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pyc epe ce o aapo, e epaoae o ap oy oooce opo. opeee cee oec eeaox aapo a oy oee o a pa paoaa eoa, cooec c oopo ceao o e oe pe a poypeo 14 ca o y po (pc.1).

Bop pacooe x ca oocoa e, o paoe x coa oaoc acpoa acay cee oec eeaox aapo a oee o, ocoy o pacooe o 24/24/24/24/24/24/22 22 22 18 18 H-H-o o 6 5 6 5 6 5 O c c C e e 11 11 Pc. 1. Cxea pacooe aaex ca:

- po 1-1, - po 2-2, 7 - aaee ca, O. C. - oce coopye, - ycaoa ooo e apae e oex o o cce aapo copoy pe . Ccea aapo o apae aaec aapo 24.

cceoa caax oo opee xapaep pooe apx eec eeae opo acoc o poaeoc opo. o aoee oaaeo papea ca (pc.2).

B oeo coe oepa apx eec paoepo pacpeeea o po ca (0-20 c) cocae 0,1% o e 0,5% o xopa, e oepa xopo peo opacae o 4% (a ye 40 c) aee caec o y 1600 c. ae aaec oceeoe yeee c pacpee oyca oepa epe papyo oooc opoo. oepa eepoyo eec aaoo. Oe pa epaoao o oooce opo coca 0,05 3/2 o.

Coepae, % acc.

ya 1 2,2 3,2 4,6 5,, Pc. 2. apee o o papey ca 6:

1 - cyxo ocao, 2 xop, 3 - eepoy Mooee cceoa eeaox aapo a oee o yoee papea a paoe pooc o pe ceao poype oopyoa x ee aae caa ( 24/1,24/2, 24/3), aa po 2. cceoa oaa, o oepa xopo x caax epo oa cyaa eeaox aapo (1992 o) aaa peo cac 2001 oy oca 4000 / po 24000 / epo cyaa (pc.3).

Ta opao, poee cceoa ycaoeo, o p oe cyaa eeaox aapo x e a oee opo ocae opo caec 5 pa, o cao c opecee aocep ocaa epoeco oao (o eae 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 aa oopa, o Pc.3. eee oepa xopo oax aaex ca: - c. 24/1, - c. 24/2, - c. 24/ Coepae xopo, / epea) axoxc x epaoax o, oao ypoe ape xopa ae epe 10 e ocaec co oee 400 /.

2. Papaoa eoxoo exoo ya eeao Aa cyecyx eoo exoo ya eeao oo x accpoa o cocoy oec (a.2) oa- Taa acca eoo ya eeao ece oec Xece oec Teo- e- epoaoe Mexaecoe Cee Hepaa oe ecoe, oooe, epo- ca- caao .. caecoe o- ao- po, ..

ece po Hape Oca epocaec- epeea- peee Pacopee e o e eyao- caaopo ae po Paee- peee B cooae peee peee e CB, epoa- poa- cepe- oyo oe x oea ecx e- o epo- o ex c peee y- poa oa payox o coe o peee ay- poae cecx o o aee Boece a oe peee epocaecx oe a, o epepaoa eeaa poy, oea o co oaae (coepae o exaecx pece) oapo e, ooe p yxcyeao epypoa oa ocoa ac yc papyaec c oo pexao epy opoaoo a. p o paaaec ea yc c coepae o 2-5%. oceyee papyee yc pocxo a epye epaoo a c oeee apaepo o OCTa a oapy e (exoo p Aa-aa). Booo ae peee a opo cye eoa cape o aco eooee (exoo p Taoa).

peee ax exoo a pae oaao eoxooc peapeoo ce oc eeaa eoo oaypoa eo cpo oyeo e. Oao ae p x ycox e cea ocaec eoxooe aeco poya p ox epeecx aepax apaax, o po aoe ox oeo eeao ca aay papao ox eoxox exoo, oox ypoa a aoe oe eeao, a o opayc, a ae oecea x peeoe xpaee c a yepo opyae cpe.

eee e ox ocao ooec eeecoopao c c co apaa eae oeco eo a cpee 5-8%. x ya peoeyec peee ooecoo eoa ecpy e, p oopo poopa coy ey ay aece ocooo coa ep, epepaaa ee eeca, e poce pea opyae cpee.

