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1 OHETAHE OCHOB OPEEEH P P acapoa ucu ocyapcme emo mexuecu yuepcumem Ooao pao aeop p ooeco aye e cyecye, ocoy p ec ooee cooyoc coax, poocex ooecx ooe, coepae ee o opaae ypoe x pa oece.

B ooeco eop copec coc ceye oe pocxoe p:

1) oe apye pooo paoec. Coaco o oe coo p ec apyee pooo paoec, oa eee cpoca a oap (, ceoaeo, eo e) p eeo cooc aopo pooca opoa peee oxoo a pacxoa, opayee p. coo aoo pee oe e opo (Toac Ma a-ac oep) opoae pep a pe;

2) pyoa eop cooc, ocooooa oopo c . Mapc . ec, yepae, o coo p ec py paoo cep aepaoo pooca, oope coa pao poy, paoy cooc, a p, cooeceo, ec pepaeo opo paoo cooc [1];

3) oe pepaeco p ec aoee oypo aao ooeco aye. Copeea oe opeee pepaeco p apoac c papaoo aepac ye .A. yeepo eop p a peyaa ocyece ooee. O epe ae opeeee pepae, a Hoaopa, po oopoo oc epee ox coea pax aopo (pecypco) pooca. oe coea ec ooee (oa), ae oooc ea p cepx cpeeo oxoa o ao opac [2].

yeep e 5 ocox o oa;

pooco ooo oapa ycy coae ooo aeca oapa;

ocoee ooo pa pooo ceea;

epee oo exoo p pooce oapa;

oyee ooo coa cp oyapao pooca oapa;

opaaoo-ypaeece ooee peopaa pep.

eo eop yeepa ec aoo copeeo ooeco eop pae;

4) oe pca a aopa oppoa p.

pecaee o pce a aope oppoa p cpeaec ye y ocoaee ooeco ay, apep y A. Ca. oe pca, c oop caaec pepae, ao ocyaac a pyee 19-20 . Aepaco ooeco oece (.. ap, Xoy).

Oao ae oe pca eopeeeoc a coa p ca c ee aepacoo ooca . Haa. O oxapaepoa p a oeca pepae a ecee pee pca a ycex eycex coeo ea.

. Ha papa a a pca:

1) pc, epooc oopoo oe cacec pocaa o oopoo oo acpaxoac, pacxo o cpaxoa poocee apa;

2) pc (eopeeeoc) pao e cpaxye, ca c poecca yp oo (ecceaec pc). p (yo) y Haa cyae, a opao, a p (pop) pe c epecaye peyao. poea opeee epe pco ec oo aoee ayax copeeo ooeco aye;

5) oe oao p. a oe ocoaa a yepe, o paoe oaae aoo p, peaeoc, co p e oxaa ce eeoc pep, a xapaepy oee copo ca ace. oaa p (yo) opeeac a ppoc (yeee) cooc yeca p ocoo aae a aao oe epoa peooe, o peopca aoeoc a oaea a aao oe epoa [1].

aeee pae eop oao p peo c poo oey ao o ey ea opee aco peya a paoc ey cooc ao o ey ea x aacoo cooc.

payc ooc .. Ce ca, o o paep p oe ycaoe oo a epo o oea cocae aaoo aaca o oea cocae aaca aooo.

Opac a o yepee, oee e pao: p pep ec paa ey cpeca, oye p eo a, cpeca, oe eo a oe op.

aee cceoa pe oy o eoxooc papae yee yx aox o oao p o peaa o ee e a yeco eoo eo oe.

Aa copecx oe pocxoe p ooe cea ceye o:

1) p - o aeop, paaa opeeee ooece ooe;

2) p ec epo oce ee pax ooecx py: ocyapca, peopo, coceo;

3) a ca epa p oa oeceo epea, oao e ce ooece ooe oac oeceoy epe, .e. oae poea poa ox opaa pyx ooecx e, opa eoa oe yex poeyp;

4) oeceoe opeeee p ac o opa yeo cce.

ae yepe po oa oo, o p, coppoaa yeo cceo, e opaae eceoo peyaa xoceo eeoc. o oc peoco oe yx oe cce p: yxaepco (yeo) ooeco.

ea oe opeee p (yo) eeoc a peya peaa oapo ycy o a yxaepcoo yea cy ocoae ocyece cax y ocyapca.

ooeca oe opeee p a eee cooc aaa peyae eo oopoa opaec cox oeax, a a ae cce yea, a a oype ee pa.

Paccop opeeee p paax yeo oe.

e pecae coo ccey opaa (ea, pecpa, oe) ooecx e poecco. B cy coeo oea (opaae peya ye cyxc co) eca pa oppoa opa (poeyp yea pypo opao apee) yxaepc oxo cce p ec opy xoceo pae.

ea oe opeee p apaea a:

1) ee peyaa xocex oepa, ocyecex poecce pooceo, oepeco acoo eeoc;

2) opeee aoooaaeo a pacea o aoy a p pep;

3) oppoa opa o peyaoc eeoc pep, opae ee yxaepco oeoc poee eeo acooo aaa.

