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1 Ha paax pyoc ayoa Beepa Mapaoa CTOPECE ACET PABT POBOCTBA APAMA HA OAOCAABATHETEOPCHTEǔ Ceaoc: 07.00.10 cop ay ex 02.00.13 Heex, ABTOPEEPAT ccepa a cocae yeo cee aaa execx ay a - 2002 2 Paoa oea Hayo-cceoaeco cye aooax xecx poyo peao ( H Pea) Mopaoa P.

Hay pyooe: ..., poeccop P.P. Xay Oae ooe: .x.., poeccop H.X. Bao ... P.. Baxoa Beyee pepe: ocyapceoe yapoe pepe cy eexepepao aa ccepa cococ _2002. ac. a acea ccepaooo coea 212.289.01 p co ocyapceo eo execo yepcee.

Apec: 450062, . a, y. ocoao,1 C ccepae oo oaoc oee coo ocyapceoo eoo execoo yepcea.

Aopeepa paoca2002 .

e cepeap ccepaooo coea, poeccop A.M. Cp Ayaoc e.

3 Texec popecc oac epepao e aa po coa ox ex poyo c po cepo coc.

Oeeco aee apaa, a eoo coooeppoaoo epaoo yope cxooo cp poeccax eexeco eeepepaaae poeoc, oecee eoxox eo pa cex opace apooo xoca ooecoo oyeca ocyapca. B o c ecoe epec pecae cceoae copecx, execx coao-ooecx aceo apoe, caoe pa ooo epx pep o poocy apaa Pocc aoa epax yope OAO Caaaeeopce. cceoae eeoc oo pep ec eca ayao aae oee coco opac poeoc, ae opa cpae pa oex pep, cooec apae pa oco po ee.

Paoa oea cooec c ayo-execo popao Mopaoa P Haye cceoa Bce o oac x xecx poyo ( cooec c pao Mopaoa P o 08.02.2000 ., 391) eaec ao HP H Pea a 1999-. (pae yee cop pa pep xecx opace).

e pao ec:

- yee copecx aceo ooe, caoe pa poeoc epax yope Pocc;

- aa copecx aceo ooe, caoe pa pooca apaa a pepe aoa epax yope OAO Caaaeeopce(M OAO CHOC);

- yee pa ocox exooecx pooc o paoe apaa a M OAO CHOC ee exo-ooecx oaaee pep o ea epo peop;

- aa exo-exooecx ocoeoce pooc apaa a M OAO CHOC;

- cceoae p ee cayca M OAO CHOC oea coco a oe eo epea apey AO apca apoxeca oa;

- oea epce pa M AO aapoxoa.

Haya oa.

Bepe a ocoe ye apxx oyeax aepao ooe pecae copo-execo acee a apoe, caoe pa pooca apaa cocae pyoo eexecoo oeca - OAOCaaaeeopce.

Bepe ooe cee o poocy apaa a OAO Caaaeeopce papee oe ex ao epo peop.

Bepe oaaa eoc cooa eoopx peo peocpy oepa pooca a eoa oe poocex oaaee pep.

Bepe cceoa copece ace opaa pooca apaa o cxee c o oc peo, oye pacpocpaee Pocc.

paeca aoc pao.

aec aepa aa a pa pooca apaa coyec p peopaa pooca, cocae ecao pa M AO AXʔ Maepa ccepaooo cceoa ocya opao coo p coa ooax copo-execx pyo, ocex pa pooca apaa..

Apoa pao.

Peya pao pecae a I Bcepoccco ayopaeco oepe cop ay ex -2000 (22-24 op 2000 ., . a), V Meyapoo ayo-execo oepe poe cpoeoo oeca Pocc (3-6 ape 2001 ., . a), XIV Meyapoo ayo-execo oepe Xece pea, peae poecc aooao x (6-9 2001 ., . a), II Meyapoo ayo oepe cop ay ex 2001 (5-eap 2001 .).

ya.

o ee ccepa oyoao 7 cae, 4 eca oao.