Papaoaa a oeca exoo epepao eeao eoo ypayooo papye yc eeao pacope oo peaeo c epaae e opayxc oxoax ox ocaax eoo ooeco ecpy yeoopoo ooe ocyec eoxoy ya eeao poa eeaoe aap.

Papaoa exoo papye coo eo yc eeao cceoa o papye coo eo yc eeao pooc a aopaopo ycaoe B (ycaoa ypayooo oec) o ceye cxee: peapeo ape o 40 C o eea ceppyec apeo o 40 C oo peaeo, coepae eyaop (AB) cepe, p ceyx coooex peeo, % acc.: AB 20-50, cepe 80-50. poecc ocyecec ye ee eecoepae yc 0,001-0,5 % o pacop eyoyo oo p coooe e oe 1 : 3 p ypayoo oec c acoo 15-30 eee 1-5 y.

p ceppoa eeaa oo pacope oo coa yc eeaa peopayec ecoy yc. Paa eaa oepxoc o oece cepea ycope yaa poecc eae oo epeo exaecx pece oy ay; o opaoaa yc epexo cocoe epc a.

poeee poecca paee yc p ypayoo oec ooe yc poecc ceppoa e oe papye popyx oooe eo a a ce epea ep yae ooeo ccee, ee ep a pae e oa yce cee oec peaeo.

opeee aoee eoo coooe peaeo oo pacope poee cepe o papye yc p pax oepax cepea (H-75) oo c eyaopa. Peya cceoa pee a. 3.

poeex cceoa ceye, o ay coooee peaeo ec oo, aa 70% cepea 30% eyaopa.

Taa Coca eo yc o oce opao ypayo oo, Coca pa eo yc, % acc.

coooe, cxo oce opao % acc.

oa ex. p- e oa ex. p- e ec ec 53,7 1,67 44,63 2,14 1,05 96,Ė20, c80 1,17 0,29 98,Ė50, c50 0,85 0,15 99,Ė30, c70 0,74 0,13 99, 11,5 12,3 76,2 5,12 8,6 86,Ė20, c80 1,75 0,86 97,Ė50, c50 1,15 0,17 98,Ė30, c70 1,14 0,47 98, 1,00 1,6 97,4 1,65 0,73 98,Ė20, c80 0,60 0,12 99,Ė50, c50 0,58 0,06 99,Ė30, c70 0,50 0,05 99, 1.5 1.4 97.1 1,2 0,86 97,Ė20, c80 1,0 0,16 98,Ė50, c50 0,94 0,10 98,Ė30, c 70 0,5 0,04 99, - eyaop, c cepe poeea cep oo o opeee eo oepa peaeo aaoe 0,1-0,001% oaae, ao e ocaec p oepa peaeo 0,003% c ocey ocoe p eepaype 40 oC. Ha pae (pc. 4) opaea acoc ocaooo coepae o yc, oopa oaae, o ye oaa ocy p oepa peaeo 0,003%. p apee oa oeec oee oo (pa 2), e e oopea (pa 1).

Ta opao, oa yco papye yc ec ypayooe oece 0,003 % pacope oo peaea, aeo cepe - 70% eyaop - 30% p coooe e : oa 1:3 p 40 oC.

