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1 2 a Pc.3.Cxea opaoa eo e a opae ooao ca p opoao (a) epao () oae c e: 1aca; 2ea e Taa oeco copao e a oepxoc pax aepao (ep. pac.) 1 ceya 2 cey 3 cey 5 cey Haae oepxoc G G G G () () () () Ooaa ca 2,00 2,00 2,80 3,acacca ocpoa 5,38 6,66 6,66 6,oey (oxop) 6,16 6,06 5,66 5,Pea 5,48 5,68 5,98 6, p epao pacooe ac ea ae e a ecx acax, opaoax ecpy ae opoo oepa Ap, opacae cpee c 0,026 o 0,044 /c2, o ec 1,6 paa (pc.4), oao ca opoo oxo yepaec a oepxoc eaa xoe cea copao e c oepxoc paoeo eea ye cac ece c e.

ca opoa a oepxoc ca c cooae ee eopaecoo (ca e) opaecoo (e Moe) pocxoe oaaa, o p o ae e opacae o 0,053 /c2, o 2,15 paa oae oaae co ca 1,3 paa peae oaae ec, popoeo opoo oepa.

cceoae aece paox eeo ceecx oepx aepao acacc, pe oeya oaao, o yex aepao oey oaae oeo aee o ooe e a ypoe 0,06 0,/c2, o ec o 2,5 2,8 paa eee ooao ca o oe eee pao oepoo aepaa, oopoo ooe apaa eecopa May - 100, eeo ey ae cpee a ypoe 0,03 0,05 /c2.

0,0,0,0,0, t, c Pc.4. Ae eo e a oepxoc co ooao ca (1) opaoao opoo Ap (2) oce pa ee ae e a pax aepaax peoea oea o ooo a aoece oey e c oepxoc epoo aepaa caecx apo, pox epeopea ac oey yepaeo coe c apaeoo a epeyp aepa, oao, xo cepeao oepeo oee caecx apo p paoe a acax acecx aepao, oyee oaaec cpaeoc oe peye ocao cox peox oo.

C e cceoa aeceoo xapaepa aeooo aoec oepxoc cceoax opao aepao c e oo opeee y caa oepxoc opao aepao a pa copo e o (a.5). O oaa (pc.5), o ce cceoae copa e a ooao opoao ooao ca, oepx aepaax e y Ae, /c.

caa peeax 1725o, o oeceae xopoee caae opao e peeoc cceoax aepao copa pax ee. a o a oepxoc cex yex aepao ( poe pox opao ca, opoao ee Ca) ao eoppyc, e yo caa ooo 6575o, ooy eo cea c oepxoc apaaa p eo pae o co, oecea coy ceeoc copa e. p a a oepxoc aepaa co apaa, pyeo ey ey, yo caa ae o opacae o a paa (c 65 o 108o), o ec ooeo apae ceeoc copa e.

o =17-19o o =65o o =108o a Pc.5. Baoece ae e o c oepxoc ec ooao: accea eec; ccea oaec; ccea oa ec, opaoaa apao Taa Peya oe yo caa oepxoc cceoax opao pa copa e oo He cpca He yaca Cpe.

He apaca Boa a.

ca ca Cp. 18,6 19,1 17,5 65,Ca ooaa, opaoaa opoo oepoo aepaa, aeceoo a e Moe 21,05 21,45 17,58 72,Cp. o Ca ooaa, opa ee Moe 19,43 22,47 24,17 71,Cp. o Ca ooaa, opaoaa opoo oepoo aepaa, aeceoo a e Ca 17,6 17,6 20 75,Cp. o Ca ooaa, opa ee Ca 14,98 19,95 18,67 11,Cp. o acacca xopoa 22,4 23,9 24,6 69,Cp. o Pea 23,82 25,05 19,87 74,Cp. o oey 24,7 21,5 22,3 77,Cp. o Ca ooaa, opaoaa apao 108,Cp. o B c c coo eo eecopo a May 100 oo xoo cpo x paox eeo acaccox apaao poee cceoa o oopy pa opaeax aepao ooe apaao eecopo c yee ae e a pox acax oa 50 c2 (a.6).

