WWW.DISSERS.RU


...
    !

Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 25 | 26 ||

According to the rules of art field functioning the art production works effectively via interaction with other fields. Nowadays the maintenance of the media which creates communicative flows is a must for delivering art into the public sphere. Without taking share in public discourse the intellectual cant make an act that would be recognized as such. According to P. Bourdieu the institutional capital in the art field (participation in exhibitions, competitions, jury) prevails over art capital as such (creation of art works).Authors of the magazine underline the importance of publicity and communication within the art system to provide its autopoesis and selfdescription, referring here to N. Luhmann and his work Art as a Social System.10 To make free intellectual actions an intellectual cant avoid a step of becoming significant in the art field - constitute the lobby communication nets between art managers. Only when having his institutional capital established, having integrated into existing or constituted his own communication nets can intellectual speak up in public with some new, profound, non-commercial ideas. Another point is that the help of the financial capital to the art institutions, such as galleries in conditions of postSoviet countries with their lack of governmental funding, is also a realized necessity. In return capital groups demand dividends in sense of their public acknowledgement as meaningful art figures.

The third tension is ambivalence of curating practice. Curating can be fulfilled as reinterpreting of an artists idea to make it sound in concrete social frames or only accompanying his idea saving its reticence. This is connected with the discrepancy of the curators position, as we saw earlier, which takes place between his representational functions and the need to save the message of the artist. The art work needs the help of the curator to be exhibited - seen and perceived. Today curators (and critics as well) form an infrastructure for cultural disposition of the capital in art field.11 A curator, an interpreter has resources to create a ground to honour the icon. But curating cant avoid the fact that it ruins artists autonomy, his/her individual artistic message (i.e. via collective exhibitions).12 To save the autonomy of the author while recognition depends on public taste and mass culture, curator should as if not curate at all (zero-curating in terms of V. Misiano).Oleksandra Nenko 3. Ways to Do Intellectual Practice One of the ways that can be picked out is saving solitude as an individualized practice of observation and detached reflexivity. The way of solitude has its contradictions as a social practice and a process of cognition of an art work. Solitude as social practice is inclined by some of the authors towards the art critics that in their opinion should be separated from the art process. Externalising the intellectual is necessary: the curator should be a first outside figure for the artist, the art critic - a second one to avoid doubling of the roles and shift of the accents.14 In the process of cognition while according to T. W. Adorno radicalisation of ones non-identity inside the identity is the prerogative of the critical thinking, Terry Eagleton claims quite the contrary - subject of the critical discourse cant avoid merging into its object, thus constituting the temporary identity between it and oneself.The second way lies in forming Gemeinschaft of reflexive intellectuals, who keep social ties with the outer world, but run intellectual practices in a closed group. From the underground art past of Soviet Union intellectuals have experience of forming autonomous communities to withstand the mainstream. The numerous artistic groups which really possessed the spirit of conceptuality involved artists who were at the same time theoreticians of their own work. Together with the intellectuals they formed a close circle and formed a Fremdsprache that allowed them to say the things which couldnt be said in the ideologically correct language. For now D. Prigov metaphorically calls the places of such intimacy spaces of survival and sees them as opposing to spaces of totalising capitalistic projects in contemporary art.The third way can be regarded as inserting of an individualized intellectual with his/her unique stance (language, image etc.) in a comprehensive network of different actors of art production. The political dialogue or discussion is a mean for an intellectual today to be in the centre of the public attention. V. Misiano claims that attending a political discussion representatives of art receive a chance to seek and find new social political and anthropological perspectives. Through such discussion (which is not concretely defined by the author) art could involve in the cognitive industry and production not of bare objects but ideas, methodologies - non-material products and thus compete with cognitive industry of power.17 But in postSoviet space such public discussion is impossible because of absence of its participants - the civil society. Art and its practitioners are not oriented on public discussion, but on manufacture of objects. Hence the tendency of declining intellectual - curator, critic - to the manager, administrator, fundraiser remains.

162 Intellectual in the Field of Contemporary Art 4. End Points One of the hot issues in the post-Soviet art field is the on-going discussion of the value as well as practical portrait of the art intellectual, which resides in the phenomena of autonomy, responsibility, critical thought and modes of affirmative practices. The intellectual is defined in a number of roles - critic, curator, mediator, which is in fact an open list. The intersection of such roles becomes evident in the description of intellectuals practices, though sometimes the clear distinctions are articulated. Two currencies (that should be detailed, of course) can be defined in the intellectuals discourses.

