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Ha npaax pyonucu AACOBA A XAPBAPOBHA OEHA OOBEHOCT TEXHOOECX TPOPOBOOB C ETOM BHEHHX OEAH Ceaoc 05.02.13 - Ma, apea poecc (aocpoee eeepepaaae poeoc) ABTOPEEPAT ccepa a cocae yeo cee aaa execx ay a 2002 Paoa oea a aepe Ma aapa xecx pooc coo ocyapceoo eoo execoo yepcea.

Hay pyooe: oop execx ay, poeccop .P.yee.

Oae ooe: oop execx ay P.C.Ay;

aa execx ay .C.Coooo.

Beyee pepe: AO Cce cpecc-aaa (. a).

aa cococ 19 ape 2002 . 1530 ay. 1-359 a acea ccepaooo coea 212.289.05 co ocyapceo eo execo yepcee (HT) o apecy: 450062, a, y. ocoao, 1.

C ccepae oo oaoc oee HT.

Aopeepa paoca 19 apa 2002 .

e cepeap ccepaooo coea, oop execx ay, poeccop ..pao 3 OA XAPATEPCTA PAOT Ayaoc cceoa Tpacoppoa yeoopooo cp a eeepepaaax eexecx pepx ocyecec c oo pyopoox cce. o a ocopexaopa apcoo opya, ec oc exooecx pyopooo a pepx eexeco poeoc paec 90%. pa o ae o a, o exooece pyopoo c pacopepa po- oapooacx cpe, cyaa ax cce coae ypoy eoacoy yopoa pep. Heocao coox oopox cpec e ooe coepeeo oo cyecye pyopooe cce, oa e ca pc ooe aap.

Heoa apya exooecx ycaoo, oycoea eee cpyyp opee cp a pepx, po ee peo apye oopyoa yee eo ocaoo. Ha oe x poe ca oa ee, xapaep oopx e axo oce. B oe cee o oocc exooec pyopooa, oa acoco-opeccopoe peaopoe oopyoae, oopoe ee ecaoapoe eee apeoo coco. Tpao oxo pacey ooeoc exooecx pyopooo caoc eocao, a a e ooe yec ae aop, a e a pacoppyeo cpe, apy o copeoo oopyoa peaoe execoe cocoe cce. B c c eoe, ocooe aee popeae ao oxo oecee ooeoc exooecx pyopooo, oop oo yec ec eoxo oec oeox xapaepc.

e pao Oea cyapoo aoeo ep ypyo eopa yex oea pyopooo, copex c acocoopeccop oopyoae, a x ooeoc.

aa cceoa 1 poec aa apeo-eoppoaoo eeoo coco exooecx pyopooo, copex c acocoopeccop oopyoae, a xo x cpo peax ycox cyaa.

2 Papaoa eo eppea acox cepo yex oea exooecx pyopooo eeo x ocpy.

3 Papaoa eoy pacea ooeoc exooecx pyopooo c yeo a opaoae pae pe pacpeee oeao ep ypyo eopa yex oea.

Haya oa 1 caoea oppe ey peao copoc poca eeo exooecx pyopooo, copex c acoco-opeccop oopyoae copoc poca eeo, paccao c yeo paox apyo a peaa aoeo ep ypyo eopa.

2 caoeo, o aoee paox apyo a oooy pyopooo, axoxc o ece exooecx apaepo, cae x ooeoc 1,54,0 paa acoc o ae ape, coaaeoo ye oea.

paeca eoc 1 Papaoaa eoa pacea ooeoc exooecx pyopoox cce, copex c acoco-opeccop oopyoae, c yeo cyapoo paox apyo pacpeee ep ypyo eopa.

2 Papaoaa aopo eoa pacea ooeoc exooecx pyopooo coyec ayx cceoax, poox o aaa eeepepaaax eexecx pep AO aeex, a ae HT p poee eopeecx paecx a o ce eoacoc aeoc oopyoa eeaoepepao cyeo ceaoc 17.17.00 Oopyoae eeaoepepao.

ya apoa peyao pao o ee ccepa oyoao 5 pao (o oeo 5,9 eaoo ca). Ocoe ooe ooe a eyapox ayo-execx oepex.

