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Baoece opopao 1-3 c peaeo (co onmo: coooee cxox opopo 1-3 : 10 : aaaop = 1:1:0,03 (o.); pacope ea.) cxo Bpe, Tee- aaaop Aea (xo %) opop paypa, o C 1 6 20 5 (10) 11 (14) 1 6 60 5 (28) 11 (50) 1 6 20 ZrCl4 5 (15) 11 (30) 2 6 20 6 (<5) 12 (10) 2 6 60 6 (17) 12 (30) 2 6 20 ZrCl4 6 (15) 12 (28) 3 6 20 5 (10) 11 (21) 3 6 60 5 (36) 11 (54) 3 6 20 ZrCl4 5 (<5) 11 (56) Hecep opoopa eococea 3 - ycox x oo oaac aoee a. Ta, a 6 p 20oC opayec cec poyo 5 11 coooe 1:2 c o xoo 30%. oee eepayp o 60oC yeae xo poyo pea o 90% p o e x coooe. cooae aece aaeco oa ZrCl4 ooe p 20oC ceeo oy aea oooo aea c xoo 56%, oa a aea 5 ax ycox paec e opayec.

B oe o -ooya 10 po(3-oec)- OEt OEt OEt EtO + Al OEt OEt OEt oya (13) ceeo peapye c popoopao, opay 1-(4,4-ocy)oeca (14) c xoo 30%.

p oe eepayp o 60oC xo aea 14 yeaec o 65%. oaa aaecoo oeca ZrCl4 oae xo eeoo poya p 20oC o 50%. aea yeoopooo pacope a xopc ee ao cyae e po ee ceeoc pea aeoy oe xoa coee 14.

B oe pe oy(2- oec)a (15), oyoeca (16), oyopopa (17) oy-mpac-paa (18) oaac ooc ea, a p pyx AOC, coepax ope ,I-aeee paa.

AlRAlR15 AlRAlR17 R2 = i-Bu Bepoo, ae oex aecee p C1 C2 aoax yeoopooo paaa AOC pecye aoec ocex c opoopaa.

Aaoe o ceeoc peya oye p aoec opopo 1-3 c e acoepa eepoa 1--3-a(ap)aee aaoeaa.

B oox coeex oe oece Al-C c oaa, a pao, pepo pao o ooe yeo peaea aoc, aeo peae aoc oeco Al-C c. B acoc, ocao, o ocee 1,3-aaaoeao poxo eceeo, c opaoae cec pepo pax oec oepx 3- 4-aaeex cpo.

Ha oapyeo, o p aoec opoopao 1 - 3 c 3a-1-aaoeaa (19, 20) pocxo peoceeoe paceee a peyae papa cepec aeee apyeo oeco c Al-C5.

RROROR RO + Al Al ORORR O 1 -3 19, 20, NaON H2O 19R = -C5H11;

C C -C6H13;

20R = R21 R = Et, R = C -C5H11;

R O 22 R = Bu, R = C -C6H13;

R O 23 R = Et, R = C -C6H13;

24 R 2= a;

21 - 23, 1 R = Et, R = a.

Ta, popoopa 1 peapye c o oeca AOC 19 20 p 20oC pacope eaa c opaoae oce eooo poa peaoo acc 4-e-1,1-ocoaa (21) 4-e1,1-oceaa (23) (a. 6) c xoo ooo 50%. eee cooo e cxox peaeo e po yee xoa eex aeae.

a cyae paee paccopex aecx aopaecx coee, eopoopa 3 peapye c aaoeaao 20 a opao, o oee oepaec oo eocpya. yopoopa 2 oaac aeo epee, o e ceecye xo yaea 22. 3--1,1-ocoa 1,1-ocpoa, oaee cyae papa ce Al-C2 Al-Et, poyax pea e oapye.

Coepa eca oe ap aece p C3-aoe eepoa 1--3-aaaoea (24) aaox ycox opaye 1,1-oc-4-aea (25) c xoo e oee 25%.