Taa eoe oeco copao e pa aepaa, /ceoe oeco e Gy., /cHaae opoaa o opaa epaa o opaa oepxoc pe oaa opaa c e, c 1 2 5 1 2 Ca ooaa 0,024 0,019 0,028 0,024 0,023 0,ocpo 0,051 0,045 0,044 0,058 0,064 0,oxop 0,041 0,041 0,044 0,056 0,059 0,Pea 0,047 0,049 0,054 0,061 0,064 0,apaep Gy. peoeo paccapa a pe eoo oaa a pep ecoc copa e a aepaax pao ppo, oope oo cooa ooe apaao eecopo paa eax /c2.oopo.

o a, oye p cope e a opaax aepao eoo ecoo oepoa, oo o poopoae copa e a paox eeax eecopa. Ta, apep, p cope e a opae ooao ec oece 0,024/c2 pacea pooeoc apaaa p ce oopoo 23,3 o/ paepe apaaa 435 x 435 cocae 4 /.

cepeaa poepa pao apaaa a cee oaaa, o eo pooeoc cocae 5,6 2,9 / acoc o o co e.

Ceoaeo, peoe aea eo poopoa eoc eecopa a apaaax eecopo.

B o ae cceoa poecc copa e pao eea eecopo.

Bpaaec eecopae ee peca coo apaa c aee poya a oepxoc oea, aco opyee oy c e coe coceo co pao e.

B a. 7 pee acope ae eecopa oe May100 c acacco apaaa.

Taa acope ae eecopa May 100 apaep Be Copoc oc oo oepxoc o e (acaa) 380 / aap eecopa 177x145x46 c Macca eecopa 57 Macaa ya opye apaao 8 c aap apaao 4 apaaa 46x46 c pooeoc eecopa 22 / p cope e o cpee oc p oe co 40 o./ 1,25 c co oopoo apaaa p cope e coo oc p oe co 1,25 c 20 o./ co oopoo apaaa Coa ycaoa Moe -ae 10 .c.

Macaoe aee ccee 156,2 a aap aae ac eecopa 144x91x99 c Macca coo ycao 190 Hacoc oa copao e Moe C2E Copoc oa peypyea (acaa) 22,8 / pooeoc acoca p aope 15 500 / pooeoc acoca p aope 30 150 / Boooc poa epx ac paepo o 2,5 c Macca acoca 7 oc poa apaao acoca Maco cceoa o copy e c oepxoc o a ce ae apaaa pooc a oo cee c cooae acaccox apaao o eecopa May100 aaox o paepa apaao ooao ec.

cepe oaa, o p cex peax pao, aex acop a, pooeoc eecopa May100 p cope aoo cpco e c oepxoc o cyeceo e acopx ax (22/) oeaac acoc o ca oopoo apaaa peeax 2 4,4 3/ p oe co e 2,4 2,8 c (a. 8). eee o co e po ce pooeoc aapaa. a ceye peyao cepeo (pc.6,7), poc pooeoc apaao eecopa May 100 aaec p pox pax ycox p yee ca oopoo o 40 o./;

p aee yee ca oopoo pooeoc apaao capyec, o axoc xopoe cooec c acop xapaepca eecopa.

Taa Peya ca paoeo eea apaaa eecopa May100 p cope cpco e c oepxoc o ya ea pooeoc opye- poo- epex apaa-a eoc apaao To- ooo apaaa ee-o oepxo-c (May a co co, c apaa- 100) e a a, c3/c/ 3/ 3/ oe, c acoa pae apaaa 60 o./ 2,4 5,4 0,056 18,1 1,09 4,1,0 3,9 0,036 11,3 0,68 2,0,6 3,0 0,009 2,8 0,17 0,acoa pae apaaa 37,4 o./ 2,4 5,8 0,083 17,0 1,02 4,1,2 4,4 0,054 10,7 0,64 2,0,9 3,9 0,027 5,3 0,32 1,acoa pae apaaa 22,6 o./ 2,8 5,9 0,067 8,4 0,50 2,2,2 5,3 0,061 7,6 0,46 1,1,1 4,2 0,051 6,0 0,36 1,0,6 3,7 0,023 2,7 0,16 0,B aece ocooo apaepa, xapaepyeo paoy eecopa p pax ycox poecca eecopa ooeo o aaecoe coocaee pax ocpy eecopo aeooo a, a peoeo ec oe yeo pooeoc paoe oepxoc apaaa, oapye c copaeo e a o oopo apaaa, a ooee oea copao e paoe oepxoc apaaa c3/c2.

