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Ha npaax pyonucu ABETH MAPAT ATOB Mopoae eo oeo yapo ococ 05.23.05 Cpoee aepa e ABTOPEEPAT ccepa a cocae yo cee aaa execx ay a 2002 Paoa oea co ocyapceo eo execo yepcee Hay pyooe: oop execx ay, poeccop Ba Bace ao Oae ooe: oop execx ay, poeccop Baep epo oo aa execx ay Aecap epo ae Beya opaa: cy aHcpo (. a) 30 aa cococ 20 eap 2002 . 15 aco a acea ccepaooo coea 212.289.02 co ocyapceo eo execo yepcee o apecy:

450062, .a, y. ocoao, 1.

C ccepae oo oaoc oee yepcea.

Aopeepa paoca op 2002 .

cepeap ccepaooo coea oop execx ay, poeccop O.. eco 3 OA XAPATEPCTA PAOT Ayaoc e Mooe o pee cax yaeo oaa x coy eoc poeo paaco cpoece, peopeeey o cpae c py a yaeo x oee coo aeoc ecoc, oee o aepaoeoc, coo ycpaoc pooca, oooc pyoooo ee pao, copaee cooa pyoo pya cpoece. Oao p cex aax ococax p cooa cax yaeo a ocoe ax ca aeo e cea yaec oece eeeoe opyee ca ea x oep p ae.

O x eeo, oax p ae ca, ocoeoc ex pyox ycox, cao papyee oo ca, o ae eoxooc poo cpyy oo eox ca.

o a coo Hpocpo p cpoece oex oeo oe cpy oo ca ocae 7-20% ceo oea opyaex ca.

cceoa Ca, Ha, aHcpo (Hpocpo), coo ocyapceoo eoo execoo yepcea pa pyx opaa oaa, o, apy c ooe appoae oo ca, e cocoo oe aeco cooc ca ce x oep p ae ec peee yapocox eoo.

Cyecye ecoo oex exooecx ye pee ao aa, oope, oao, e cea oa o exoooec oaae. O ye ec, apep, oee pooc eoa ca o ypo o accy eoa a cae B40B80, o y payec pe apyex cpa. O ocoa a cooa cooapox eeo, paopoax aoee, cyepacaopo. py apaee ec cooae p pooce ca cepcoappoax (cceoa .A.

poa, .A. oaoa,.C. Pooa, B.C. Cepa) oepeex eoo, oaax coo yapo ococ. Oao ae eo opo, exoo x pooca e cea coeaec co caapo exooe accooo pooca copoo eeoeoa.

epceo ec exoo opoa cpyyp eoa eee eoy cec aoecx opcx cepcx ooeo (epyx oao), cceoa oopo oce pao.. ooxoa, B.H. Moxoa, C.M. aooa, B.A. ya, .H. Heeoa p. Tao pe ooe aeo cee opoa cpyypy eoa, oc eo pooc a pacee, peocooc, yapy ococ, opoocooc, o ae oooc pea ayay cpoeo ycp aay o e aeca ax eeoeox ca, cay c oeceee x coxpaoc p ae pyooe ocoae.

Oocoa pepe oe yapo ococ eex eoo, yye pecae o ppoe oe yapo ococ eoo a ocoe epyx ooeo cceoa yapo cooc eoo a ocoe pacpeo py aoecx cepcx poyo ocea acoa paoa.

Paoa oea a aepe Cpoee ocpy coo ocyapceoo eoo execoo yepcea cooec c eeo oeco popao pecypco- epocepee cpoeo oece a 1996 2000 ., popao Cpoaya 2000, popaa ayoo copooe oee oeo a epo 1999-2002 ., p aeo Mcpo Mcepco cpoeca, apxeyp opooo oeca Pecy aopoca.

e pao coco oocoa pepe yapo ococ eoo ye po aoecx cepcx ooeo (oao), oaax epy ece oycoax oee yapo ococ pooc eoa a pacee.

ocee ocaeo e peycapae peee ceyx aa:

1. Opaoa eoy ca eoa a yapy ococ.

2. peo oocoa pep oe yapo ococ eoa.

