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Ha npaax pyonucu XAAPOB APT POB OBEHE OOBEHOCT POMCOBX TPOPOBOHX CCTEM TEM PEPOBAH CBOCTB EPEABAEMX OCTE METOAM MAHTHO OPAOT Ceaoc: 25.00.19 Cpoeco cyaa eeaopooo, a xpa 25.00.17 Papaoa cyaa ex aox ecopoe ABTOPEEPAT ccepa a cocae yeo cee aaa execx ay a 2002 Paoa oea OAO Ceepo-aae acpae eepoo.

Hay pyooe:

oop execx ay, poeccop aao A. M.

Oae ooe:

oop execx ay, poeccop Ay ..

aa execx ay cyo O.M.

Beyee pepe: H ae aa cococ 09 op 2002 . 1630 a acea ccepaooo coea 212.289.04 p HT o apecy: 450062, . a, y. ocoao, 1.

C ccepae oo oaoc oee HT.

Aopeepa paoca 09 cep 2002 .

e cepeap ccepaooo coea oop execx ay, oe Maee ..

3 OA XAPATEPCTA PAOT Ayaoc poe Copeeoe cocoe eo aoo poeoc xapaepyec e cpoo cyaa eee apy acpax pocox pyopooo. po oxa acpax pyopooo aoco, peee epoxeco a o oppo, a ae ecoa oppooa aoc pacoppyex yeoopox poyo oo cyapoa x 20 oee e. Ha pocox pyopooax, oope e paeee ce eepooo cce copa pyopoo cce oepa acooo ae (), poeypa oapye apoaxc opee c cooae ax, ypayox, pox pyx eeocoecx capo e aa peee. B peyae aap a pocox pyopooax, pocxox ocoo o pe coo oppooo aoc pacoppyex oce, caec oe o -a pocoe, pac opoe cpeca a a, aocc eoco ooec yep.

Oeceee caoo yopoa oepae aeo pao xo p epooepex poe cyaa pyopooo oycaa, apy c peee paox eoo peypee oppo ypee oepxoc pyopooo, eoxooc coa pa ox apae oepa x paoococooc. B c c aya ec peee ecoo o-xecoo eoo oec, oope oo ca oppooy aoc e peooece coca pacoppyex o poco pyopooa oce.

e pao:

oc ooeoc pocox pyopooo ye ee o oece aoo o oppooo aoc peooecx coc pacoppyex oce.

oce ocaeo e peac ceye aa:

1 poeee aaa eyeo coco oea aeoc pocox pyopooo a pepe ecopoe y T oaeea.

2 Bop peo ao opao pacoppyeo o poco pyopooa oc o apaepa apeoc aoo o, op ee ee aco.

3 Oea eoc coecoo cooa aoo oec xecx peaeo a coca pacoppyex o poco pyopooa oce.

4 Pace apaepo ycaoo, opeeee op ocox ao x pacooee; poepoae, ooee epee a eeaooax pepx poeo ycao a ocox aax opao pacoppyex o pyopooa oce.

Haya oa:

1 caoeo, o cee oppooo aoc oce eoc oec a ooee yc, pacoppyex o poco pyopooa, ac o op ee apeoc aoo o.

2 Opeee aco ee apeoc aoo o, opaee eo 50 , o ooe aaa oae apaep ao opao opex pocox oce c oo ocox ao.

3 caoeo, o aa opaoa oc ae a aocax e: oae epoaecy ecaoc ca (cae oea oppo oac opaex ae a 50 B) oopeeo ycope ee opyeoc, o eo cae copoc oppo ca opaoao oc a 50-60 %.

4 Ha ocoe eopeecx cepeax ax, oyex paoe, peoe oeya oxo ocpypoa ycaoo ao opao, oo opoa apaep ao opao (apeoc, acoa opa ee apeoc aoo o) pa opy, paep ocox ao cxey x pacooe opyce.

paeca eoc:

1 Papaoaa cocpypoaa aopaopa epoaa ycaoa (M) cceoa coc oce. cao M epe coyc p poee HP poo oae o-e, oac aoo xpeaeo.

2 Ha ocoe ycao M cpoepoa ooe cepea ce, oop ooe ocyec op apaepo poex ycaoo ao opao acoc o cocaa coc pacoppyex o pyopooa oce. Ce epe poo oae o-e.

3 Papaoa coca eyaopa ooo e (ae P a opeee 2186827), po coy eypyy eoc p coeco cooa c a oece.

4 Papaoa poee ycao ao opao oce (T 39-80400-005-99) epe T oaeea OAO eae.

5. eoc a pyopooo o oppo M cocaa 32 %.

eoc opa oppo X-002 peyae coecoo pee c ao ycaoo opoca c 50 o 68 %.

Apoa ya peyao:

Ocoe ooe ccepaoo pao oe ocye a:

XIII Meyapoo ayo-execo oepe Xece pea, peae poecc aooao x, Pea-2000 (a-Tya, 2000);

II Meyapoo coye Haya exoo yepox cepcx cce (a, 2000); Meyoco ayo-execo o. poe eeo Boo-pacoo peoa, HT (Opc a) (Opc, 2000); III opecce eeaopoeo Pocc, Ce poe e aa (a, 2001); oepe poe eeaooo oeca aao Cp y oe eo eoc, oaHe (oa, 2001).

o peyaa pao oyoao ecaa eax pyo: e oopa, oce cae, ec eco oao.

Oe ccepa:

ccepa coco ee, epex a, oo poe.

Oe ccepa 140 c. aocoo eca; poc 24 a, cpa, 6 poe. Cco epayp coep 146 aeoa.

