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ppoa epyeo ea e opaaec po epyx e a epeecx acee peyopo poecca peoopaoa. Baea cocaa epyeo ec aoecx e coco ae x aopo a ypcpyypoe apeoe cocoe, oycoeoe ece yca eeoo a epeaa eepayp.

p aae oeo oepa epyx ooeo ceye cxo pee aa oe ypcpyypx ape , pee ceo, c ape opa a pae c aoe. a aaa a ao cpyypo ypoe eoa (pacopo ac, apoooepaa) oe peac oee oeo oepa ecx aoee peeax ooo pyca aoee, o eeecoopao y epepacxoa yeo. pya cxea eo c epy ooea coco paooeo aee ac ececeoo ooo aoe aoec ooea.

Ta opao, e epoa oycoe cee ypo cocex ape (ycaox, epoexaecx) x ecpyyppyeo , a ae ooee ep eopa opoee poecca peoopaoa p apye, oee ypyox coc eoa.

B paee peoe pep oe yapo ococ eoa, ocoae a cooa xapaepc yeo yapo oc apaepo aecoo ypoe ococ.

pocee xapaepco yapo ococ eoa oe cy oeco yapo N oaoo ep, eoxox papye eoopoo aooo opaa (ya, p). oeco ya po o papye cooec c ycaoco ppoo papye ycox oopax oopx oec ye cao c ooce ypoe aecx ape eoe d/R oe yapa (ec d opaoe caee aecoe apee; R caeca pooc eoa a cae) yaec c o xapaepco, a ae c oea aecoo ypoe d ococ r po p oca ycaoco ococ eo acoc oyoapecx oopaax d/R = d r lg N. (1) Oeo, o oee yapo ococ eoa o eoopoo ypo N o oee cooo ypo dN (ec d > 1) ooo a ocoe peo, oaax e a coooee d/R. oeceo o e oo yec oeo

(d - r lg N) = d - r lg(d N), oa cee ooceoo aecoo ypoe eoa d ye opeec acoc d d =N -110 /r (1-). (3) a, o oe ypo ape d/R c e oe d peeo poeccy a eeoeoo ca cee ep yapa eeaeo -a oep pooeoc caeooo oopyoa, oo ca, o poce peo oe yapo cooc ye oee caeco pooc eoa R.

ee pooc eoa coycye oee eo oy ypyoc , acoc, aecoo oy ypyoc Ed, oop oaae e a ey aecoo ape p apye cooo aa pyo cooec c opyo M. Bea d = Ed h1/2, (4) e ocaa, aaea oeo opa, 1/2; h coa coooo cpaca pya, .

Toa aaoo e pea aecoo ypoe aee oea coca = b = b-1b, (5) e b b cooeceo coooe pooce a cae ae aecoo oy ypyoc oee pooo eoa o ooe cxooy eee pooy (b, b > 1).

Ec oyc, o peeax ooo a eoa ypaee (1) cpaeo ocaoo pooo aaoa ee pooc, . e. o xapaepc ypae d r e ec p epexoe o eoa ooo acca o pooc pyoy, o cee aecoo ypoe eoa oe paccaa o opya (3) (5).

pye apa eoo oeo yapocooc o eo, oaae d >1 p oaoo ypoe aecx ape d/R co cpaae o eoo a ce o ae oeo d r, o cooecye cey oa coooe oeo ypae (1) d1, r1 cxooo d2, r2 ooo eoa oeo yapo ococ:

r1> r2, d1 = d2 ; (6) r1= r2, d1< d2 ; (7) r1> r2, d1

aca o aao c (1) (2) ap ypae cxooo oee eoo apao eoa, oo oy acoc opeee cee aecoo ypoe cooeceo aoo pex oox coea oeo d r.

cya (6) c yeo yco d / R = const ye e:

d / R = d1 - r1 lgN ; d / R = d2 - r2 lg(dN) ;

r1 / r2-N d1 - r1 lgN = d2 - r2 lg(dN) ; lgd = lg.