(1) Traditional idealistic project of an intellectual who is critically rethinking existing reality and is occupied with an idea to establish a unified culture theory. But the discrepancies of independence of such critical thinking is evident. Also experts really try to speak of right and needed ways of doing things or playing roles, but with that blame conditions and resources as unsatisfactory; intellectuals acknowledge cultural capitalism and its market logic as the main enemy of art independence and at the same time state that post-Soviet art field is dependent on the Western patterns, i.e. orient postSoviet contemporary art on the Western theories and topics. (2) Intellectuals are functionally regarding their positions and resources, their possibilities.

Intellectual in material environment of offer and demand in contemporary art field is referred to as a mediator and manager between public and creator to ensure commercial effectiveness of art, conversation of money capital into symbolic capital; a referent of art expertise in the process of constituting consumers aesthetical tastes.

Notes For grounded analysis of Soviet underground art one can see works by V Tupitsyn, The Museological Unconscious: Communal (Post)Modernism in Russia, 1950s-2000s, Cambridge, MA & London, 2009; , . , , :

1980-1995 ., , AdMarginem, 1997; B Groys, The Communist Postscript, London, Verso, 2009; B Groys, Gesamtkunstwerk Stalin: Die gespaltene Kultur in der Sowjetunion, Hanser, Mnchen and Wien, 1988.

The magazine has a personal web-site, http://www.xz.gif.ru.

B Groys, On Contemporary Position of an Art Commentator, in Moscow Art Magazine, 41, 2001, viewed on 20 May 2010, http://www.xz.gif.ru/numbers/41/groys/.

Curator between Culture Industry and Creative Class, in Moscow Art Magazine, 73/74, 2010, viewed on 20 May 2010, http://www.xz.gif.ru/numbers/73-74/r-t/.

Oleksandra Nenko D Golynko-Wolfson, On Biopolitical Censorship, Collapse of Communities and Practices of Affirmation, in Moscow Art Magazine, 71/72, 2009, viewed on 20 May 2010, http://www.xz.gif.ru/numbers/7172/biopolit-censure/.

Curator between Culture Industry and Creative Class, in Moscow Art Magazine, 73/74, 2010, viewed on 20 May 2010, http://www.xz.gif.ru/numbers/73-74/r-t/.

S Zizek, One Should Be a Pessimist Waiting for a Miracle, in Moscow Art Magazine, 69, 2008, viewed on 20 May 2010, http://www.xz.gif.ru/numbers/67-68/zizek-interview/.

K Bishop, Social Turn in Contemporary Art, in Moscow Art Magazine, 58/59, 2005, viewed on 20 May 2010, http://xz.gif.ru/numbers/5859/povorot/.

See: P Bourdieu, The Field of Cultural Production: Essays on Art and Literature, Cambridge, Polity Press, 1993.

A Zhilyaev, Notes on the Problem of Autocommunication in Contemporary Art, in Moscow Art Magazine, 73/74, 2010, viewed on May 2010, .

I Budraytskis & A Galkina, Five Theses about Art and Capital in Moscow Art Magazine, 71/72, 2009, viewed on 20 May 2010, http://xz.gif.ru/numbers/71-72/five-theses/.

B Groys, Curator as an Iconoclast in Moscow Art Magazine, 73, 2010, viewed on 20 May 2010, http://www.xz.gif.ru/numbers/73-74/kuratorikonoborec/.

Curator between Culture Industry and Creative Class, in Moscow Art Magazine, 73/74, 2010, viewed on 20 May 2010, http://www.xz.gif.ru/numbers/73-74/r-t/.

Curator between Culture Industry and Creative Class, in Moscow Art Magazine, 73/74, 2010, viewed on 20 May 2010, http://www.xz.gif.ru/numbers/73-74/r-t/.

T Eagleton, Walter Benjamin, or Towards a Revolutionary Criticism, London/New York, Verso, 1981, p. 92.

D Prigov, Spaces (of Survival and Utterance) in Moscow Art Magazine, 58/59, 2005, viewed on 20 May 2010, http://xz.gif.ru/numbers/5859/prostranstva/.

Curator between Culture Industry and Creative Class, in Moscow Art Magazine, 73/74, 2010, viewed on 20 May 2010, http://www.xz.gif.ru/numbers/73-74/r-t/.

164 Intellectual in the Field of Contemporary Art Bibliography Bishop, K., Social Turn in Contemporary Art. Moscow Art Magazine.