Cpyypa oe pao ccepa coco ee, 4 paeo, 110 cpa eca, 16 a, 22 pcyo, 101 coa cooao epayp 2 poe.

OEE COEPAHE PAOT Bo ee oocoaa ayaoc poe, e aa cceoa, peea paa xapaepca pao.

B epo paee opeeea aoc pyopooo exooeco ccee eeepepaaax eexecx pep, oeea x coa ooca oypa. Paccopeo copeeoe execoe cocoe exooecx pyopooo. aa cpo cy pyopoox cce a pepx AO aeex. Ocooe ae yeeo acca eeo eeo pyopoox ocpy. o peox pao pyopooo, o a 1996-2000 . c eeepepaaax pep, cocae 40-70 % o peoa ocooo oopyoa. peea ae acca cceoax pyopooo o acao apaoe a oa, opeea cee pca cyaa aoo x.

B paee pecae oop aa cyecyx eoo pacea ooeoc exooecx pyopooo, peyae eo ycaoeo, o ooeoc exooecx pyopooo (a coco aeoc) opeeec pooc ecoc ocpy.

Cea poepoooo pacea exooecoo pyopooa opeeec eoxooc ce oe acax ape yc p cex oox oax eo apye. Ec yco pooc e oc, paec cea ooo ecoo e cxey pyopooa, pacooee xapaep pao oop, e apya peoa exoo.

Oea pooc pooc o pa opa oyea acoc o oac pee. Heaco o yco pao ocpyx ocoeoce oopyoa ocoy eo pacea a pooc aaac eoope peee ape p oe aaca pooc n. B oe cyae ycoe pooc acaec ceye e:

p [ ] =, (1) n e - apaep, xapaepy ecoc apeoo coco oaco cee;

[ ] - oycaeoe aee apaepa.

Oao poee aopo aa pao pyopoox cce e cya epoecoo ooe eeo, oope eooo oc c oo caapx pacex cxe, px p poepoa.

oce ooe oooo poa eeo poc p eo pacea ooeoc, ocoe oopo e oea o yac ep ypyo eopa pyopooa pa eeo peyae cooe ee p ocaoax.

B ccepa oee ocoe eoca paox pacex poepoox cxe, oope coc eoooc pecaa pa a eca pacooe eea.

B ae epoo paea cea o o eoxooc papao oee ex eoo opeee ooeoc exooecx pyopooo, oox a pae ca oapy ee peopa eo pae.

Bo opo paee pecaeo ocae cceoax paoe oeo - epee oee ecec exooecx pyopooo c oopc a ox ex e yacax oo eea e oex p x ooe. pee x oe xapaepc, aca ypoe poapaepo.

B paee ae pecae epee ocox coo cee o peax execo coco, ycox cyaa peax pao pyopooo, aa oopx oaa, o ecye exooece pyopooe cce ca caece epoec eec apy. ocee ca a c ecaoc peo pao cce, a c yoa ocoeoc cyaa. cceoa , o paec ce o o o cee oepe pao apya, ocoeo e pyopoo, oope pacooe paoe ycao acoco opeccopo.

B c c peoeo ya paceax ooeoc exooecx pyopooo, poe caecx apyo pacpeee ep ypyo eopa, yee oea.

Oeeo, o acoee pe p opeee pa pyopooo po opee oo o ypoe. o opaa acao oyca aya pa exooecx pyopooo cocae 0,2 p acoe pa e oee 40 .

ooe peoa oe epe e oo oece aey paoy pyopooo, oope paoa cox ycox ecaoapoc, , cpo cyaa oopx pc pecoy.