3. y pecae o cyoc exaa epoa eex eoo p caeco yapo apye.

4. poec cepeae cceoa pooc yapocooc eex eoo a ox aoex c oaa pax epyx ooeo.

5. Cceapoa accpoa aepa, oaae epy ece.

6. Papaoa apopoa poocex ycox coca eoo oeo yapo ococ a ocoe epyx ooeo.

Haya oa peoe pep oe yapo ococ eoa, ocoae a cooa coooe apaepo acoc oeca yapo o papye o ooceoo ypo aecoo apye oea aecoo ypoe oea ococ.

peoeo oocoae exaa epyeo ec cepcx aoecx ooeo, oycoaeo oee pooc a pacee, peocooc, yapo ococ ee x eoo.

cceoaa eoc oe yapo ococ eex eoo eee epyx ooeo pao ppo cepcoc.

peoea acca epyx ooeo o pya ecoc o a pooc yapy ococ eoo.

paecoe aee pao aaec oe aeca yapo cooc ax eeoeox ca, o oeceae oooc x eeeoo opye, ooe c apa a ycpoco cax yaeo a ce ce pyoapa a cpyy ycee papyex ca, pacpe oac eoo pee ax ca cpoex oao c ocoe eooec yco.

Papaoa poocee coca eoo oeo yapo ococ a ocoe epyx ooeo e epaa pao cepcoc, ceppoao peoo po, opoeoo po.

Peaa pao. B epo c 1999 o 2002 . c cooae eox cece a ocoe epyx ooeo e epaa pao cepcoc ceppoao pe OAO c 2 ye p oo-poee ap ax eeoeox ca apo CB 10.30 CB 8.30 o oeo ooo 225 3 a ocoe eoa acca o pooc a cae B25 (M300).

ay ca oeo yapo ococ oo OAO eaopcecpo (. a) a cpoex oaax 14-aoo oo oa 29 popaoe Caoo-2 Opcoo paoa . oo oa 1 apae 570 pocoo paoa . .

Apoa pao. Ocoe ooe pao oaac a ayo-execx oepex HT (.a, 19982001 .); Meyapoo ayo-execo oepe poe cpoeoo oeca Pocc (.a, 1998.); ayo-execx ceapax p Meyapoo ceapoao cae Cpoeco, apxeypa, oyaoe xoco (.a, 20002002 .), e oee peya pao oee oa; Meyapoo ayoexeco oepe Haeoc ooeoc cpoex aepao ocpy (.Boopa, 2000.); oaco ayoexeco oepe cceoa oac apxeyp, cpoeca oxpa opyae cpe (.Caapa, 2001.); 9-o Cpco oepe o eeoeoy (.Hoocuupc, 2002.).

o peyaa cceoa oyoao 12 cae eco oao.

Cpyypa o pao. ccepa coco ee, a, ocox oo, cca cooax coo, poe.

Paoa oea a 149 cpaax aocoo eca, ae poe, coep 18 cpa 27 a. Cco cooax coo ae 150 aeoa.

Ha ay occ:

pep oe yapo ococ eoa o peyaa ca opao-yo a epao aeco ope;

peya cceoa o ye cepcx aoecx epyx oao cocaax eex eoo a x coca , acoc, pooc a cae pacee, yapy ococ;

peya oo-poeo apoa peaaex execx pee pooce ax eeoeox ca.

COEPAHE PAOT Bo ee oocoaa ayaoc e, opeeea e cceoa, aa paa xapaepca oeo pao.

