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Taa Appeycoce apaep aooce aaecoo oce T-2 (cs=0,02 % acc.) T-24 (cs=0,10% acc.) t,oC T,K lgbo Eb, (1/T)103 b105, /o o1/2/(1/2c) Aoocee (T-2)+O110 383 2,61 1,120 393 2,55 2,2 10,78 116,130 403 2,48 4,lgbo=10,78-116000/(2,3RT) aaecoe ocee (T-2+O2+Cu) 110 383 2,61 2,120 393 2,55 6,5 7,90 91,130 403 2,48 7,lgbo=7,90-91400/(2,3RT) Aoocee (T-24+O2) 110 383 2,61 1,120 393 2,55 3,6 6,53 83,130 403 2,48 4,lgbo=6,53-83000/(2,3RT) aaecoe ocee (T-24+O2+Cu) 110 383 2,61 8,120 393 2,55 10,1 6,40 77,130 403 2,48 33,lgbo=6,40-77000/(2,3RT) aee ep aa oa T-2, oapyeo c eo oepxoc, a ~25 /o ee aoo aooce aaooo opaa ocyce e, a oa T-24 a 6 /o, o, co oepe, ceecye o aaeco ec eaa a ocee o.

4. op oce aocepcoo eoo oa 4.1. Oea pye aoc coee eooo a ycox poaoo oce O aoee ex eoo a oa o oce ec oaee opo. B c c papaoa ox ex ocyx aocao ec ayao aae. Ha pepe pea poaoo oce aocepcoo eoo oa T-2 (cs=0,02% acc.) yea pya cocooc coee eooo a.

Oeo cceoa cy: 2,6--pe-y-4-eeo (oo) I; 3,3',5,5'-epa-pe-y-4,4'-oce (Ao-5) II;

2,2--(4-poce)poa (eopoa) III; 2-pe-y-4e-6-(3',5'--pe-y-4'-poce)eo IV; epa-[ee(3,5--pe-y-4-poce)poo]ea (paoc 1010) V;

2-poc-4-(3',5',--pe-y-4'-poceoc)-5-(3,5--pey-4-poce)eoeo햖VI; 4-o-2,6-(3',5'--pe-y4'-poce)eo VII.

Pea oce T-2 poo p eepaype 120oC copoc poa Wi=1,510-6 o/(c). B aece aopa a pa epoc ya (). Ocee T-2 pcyc aopa poeae c ocoo copoc e yooo epoa: W = a Wi1 / 2 (pc.2). B pcyc ae oe eaeo oepa aeoo ocee poeae ee ye, aac eaee (o 57 ) yoe epo, oce aepe oopx copoc oce o ocae pex ae, xapaepx pax yco (a.5). o e oce ceecye o o, o opoee ocyecec oo oeya cxooo opa, a poy x pepae e oaa py ece. ea poaoo oce T-2 pcyc opa, paea oopaax [O2] - t, pecae coo oay , cocoy yx yaco (c. pc. 2). Bepx yaco oao oocc oce, oa opo cxo op, oce, aopoeoy poya pepae cxooo opa.

epeyp, oye o oa oao a oc accc, oceae a e opeo, ceo pa opaoy pee, eee oopoo opo op, .e. epoy y ..

oe eoc opo cooa apaep ( = kInH / kp[RH]). Coaco oy pae, e cpee op peapye c epocpaaa, ey e oce, e e ea e eee op. Be opee oax c pa oepa opo. oo eece pe ooe copoa pacoppoa pe oopaax [O2]-1 t-1, aec ya aoa oopx oc accc pae opao ee aao copoc poaoo oce T-2 (W) (c.

a.5).

opeee ae p yco WWi, op ee ocyecec ocoo o pea opa c epoc paaa, ea oce ocaec ypaee Wi = (W -Wi)f [InH] p f = 2.