58/59, 2005, viewed on 20 May 2010, http://xz.gif.ru/numbers/5859/povorot/.

Bourdieu, P., The Field of Cultural Production: Essays on Art and Literature. Cambridge, Polity Press, 1993.

Budraytskis I. & Galkina A., Five Theses about Art and Capital. Moscow Art Magazine. 71/72, 2009, viewed on 20 May 2010, http://xz.gif.ru/numbers/71-72/five-theses/.

Curator between Culture Industry and Creative Class. Moscow Art Magazine. 73/74, 2010, viewed on 20 May 2010, http://www.xz.gif.ru/numbers/73-74/r-t/.

Eagleton, T., Walter Benjamin, or Towards a Revolutionary Criticism.

London/New York, Verso, 1981, p. 92.

Golynko-Wolfson, D., On Biopolitical Censorship, Collapse of Communities and Practices of Affirmation. Moscow Art Magazine. 71/72, 2009, viewed on 20 May 2010, http://www.xz.gif.ru/numbers/71-72/biopolitcensure/.

Groys, B., On Contemporary Position of an Art Commentator. Moscow Art Magazine. 41, 2001, viewed on 20 May 2010, http://www.xz.gif.ru/numbers/41/groys/.

Groys, B., Curator as an Iconoclast. Moscow Art Magazine. 73, 2010, viewed on 20 May 2010, http://www.xz.gif.ru/numbers/73-74/kuratorikonoborec/.

Prigov, D., Spaces (of Survival and Utterance). Moscow Art Magazine. 58/59, 2005, viewed on 20 May 2010, http://xz.gif.ru/numbers/5859/prostranstva/.

Zhilyaev, A., Notes on the Problem of Autocommunication in Contemporary Art. Moscow Art Magazine. 73/74, 2010, viewed on 20 May 2010, http://www.xz.gif.ru/numbers/73-74/zhilyaev/.

Oleksandra Nenko Zizek, S., One should be a Pessimist Waiting for a Miracle. Moscow Art Magazine. 69, 2008, viewed on 20 May 2010, http://www.xz.gif.ru/numbers/67-68/zizek-interview/.

Notes on Contributors Tunde Adeleke is Professor of History and Director of African & African American Studies at Iowa State University (USA). He has researched and published extensively on the subjects of Black Nationalism, Pan-Africanism, Afrocentricity, Black Biography, and African American identity.

Nikita Basov is a PhD in Sociology, post-doctoral researcher at the Faculty of Sociology of Saint Petersburg Sate University, Russia. His major interests and research topics include social innovation, social self-organization, network structures, integrative processes in social systems, knowledge creation in the networks of intellectuals and in interorganzational networks, non-linear management.

Claire Heaney completed her undergraduate degree in English and Politics at Queens University Belfast (UK) in 2006, followed by a Masters in Modern Literature and Culture at UCL in 2008. She is currently enrolled as a second year PhD student at Queens, where her research focuses on the relationship between fiction and academic discourses in the writing of J.M. Coetzee.

Jerrold L Kachur is Associate Professor at the Department of Educational Policy Studies, University of Alberta, Canada. He is a philosophicallyoriented historical sociologist and comparative anthropologist, doing research in global cultural politics: economic globalization, geo-political interstate conflict, universities on the international stage, world intellectual history, the history and philosophy of competing worldviews, ideologies, and cultures of inquiry, particularly the place of critical social science in human liberation.

Sechaba MG Mahlomaholo is the Research Professor in the School of Education, North-West University in Potchefstroom, South Africa, having worked at 5 Higher Education institutions in that country. He considers himself an emerging organic intellectual whose work is informed by the emancipatory agenda, located in a spectrum of theoretical positions ranging from Critical Theory, Post-Coloniality, Feminist and Critical Race Theories.

Carlos David Garca Mancilla studied Philosophy in the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), where he made his masters also in Philosophy. He is currently studying the PhD in Philosophy in this same university and in the Free University of Berlin, focusing his research on Music and Passion from a philosophical perspective.

James Moir is a Senior Lecturer in Sociology a the University of Abertay Dundee, Scotland, U.K. He is currently a Senior Associate of the UK Higher Education Academys Centre for Sociology, Anthropology and Politics and is 168 Notes on Contributors also one of the lead facilitators for the Quality Assurance Agency for the Enhancement Themes project, Graduates for the 21st Century.

Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 25 | 26 ||



2011 www.dissers.ru -

, .
, , , , 1-2 .