B epo paee a oop oyoax pao oeecex apyex cceoaee o opoca c cpyyp co ceec xapaepca eoa peocooc, ycaoco ococ, yapocooc. oy apae oce cceoa .M. aeoa, O.. epa, B.C. aoa, .M. pyo, A.E. ea pa pyx yex. poaapoa pao, ocee opoca eeoc cpyyp eoo a x oexaece coca, cae c ycaoco ococ peocooc. Aopa pao oaao, o aopa peoopaoa eoe p oooco ca c pope, copoae a oepxoc paea py aoe - ecaoee pacop cao eeo ae. po ooe ax eeo cpyyp caec ae eeo ae oax oax eeo ap c aoe op, yco, aax pope epoexaeco ycaoo ppo. ooe e a ey yca ypcpyypoe apeoe cocoe eoa oaa aoe, , acoc, x ypye coca oea oepa. eo a opcx aoex p ooceo ecoo pooc a cae e oee coy peocooc o cpae c oee po eoa a ox aoex.

cceoa . xa, C. axa, . Ma-app, . ooa p. aopo oepa cocooc oex eeo cpyyp eoa e epe aoe, op, yco pyx cpyypx cpeoce opo pae pe. O.B. ye,.. ooxo, B.B. ao p. yaa a oooc coa cyccex eeo, oax peocooc xpyx opcx aepao, o ce eoa, eee x cpyypy aoecx cepcx ooeo.

Mexa ec epyx oao coco o, o a y pacye pe oae epeec ace e aoecoo (ooyoo) e, oopoe e cocoo oaa oyey ep, apaey a eo eoppoae. Te ca yeaec ep poca pe peacpy ape ee epe.

B paoax oeecex apyex cceoaee, ocex ye cpyyp eoa a eo aecy pooc, oaao, o oo cocoa opoa cpyyp eoa c e oe peocooc, yapo cooc pooc c yyee cee aoe c ee ae a ce oe co epoxoaoc oepxoc ox aoee, peee opcx aoee, oa payoepecoo cocaa aoee.

Ooa ae cceoa o c cpyyp cooc eoa p aeco apye, oo e aoee poco exoo coco oa cpyyp, ocoa a ee eoy cec epyx ooeo. ece pao o oy apae ceecy o eo eoc exc peepax oe yapo ococ eoo, o oycoae eoxooc yye pecae o ppoe ea epoa, ye po ocox apaepo epyx oao cepcoc, ecoc oeo oepa, pacpe oeayp aoecx cepcx poyo, o ce a ocoe oxoo poeoc.

Bopo pae coep oocoae exaa epoa eoa p ee eo coca aoecx cepcx ooeo a epaooo eca, peoo po ..

Mexa ec epyeo e a epeecoo ace oycoe aaco ey ppaee ypyo ep papy oaoo pooea aepaa epe pe cooaec oepxoco ep oppyxc oepxoce.

oa ppoc ypyo ep papy peae ppaee oepxoco ep pea, coaco py ya ep, ye coao popeccpoa.

Bee oeo ecoc a y pe c ypoe ape ee epe peo poopoao coooe oye ypyoc a ap eepa E1/E2, p o ypoe ooc ypyo ep oc poopoao apay oye y pyoc (E1/E2)2 a ce ee ape , c pyo copo, occ poopoao E1/E2 c co cee oy ypyoc epo a o ypo E2. Oee cee ypyo ep epe pe c yeo x ee oaec poopoa coooe E1/E2.

B eao cyae coa eopaoc coe ypyoe coca epye a p ee xopoe cee c ape oy oyco, poe oo, coe oaae o a o xapaepce ep papye, a coecoe e aax ocec ec eepa oyco epeecy eooc peoopaoa eo oaa.

B peeo cyae eepo ec ee c yeo ecoc, . e. opa. Oao ee oe o ecoc, c pae oepaopo ape, oppye coceoe oe ape coo ecoc. oaoe oee ape opecoc ooyoo e ecpye poecc peoopaoa o exay aoec pacye pe c oac oepa ape.

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