cya (7) o aao oy:

d 2 - d d1 - r1 lgN = d2 - r1 lg(dN); lgd =.

rHaoe, cya (8):

d 2 - dr1/ r2-N d1 - r1 lgN = d2 - r2 lg(dN); lgd = + lg.

rToa cee aecoo ypoe eoa aoo pex paccapaex cyae coca cooeceo d = N(kr1/ kr2-1) ;

(9) kd 2 -kdkrd = 10 ;

(10) -kdkd (kr1 / kr 2 -1) +lg N d = 10 kr. (11) Ta opao, oo ceoee eo o yapo ococ xapaepy apaep ypae (1) d r. ae oa oeo {d, r} yx eoo oo c cooae acoce, (9), (10), (11) cpa eo o yapo ococ, oe eoc oo oo exooecoo pea c o pe oe yapo ococ.

Opeeee pyoc cooa eaax pepe ca c opeoc cpecax aeco eoep pecpa aecx eopa-ape. B c c a pae pooe pacpocpaee oy eo oe yapo oc oc eoa o ee yeo yapo oc. cae eoa o cyae oec a epao aeco ope aaec oceoaeo cooo cpaca pya opeeeo acc c po ocoo co o papye caapoo opaa, oo ya c pepo 7,07 10 c. ea yapa oc a (/c3) opeeec ye ee cyapo oeao ep, apaeo a papyee, a oe cyeoo opaa mgh a = N, (12) V e m acca cooo aaeo pya, ; g = 9,81 /c2 ycopee coooo ae; h coa ae pya, ; N co yapo, epaex opao o papye; V oe opaa, c3.

Taa exa ca p cpoax apaepax m, h, V oaox ycox a oopx oaax ooe o xapaepce a cpaa eo o yapo ococ.

Heocao ocaoo eoa coco o, o o e yae oeceo ypo aecx ape d/R, e opaae eo ee c eee oy ypyoc aepaa. Xapaepca a cyeceo eec p ee apaepa ca h.

Tpe pae coep ocae epaoo aecoo opa ca eoa a yap, pye cepeae ycao eo ca, cooae paoe. B paee pee xapaepc peex aepao.

Bapa opo, paoax aoaeco pee aaoe copoce ecoo apye, cooecyx caapoy opooy oopyoa a ca, papaoa P.. ypayo co aHcpoe ( ca yo c pepo 7,c), B.H. Moxo co eo cye ( ca yo c pepo 7,07, 10 c). cepeaa ac cceoa a oea a ope H. ocpy opa peea a pc. 1.

opaa-ya c pepo 7,07 c p acce cooo aaeo pya 4,5 o a oeo a appo aee ocoo opa cocao = 2,010-3 -1/2.

B aece cxox aepao p pooce ox opao eoo cooa opaee apo 500-O, 400-pooca Cepaacoo OAO Coa (. Cepaa, Pecya aopoca), yoeop peoa OCT 10178-85*; cpeeepce aoe ee, pa; eco peo apepa ecooa (.a), yoeope OCT 8267-93*, 8736-93*.

B aece epyx ooeo cooac pa epao pa 5-10 acoo aoa epaooo pa;

epao eco, oye poee eoo poe epaooo pa pa 5-20 ; paypoa oe a Acoo eaypecoo aoa (.Aa eco o.) eopeoo eaypecoo oaa (.eope, Pecya aopoca); epaoa - oxo pooca epaooo pa a aco aoe epaooo pa; peoa poa ecox pa, oyea a oo pooce epepaoo opaoax aoox . e; opoeoa poa oxo pooca e opoea .Tya (Pecya aopoca).

eee epyx ooeo aopaopx cceoax ocyecoc c cooae apaao apoo e a M. ea oepxoc cyxx cepcx aepao opeeac eoo eepa oyxa c oo popa CX-2.