Oe cpyypa ccepa.

ccepa coco ee, 5- a, oo cca epayp oea a 149 cpaax aocoo eca, a 24 pcya a.

epa aa ae oop epayp o copec acea apoe, caoe pa poeoc epax yope Pocc.

Bopa aa ocea copecoy aay peoco opaa pooca aox yope a ecye eexeco oece Caaaco oae 18 (e OAO Caaaeeopce).

Tpe aa coep aepa o coa oex pooc apaa a oae 18 c peee opex exooecx cxe poex poecco. Ocyac peya eeoc aoa apaa epo VII-VIII eo.

eepa aa ocea copecoy aay pao aoa o pacpe oepa pooca epo c 1971 o 1975 o.

a aa ocea cceoa eeoc pep o, peecye epecpoe poecca cpae. Boe aa coco pooca apaa a OAO Caaaeeopce a copeeo ae.

OCHOBHOE COEPAHE PAOT 1. copece ace pa poeoc epax yope Pocc poea opaa pooca cyccex yope ocooe cpa o ocpao acoc oa ee opeooo Pocc. B 1913 . o oe pooca epax yope ( pex paax CCCP) coca 17.1 c. aex eec, a cpe opa opee ceco xoce a cao o Epoe.

poeoc yope a coaa oo oce Beo Opco peo. Hapy c ayo-cceoaec ca epe o Coeco ac aaoc poepoae cpoeco yox aoo, cooec c ao OPO, p 1920 . VIII Bcepoccc ceo Coeo. paeco cpa caac aaa ycopeoo pa cecoo xoca, eo xa. B cooec c o epx yx eo (1928/29-1937 .) opaa poeoc epax yope ee aee aae oe. a o epo paoa yope cpae yeac oee e 10 pa (a.1). 1940 . coeca aoa poeoc caa epe p poo aoo poeoc.

Taa aa poca pooca epax aox yope CCCP o pya poy 1928 1935 1940 1945 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 Mepae yope, 0.03 0.51 0.75 0.3 1.2 2.3 3.3 7.4 13.1 22.0 24.8 33.2 37.. a.

eec.

Aoe yope, 0.002 0.07 0.2 0.15 0.4 0.6 1.0 2.7 5.4 8.5 10.2 14.2 15.. a.

eec B o Beo Oeeceo o aece oo yep yoo poeoc. poeea oceoee o paoa o occaoe papyex pep, o cyaa ox yox oao, a ae epepa oepa ecyx pooc oo ye pooco cyccex yope 1955 . o cpae c 1913 . 135(!) pa. Beca popecco caa opea aooyoo poeoc a cooae aece cp ppox yeoopox ao, oyx ao eeo eeepepao. B epo c 1950 o 1970 . paoa yope yeac 10 pa (a.1). Cpeeooe e ppoca yoo poeoc CCCP a ecee (1960-1970 .) coca 14,8%, oa a e ppoca pooo pooca o poy a ypoe 8,5%. poeoc epax yope poca e oo oeceo, aeo eoc exooecoe aapaypoe oopee poecco, aoapoaoc pooco.

Oeecea poeoc yope o oey pooca ye 1962 . aaa I eco Epoe II eco pe oce CA. Cyc e, 1973 ., CCCP o oey pooca epax yope e a epoe eco pe, aeo oepe CA.

B oceye o coxpac coe e pa apoxeco poeoc. B 1971-1975. o ocoeo coo ooce o ycy epax yope, coo x o coao a ec epo cyecoa yoo poeoc cpae o 1965 . Poc pooca yope copooac popecc aece ee cpyype pooca; aeo yec yc oeppoax cox yope: x o oe oee pooca yope opoca c 67% 1970 . o 87% 1980 . a o epo cpeee coepae aex eec yopex ococ c 30 o 40%, aeo yye o-exaece coca.