Taa Baoece opoopao 1-3 c AOC 19, 20, (co oo 20oC, pacope ea, coooee opop : AOC = 1:1) cxoe coee Bxo (%) Bpe, aaaop Aea opoopa AOC 1 19 6 21 1 19 6 ZrCl4 21 1 20 6 23 1 20 6 ZrCl4 23 2 20 96 22 2 20 6 ZrCl4 22 2 20 24 ZrCl4 22 3 20 6 23 3 20 6 ZrCl4 23 1 24 6 25 1 24 6 ZrCl4 25 B cooec c oeeo e aooepoc, coepae a ax aece p -yepox aoax e 3,4aaaoea (26), a ae 1--2eaaopoa (27) oaac ea pea c opoopaa 1-3.

R R Al Al pecaoc epec cceoa e aaaopo apyx oao a pea opoopao c 1--3a(ap)aee aaoeaa 19, 20, 24. Oaaoc, o oece 3% o. ZrCl4 aapye poecc o e acae p aoec peaea 20 c aoee ep opopo 2, p o xo aea 22 occ c 5 o 64%. Tae yaoc oc oe xo poya 25, opayeoc p pea opoopaa 1 c peaeo 24 coepa oe a aece. B oe o eaooecx aaaopo xopc ee e oaa aeoo a xo coca eex poyo occaoeoo apoa opopo 1-3 peaea 19, 20, 24.

Bcoa peoceeoc aoec opopo c 1--3a(ap)aee aaoeaa, a yeee peaoo cocooc opoopao p epexoe o coee 1 cey oooy 2, epoo, ca co cepec apye, oa epexoo coco. Ec p, o pea poxo epe epexee epea a , o o cepec aopa oee peoeo ec cpyypa a, paca oopo po aea 4-eaeex aeo.

R R O O Al Al ORORORRORH R2 H a Ha ocoe pea opoopao c 3-a-1-aee aaoeaa a papaoa yo eo oye 4eoaoa-1 (29) paeecoo aaoa oooo epooa yoo xpyaa. p aoec popoopaa 1 c 3-a-1aaoeao c xoo 55% 19 opayec 4-e-1,1ocoa 21, oop ec yo coo oye 4-eoaoa-1 29.

OEt + OEt H + EtO Al OEt OEt NaBHOH O p opaoe coee 21 5%- pacopo coo co c xoo 80% opayec 4-eoo ae (28), aeee occaoee oopoo oppo ap po eeoy poyy c o xoo 30% a opop.

4 Ce aeae cx aeeox aeo eco, o aeeoe aopaece coee oaa oe aoc o ooe apo cycpaa, e ae ae e.

Oaaoc, o yex a ycox aeeoe aopaece coee peapy c popoopao ae e oeco c o po pao.

Ta, p aoec popoopaa c a oeco 1-eoya (30) ceeo opayec 1,1oco-2 (31) c xoo 59%.

OEt OEt Et3N OEt * Al EtO + OEt OEt OEt p aee 1-eoya 30 a oy(2e)a (32) pea c popoopao ceeo opayec 2I-po-3I,3I-oceo (33) c xoo 43%.

oye paa AOC 30 32 p o pea e cya.

OEt OEt Et3N OEt * + EtO Al OEt OEt OEt cooae aece pacope xopcoo eea ooo oc xo poyo 31 33 o 78 90% cooeceo.

Ceye ocoo oe, o paccapaea pea e copooaec xapaepo ax AOC aeeaeoo epepypoo oepae co co poo c, a opayec aea coaco a MP cepoco, e coepa ae ceo coee c aeoo cpyypo.

Xo pa paaao 4 7, coepae oo acee yeoopoe paa (a. 4), e aoecy c opoopaa ocyce xopcoo eea, oa a aaoe oec aeeox AOC 30 32, peapy x ycox, opay cooecye aeeoe aea 31, 33 (a. 7) c xoa 80-85%.

Et2O OEt OEt * + EtO R Al R OEt OEt 31, 30, 32, 33 R = Ph;

30, 31 R = -C5HC Taa Baoece popoopaa c c epee AOC 30 32.

(cou onmo: 20oC, 2, coooee popoopa : AOC = 1:1).

AOC Ccea pacopee Aea, (xo, %) eca-Et3N 31 (59) eca-Et3N-CH2Cl2 31 (78) AlReca-Et2O 31 (55) eca-Et2O-CH2Cl2 31 (81) eca-Et2O eca AlR2 eca-Et2O-CH2Cl eca-Et3N 33 (43) eca-Et3N-CH2Cl2 33 (90) AlReca-Et2O 33 (45) eca-Et2O-CH2Cl2 33 (85) eca-Et2O eca eca-Et2O-CH2Cl2 AlRR = i-Bu B oe pe pa x AOC oaac ea, ae pcyc ox aaaopo apyx oao.