Paccop opeeee p paax ooeco oe.

ooeca oe oeppye opae cce yea po aopa peoaae p oxoa opeee p:

1) oxo c o aoepo. p o yaec o a, o ae acoo oeoc a ypc a pep.

p (yo) - o ppoc (yeee) aaa coceo, e eco oeo epoe [3].

B paax aoo oxoa ccee p oo ocyec o yx apao:

- a ocoe pox oeo a oa. p opeeec a paa ey ae aaa (poeee eye poo e a a x oeco) a aao oe epoa;

- a ocoe cocae aox aaco pep a aao oe epoa. eee cooc cx ao coae c eo p coceo aaa;

2) oxo c o poo oe pep a yeceoo oeca. oe pepe ee eaepa a (y), oop eooo oe ae, ee peyae aeco poa pep a eoo yeceoo oeca.

c xapaepco ypeeo oeaa oa a eoo yeceoo oeca, y oa e opaaec aace.

. Cooo papaoa opyy (1), opeey c ey yxaepco ooeco p [4]:

+ BAo.. BAp.. + BAy... = , (1) e: yxaepca p;

BAo. epeaaoe ee cooc (oe) ao eee oeoo epoa;

BAp.. - epeaaoe ee cooc (oe) ao peye (poe) oee epo;

BAy.. - epeaaoe ee cooc (oe) ao eee oeoo epoa yye (pecoe) oee epo;

- ooeca p.

o oxo peoaae eeapaoe ccee e y ee oea;

3) oxo c o oe eoc ypae.

ooeca p o o, o ocaec oce a cex epe, a opay p eee ep, oeo oxoa p [1].

(2) = - e: ooeca p;

oxo;

e apa (aece apa aopo pooca, popeex o po ea);

ee (eee ooece) apa (apa yyex oooce, o ec, cya ee, oopy oo oy p aoee oo cex oox aepax apao cooa pecypco);

opaa p ec a oxo aa, eoxoa yepa ao-o opeeeo cepe pooca.

eoc cce ypae poec, ceoaeo, pex cocax ooeco p:

- oyaeo oxoe;

- ee aecx (x) pacxoo. Heoxoo oe, o o pacxoo ec aepaoaoe ooee pee, paex ccee ypae , py coa, o aa a ece;

- ee ooecx (ex) pacxoo. a ea paa oxoy, oop e oye, ocoy aepa apa cooa pecypco oepy o - aa a eece.

ocya oya ac: oe p e oe ooa, a a cyecye e cep ax o, aoe oopx oeae cpoo opeeeo e [5]. Ta opao, p cceoa coepa aeop p pee ceo, eoxoo:

- opa oac yaex yoax ooe (poocee, ooece, coao-ooece), paax oopx ye pooc cceoae;

- cyecee po oac yoax ooe ee aop (e cpe), e a oppoae p;

- opee c aopo p, aca aeaecy oe.

C o oe eop cce xocy cye (pepe) pecae coo cooyoc xox eeo:

aepax, acox, pyox, opaox pecypco, xox eeo: ooo poy, pao, ycy, a ae poecco peopaoa epx o ope. B paax ao eop p cyae aece eppoaoo apaepa eoc oepaopa cce (oepaop cce peopaoae xox eeo cxoe).

Ta opao, p ec eoopa y epeex xox eeo:

(3) = f(p, T, PC, CT, H), e: p;

p oxo o poa;

T pee pya;

PC paoa ca;

CT cpeca pya;

H ypoe aoooo pee (e opaa aop).

ocoy oe ae ce oo e, e pya opayee e, o oa ec aoo cooa yex cceax. C o pe ooeco aeaoc aa oe e ec coepeo, ocoy p cyae aece ep eoc oo poocex poecco.

Pacp pa oe pa o ae aee (cpe) aop, oecye a ey p: cooc coyeoo xoceo eeoc aaa; ypoe pca;

eee poo oyp a pax aopo pooca opeecx pax; - oy oe, oee oo xapaepyy ypoe pa ooecx ooe pox peoe oece:

(4) = f {(p, T, PC, CT, H); (, P; P)}, e: cooc aaa;

P ypoe pca;

P oypa pa.

pepe a oe cceoa, co oepe, ec cocao ac coao-ooeco cce aoecye c py ee eea: oece cya; pa coa pya.

ee coao cpyyp oeca pe p peoa (ae ceo opaaeo xapaepa) eeoc xocyx cyeo e ca peypy aecee oecee apaep xox ooo. peoa, ocoo, coc :

- coe op ooeco eoacoc;

- oe popa coao a;

- oee popa o oxpae pya.

Moe p a oaae coao-ooecx ooe oece oo peca e:

= f {(p, T, PC, CT, H); (, P; P, P); (, CX, OT)}, (5) e: opae ooecoo xapaepa;

C opae coaoo xapaepa;

OT opae, cae c oxpao pya.

CCO COOBAHHX CTOHOB:

1.ac pep: e/o pe. M.B. Poaocoo. C.:

aec o ec-pecca, 2000.

2. ooeca oa. ypa-ye, yc 4, 1998. - C.3. aco aa: eo poeyp. M.: ac caca, 2001.

4. ac pep: e yo/H.B. oa p. M.:

HT-AHA, 2001.

5. Cooo .B. yxaepc ye: o coo o ax e:

eoe ocoe yo. M.: Ay, 2000.




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