Taa eoc pyeo ec eox coee p oce T-2 (cs=0,02% acc.), 120oC, Wi=1,510-6 o/(c) op [InH]104, W106,, =W/Wi (W)103, 10-3, [InH] o/ o/ /o o/(c) I 1,2 0,27 14 0,18 0,2,0 0,20 28 0,13 0,33 10,4,0 0,24 38 0,16 0,II 0,6 0,033 33 0,022 0,1,0 0,031 44 0,021 0,083 15,2,0 0,027 57 0,018 0,III 1,9 3,40 7 2,27 - 2,3,7 2,60 9 1,73 - 1,IV 0,7 2,17 2,5 1,45 - 16,1,1 1,85 3,5 1,23 - 19,V 0,25 0,68 10 0,45 0,0,4 0,70 15 0,47 0,6 8,0,8 0,65 28 0,43 1,VI 0,4 1,14 6 0,76 0,0,7 1,12 8 0,75 0,54 3,1,3 1,10 10 0,73 0,VII 0,3 0,087 35 0,058 0,0,5 0,090 43 0,060 0,22 10,1,0 0,130 49 0,090 0,eoc yex opo, oxapaepoaa eo, p epexoe o accecoo opa ooa (I) - eo aaoa (IIVII) eec epae (1,8-15,6)103 /o (c a.5). a o a, coeee IV ee ooo coe ae, o e oeceae ee yoe epo (ceo 2,5-3,5 ), o eae eo aopeae paecoo pee. Hao epec e peex opo ae Ao-5 (II), oopoo xapaep coe ae a e, a yooo epoa, o oe paccapac aece epceoo ooea aoceo oo, peaaeo caa aocepcx ex o.

5. Be acopoo oc a epoocey caoc ocoee aocepcoo eoo oa pooa cceoa o ocy cocoo caa T, o yeo e acopoo oc oa a apaep oceo aoc T (a. 6) ey cooopaoa ccee (pc. 3-4). eece apaep poaoo aooce T c pa coepae cep pcyc eaeco e c pao cee acopoo oc pecae a. 6. ax, peex ae, ceye, o acopoa oca c peee cae ae aeoe yeee oecex xapaepc poaoo aooce cceoax o:

3,2 4 paa T-24 (cs=0,10% acc.);

1,6 2 paa T-2 (cs=0,02 % acc.).

p cooa cec cae oca a aaec ycee capyeo ea:

5,3 6,3 paa T-24;

3,4 3,6 paa T-2.

Haaeoe, o-oy, cao c yaee poepoco, aoxc p xpae oa, yeee coepa eoocxc apoaecx yeoopoo poecce oopao acopoo oc.

Taa a Be acopoo oc a apaep poaoo ( ) aooce (b ) eoo oa (120C, aop epoc ya) Coepae cep oaae apaep oce T T, % acc. peoe T 0,10 0,02 0,10 0,1. Oceoc T a 102, o1/2/ (c)1/2:

3,20 1,10 1,4782 1, cxooo oce oc a 0,80 0,70 1,4590 1,caee oce oc a caee 0,60 0,32 1,4500 1,oce a 2. apaep aooce T, b 105, o1/2/ (1/2c):

10,1 6,5 1,4782 1, cxooo oce oc a 3,2 3,3 1,4590 1,caee oce oc a caee 1,6 1,8 1,4500 1,oce a oa c oe coepae cep (0,10% acc.), o epe yee y acopoo oc T, aaec poc pooeoc yooo epoa aooce o (eoeoe oo) o 100 (oo, oeoe a caee) 200 (oo, oeoe a caee oce a). Oao oo o pe yooo epoa pooae eco ococ, p o oeca ooc eec o 0,4 o 0,9 1,2, cooeceo (c. pc.3). Acopoa oca, a eo oe aoceo caoc T oae cooopaoa, peyaa o c coepae cep (0,02% acc.). Aoocee ax o e peapeo acopoo oc xapaepyec eo epoo y (20 ), p o poecc ocoe pocxo ocaoo eco, oeca ooc ocae A=0,8 (c pc.4).

Too, oeoe a caee, xapaepyec oee pooe yo epoo (60 ), a o pe oo paec e ocoec, oeca ooc coxpae epoaaoe aee (A=0,3) (c. pc.4). Acopoa oca, a coco oae oce cooopaoa oe, opao eee pee eooo opa (Ao-5), oeceaeo pooe yo epo (o 80 ), o e cocooo oa cooopaoae, a pe yooo epoa oeca ooc oa opacae o ae A=0,6.