Ta opao, o aeeoe AOC oaa ace aoc o ooe popoopay, o opae yo oxo oye pyoocyx py cocoa aeae cx aeeox aeo.

BBO 1. Haeo, o ZrCl4, NbCl5, Ni(acac)2 yceo aapy occaoeoe apoae opoopao paaaa p o c xoo 65-95% opayc cooecye aea. B ecepo opoopae eococeae aeaec oo eocpya, o po opaoa 1,1-ocaao.

2. caoeo, o pcyc xopyeoopoo xo poyo aoec opoopao c AOC opacae o (60-98%). oaao, o apy e ca c eoeypo accoae xopyeoopoo c AOC.

3. Oco apaee pea opopao c ecep aoyaaa ec aeee aocpy a c a ocao. p o aoe aoc oaa paaa, ee yeoopo paa opaoo cpoe. oaao, o opoopa peapy c 1--3-a(ap)aee aaoeaa o cepec eee apyeo oeco Al-C-c.

4. Papaoa pexca eo cea paeecoo 4-eoaoa-1 popoopaa 3-e-1aaoeaa. Bxo eeoo cpa cocae 30% a opop.

5. Ocyece ce aeae cx aeeox aeo c xoo 43-90% aoece popoopaa c a oeca aoya. B oe pe yex ycox oyaa c opopa e aoecye.

Maepa ccepa oe ceyx yax:

1. Bocpoa O.C., exp E.., oc C.C. aapyeoe oeca epexox eao occaoeoe apoae popoopaa poyae // a. x. . 2001. T.

8, 4. C. 14-15.

2. Bocpoa O.C., exp E.., oc C.C., oe B.A. Peoceeoe paceee 3-a-1-aaoeao opoopaa o y 1-yoaoaee 4eaaa // . AH. Cep. x. 2002. 5. C. 828-830.

3. Bocpoa O.C., exp E.., oc C.C. Boccaoeoe apoae opoopao aopaec coee // . Bo. X x. exo. 2002. T. 45, . 4. C. 55-57.

4. aapoa .T., exp E.., oc C.C., Bocpoa O.C. Boccaoee ecx aeae opopo aopaec peaea // C. aopaa copeeo x. Hoe apae x ecx aeae. . Pea, a. 2002. C. 51-65.

5. exp E.., aapoa .T. aapyeoe ZrCl4 aoece poya c popoopao aea // Tec oao yaco o oox yex Opaeca x XX ee Moca. 2000. C. 18.

6. oc C.C., Bocpoa O.C., exp E.., oe B.A., Mycyxo P.P. Paceee popoopaa pcyc oyaxopa // Tec oao XIII Meyapoo ayoexeco oepe Xece pea, peae poecc aooao x. Tya. 2000. C. 29.

7. exp E.. Boccaoeoe paceee popoopaa poyae // Tec eapx ceox oao yaco ooeo ayo o o opaeco x. Eaepyp. 2000. C. 114.

8. exp E.., exp T.., aapoa .T., Bocpoa O.C., oc C.C. Be ppo pacopee a aoece aopaecx coee c 1,3-ocoaa opopa // Tec oao XIV Meyapoo ayo-execo oepe Xece pea, peae poecc aooao x. a. 2001. C. 73-74.

9. Bocpoa O.C., aapoa .T., exp E.., exp T.., oc C.C. aapyeoe oeca epexox eao occaoeoe apoae opopo aeae oe oooc aopaeco cee // Tec oao ayo oepe, oceo 70-e co poe aaea B.A. oa Copeee poe opaeco x. Hoocpc. 2001. C. 96.

10. aapoa .T., exp E.., exp T.. Paceee ecx aeae opopo aopaec coee cpee xopyeoopoo // Tec oao oepe oox yex Mooe yee Boo-pacoo peoa a pyee eo. a.

2001. T. 1. C. 172-173.

11. exp E.., exp T.., aapoa .T. Baoece 3-ec1-aaoeaa oyoa c ec aea opoopaa // Tec oao eyapoo oepe Opaec ce oo coe. C. eepyp. 2002. C. 95-96.

Cocae exp E..

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