Papaoa exooeco cxe ycao epepao eeaa eoo ypayooo oec Ocoo poecca ya ec ypayooe ceppoae eeaa oo pacope peaeo, ooee ocyec poecc c a apaa. caoa pooeoc 43/ (pc.5) paoae cey opao. B pooy ypayoy 0,0001 0,001 0,01 0,1 oepa peaeo,% Pc. 4. Be oepa peaeo a ocaooe coepae o yc: 1 - p 20 oC, 2 p 40 oC ay 1 oac eea oa. oaa eeaa ocyecec o acoco. oaa apeo o 50-70oC o ocyecec epe eooe 8 c pacxoo o 12 3/. Bpe ypayooo oec peypyec epo ao 2, epe oopy opaoa eea cpacaec eoc oco. oepae ypo y ypayoo ae a ypoe e eee 500 ( coe pea pao aocpopo) oeceaec aa 9 10 pecppyec ypoeepa. opoae peaeo ocyecec caoe oepa. caoe pe opoa oeceaec peee opoooo ycpoca oaooo a aao oc peaea, ooo o peyex apaepo 20-25 cC peaex eocx 5, ye paae eo oo c oo acoca 4. poea opaoy eeaoa yc apaec a oco aee oeac ea pa oaaec oape peepyap.

Papaoaa exoo ooe paaa oapy e, oeay peoa OCT P 51858-2002.

Papaoa exoo ecpy eeao ooec eoo poee aopaope oee cceoa eoc poex ooecx peapao p ecpy eo a eeao, ee oeca a copoc ecpy ce oo ye ece pax cpyypoopaoaee, opeee Coepae o,% Boa o oxae aocpepo ap Boa a oxaee aocpBoa epo Opaoa e ea aop aocpepa e Pc.5. Texooeca cxea ycao ya eeaa eoo ypayooo oec:

1 - ypayoa aa, 2 - epa aa, 3 - aocpoe yae, 4 acoc, 5 - ycpoco opo peaeo, 6 - pacxoe eoc peaeo, 7 - eoc peaeo, 8 eooe, 9,10 - peypooe a, 11 - o ypayox eepaopo Peae Heea op.oa eoc pee ocyopo epooc x ece.

Opeeee eoc ooeco ecpy eeao aopaopx ycox o aoeo a oa. O 1 aoe c e e oepa eeae eo a a cee pa poopao, eoc oecee x yco ecee cpyypoopaoaee (o, ao) p opaoe poe opeapao eopo eoc pee poeoo peapaa op aece ocyopa.

ya pooaac 110 cyo. Peya cepea oaa, o p ce coepa eo a eee 10% pocxo eca poooecx poecco epeao aoc, o oepaec paoee a 50-52 % e, o pe a p 20 % - a 38-42 %. eoc ocyopo ae e p ee oe e. O yx o pex pa oaec eoc p ece opa oee e poe aoa oo.

O 2 aoe c e cpaeo oe eoc pax opeapao (eopo, ace, Mpoe) ocyopo (opa, aoa) ecpy eeaa p ape o ye ee ooecx, apoxecx o-xecx coc o poecce ee peya.

ya pooaac 240 cyo. Aa ceoc yex py poopao o apaa oa oaa, o ooeoe e cex cax opeapao, oa opa aoa pooc ye epe cy oce x ece coxpaoc oe ee cee a poe ceo epoa ya. Haoee ycooe yeee ceoc poopao aaoc p ece eopoa acea p oae opa aoa, a acaoe - a oe oo apae c aceo ypa ecee opa.

p pee aece cpyypoopaoae cepo eco o cec yeaec coepae opaecoo yepoa (Cop.), a oceoo oaae epeao aoc, c 2,5-3,0 o 15-20 %. B poecce ecpy eeaa aaec oceoaeoe cee Cop o ce apaa oa, pe a, e eco oo ece ao, o poecc oee pae.

o epe ce coepa oeo yepoa oe opacae eo ooc, o cao c pacopae yepoa poopaa eoopo cee co cee poooc o. Ta, ec aae ya coepae ooo yepoa cocao 0,2-0,6 %, o epe 8 ece - 1,0-2,5%, pe acae e oeac apaax c ecee opeapao coeco c opo.

eee o-xecx coc o paaoc oceoaeo ce ayao oeo cooc, yee coepa ooex aoo, c peoaae a. Bo cex apaax oa pH oo coeo e o acoo ee, o xapaepo apex o c apye coo-eo aaco.

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