Oao e cyecye eo, oox cooa paoopae oooc cyecye poepeo aapayp pyopoox cce.

peaaec ep paoy apyeoc pyopooo, eo poc cpaee xapaepc cyecyx a ceo e poaaaopo, x p pao, oooc, oope oo cooa epe pa e oo aoo oopyoa, o x pyopooo o.

caoeo, o peya ax epe oo oy oee ocoepy opa o peao apyeoc pyopooa.

B aece aocecoo apaepa p epe pa a cceyex pyopooax o po cpeeapaoe aee poepe ee aaoe o 10 o 1000 c co cepe 1600. Cpeeapaoe aee apaepa pa co apoece oee coe oea ooy epeecoy aey, oo x cpaa.

Bpoepeeee oaae acae pa epeee opopyeo o o ooo paeo ooe o pyoo poooooo xapaepyec oo oo ayo. ae poepeee poopoa oa pyopooax ape c oaae x pooc.

Ocoeoc pocpacex exooecx pyopooo a oeo epe x pa ec cooc opa ec apae epe pa. Aa oaa, o ocaoo ep pa yx ceex pyopooa o ao epeypx apaex. pooc aep pocee a ao yace pyopooa yx ocx (opoao, epao) ae 3-5 cyo eee pex ece, a ae eaoe o pe yco-ocaoo pyopooo cce. B oe cooc o co ooo 6 c cepo a ao pyopooe.

poe oe opo pa coceo pyopooo popay epe o eo opeeee pa eeo exooecoo oopyoa copex a, oop, apayp, oecaopo .. o a oo cy o ao eeo exooeco cce.

Opeeee execoo coco o pao apaepa poooc a o coepa cooecye opa ey oe pee, a a ocoe aaa ee e o pee. eee pa aac e oo cece ooe eeo, o p ee peo, a ae p epexox poeccax a eycaoxc peax (yc-ocao).

B aee peea eoa cceoa pacea ooeoc exooecx pyopooo c yeo caecx apyo c yeo pacpeee ep ypyo eopa.

B pee paee oaaa oea xapaepa eoppoa apye exooecx pyopooo o caapo eoe a pepe paceo yx pyopoox pacoppo yeoopox ao OAO aeex, ee oopx oc oopc xapaep. Caca oao ooo x peea ae 1.

Taa 1 - Caca oao epo 1990-2000 . o yaca pyopooa aea aa c I cye opeccopo eoc p P=0,35 Ma T=130 0C Hoep aa ee yaca peoa 11.05.150-151 oppo 20.11.151-152-153 Tpea 01.05.155-156-157 Tpea 14.12.154-161 Tpea 06.12.157-158 oppo 07.09.158-159-160 Tpea 10.11.156-213 Tpea 15.04.15.03.152-283 Tpea 24.05.13.10.270-271-272 Tpea 26.11.20.02.199-200-201 Tpea 15.02.280-281-282 Tpea 30.05.210-211-212 Tpea 11.05.11.10.01.05.14.12.153-154-155 Tpea 06.12.09.07.10.11.15.04.15.03.oppo 30.09.162-Tpea 24.05. opeee p ooe eeo poee ep a oe ooeoc, a eo: caap caec pace apeoeoppoaoo coco pyopooa a pooc ecoc c yeo copex a aapao. Peya caecoo pacea pecae e p (pcy 1-6).

Pcyo Cxea c yaae ocox paepo Pcyo Ooaee yo pyopooa Pcyo 3 c paoe coco o cex oec, 104 H Pcyo 4 epeee yax paoe coco, Pcyo 5 Hape o cex oec paoe coco, /Pcyo 6 oeaa ep ypyo eopa Aa peyao paceo a pooc ecoc oo cea ceye o:

- ape o cex oec paoe coco a oo yace pyopooo cce e pea oycx opaa peeo;

- aoee apye, .e. e acae ae ape, c yac (c. pcy 2, 5): 128-129; 221-222; 245-246; 269-270;

198-199; 176-177 y: 140; 235; 188. Oao, a oaae caca oao (c. ay 1), ae yac e oepe eea;

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