyoo oa p yapo papye. oece aa oepxoc papye oaa, o o xpyo cocae paa 20 30%.

Oeo, o, paccapa oece yapo o a oopyoae p pe, oe pooc eoxoo ya cocoe cpyyp eaa.

Taa 3 - Mexaece coca ca C3c c pao coaoo cpyypo oce ca a yap cxoa paepoaCpyypa ca = 2 109 - eca a c "oe" 8 1010, c-2 paa pee eyec 0,2, Ma 268 250 pee pooc B, Ma 430 450 Macaoe ooceoe 26 24 yee,% apa oc KCV, /c2 185 157 oe ecoc 41,5 38,7 33,ape Ic, Ma 1/Xpyoe papyee oe aac opoax oacx oaoo oxpya epx ex, poax, xpyx capx ax .., peocooc oopx e, e y ocooo aepaa.

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