COEPAHE PAOT Bo ee peea oa xapaepca ccepa, copypoa e aa cceoa.

epa aa ccepa ocea oee aapx cya, a ae aay pax aopo a ooeoc eepocox pyopooo o-ycoo ecopoe H oae T oaeea.

Oo aoee ax aa pyopoooo pacopa ec copaee pca ooe aapx cya. oy opocy oce pao .. Aya, X.A. Aeoa, B.. epea, A.. aoa, A.. apeea, A..

ooa, A.. yepoa, O.. aoa,.E. opooa, A.A. opaa, B.B. Hooceoa, O. Ceoa, A.M. aaoa pyx aopo. Cee oeca oao oo c eopae oep pacoppyex poyo, yy ooecy ocaoy, peopa papye eepx coopye oece, a opao, oaoe yopoae pyopooo.

poe cyaa cce copa ooo, eo peopae ocoe p oe e cceoa aopa A.A. oo, A.. yepo, A.. yo, A.X. Mpaaae, .T. Meo, .P. Hao, M.A.

Toape p. ye. Tpyopooe cce ao eeoae paoe coca co c oepo py paoo aepa, o ceo paoo aae. Hapep, H oae axoc cyaa ooo 900 pyopooo, o ce: eecope pyopoo 41%, aope eepoo o oo acoco ca o acpaoo eepooa 18%, cooaope pyopoo cce 34%, oaope pyopooo cce 7%. B ocoo acce pyopoo cyapyc oee 10 e, a eepa x ac - oee 15 e (pcyo 1).

eepoo pyopoo cce 22% 27% 32% 31% 26% 11% 20% 31% o 5 e o 5 o 10 e o 10 o 15 e ce 15 e Pcyo 1 Bopaco coca pyopooo o pyopooa cce eecopa epeaaec poy, oaea ca o-ycoo ecopoe, c coepae o cpee 70 %. pe a ocee 10 e cyaa o-ycoo ecopoe coepae o yeoc a 30 %. poe oo, epeaaee oc coepa oo oece apoa-o (740-996 /), o ceecye o coo oepa pacopeoo yecoo aa, ocoy ocyee oo HCO3- pacop pocxo a ce ccoa yoo co. B ocee o coo oe oeaec pcyce o 0,3 -/ oo SO42-, o oe cao c ecae poecca cyapey aoex acax. B pacoppyex ocx o-ycoo ecopoe coepae cyaoccaaax aep (CB) cocae cpee 105106 eo/. C yeee coepa o, oo HCO3-, CO2 CB coac yco poca aapoc pyopooo cce eecopa . C o 2001 o H oae pooo 236 opo a pyopooax, x a pyopooax cce 13,0 %, a eepooax 87,0 %. aa aapoc pyopooo cce eecopa o pe oppo ypee oepxoc py H oae peea a pcye 2.

Oa pyopooo aoc ae yep a ooec, a ooec. Ta apa a a oo aap a pyopooax cce eecopa coca cpee 25 c. py., a oeco pao e ocae 5 . O yep o aap a pyopooax cce eecopa o-ycoo ecopoe a 1995-2001 o coca 1,513 . py. aa aap a pyopooax cce eecopa po aayeoc cpee 25-50 2 eppop (pcyo 3).

.

oeco oa o 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 o eepoo pyopoo cce Pcyo 2 Aapoc pyopooo a) ) Pcyo 3 - oa ape (a) aayeoc () p aapx pyopooo o-ycoo ecopoe H oae ecopoe T oaeea xapaep oa pyopooo o pe oppo, oce oa xapaep paaec o e opaye py. o oycoeo cey: ae copoc ee pacoppyex oce po paccoe ooex yc c opaoae ooo oco oco expece oaypoax eex ac (B) c ocey ocaee epx ac a ceax pyopooa, po eca oppoox poecco a ce ooe apoaaoap.

B acoee pe xopoo eco, o caoc ooeco oca o a eeaooax pepx peax eppopx o oo opeeec eoc poox poooppoox epop. p o ayo oocoaa exec paoo opaoaa opa aa eaa ypee oepxoc pyopooo o oppo ooe cyeceo oc x aeoc, ooeoc eoacoc. paa e oaae, o op pyx cocao exoo x pee aco oycaaec e ayo-execo eecoopaoc, a ocyoc peaeo peoe ooec aopa. B peyae e eco e aoee pacpocpaee exooece o: cooae opo e o aae aee aee x oepa oppooo-ax ocx.

Bepee eoo a c peee opo op oepxoc py pa oo aepaa ee eoopoy ce oeca oao, o eo aapoc pocox pyopooo ocaec o-peey coo. B oceee pe oc epec cooa epeaex eoo ce oppooo aoc ee peooecx coc pacoppyex o ooex cece, apep, peee ecx oec. B acoc, opaoa oco epee a oe pacoppyex o pyopooa oce ooe e x oppooe peooece coca.

oo a pae eop pa cooa ao opao ec P.H. ax, C.C. y, B.. acce, B.. Meo, A.X. Mpaaae, B.. Oo, .C. Caa, E.. Teex,.. Tyyo, M.M. Xacao, M.A. Xyo pye cceoae.

Ha ocoe aaa pao, ocex pee aoo o aa oce pax oacx poeoc, aopo peoea ceya acca aapao ao opao, peex eeaooe a pacope (pcyo 4). Hao epec ae peee aoo oec a pyopooax cce eecopa ce oppooo aoc pacoppyex oce, oec a ycooc yc oe eoc xpeaeo. pe aoe oece oe ocyecc oco epee oe, p o a oeo ec oooc ee op apeoc.

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