Mexaece ca cepeax opao pooc a paecx peccax -50, -125 Apapcoo M.

ep pae coep ae cceoa oexaecx coc eex eoo c epy ooea pao ppo cepcoc.

B aece cxooo oea cceoa p eoepce eo, ee o ypoe aoee ape eco.

Cpe oye opoax eco c epa, paec e opae o xapaepca aecy. p poe epaooo pa e opayc pay c po aaoo opcoc, pooc ecoc, acoc o cxox xapaepc epaooo pa cepcoc oyaeoo eca. oo aoec cepc poya c epao eco, oyae oo e coe, eco a oy poy pooca pa.

cceoa paooeo ae ac apeoo eca epao epex pa (2,5 5 ; 1,25 2,5 ; 0,315 1,25 < 0,315 ) a oec o-exaecx xapaepc eoepcx eoo poee a eoe c cxo (ao) cocao 1:3 p B/=0,4, o cooecye oeo oepa eoo aoe =0,62. epao eco oye poee epaooo pa acoo aoa c aco ooc /3 (ooc yce =0,84 /c3) pooc p caa pe 2,6 Ma c ocey pacceo ecao cec o pa.

cepe poee a paooccex cecx, o oeceaoc oppepoo pacxoa o a ooooee epaooo eca. cooac ape eco ecoocoo apepa (. a) c oye pyoc 2,76 opaee 400 Cepaacoo OAO Coa. Ha ay oy ooe opa-y c pepo 7,c ca a yapy ococ pooc a cae opa-ao 4x4x16 c ca a cae pacee p e, a ae p 10x10x40 c c e opeee aaoo oy ypyoc eoa c cooae cpec eoep.

Peya ca opao, poex epoaocy opaoy (o pey 4+3+8+3 p eepaype oepecoo popea 80-85C), cocao p / = 0; 0,2; 0,3; 0,4 0,5 ( oea oepa epaooo eca, cyapa oepa ex aoee) o pooc a cae, pacee p e, yapo ococ pecae a pc. 2. ea yapa oc a (/c3) paccaac ocoo co cpaca pya a epao aeco ope h = 0,7 .

Aa oyex peyao oaae, o oa yapo cooc pooc ec epao eco pa 0,315 1,25 co cpee ooc pay =1,2 /c3, o cooecye opepooo oaae epaoo a E 104 Ma, R 20 Ma. Moy ypyoc o a 56 pa e oy ypyoc apeoo eca.

ppoc yeo yapo oc eoa a o ece p eo oao ooceo oeo oepa / 0,3 coca 1,9 paa, pooc a pacee p e o 1,5 pa e oep o pooc a cae. e aa oaae p eox oepx o pooc a cae oye a ceo pa epaooo eca 1,25 2,5 , ee ee oee y ecoc a o 27 7 6 22 4 17 3 0 0,1 0,2 0,3 0,4 0,5 0 0,1 0,2 0,3 0,4 0,5 0 0,1 0,2 0,3 0,4 0,Oocea oea oepa epaooo eca / Puc. 2. acoc o-exaecx xapaepc eoepcx eoo p aee ac apeoo eca epao pax pa:

pa 2,5-5 ; pa 1,25-2,5 ; pa 0,315-1,25 ;

eee 0,315 .

cpae c pae 0,315 1,25 .

oee yeo yapo oc oyeo a ececeo cec pa 02,5 oo e oooo epaooo eca c payoepe, o aeeoy apeoy. p oaoo caeco pooc a cae pacee p e cec pa e a xapaepcy a oeceo a e, a ya oopa 0,3151,.

bc bt / c p e R, Ma ea yapa oc a, pooc a pacee pooc a cae R, Ma B pyx cepeax aece epyx ooeo c cepcoc eoo aoe cocaax eoepcx eoo cceoac oee paypoae a Acoo eaypecoo aoa eopeoo eaypecoo oaa.

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