B 1980-x oax ocooe ae o yeeo oxpae opyae cpe. C e pee co ao ayao poe poeo oece cpa epe epop o ycoepecoa oepa poocex poecco.

19,17,16,11,10,8,6,3,1965 . 1970 . 1975 . 1980 . 1985 . 1988 . 1990 . 1994 .

Pc.1. aa pooca epax yope Poccco eepa Oao aoe pae opac o pepao aac ooec peopa cpae, aao oop o ooeo a apeco eye CC 1985 . Hepoyae popa pa oo cpa pe ceoey cay oeo pooca ce poeoc Pocc. Heae ee pa yoo poeoc ca p cece poecco, pocxox pooco yope ( .. aex eec) ocyapce. B 1994 . poeeo ee 44 % poy cpae c yco yope 1988 . (pc.1).

oep oeeceoo ypeeo pa ca acaa pooee oee ao oeppoa c po po. a ee ye oo apa cy, o oepaec ao paoo paeca P o cye Pocc o Bcepy opoy opaa (BTO). B papoy 100 pyex pocccx pep copepo (o oey copa 2000 .) o 10 pep o poocy epax yope. Poc pao epo oyo 2001 . o cpae c aao epoo 2000 . oee y oo pooee yope, o oe pep e poca ec o 101 o 164 %. o oa 2001 . 23 pocccx pep o poocy aox yope pooa yea paoy poy. cooae ooce 2001 . cocao cpee o Pocc 81 %, cpae: 1997 . o oaae e pea 62%.

2.Caoee pooca apaa Pocc poeoe pooco apaa Pocc oo o Coeco ac. C e pee poe xa cecoo xoca, eca eo pa, paeco cpa 1920-x oax pae ep o coa ce ayo-execx cyo. Caac aaa opaa ayx cceoa oac pooca ox cooex yope, o oopx ec apa, a ae ocao oo o x pee.

epe paece o o poocy apaa CCCP ocyece 1930-x oax. B ocyapceo cye cox ae o pyooco .A.oooa poee ope cceoa yco cea c aa cea apaa, oe pao o coa ocpy aapao, o oc aao caoe pa poeoo pooca apaa. B 1935 . a yea epa oa ycaoa ooc 240 /cy. a epopeeco xeco aoe. B 1939 . ycaoa a peocpypoaa oypoe ex ooc 1 /cy., a a Hooococo xeco oae yea ycaoa oe oe ooc. p ao yac pyx coecx yex B.B. Cyxa, B..eoycoa p. papaoa exoo opaoao ooe epo cpae pooco apaa ecoo eco c o o.

Oe pao oac poeoo pooca apaa, pepae Beo Oeeceo oo, oooc oe 1940-x aae 1950-x oo. Coepecoaac exoo aapaypa poecca cea apaa, ec cceoaece pao oac cooa oxox ao cea, a opao coaac peoc pacpe pooca epceoo poya.

C e yoeope pacyx opeoce cpa apae a aco 1958 . eye CC p pee o poepoa cpoece epx oooax exo.

B 1958 . a Hooococo caco xecx oaax ee cyaa ex ooc 10 c./o apaa, exooece poecc oopx oac paoy o.

Hayo-cceoaece pao oac coepecoa exoo pooca apaa pooc apaeo ecox apaex; papaaac cxe cea apaa c ao, ac oc pea.

B eee 1957-1959 . a ae epcoo aa A, Hooococoo xecoo oaa epopeecoo xecoo aoa oo acae opaoa oe poecc, peyae ye oopx papaoa poe ooo apeaa ooc 100/cy., paoaeo o cxee c ac peo aaa c oooc ooo pea p paee ao.

o oy poey c ac peo aaa 1961-1964 . ee cyaa exo ooc 70 105 c./o a Hooococo, caco, Hooeepoco poeco xecx oaax a Aapco eexeco oae, ex ooc 140 c./o c paeee ao a eco xeco oae.

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