Ta opao, acopoa oca aocepcoo eoo oa (coepae cep 0,02% acc.) a caee aeo oae eo epoocey caoc pecye cooopaoa.

p apea oeoo a caee oa, aceoo copoo oapyeo c eo oepxoc, o 120C aaec ae (o 60 ) epo y oce, p o oeca ooc paec e eec (A=0,3). Coeae acopoo oc T c eee eoo opa Aoa-5 ooe ye pooeoc yooo epoa oce o 110 (120oC) oa cooopaoae ccee.

BBO 1. Hapeae eoo oa (T) p 120oC eee 5 aco pcyc eaeco e po opaoa cec copocoepax coee, cocox poepoco, eoo, cox po, apoaecx co, apoaecx apapoaecx po c peyece coepae poepoco, apoaecx apoox co co.

2. Ocee aocepcoo eoo oa, poaoe epoco ya, p 110-130oC ocyecec o eoy exay cooec c ypaee WO = a2 /Wi, T + a2 ki[]. a e oce T-2 (cs=0,02% acc.) T-24 (cs=0,10% acc.) cocae 18 40, cooeceo (120oC). Teepaypa acoc oceoc ( a ) cceoax opao oec ypae Appeyca:

lgaT -2 = 15,2 -128103 / 2,3RT ; lgaT -24 = 11,7 - 99 103 / 2,3RT, R=8,31/(o).

3. Aoocee aocepcx ex o (T-2; T-24) 1 / oec ypae [O2] = b t. B epae 110-130oC apaep b, xapaepy e aooce T, ac o eepayp cey opao:

lgbT -2 = 10,93 -116,0 103 / 2,3RT lgbT -24 = 6,43 - 83,0 103 / 2,3RT.

Beee aocepcoe eoe oo (T-2, T-24) eaeco e (SCu=166 c2/) ycope aoocee 3 paa (120oC). cceoae eepaypo acoc apaepa b ooo opee appeycoce apaep oce o:

lgbCu = 6,40 - 77000/ 2,3RT ; lgbCu = 7,90 - 91400/ 2,3RT.

4. cceoae opo oce eooo a oaao, o x aoc, xapaepyac oeo poa ( = kInH / kp[RH]), eec py cey opao:

oo : Ao-5 : eopoa : paoc-1010 = 1 : 1,6 : 0,2 : 0,8.

peee Aoa-5 ooe coa ee yoe epo (80 p 120oC), oao oeca ooc (A), xapaepya cooopaoae ccee cocae 0,6.

5. Acopoa oca aocepcoo eoo oa (T-2, cs=0,02% acc.) a caee aeo oae eo epoocey caoc oae cooopaoae p eo apea opaa T aocepe copoa oae c eaeco e (yo epo cocae 60 , 120oC, oeca ooc A=0,3).

6. Coeae acopoo oc T c eee eoo opa Aoa-5 ooe ye pooeoc yooo epoa oce o 110 (120oC) oa cooopaoae ccee.

Ocooe coepae ccepa oeo ceyx yax:

1. ypa .M., ea .., Xao P.., ae ..

eoc pyeo ec eox coee p oce aocepcoo eoo oa // apc xec ypa. 2001. To 8. 4. C.26-30.

2. oca A.B., ea .., ypa .M. eece aaoe apaep poaoo oce aocepcx ex o // Te. o. 51- ay.-ex. o. cy., acp. o. y. a, 2001. C.29.

3. ea .., a .C., oca A.B., yepoa B.., ypa .M. Be coepa cep a epoocey caoc ex o // Te. o. 50- ay.-ex. o. cy., acp. o. . a, 2000. C.168.

4. ea .., a .C., oca A.B., yepoa B.., ypa .M. cceoae poecca cooopaoa ocxc ex oax // Te. o. 50- ay.-ex. o. cy., acp. o. y.

a, 2000. C.182.

5. ea .., ypa .M. aaecoe ece eaeco e a ocee eoo oa // Maep. Pecy. ay.-pa. o.

o. y.. a, 2002. C.127-128.

6. ea .., ypa .M. Be acopoo oc a oceoc ex o // Maep. pecy. ay.-pa. o. o. y.

a, 2002. C.128-129.

7. ea .., ypa .M., ae .. Coco yee epooceo caoc ex o // Xece pea, peae poecc aooao x: e. o. XV Meyap. ay.ex. o. a, 2002. C.137-138.

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