0 20 40 60 co oopoo, o. / Pc.6. acoc pooeoc eecopa May100 o ca oopoo: 1oa co e a oepxoc o 2,42,8 ; 2 oa co e a oepxoc o 11,2 0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,020 40 60 co oopoo, o. / Pc.7. acoc o co a oepxoc apaaa eecopa May100 p cope cpco e o ca oopoo: 1oa co e a oepxoc o 2,42,8 ; 2 oa co e a oepxoc o 11,2 o apaep oo ae eppepoa a oy co e, yepaeo a ce ae a oepxoc apaaa. eecopo May / pooeoc, Toa co e, 100 acoc o co cpco e o ca oopoo apaaa oc cpea xapaep c ocee acya a ypoe 0,5 0,8 p 40 o./ (pc.7).

aay aooepoc oo oc cxo yx aopo, x a oppoae o e a oepxoc apaaa pee oaa co coe e a oepxoc o pee epeoca o e o oaa oy copa e. p eeo pae p oo ee ac coppoaec a oepxoc apaaa e e o ece c paa yceae ce o apaay aa co e a oepxoc o; p oo copoc pae ea aa a eecopae oepxoc apaaa ea e e yceae coppoac co ocaoo oo o, aaec axa yepae ae eo o oepxoc apaaa (pc.8). B o c acaa yea pooeoc oepxoc eecopaeo eea aoo a e eepoya oe ocya ye oopa ca oopoo apeaa, a ea yeo pooeoc oe paccapac a pep oe eoc pao paoeo eea eecopa aapaa eo.

a Pc.8. Cxea pao apaaa eecopa p o (a) coo () ce oopoo o a, oye p cope e a opaax aepao eoo ecoo oepoa, oo pacca pe oaa e c pao eea eecopa. Ta, apep, p cope e c oepxoc o a o./ apaa oapye c e eee 3 c, o aeo yy 360o.

Paceoe pe oaa e c e ac apaaa p ye oaa 120o cocae 1 c (pc.9), o cooecye pee oaa c e poeex oax c oc opaa ca.

300 Pc.9. pacey pooeoc eecopa B aece opaeaeo aepaa p ooe apaao ae pex eooc apaao eecopa May100 a ae oeoo ca pa aepao peoeo pe ooay ca (ec oo 0,8-1 ) a ooceo ocy, ee e opaoe aepa c ocaoo coo eo ae e, poe oppoa a acax ca coe e oo ooo 0,3 ycox caecx ca, xo, apep, oey e oy ey ae.

Ta a ycox ooe apaao ooao ca pxooc cooa ooy ocacy pep, cceoao p apaa apaao, oope e paep, ecoo oaec o paepo apaao eecopa May100:

apaa 1 aepo 310 o 390 c oppoao oepxoc oea; ooe a co yapo pep "Xpo" ;

apaa 2 aepo 436 o 437 (aoee o paepa apaay eecopa May100); ooe a Cepaaco aoe "ayc";

apaa 3 aepo 400 o 440 ycapoo ooe.

apaa 1 e oppoay oepxoc oea, ocae ay;

cxo eoep paoe oepxoc apaao, peoaaoc, o oppoaa oepxoc oece 1,57 paa oy pooeoc ycpoca o copy e o cpae c ao p pox pax ycox. C yeo eoopo pa paepax apaao oo o oa, apep, pooeoc y oppoaoo apaaa oaoy c pooeoc cyeceo oeo aoo apaaa 2 p oye oaooo xapaepa ae e a ao oppoao oepxocx. ca apaao pooc a aco eco ex (a. 9).

p cope e c oo e o 1 o 2 c a apaae 1 ocaac yea pooeoc ycoo oco paoe oepxoc 0,06-0,107 c3/c(c. a.9), o pe a aaox ycox apaa o apeaa "May100" oecea oo 0,056-0,036 c3/c2 (c. a.8).

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